Courses

Exhibition and Convocation Attendance

Monthly or bi-monthly department gatherings for presentations by exhibiting artists and scholars, or workshops, which enable students to develop their own work and their understanding of the discipline of art. Art majors are required to register for and attend Art 000 every semester of enrollment towards their Art degree; minimum 6 semesters of Satisfactory grade. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only.

Academic Program(s):
ACC 201 Introduction to Financial Accounting

An introduction to the field of accounting with emphasis on corporate financial statements. Financial statements are viewed as a communication device conveying the financial health of a business to interested parties. The objective of this first course is to teach students to read, analyze, and interpret these financial statements. The emphasis is on developing critical thinking and problem-solving skills using accounting concepts. Students are exposed to the steps used by accountants to record, measure, and process financial information. Cash flow analysis is contrasted with the accrual basis of accounting; the concepts of asset valuation and income measurement are discussed. Accounting majors must pass this class with a minimum grade of "C." Prerequisites: completion of the College Mathematics Course Requirement with minimum grade of "C-", or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Accounting|Energy Management|Business Administration
ACC 202 Introduction to Managerial Accounting

An introduction to the preparation, uses, and analysis of common management accounting information. Topics include cost-volume-profit analysis, capital budgeting and present value applications, cash budgets, financial statement analysis, taxes, and management decisions, plus a brief introduction to modern cost accounting, with emphasis on activity-based costing systems. The development of problem-solving and analytical abilities is given primary importance throughout the course. Accounting majors must pass this class with a minimum grade of "C". Prerequisites: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-"; and ACC 201 with a minimum grade of "C".

Academic Program(s):
Accounting|Energy Management|Business Administration
ACC 301 Intermediate Financial Accounting I

Rigorous and comprehensive study of the means by which generally accepted accounting principles are used to generate the publicly-available information disseminated by modern U.S. corporations. Theoretical and practical criticisms and alternatives to current accounting practice are also considered, as is the idea of accounting as an information feedback system that allows individuals and organizations to reshape their environment. In addition, students are exposed to the realities of the economic and political climate surrounding the accounting standard-setting process. Accounting majors must pass this class with a minimum grade of "C."Prerequisites: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of ÒC-Ò; and ACC 201 with a minimum grade of ÒC.Ó

Academic Program(s):
Accounting
ACC 302 Intermediate Financial Accountg II

Continuation of ACC 301. As the ACC 301-02 sequence progresses, increased emphasis is placed on the relationship of modern accounting and information theory to current accounting practice. In addition, students are expected to develop an insight into the behavioral and economic consequences of the financial reporting process. Accounting majors must pass this class with a minimum grade of "C." Prerequisite: ACC 301.

Academic Program(s):
Accounting
ACC 320 Advanced Management Accounting

A study of the information needed by managers for planning, control and decisionmaking. Both the tools needed to generate this information and the principles involved in evaluating the information are covered. Topics include: breakeven analysis; product and process costing, including activity-based costing,standard costing and joint costs; cash budgets and forecasting; relevant costs and nonroutine decisions; the direct vs. absorption costing tradeoff; and capital budgeting. The overall level of difficulty in this course is generally consistent with the level of difficulty encountered on typical management accounting problems found on the Uniform CPA Examination. Accounting majors must pass this class with a minimum grade of "C." Prerequisites: ACC 202 and ACC 301.

Academic Program(s):
Accounting
ACC 340 Accounting Information Systems

A dual-purpose course which explores the theoretical view of information systems, while at the same time exposing the student to actual off-the-shelf accounting software. The course alternates between textbook readings and discussions and several case studies which require the student to create a computerized accounting system for a fictional client. After completing the course, the student is expected to possess the ability to computerize a manual accounting system, to understand system theory underpinnings of accounting information systems, and to have developed a view of the implications of expected technological advances on management information systems in general and accounting systems in particular. Prerequisite: BUAD 220 or CIS 120. Prerequisite or corequisite:ACC 301.

Academic Program(s):
Accounting
ACC 350 Income Tax

An introduction to the federal income tax system. Emphasis is on the ways in which the U.S. income tax laws influence personal and business behavior and decision making, and how the tax laws can be used to accomplish various economic and social objectives. Topics covered include an introduction to tax research, principles of income and deduction, tax liability, and tax credits. Individual taxation is the primary focus, but the basic principles apply to most forms of business organization as well. Accounting majors must pass this class with a minimum grade of "C." Prerequisite: minimum sophomore standing.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Accounting|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)
ACC 410 Auditing

An introduction to the field of auditing including an examination of the standards and methods used by certified professional accountants when attesting to the fairness of corporate financial statements. Specific topics include the accounting professional code of ethics, generally accepted auditing standards (GAAS), internal controls, sampling techniques, audit planning and specific audit procedures. Government policies concerning auditorsÕ responsibilities for fraud detection are also discussed. Prerequisite: ACC 302.

Academic Program(s):
Accounting
ACC 450 Advanced Financial Accounting

An overview of the financial accounting theory, practice, problems, and reporting requirements for various economic entities. These include partnerships, foreign branches and subsidiaries, state and local governments, colleges and universities, hospitals, voluntary organizations, and the modern parent/subsidiary corporate structure. The approach taken in this course is that there are common information needs which each of these entities must satisfy. While the specific approach used to satisfy this need is dependent on a variety of factors, the common thread is that useful information is being generated for the consumers of that information. Prerequisite: ACC 302.

Academic Program(s):
Accounting
ACC 460 Advanced Income Tax

A continuation of federal income taxation, with emphasis on property transactions,corporations, partnerships, and fiduciaries. A primary objective is decision-making from an after-tax point of view, that is, how taxes affect behavior. Topics include the tax effects of organizing, operating, and liquidating partnerships and corporations. Tax research methodology and the federal estate and gift tax are also covered. Prerequisite: ACC 350.

Academic Program(s):
Accounting
ACC 498 Accounting Ethics

Investigates and explores the ethical responsibilities faced by professional accountants in all fields. Students will read, discuss, and analyze case studies regarding ethical situations and issues confronted by the accounting profession. The AICPA Code of Professional Conduct will be studied, as well as foundational ethical theory and an approach for identifying and analyzing ethical issues, with a focus on current events. Students are expected to make significant written and oral contributions to the class. This is the capstone course for the Standard Accounting Major and the Professional Emphasis. Prerequisite: senior status.

Academic Program(s):
Accounting
ANTH 107 Introduction to General Anthropology

A general introduction to anthropology. All three sub-fields of modern anthropology:cultural anthropology (archaeology and ethnography), physical anthropology, and linguistics are covered.

Academic Program(s):
Anthropology
ANTH 218 Physical Anthropology (with laboratory)

An examination of biological variation in modern human populations and biologicalevolution of humans as shown by the fossil record. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: ANTH 107.

Academic Program(s):
Anthropology
ANTH 219 Archaeology (with laboratory)

A study of the methods and theory of modern archaeology. The emphasis is on how archaeologists understand the past. A general chronology of world prehistory is presented. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: ANTH 107.

Academic Program(s):
Anthropology
ANTH 230 Cultural Anthropology

An exploration of ethnographic theory and methods, and a cross-cultural and comparative examination of societies studied by ethnographers. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: ANTH 107.

Academic Program(s):
Anthropology
ANTH 333 Archaeology of Colorado

A detailed look at the archaeological sequences of Colorado with an emphasis on western Colorado. Time periods from Paleo-Indian to Historic are described. This course is a recommended preparatory course for the Archaeological Field School in Colorado or the Archaeological Field Trip. Prerequisite: ANTH 219.

