For the purpose of calculating a student’s grade-point average (which determines academic standing), numerical values are assigned to letter grades on the following scale.

Only grades earned through Western are used to calculate GPA. To obtain grade points earned in a course, multiply the number of credits per course by the numerical points for the grade earned in the course. Following is an example of a GPA calculation for 12 credits earned by a student taking four courses with each course worth three credits.

 Course #1 – Grade Earned = B (3 cr) X (3.000 pts) = 9.000 grade points Course #2 – Grade Earned = C+ (3 cr) X (2.330 pts) = 6.999 grade points Course #3 – Grade Earned = CTotal GPA credits = 12 (3 cr) X (2.000 pts)Total grade points = 6.000 grade points= 30.000

A student’s semester GPA is calculated by dividing total grade points by total GPA credits (30.000/12 = 2.500 GPA). A student’s cumulative GPA is calculated by dividing all grade points earned by all GPA credits.

All grade-point averages at Western are calculated to three decimal places and all requirements specifying grade-point averages (e.g., scholarships) are stated in terms of three decimal places.

Repetition of Courses

A student who has received a low grade in a course can improve his/her cumulative grade-point average by repeating that course and earning a higher grade. If the student repeats a course under the same title and/or number, only the credits and grade points of the most recent enrollment in that course (even if the repeated course grade is lower) are used in determining whether a requirement has been met and in calculating that student’s cumulative GPA. In addition, the following conditions apply to repeating a course:

Variable-credit courses are handled as exceptions to the policy on course repetition. A student who wishes to enroll in a variable-credit course to repeat credit previously taken under that course number, but not for additional available credit under that same course number, must contact the Office of the Registrar.

Students wishing to repeat and replace the grade from a course taken on National Student Exchange or a Study Abroad program must send a letter of petition to the Registrar.

Course work repeated after the undergraduate degree has been recorded on the student academic record will not be included in the undergraduate GPA.

Grades Assigned Other Than A, B, C, D, F

At the discretion of the faculty member teaching the course, a student who is unable to complete a course for reasons beyond the student’s control (e.g., illness) may be assigned an “Incomplete” (IN). The student must have completed more than one-half of the course work at an acceptable level at the time of the request for an “Incomplete.” The student and the faculty member must agree upon a plan for the completion of the work within a time period not to exceed one calendar year. When faculty give an "Incomplete", they must designate the student’s existing grade in the course, the work to be completed for the “Incomplete” to be removed, and also indicate the grade that will be automatically given after one year if the work is not satisfactorily completed.

A grade of “Technical Failure” (TF) indicates that the student discontinued participation in the course without official approval. A “TF” is assigned 0.000 grade points.