Academic Program(s):
ANTH 344 Indians of North America

A detailed look at the native people found in North America and their relationships to each other and the non-native settlers of North America. Several case studies are examined in depth. Prerequisite: ANTH 107 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
ANTH 465 Research Seminar in Anthropology

A study of the history and intellectual growth of anthropology is paired with individual work on student projects, which employ theory and methods discussed in class. Students present their work to the university community. Prerequisite: Senior standing; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Anthropology
ANTH 467 Ethnography Field School

A field experience in cultural anthropology in which students are immersed in the culture, traditions, and lifeways of a group of people, learning methods of inquiry and anthropological perspectives through hands-on experiences. This course may be taken for a maximum of eight credits. Prerequisite: ANTH 230 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Anthropology
ANTH 469 Archaeology Field School

A field-experience course in which students learn and perform proper fieldtechniques. Some laboratory work may be involved. This course is offered during the summer session and may be taken for a maximum of eight credits. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: ANTH 219 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Anthropology
ANTH 469 ST: ADVANCED ARCH FIELD SCHL

A field-experience course in which students learn and perform proper fieldtechniques. Some laboratory work may be involved. This course is offered during the summer session and may be taken for a maximum of eight credits. Prerequisites: ANTH 219 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Anthropology
ANTH 469 ST: ARCHAEOLOGY FIELD SCHOOL

A field-experience course in which students learn and perform proper fieldtechniques. Some laboratory work may be involved. This course is offered during the summer session and may be taken for a maximum of eight credits. Prerequisites: ANTH 219 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Anthropology
ANTH 469 ST: TA MAYA ARCH FIELD SCHOOL

A field-experience course in which students learn and perform proper fieldtechniques. Some laboratory work may be involved. This course is offered during the summer session and may be taken for a maximum of eight credits. Prerequisites: ANTH 219 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Anthropology
ANTH 469 ST: ARCHAEOLOGY FIELD SCHOOL II

A field-experience course in which students learn and perform proper fieldtechniques. Some laboratory work may be involved. This course is offered during the summer session and may be taken for a maximum of eight credits. Prerequisites: ANTH 219 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Anthropology
ART 105 Introduction to Art

An introduction to the visual arts, including consideration of the fundamentals of art making, artistic practice, design, art history, analysis, and interpretation. Students engage with art through a combination of lectures, demonstrations, gallery-based exercises, and/or hands-on studio projects. (Course does not count toward the Art major or minor.) GT-AH1

Academic Program(s):
Elementary Education
ART 119 Foundation Drawing I

A foundation course in drawing with special attention to line, value, perspective, texture, and shape. Landscape, still life, and other forms are used as subject matter. The visual elements and principles of organization in relationship to perceiving both flat and illusionary space are explored. Black and white media are exclusively practiced. Prerequisite: Art major or minor status.

Academic Program(s):
Art Program
ART 120 Foundations Drawing II

A foundation course in drawing, placing emphasis on composition. The study of theessential aspects of drawing (such as gesture, contour, proportions, anatomy, structure, textural surface, and articulation) and their synthesis into a coherent drawing attitude. Included in this course is the introduction of drawing the life form and color. Prerequisite: ART 119.

Academic Program(s):
Art Program
ART 171 Foundation Design: Two-Dimensional

An introduction to design organization with an emphasis on the exploration of line, value, texture, shape, and color. Prerequisite: Art major or minor status.

Academic Program(s):
Art Program
ART 172 Foundation Design: Three-Dimensional

A foundation course in design organization with emphasis on the exploration of mass, texture, process, and techniques in the three-dimensional area. Tools and materials are explored. Prerequisite: Art major or minor status.

Academic Program(s):
Art Program
ART 203 Introduction to Ceramics

An introduction to the basic techniques and processes of ceramics: pinch, coil, slab, and some wheelwork. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

Academic Program(s):
Three-dimensional Art: Ceramics|Three-dimensional Art: Sculpture|Three-dimensional Art: Jewelry
ART 222 Art History I

A survey of western and non-western art from approximately 30,000 years ago to the 14th century. Works of art and architecture are examined within the cultural and historic context for art-making through world human history. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of ÒCÓ, and sophomore or higher status, or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Art Program
ART 223 Art History II

A survey of western and non-western art from approximately the 14th century to the present. Works of art and architecture are examined within the cultural and historic context for art-making through world human history. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of ÒCÓ, and sophomore or higher status, or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Art Program
ART 230 Introduction to Sculpture

An introduction to the various processes of sculpture: carving, modeling, and casting. Aesthetic qualities and craftsmanship of the sculptural forms are emphasized. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

Academic Program(s):
Three-dimensional Art: Ceramics|Three-dimensional Art: Sculpture|Three-dimensional Art: Jewelry
ART 235 Introduction to Jewelry

An introduction to the creative use of silver and precious gemstones in the making of jewelry. Design and craftsmanship are emphasized. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

Academic Program(s):
Three-dimensional Art: Ceramics|Three-dimensional Art: Sculpture|Three-dimensional Art: Jewelry
ART 246 Introduction to Photography

An introduction to contemporary photographic technique incorporating traditional black-and-white analogue photography alongside digital photographic practice and procedure. Lectures introduce topic areas that the student must exercise in lab sessions. Students must supply their own "quality" 35mm or 120mm camera. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

Academic Program(s):
Graphic Design|Two-dimensional Art: Printmaking|Two-dimensional Art: Photography
ART 257 Introduction to Printmaking

An introduction to the basic techniques of printmaking including lithography, woodcut, etching, and the collagraph. Emphasis is on the traditional approaches in printmaking. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

Academic Program(s):
Graphic Design|Two-dimensional Art: Printmaking
ART 270 Introduction to Graphic Design and Illustration

An introductory course utilizing the basic fundamentals of art in a broad base of commercial applications. Design in the areas of corporate identity, packaging, illustration, and typography are explored. Illustration, new techniques, materials, and tools used by the designer are emphasized. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

Academic Program(s):
Graphic Design|Two-dimensional Art: Photography
ART 271 Calligraphy/ Typography

A study of individual letter forms as design elements that relate to visual communication. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

Academic Program(s):
Graphic Design
ART 280 Introduction to Painting

An introduction to oil painting, using basic tools, materials, techniques, and the development of compositional methods. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Painting|Two-dimensional Art: Printmaking
ART 283 Introduction to Airbrush

Introduction to the use of the airbrush as a tool for painting, drawing, and design. Multiple use of the tool within traditional and non-traditional directions, as well as tool maintenance, are stressed. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172

Academic Program(s):
Graphic Design|Two-dimensional Art: Painting
ART 286 Introduction to Watercolor

An introduction to both the traditional and contemporary methods of watercolor. The various watercolor media are explored. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Painting|Two-dimensional Art: Printmaking
ART 303 Intermediate Ceramics

An exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual ceramic direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 203.

Academic Program(s):
Three-dimensional Art: Ceramics
ART 319 Intermediate Drawing

A study of figure drawing with an emphasis on structure, figure compositions, and portrait studies from the model using various drawing media and techniques. Prerequisite: ART 120.

Academic Program(s):
Art Program
ART 321 American Art: Colonial to Modern

A survey of the arts of America from the 17th century to the present. Emphasis is placed on uniquely American innovations and expressions, regional distinctions in American art, with a strong component in art of the American West; significant individual artists and trends; and the arts of the many diverse peoples that comprise America. Prerequisite: junior standing or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Art History and Theory
ART 324 Art Criticism and Critical Theory in Contemporary Art

A survey of contemporary art and art practices through the discipline of art criticism. This seminar course prepares students for senior-level courses and advanced studies in art and art history at the graduate level. A survey of modern and contemporary art since the midtwentieth century is followed by seminar presentations on selected readings. Prerequisites: ART 222 and ART 223.

Academic Program(s):
Art History and Theory
ART 325 Women Artists

A survey of women artists and their work from the 16th century (Renaissance) tocontemporary times. The contributions of women artists and the changing roles ofwomen in the western tradition of the visual arts are examined within relevant historical, political, social, theoretical, and gender contexts. Prerequisite: junior standing or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Art History and Theory
ART 330 Intermediate Sculpture

An exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual sculpture direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 230.

Academic Program(s):
Three-dimensional Art: Sculpture
ART 335 Intermediate Jewelry

Designed for exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual jewelry direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 235.

Academic Program(s):
Three-dimensional Art: Jewelry
ART 346 Intermediate Photography

An intermediate course that explores the expressive possibilities of individual photography direction with an emphasis placed on digital photographic practices and principles. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 246.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Photography
ART 357 Intermediate Printmaking

An exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual printmaking direction.Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction ofstudy. Prerequisite: ART 257.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Printmaking
ART 370 Intermediate Graphic Design

A study of graphic design processes and applications. Emphasis is on the exploration of creative solutions to design problems. Topics include past and current design trends, tools, and computer related graphics. Prerequisite: ART 270.

Academic Program(s):
Graphic Design|Two-dimensional Art: Photography
ART 375 Intermediate Magazine Production

An integration of journalism and art course work into a study of magazine production. Faculty supervise students in design and production work leading to the publication of the Western Pathfinder Magazine, in both print and online versions. Prerequisite: ART370 and instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
ART 380 Intermediate Painting

An exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual painting direction.Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction ofstudy. Prerequisite: ART 280.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Painting
ART 386 Intermediate Watercolor

Designed for exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual watercolor direction.Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 286.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Painting
ART 400 Artist's Portfolio/ Senior Exhibition

A Capstone Course in which students develop a portfolio of recent work which enhances preparation for the Senior Exhibition, a career in art, gallery representation, or application to graduate school. Prerequisite: senior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Art Program
ART 403 Advanced Ceramics I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual ceramic direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 303.

Academic Program(s):
Three-dimensional Art: Ceramics
ART 404 Advanced Ceramics II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual ceramic direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 403.

Academic Program(s):
Three-dimensional Art: Ceramics
ART 405 Advanced Ceramics III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual ceramic direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 403.

Academic Program(s):
Three-dimensional Art: Ceramics
ART 419 Advanced Drawing

An advanced study in figure drawing with emphasis on the figure, expanding visual awareness by developing control of drawing as a tool for research and invention. Problems progress from simple structural analysis to more sophisticated exploration of subject matter, and finally to individual interpretation. Prerequisite: ART 319 and B.F.A. candidate.

Academic Program(s):
Art Program
ART 421 Art of Mesoamerica and the Andean Region of South America

A survey of the arts of the Pre-contact civilizations in Middle America and the Andes. The art and architecture of these ancestral peoples are examined within their cultural contexts. Prerequisite: junior standing or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Art History and Theory
ART 422 Native American Art of North America

A survey of the arts of the indigenous (First Nations) civilizations of North America, from antiquity to the present era. The art and architecture of these peoples and artists are examined contextually. Prerequisite: minimum junior standing or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Art History and Theory
ART 424 Modern Art History, Aesthetics, Theory, and Criticism

An exploration of trends and developments in the Western tradition of the visual arts from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, considering Modernism, Post-Modernism, and recent tendencies. The visual arts of these periods are viewed through the lens of theories and ideas that have powered change in Western art, including current revisionist and theoretical considerations in Art and Art History. Prerequisite: minimum junior standing orinstructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Art History and Theory
ART 430 Advanced Sculpture I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual sculptural direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 330.

Academic Program(s):
Three-dimensional Art: Sculpture
ART 431 Advanced Sculpture II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual sculptural direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 430.

Academic Program(s):
Three-dimensional Art: Sculpture
ART 432 Advanced Sculpture III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual sculptural direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 431.

Academic Program(s):
Three-dimensional Art: Sculpture
ART 435 Advanced Jewelry I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual jewelry direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 335.

Academic Program(s):
Three-dimensional Art: Jewelry
ART 436 Advanced Jewelry II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual jewelry direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 435.

Academic Program(s):
Three-dimensional Art: Jewelry
ART 437 Advanced Jewelry III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual jewelry direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 436.

Academic Program(s):
Three-dimensional Art: Jewelry
ART 446 Advanced Photography I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual photography direction.Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 346.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Photography
ART 447 Advanced Photography II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual photography direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 446.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Photography
ART 448 Advanced Photography III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual photography direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 447.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Photography
ART 457 Advanced Printmaking I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual printmaking direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 357.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Printmaking
ART 458 Advanced Printmaking II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual printmaking direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 457.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Printmaking
ART 459 Advanced Printmaking III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual printmaking direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 458.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Printmaking
ART 470 Advanced Design and Illustration I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual graphic design direction.Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 370.

Academic Program(s):
Graphic Design
ART 471 Advanced Design and Illustration II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual graphic design direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 470.

Academic Program(s):
Graphic Design
ART 472 Advanced Design and Illustration III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual graphic design direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 471.

Academic Program(s):
ART 480 Advanced Painting I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual painting direction.Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisites: ART 380.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Painting
ART 481 Advanced Painting II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual painting direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 480.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Painting
ART 482 Advanced Painting III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual painting direction.Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 481.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Painting
ART 486 Advanced Watercolor I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual watercolor direction.Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisites: ART 386.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Painting
ART 487 Advanced Watercolor II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual watercolor direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 486.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Painting
ART 488 Advanced Watercolor III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual watercolor direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 487.

Academic Program(s):
Two-dimensional Art: Painting
ART 491 Seminar in Art

An investigation and evaluation of contemporary topics in art. Students are exposed to artistic expression through visiting artist programs, exhibitions, and workshops. Students develop individual research topics. Prerequisites: B.F.A. candidate and senior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Art Program
BIOL 130 Environmental Biology

An introduction to basic biological principles as they apply to interactions between organisms and their environment. Consideration is given to biotic and abiotic interactions, energy flow, biogeochemical cycling, population growth, biodiversity, basic cell biology, genetics, and evolution with a special emphasis on human impacts on these biological systems. This course establishes a strong foundation in applied biology from a scientific perspective.

Academic Program(s):
BIOL 135 Environmental Biology Laboratory

An experimental approach in both the field and laboratory to explore fundamental biological principles including biotic and abiotic interactions, energy flow, biogeochemical cycling, population growth, biodiversity, basic cell biology, genetics and evolution. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite or corequisite: BIOL 130.

Academic Program(s):
BIOL 150 Biological Principles (with laboratory)

An introduction to the central unifying concepts of biology including the biochemical foundations of life, cell structure and function, cell metabolism, genetics, and evolution. Laboratories introduce students to the process and methods of science through investigative experiences. This course is designed for the science major. A year of high school biology and a year of high school chemistry are highly recommended. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: University Entry-Level Expectations met for mathematics and English.

Academic Program(s):
Biology|Biochemistry
BIOL 151 Diversity and Patterns of Life (with laboratory)

An overview of organismal diversity and evolution. Through a taxonomic survey, students are introduced to prokaryotic and eukaryotic diversity and evolution including microorganisms, fungi, plants, and animals. Fundamentals of evolution including the history of life, evidence for common ancestry, mechanisms of evolutionary change, and speciation are covered. Organismic structure, function, and ecology are also explored. Laboratories introduce students to the process and methods of science through investigative experiences. This course is designed for the science major. A year of high school biology and a year of high school chemistry are highly recommended. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: University Entry-Level Expectations met for mathematics and English.

Academic Program(s):
Biology|Biochemistry
BIOL 201 Introduction to Microbiology (with laboratory)

A study of the basic aspects of microbiology for allied health students that includes an introduction to the identification, physiology, growth and control of microbes. Laboratory exercises will emphasize aseptic, pure culture, and identification techniques. This course can only be used to fulfill graduation requirement for students in the allied health biology emphasis. Additional course fee applies.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Nursing
BIOL 300 Basic Nutrition

An introduction to the science of human nutrition. Consideration is given to the chemical nature and functions of the major groups of nutrients, the function of the digestive system, energy metabolism and balance, weight control, and nutrition for fitness. Human nutrition during the life span is also addressed. Prerequisites: BIOL 150; and CHEM 101 or CHEM 111.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Nursing
BIOL 301 General Ecology

An introduction to basic ecological principles and their relationships to natural systems. Human impact on the natural systems is assessed. Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and BIOL 151. Prerequisite or corequisite: COM 202.

Academic Program(s):
Biology
BIOL 302 Ecology Laboratory and Recitation

An experimental approach in both field and laboratory to explore fundamental ecological principles. Students gather and analyze data to address ecological hypotheses, learn practical ecological skills (performing field techniques, using statistical and graphical tools, and interpreting ecological software), and develop oral and written communication skills. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 151, and CHEM 113. Prerequisite or corequisite: BIOL 301.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Wildlife and Conservation Biology
BIOL 310 Cell Biology

An introduction to cellular function and structure. Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and BIOL 151. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHEM 231 or CHEM 331; and COM 202.

Academic Program(s):
Biology|Biochemistry
BIOL 312 Genetics

A course in Mendelian inheritance, linkage, chromosomal aberrations, molecular genetics, gene regulation, genetic engineering, and population genetics. Prerequisites: BIOL 301, BIOL 310, CHEM 231, and CHEM 234; or CHEM 331.

Academic Program(s):
Biology|Biochemistry
BIOL 313 Cell and Genetics Laboratory

An introduction to experimentation and laboratory techniques used in cell biology,physiology, and genetics, including experimental design, data analysis, and presentation of research results. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite or corequisite: BIOL 312.

Academic Program(s):
BIOL 317 Genome Analysis (with laboratory)

This course introduces students to the appropriate mathematical techniques to answer questions about information contained in genetic sequences. These techniques may include dynamic programming, motif similarity, Bayesian models, hidden Markov models, principal component analysis, and clustering. Students use standard genome query tools to annotate genomic DNA. BIOL 317 and MATH 317 cannot both be taken for credit. Prerequisites: BIOL 312 and MATH 213.

Academic Program(s):
BIOL 320 Ornithology (with laboratory and recitation)

An introduction to the study of bird evolution, ecology, and conservation. This course has a strong field component providing frequent opportunities to observe birds in their native environments. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 or instructor permission

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Wildlife and Conservation Biology
BIOL 322 Mammalogy (with laboratory and recitation)

An introduction to the study of mammal taxonomy, evolution, ecology and conservation. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Wildlife and Conservation Biology
BIOL 327 Field Entomology (with laboratory)

An introduction to the world of the most diverse and abundant form of animal life on Earth through an experiential, field, and laboratory class. The course emphasizes field study, collection and preservation, identification, ecology, and natural history. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Wildlife and Conservation Biology
BIOL 342 Microbiology (with laboratory)

An introduction to microbial morphology, identification, physiology, genetics, and microbiology laboratory techniques. A brief consideration is given to fungi. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: Biology Nucleus

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Nursing
BIOL 352 Botany (with laboratory)

Using field and laboratory experiences this course explores the diversity within the plant kingdom using a comparative approach to examine evolutionary trends and relationships.Students are introduced to the structure and function of plants through an investigation of plant cells, tissues, organs, and basic physiological processes. Economic importance, human uses, and significance of plants to society are emphasized. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 151, and ENG 102; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Wildlife and Conservation Biology
BIOL 353 Rocky Mountain Flora

A field and laboratory course focusing on identification of flowering plants commonto the Western Slope of the Colorado Rocky Mountains. This course covers methods of plant collection and preservation, field identification, natural history, and ecology as well as local plants of particular human interest, including those that are medically important, edible, and poisonous. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and BIOL 151; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Wildlife and Conservation Biology
BIOL 362 Evolution

This course provides a comprehensive overview of evolutionary processes, mechanisms, and analytical techniques. Topics include population genetics, conservation genetics, phylogenetic analysis, adaptation, behavioral evolution, sexual selection, and speciation. Evolutionary perspectives in human health and medicine, conservation biology, agriculture, natural resource management, biotechnology, global change, and emerging diseases are considered. Prerequisites: BIOL 312; or ENVS 350, ENVS 370, ENVS 390, and either BIOL 151 or Both BIOL 130 and BIOL 135; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Wildlife and Conservation Biology
BIOL 372 Human Anatomy and Physiology I (with laboratory)

An introduction to regulatory mechanisms which maintain normal body function. Specific topics include cytology, histology, integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, and nervous system. The course is designed for allied health and exercise and sport science students. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: BIOL 150; CHEM 105 or CHEM 111.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Nursing
BIOL 373 Human Anatomy and Physiology II (with laboratory)

A continuation of BIOL 372 Human Anatomy and Physiology I. Specific topics include immunology, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, digestive system, excretory system, reproductive system, and endocrine system. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: BIOL 372.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Nursing
BIOL 420 Molecular Biology I (with laboratory)

A study of the molecular mechanisms by which cellular processes are controlled in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Topics include the biochemistry of macromolecular processes, the structure of genes and chromosomes, the genetic and molecular techniques used to study gene expression, and the transcriptional and translational control of gene expression. The laboratory includes recombinant DNA techniques to manipulate the genome of a model organism. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: BIOL 312 and CHEM 471.

Academic Program(s):
BIOL 430 Wildlife Ecology and Management (with laboratory)

Principles of ecology are applied to population and habitat management towardswildlife conservation. Tools used by wildlife biologists to restore endangered species, harvest sustainable populations, reduce overpopulated species, and to monitor and study populations are emphasized. Habitat management approaches are discussed, along with human dimensions in wildlife conservation. A field component allows students to investigate wildlife populations and habitat issues in the Gunnison Basin. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Wildlife and Conservation Biology
BIOL 431 Wildlife Techniques Workshop

A one week intensive field course focuses on wildlife conservation issues and wildlife management techniques such as trapping and marking wildlife, radio telemetry, population monitoring, GPS and GIS, and wildlife conflict resolution. The course includes a trip outside the basin; a field trip course fee is required. This course meets the week prior to the start of the fall semester. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 or instructor permission. Co-requisite: BIOL 430.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Wildlife and Conservation Biology
BIOL 440 Conservation Biology

This course addresses the reduction in biological diversity of the planet and suggested solutions to prevent further reduction. Integrating themes are drawn from scientific disciplines such as population genetics, ecology, evolutionary biology, botany, zoology, molecular biology, biochemistry, and wildlife management. Prerequisites: BIOL 312; or ENVS 350, ENVS 370, ENVS 390, and either BIOL 151 or both BIOL 130 and BIOL 135; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Wildlife and Conservation Biology
BIOL 444 Colorado Ecoregions

A survey of the three main ecoregions of Colorado including the Great Plains, the Southern Rocky Mountains, and the Colorado Plateau. Students travel throughout Colorado and explore the ecology and natural history of the ecosystems by hiking, backpacking, and river rafting. Content includes an evolutionary perspective on ecosystem features and the adaptations of species characterizing each system, as well as applied issues in natural resources management. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology
BIOL 454 Developmental Biology (with laboratory)

An examination of the embryology of vertebrates, stressing mammalian embryonicdevelopment and comparisons with amphibians, reptiles, and birds. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: Biology 312.

Academic Program(s):
BIOL 467 Fisheries Biology

An introduction to the science underlying fisheries and their management. Topics will include the morphology, evolution, ecology, behavior and conservation of fishes, including experimental design, data analysis and communication of results focusing primarily on freshwater fisheries and common fishes of Colorado. Marine fisheries will be covered briefly. Prerequisites: BIOL 301 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Wildlife and Conservation Biology
BIOL 476 Aquatic Ecology (with laboratory)

A study of physical, chemical, and biological parameters of lakes and streams in the functioning of freshwater eco-systems. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: Biology Nucleus and SCI 202; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Wildlife and Conservation Biology
BIOL 481 Forest Ecology (with laboratory)

Ecology of forest species, communities, landscapes, and ecosystems, with a focus on the Gunnison Basin. Topics include tree physiology, species interactions, fire and disturbance, succession, forest types, climate, forest management and restoration. Labs and field trips will provide hands-on experience and practical skills in tree identification, forest mensuration, vegetation sampling, statistics and GIS. Students will develop and conduct independent/group research projects. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: BIOL 301, MATH 213

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Wildlife and Conservation Biology
BIOL 496 Senior Thesis

An advanced research experience resulting in a Senior Thesis, supervised by a thesis committee of three faculty members including at least one biologist. A proposal of the project must be approved by the thesis committee prior to project initiation. In addition to completing the written thesis, students must present the results of their work in a departmental seminar. This course satisfies the capstone course requirement. Prerequisites: Biology Nucleus; and MATH 151 or MATH 213.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Wildlife and Conservation Biology|Pre-Nursing
BUAD 100 Business in Society

A study of the role of business in modern society. Topics include the private enterprise system, consumerism, management functions, major functional areas of large business, vital areas of small-business operation, and the environment of business.

Academic Program(s):
Management|Marketing|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)
BUAD 150 Introduction to Hospitality

An introduction to hospitality management, including historical developmental patterns, current business trends, and future international expectations. Current job market, working environments, personal risks, and rewards are explored.

Academic Program(s):
Management|Marketing|Resort Management|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)
BUAD 202 Energy Management Professional Development

Designed specifically for Energy Management students. It is intended to provide students with hands on, real world professional awareness. Prerequisite: Instructor permission

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management
BUAD 210 Legal Environment of Business

Provides students an ability to sense the occasions when a lawyer should be consulted for guidance in avoiding legal mistakes. A study is made of the ordinary legal aspects of common business transactions, including the topics of social forces, contracts, personal property, and agency.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Accounting|Energy Management|Business Administration
BUAD 220 Computer Applications in Business

Designed to teach students to apply a variety of interdisciplinary computer applications in their business professions. Topics include integrating word processing, spreadsheets, databases, communications, and graphics on personal computers. A minimal skill in keyboarding is required.

Academic Program(s):
Accounting|Business Administration
BUAD 230 Evolution of the Oil Economy

Studies the evolution of global oil and gas development and its economic and geopolitical effects. The relationships between oil technology, economics, social and political institutions, and the unique cultures in oil-producing regions are investigated. Additionally students study a multi-disciplinary approach to understanding how oil affects economic development and commerce.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management
BUAD 240 Strategic Negotiations

Merges theory with practice, offering students a hands-on opportunity to learn negotiation and communication skills. Students study how to develop personal negotiation plans and preparation methods, analyze other partiesÕ interests, identify and implement solutions for mutual gain, communicate effectively, and successfully draft agreements. Students practice and refine both their personal and professional negotiation and communication skills using realistic mock scenarios to negotiate, compose, and evaluate agreements. Prerequisite: COM 202 with a minimum grade of ÒC-Ò.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management
BUAD 270 Principles of Marketing

An introduction to the fundamental concepts of marketing, including consumer demand and behavior, segmentation, advertising, marketing research, product development, distribution, pricing, the internet as a marketing agent, and global marketing issues. The student is exposed to the most basic tools, factors, and marketing principles administered by management in establishing policy, planning, and complex problem solving. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-" and completion of at least 24 credits; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Strategic Communication|Energy Management|Business Administration
BUAD 275 Innovation, Creativity, and Entrepreneurship: Mindset (ICE: Mindset)

The ICE mindset comprises the underlying beliefs and assumptions that drive the behavior enabling people to create positive change. This course takes the approach that anyone (not just those who want to start businesses) can benefit from understanding and applying an innovative, creative, and entrepreneurial mindset to any situation that demands change in their life. Students are immersed in learning about the fundamental aspects of an ICE mindset and the unlimited opportunities it can provide.

Academic Program(s):
Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)
BUAD 300 Business Ethics

A study of how ethics apply to business organizations today. Special emphasis is placed on developing moral reasoning. The course provides multiple perspectives on actual cases and ethical dilemmas faced by organizations with an emphasis on allowing students to think through ethical problems. Topics studied include moral philosophies, moral agency and development, ethical underpinnings of free markets and economic systems, and ethical concerns with the environment, future generations, and other stakeholders such as employees and consumers. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 309 or COTH 202; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Management|Marketing|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)
BUAD 302 Energy Management Professional Development II

Designed specifically for Energy Management students. It is intended to provide students with hands on, real world professional awareness. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing and instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management
BUAD 305 Applied Energy Seminar

Introduction to the energy industry, including fossil fuel and renewable energy use and development. Explores topics including global energy production and consumption, energy efficiency, infrastructure, grid systems and transmission, and environmental and social impacts of energy development with an emphasis on regulation, policy, and the oil and gas industry. Prerequisite: COM 202.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management
BUAD 309 Business Communication

A study of the fundamentals, principles, and practices of effective written communication, including concepts of appearance, language, and psychology of tone and persuasiveness as applied to the business letter, memorandum, and report. Presentation skills are also discussed. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of ÒC-Ó; sophomore standing.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management|Business Administration
BUAD 311 Essentials Excel Skills for the Workplace

This course prepares the student for Microsoft Excel Office Specialist certification. This course covers all of the topics tested by the certifying examination including managing worksheets and workbooks, applying formulas and functions, analyzing and organizing data, visual presentation of data, and sharing worksheet data with others. Prerequisites: college-level mathematics requirement with a minimum grade of "C-" or instructor permission

Academic Program(s):
Latin American Business |Management|Marketing|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)|Energy Management|Actuarial Science
BUAD 312 Advanced Excel Applications

This course emphasizes the use of computer spreadsheets to organize, analyze and present quantitative information to aid managerial decision-making. The course exercises include examples from several disciplines including business, energy and environmental impact analysis, natural sciences, and social sciences. Specific topics will include business planning and budgeting, capital budgeting and net present value analysis, time value of money, cost / benefit analysis, goal seeking, scenario planning and pivot tables.Prerequisites: BUAD 311, Excel Office Specialist certification or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Latin American Business |Management|Marketing|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)|Energy Management|Actuarial Science
BUAD 315 Business Law

Study includes: sales, commercial paper, secured transactions, corporations, partnerships, estates, trusts, and agency. Prerequisite: BUAD 210.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Finance|Management|Marketing|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)
BUAD 320 Petroleum Land Management

Introduction to the field of land management in the petroleum industry. Covers the necessary knowledge and skills of the petroleum land professional, both in the U.S. and internationally. Topics include land survey systems, mineral ownership and severance, as well as oil and gas leases. Examines other oil and gas exploration and development phases. State and federal leasing is covered. Prerequisites admission into the PLRM program, or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management
BUAD 321 Oil and Gas Agreements

Introduces the preparation, negotiation, and drafting of contracts and agreements used in land management and the petroleum industry. This course covers the knowledge and skills a petroleum land professional is expected to exhibit in drafting and negotiating commonly used contracts with a focus on upstream agreements including but not limited to: oil and gas leases, surface use agreements, farmout agreements, AMIÕs, joint operating agreements, master service agreements, seismic agreements, pooling agreements, purchase and sale agreements, and exchange agreements. Prerequisites: BUAD 320; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management
BUAD 322 Financial Planning

An exploration of the fundamental issues of financial planning. Students gain an understanding of the concepts of the financial planning process, the economic environment, the time value of money, the legal environment, financial analysis, and ethical and professional considerations in financial planning. Prerequisite: Completion of Base Curriculum.

Academic Program(s):
Finance
BUAD 325 Management Information Systems

A study of how managers can and should be involved with systems planning, development, and implementation; what information systems resources are available to managers for decision support; and how information and technology can be used to supportbusiness strategy. Also, this course takes a managerial approach to information systems concepts and applications in business, while exposing the student to various types of software in the business sector. Prerequisite: BUAD 220 or CIS 120.

Academic Program(s):
Management|Marketing
BUAD 331 Food and Beverage Management

Prepares students for management of sales, food cost controls, beverage cost controls, labor, personnel, sanitation, and market analysis as they relate to the resort industry. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 150; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Resort Management
BUAD 332 Rental and Retail Management

An introduction to operating rental and retail-profit centers as part of a corporationinvolved in the resort industry. Topics covered include managing personnel, equipment, training, traffic flow, buying, forecasting, and accounting. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 150; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Resort Management
BUAD 333 Organizational Behavior

Provides students an understanding of human behavior in organizations today. Students will become familiar with the basic dimensions of organizational behavior covering topics such as leadership, motivation, management of people, and group dynamics. The course stresses an experimental approach as well as the personal nature of the material and how this relates to the complexities of behavior in and of organizations. Prerequisite: BUAD 309 or COM 202; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Strategic Communication|Energy Management|Business Administration
BUAD 334 Lodging Operations

A focus on organizational structure and front office positions. Topics covered include reservation, registration and rooming process; management, financial, and policy control procedures; and organization, staffing, and functions of housekeeping departments Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 150; or instructor permission. Class will be held at Crested Butte Mountain Resort.

Academic Program(s):
Resort Management
BUAD 335 Marketing Communications

Advertising, sales promotions, media utilization, public relations, and personal selling are highlighted in this course. Legal regulations and ethical considerations in mass media advertising and promotions are also covered. Finally, the student is exposed to the principles of planning and budgeting for such media events. Prerequisites:MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of ÒC-Ó; ACC 201 with a minimum grade of ÒCÓ; BUAD 270; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Strategic Communication|Latin American Business |Management|Marketing|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)
BUAD 337 Hospitality Law and Risk Management

Provides an awareness of the rights and responsibilities that the law grants to or imposes upon a hotelkeeper and illustrates the possible consequences of failure to satisfy legal obligations. Also included is risk management as a means of mitigating exposure to lawsuits and fines. Prerequisites: BUAD 150; BUAD 210; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Management|Resort Management
BUAD 340 Global Business

An advanced course with application of management and marketing principles to the inter-national marketplace. Cultural, political, and geographic differences are analyzed in order to develop market strategies for global markets. Prerequisite: BUAD 309 or COM 202; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Latin American Business |Management|Marketing|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)
BUAD 345 Consumer Behavior

Utilizing theories from the behavioral sciences, this course provides an in-depth examination of the individual customer learning and decision-making processes, segmentation, as well as culture, subculture, and social class relationships with marketing. Students develop an understanding of consumersÕ shopping behavior, utilization of different marketing channels, perception of products, and reactions to advertising and other selling methods. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 270; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Strategic Communication|Latin American Business |Management|Marketing|Resort Management|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)
BUAD 350 Human Resource Management

Provides students with an understanding of the functions, content and challenges of Human Resource Management (HRM) in organizations today. Insights will be developed on basic dimensions of HRM such as recruitment, selection, performance management, rewards and retention, as well as particular challenges concerning strategic HRM and global environments. Emphasis is placed on how the complexities of HRM relate to students' past and future experiences as members of organizations. Prerequisites: BUAD 309 or COM 202 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Latin American Business |Management|Marketing|Resort Management|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)|Business Administration
BUAD 360 Managerial Finance

An introductory course to the field of managed finance, covering such topics as financial analysis, time value of money, risk/return analysis, capital budgeting, working capital management, cost of capital, optimal capital structure. Prerequisites: Completion of Business Administration Base Curriculum; or Energy Management Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management|Business Administration
BUAD 363 Business and the Environment

A focus on the impact on the environment of human presence and absence. There is a consideration of various Ôgreen practicesÕ that result in both positive environmental impacts and cost savings to industry, and examination of governmental initiatives regarding various business practices and their expected impacts on the environment, on businessesÕ bottom lines, and on consumers. Course material emphasizes videos, readings,and guest lectures. Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Resort Management
BUAD 370 Exploration and Production Processes

Provides students with an introduction to engineering in exploration and production, focusing on oil and gas upstream and midstream engineering processes and their interface with land functions. Concepts discussed in this course include: seismic, exploration, well-site selection and preparation, drilling, wellbore integrity, completions, hydraulic fracturing, facilities, separating, treating, processing, transportation, pipelines, and well-site reclamation. Prerequisites: BUAD 305. Prerequisite or corequisite GEOL 101 and GEOL 105; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management
BUAD 375 Innovation, Creativity, and Entrepreneurship: Toolkit (ICE: Toolkit)

This course helps students identify and frame business and other societal problems that are characterized by complexity, uncertainty, volatility, and ambiguity. Students learn to think problems through by understanding the situation and framing problems in new ways that might alter how they generate and evaluate solutions. Prerequisite: ACC 201; BUAD 275; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Management|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)
BUAD 397 ST: SEA STATE SURF JOURNALISM

Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
BUAD 397 ST: WORLD ENERGY X PERU

Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
BUAD 397 ST: WORLD ENGERY X PERU 1

Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
BUAD 397 ST:CROSS CULT LEADERSHIP COSTA

Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
BUAD 410 Water and Environmental Law

A comprehensive case law study of water and environmental law, addressing the historical development of the riparian, prior appropriation, Federal and Indian water rights doctrines, and the emergence of Federal and State environmental law and policy, specifically addressing how water law and environmental law interface with and impact each other. This course will develop a knowledge base fundamental to the preparation of a student in the PLRM emphasis. Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission. BUAD 210 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management
BUAD 420 Oil and Gas Law

A comprehensive study of oil and gas law & regulations. The course addresses the historical development of the law as it relates to the conservation of oil and gas, the rights and duties of operators and landowners, implied covenants, titles and conveyances, contracts, pooling and unitization, and other oil and gas development issues. Students also learn about the oil and gas regulatory scheme at the federal, state, and local levels. This course analyzes laws and regulations in light of recent technologic advances, such as the emergence of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing. Prerequisites: Admission into The Energy Management Program; BUAD 210, BUAD 305, BUAD 320; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management
BUAD 425 Marketing Research

The focus of this course is the collection, analysis, and interpretation of marketing data for reporting research information necessary to make informed marketing decisions. Students develop skills in defining research problems, designing surveys, experiments, and observational studies, managing data collection, performing data analysis, and communicating results. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 270; or instructor permission. BUAD 335 and BUAD 345 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Marketing|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)
BUAD 461 Investments

A study of the many investments available for individual portfolios. Emphasis is placed on the risks inherent in investments and the methods and techniques of analysis used in selecting securities for investments. Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 360; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Finance
BUAD 482 Hospitality Operation Management

An integration of management functions learned in previous classes into a workableapproach to profitable resort operations. Students are encouraged to take this course during their last semester; graduating seniors are given priority in enrollment. Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 331; BUAD 332; BUAD 334; BUAD 337; BUAD 360;or instructor permission. Class will be held at Crested Butte Mountain Resort.

Academic Program(s):
Resort Management
BUAD 491 Strategic Management

The formal analysis of an organizationÕs macro and industry environment; its mission and goals; and strategy formulation, implementation, and control. This is a capstone course which integrates the studentÕs knowledge from the areas of accounting, finance, marketing, and management. Students are encouraged to take this course during their last semester; graduating seniors are given priority in enrollment. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 309; BUAD 333 or 350; BUAD 360; and senior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Latin American Business |Finance|Management|Marketing|Resort Management|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)
BUAD 494 Innovation, Creativity, and Entrepreneurship: Launch (ICE: Launch)

This course provides real world, hands on learning on what itÕs like to actually start an organization. Students talk to customers, partners, competitors, as they encounter the chaos and uncertainty of how a startup actually works. Prerequisite: Base curriculum; BUAD 275; BUAD 375; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)
BUAD 495 Prospect Economics and Evaluation

Synthesizes previous coursework, focusing on the application of advanced concepts in finance, economics, law, regulatory schemes, mergers and acquisitions, negotiations, contract drafting, geology, engineering, title, leasing and environmental, social, and political issues. Prerequisites: BUAD 305, BUAD 320, BUAD 321, BUAD 360, GEOL 240 prerequisite or corequisite; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management
BUAD 499 Internship in Business Administration

A course designed specifically for junior- and senior-level students. Internships provide guided, counseled, and progressive experience under a dual-tutelage program of a businessperson and an academician. An academically monitored activity to assure quality experience. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Management|Marketing|Resort Management|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)
CHEM 101 Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry

A survey of inorganic chemistry, with an emphasis on chemical principles, atomic theory, periodic law, chemical equilibrium, equations, solutions, and descriptive chemistry of the elements. This course is designed for non-majors without a background in chemistry or mathematics and may not be counted toward the Chemistry Major or Minor.

Academic Program(s):
CHEM 111 General Chemistry I

An introductory course designed for science majors focusing on principles and applications of chemistry. Topics covered in this course are stoichiometry, bonding models, intermolecular forces, and periodic trends. Prerequisite or corequisite: MATH 140 or Accuplacer college-level mathematics test score of 85 or above, ACT math score of 24 or above, or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Biology|Pre-Nursing|Chemistry|Geology|Petroleum Geology
CHEM 112 General Chemistry Laboratory I

An introduction to basic laboratory techniques of inorganic chemistry correlating with CHEM 111. Experiments emphasize techniques, instrumentation, and solution chemistry. Laboratory notebookkeeping and the safe handling and disposal of laboratory chemicals are also stressed. Additional course fee applies. Corequisite: CHEM 111.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Biology|Pre-Nursing|Chemistry|Geology|Petroleum Geology
CHEM 113 General Chemistry II

A continuation of CHEM 111. Topics covered are thermodynamics, kinetics, equilibrium, electrochemistry, and nuclear chemistry. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: CHEM 111 with a minimum grade of C-.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Biology|Pre-Nursing|Chemistry|Geology|Petroleum Geology
CHEM 114 General Chemistry Laboratory II

A continuation of CHEM 112. An introduction to basic laboratory techniques of inorganic chemistry correlating with CHEM 113. Experiments emphasize techniques, instrumentation, and solution chemistry. Laboratory notebookkeeping and the safe handling and disposal of laboratory chemicals are also stressed. Prerequisite: CHEM 112. Corequisite: CHEM 113.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Biology|Pre-Nursing|Chemistry|Geology|Petroleum Geology
CHEM 231 Introduction to Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry

A descriptive survey course which introduces the essential topics and applications of organic chemistry and biochemistry. The course is designed for non-majors who need the second semester of a one-year chemistry core that includes general, organic, and biochemistry.This course may not be counted for credit toward the Chemistry Major or Minor. Prerequisite: CHEM 101 or CHEM 113.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Biology|Pre-Nursing
CHEM 234 Introductory Organic and Biochemistry Laboratory

An introductory laboratory to accompany CHEM 231. Experiments focus on reactions of organic functional groups, organic synthesis, and the chemistry of biological molecules.This course may not be counted for credit toward the Chemistry Major or Minor. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHEM 231.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Biology|Pre-Nursing
CHEM 302 Chemical Information Literacy and Communication

In this course designed for chemistry majors, students learn about the organization of the chemical literature, important resources for navigating the literature of chemistry, and methods for selecting the most appropriate resources. Students will work on effective written, oral and graphical communication for chemistry and the sciences. Prerequisites: COM 202, CHEM113 and CHEM114.

Academic Program(s):
Chemistry
CHEM 306 Analytical Chemistry (with laboratory)

A lecture/laboratory course involving principles, techniques and calculations involved with quantitative analysis of substances. Includes solution chemistry, gravimetric, volumetric, redox, and pH determinations. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: CHEM 113 and CHEM 114.

Academic Program(s):
Chemistry
CHEM 331 Organic Chemistry I

First semester course of a two semester organic chemistry sequence. This course is an in depth study of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Topics include their naming, electronic structure, bonding, reactivity, stereochemistry, and reaction mechanisms Prerequisite: CHEM 113.

Academic Program(s):
Chemistry
CHEM 332 Organic Chemistry II

A continuation of CHEM 331. This course discusses spectroscopic analysis, physical, and chemical properties of organic functional groups. Emphasis includes synthesis, mechanisms, and reactions of aromatic compounds, carbonyl containing compounds, and amines. Prerequisite: CHEM 331.

Academic Program(s):
Chemistry
CHEM 334 Organic Chemistry Lab I

An accompanying laboratory course for CHEM 331, serving as an introduction to basic macro-and micro- scale organic techniques used to separate, isolate, and characterize organic compounds. Methods utilized include distillation, extraction, chromatography, Infrared (IR) spectroscopy. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: CHEM 114. Corequisite: CHEM 331.

Academic Program(s):
Chemistry
CHEM 335 Organic Chemistry Lab II

This lab is a continuation of CHEM 334, with an expansion in scope that allows incorporation of more complex synthetic problems. The lab will employ the use of thin layer chromatography (TLC) to follow reaction progress along with NMR spectroscopy to determine reaction outcomes. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: CHEM 334. Corequisite: CHEM 332.

Academic Program(s):
Chemistry
CHEM 406 Instrumental Analysis (with laboratory)

A lecture/laboratory course examining the theory and techniques of instrumental methods of quantitative analysis, including spectrophotometric methods, electrochemical methods, and chromatography. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: CHEM 306

Academic Program(s):
Chemistry
CHEM 451 Physical Chemistry I

A detailed study of thermodynamics, phase equilibria, kinetic theory and chemical kinetics. Offered in alternate years, 2011-2012. Prerequisites: CHEM 113, MATH 251, and PHYS 201

Academic Program(s):
Chemistry
CHEM 452 Physical Chemistry II

A continuation of CHEM 451, which examines quantum chemistry, atomic, and molecular structure and spectra, photochemistry, and statistical mechanics. Offered in alternate years, 2011-2012. Prerequisites: CHEM 451.

Academic Program(s):
Chemistry
CHEM 454 Physical Chemistry Laboratory

An experimental-techniques course in physical chemistry (including computer-assisted instruction), with emphasis on thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, quantum chemistry, statistical mechanics, and spectroscopy. Offered in alternate years. Additional course fee applies. Corequisite: CHEM 452 or PHYS 452.

Academic Program(s):
Chemistry
CHEM 461 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

Inorganic chemistry based on principles of bonding, structure, and reaction mechanisms. Chemistry of representative and transition elements and their compounds are covered. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisites: CHEM 113, CHEM 302, and MATH 251.

Academic Program(s):
Chemistry
CHEM 471 Biochemistry I

A study of structural biochemistry and metabolism. The course begins with an overview of the aqueous environment and its effects on solutes, including biomolecules. Other subject matters include the chemistry of proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and lipids; the mechanisms and kinetics of enzymes; and the stoichiometry and chemistry underlying the core metabolic processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and CHEM 332.

Academic Program(s):
Biochemistry
CHEM 472 Biochemistry II (with laboratory)

A continuation of CHEM 471. A study of the molecular mechanisms by which cellular processes are controlled in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Topics include the biochemistry of macromolecular processes, the structure of genes and chromosomes, the genetic and molecular techniques used to study gene expression, and the transcriptional and translational control of gene expression. The laboratory includes recombinant DNA techniques to manipulate the genome of a model organism. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: BIOL 312 and CHEM 471.

Academic Program(s):
Biochemistry
CHEM 494 Research Problems in Chemistry

An advanced, supervised laboratory or literature research experience involving methods of chemical research in an area of analytical, physical, organic, or biochemistry. A research paper and oral presentation of research results is required. Prerequisite: CHEM 302.

Academic Program(s):
Biochemistry|Chemistry
CIS 320 Programming Languages

An investigation of the theory, usage, and implementation of programming languages. Emphasis is on the theoretical basis for programming languages and practical examples of their use. Basic language paradigms are developed: imperative, functional, objectoriented, and logic. Other topics include type systems and language translation. Languages studied include C, C++, Java, Lisp, Haskell, Prolog, and Python. Prerequisite: CIS 280 with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science
COM 119 Introduction to Film

Students are introduced to the aesthetics of narrative and documentary motion pictures through the study of the basic elements of cinema. Topics may include story structure, cinematography, editing, sound, and lighting.

Academic Program(s):
Communication Arts|Film Studies
COM 121 Introduction to Theatre

This course will include a general survey of Western theatre from Classical Greece to contemporary America. Students will learn the diverse practice of the art of theatre by studying theatre history, dramatic literature, and the practical components of acting, directing, design and production.

Academic Program(s):
Communication Arts|Theatre & Performance Studies
COM 151 Introduction to Mass Media

An examination of media-related industries (broadcasting, journalism, advertising, public relations and online communications), and the issues related to those industries that affect contemporary public discourse.

Academic Program(s):
Communication Arts|Strategic Communication
COM 202 Academic Writing and Inquiry

Students expand on the process and techniques begun in Academic Writing. Primary focus is on analytical written communication and on advocacy oral communication.Also included throughout the course is the reading of relevant academic professional writing, which promotes student awareness of the role of written and oral communication in academic and professional life. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of ÒC-.Ó

Academic Program(s):
Elementary Education
COM 205 Communication Arts I

This course is a study of the theory and associated terminology of visual communication including the application of concepts to film, theatre, and convergent media. Topics include aesthetics, design elements, mimesis, performance, semiotics and introduction to the primary techniques of the various communication arts. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
Communication Arts
COM 216 Dramatic Literature and Script Analysis

This course introduces students to the diverse genre of dramatic literature in Western and Eastern theatre. Students study the origins of tragedy, comedy, melodrama, the rise of Realism and Anti-Realism, as well as the sub-genres within those general categories. Eastern traditions of text such as Kabuki, Noh, and Bunraku are also studied. Students learn how to read a play on a deeper level for content, themes, historical and sociopolitical influences, as well as the emerging and changing aesthetics of each genre. Prerequisite: ENG 102.

Academic Program(s):
Theatre & Performance Studies
COM 231 Technical Production I

A study of how things are done behind the scenes in theatre and film and why they are done that way, including the basic customs and traditions of production work and the philosphy, aesthetics, and process of production. Intensive hands-on development of skills in the construction of sets, costumes, lights, sound, and props; the operation of rolling units, lights, flies, and sound; and production assistant duties.

Academic Program(s):
Film Studies|Theatre & Performance Studies
COM 235 Fundamentals of Acting

An introduction to the principles, processes, and techniques of acting. The study is designed to balance theory and performance; to explore in detail the psychological, perceptual, and conceptual linkages to the strategies, techniques, and skills of the actor; and to develop a significant sense of self-discipline on the part of the actor. Topics include warm-up and awareness skills, basic body and voice integration techniques, the theories of Stanislavski, character analysis, and performance process

Academic Program(s):
Film Studies|Theatre & Performance Studies
COM 241 Media Writing

An analysis and practice of the major forms of media writing, including print, broadcast and web-based publication, with an introduction to the ways that production varies the writing of each. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of ÒC-.Ó

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|Communication Arts|Film Studies|Strategic Communication
COM 261 Introduction to Audio Communication

This course introduces the basic concepts, functions and technology of audio production as they relate to the elements of narrative and storytelling. Prerequisite COM 119, COM 121, or COM 151; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Film Studies
COM 264 Introduction to Production and Theory

An introduction to the theory and practice of media production including critical andaesthetic theories. Topics may include scriptwriting, producing, directing, cinematography,sound recording, editing, and standards of operation for production facilities and equipment. Prerequisites: COM 205, COM 261, and sophomore standing; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Communication Arts|Film Studies|Strategic Communication
COM 274 Public Relations Communication

A study of the use of communication to establish credibility, trust, and confidence between and among communities, employees, public agencies, civic organizations and business institutions.

Academic Program(s):
Communication Arts|Film Studies|Strategic Communication|Energy Management
COM 284 Sophomore Portfolio

A course in which students familiarize themselves with the requirements for theCommunication Arts program and related capstone project, formulate specific goals, and prepare strategies through which those goals can be achieved. Students will develop an awareness of field-specific expectations required of them in professional or graduate-level work, and develop a plan for creating a portfolio that reflects that awareness. A part of the course consists of formally of applying for admission to the Communication Arts program. Prerequisite or corequisite: COM 205 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Communication Arts
COM 305 Communication Arts II

An exploration of the philosophical and theoretical foundations of human communication, concentrating specifically on textual analysis and interpretation. Using a wide range of media, students will investigate how the particular method of communication informs, alters, and shapes the messages being consumed, and how those messages both constitute and affect self-expressive acts. PREREQUISITES: COM 205 and admission to the Communication Arts Program; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Communication Arts
COM 306 Scriptwriting

An introduction to the fundamental tools and skills required to craft a script for performance on stage or in film/video. Students are expected to produce play scripts and screenplays of varying lengths; they are also expected to read and respond to one anotherÕs writing. Some history of playwriting and study of prevailing models of scriptwriting are also included. Prerequisites: COM 205 or ENG 205, with a minimum grade of "C", or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|Film Studies|Theatre & Performance Studies
COM 310 Introduction to Performance Studies

An interdisciplinary course exploring the human desire to perform in both aesthetic and everyday settings. It explores the links between the arts and literature, anthropology, communication, sociology, and philosophy. Critical reading, written analysis, and performance of lit-erary texts are essential elements of the course.

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|Film Studies|Theatre & Performance Studies
COM 317 Studies in Theatre and Performance

An introduction to performance studies research and artistic practice through readings, discussion and creative work. Prerequisites: junior standing and instructor permission. Repeatable for a maximum of six credits among different topic areas.

Academic Program(s):
Theatre & Performance Studies
COM 323 Media/ Arts Management

An introduction to the basic principles and structure of management as it applies toCommunication Arts. Particular focus is given to management of small and mid-size nonprofit media and arts organizations, and to the interrelationship between those two areas. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of the instructor.

Academic Program(s):
Film Studies|Theatre & Performance Studies|Strategic Communication
COM 324 Advanced Acting

An advanced-level course that focuses on specific areas of actor training, including methods of voice and movement training; the requirements and techniques of different styles of acting including classical, Elizabethan, Restoration/18th Century, Commedia, and Advanced Contemporary acting styles; and advanced textual analysis required of actors by specific theatrical works. Repeatable for a maximum of six credits among different topic areas. Prerequisite: COM 235 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Film Studies|Theatre & Performance Studies
COM 330 Technical Production II

An intermediate-level study of lighting and sound production for theatre and film. Instruction is provided in the proper rigging of light and sound equipment, use of control consoles and software, optics, basic electrical theory, the nature of light, and acoustics. The design and aesthetic use of light and sound are also explored. Prerequisite: COM 231 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Film Studies|Theatre & Performance Studies
COM 346 Multimedia Communication

An exploration of the theory and application of multimedia communication principles through projects that use common interactive multimedia, animation, non-linear editing, web authoring, and desktop-publishing programs. Prerequisites: COM 205, or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Film Studies|Strategic Communication
COM 351 Media Theory and Research

An examination of media from a theoretical, organizational perspective. Topics covered include departmental functions and duties, programming, formats, regulations and finances. Also, in the context of media theory, empirical data is explored. Prerequisite:COM 241 and COM 274, or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Strategic Communication
COM 352 Advanced Cinema Studies

An in-depth study of the aesthetics and theory of cinema through the examination and critical analysis of the technical and creative elements of selected iconic Hollywood and international motion pictures. Prerequisite: Junior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Film Studies
COM 362 Advanced Audio Production

An in-depth study of audio design and production for film, radio, television and livetheatre. Prerequisite COM 261.

Academic Program(s):
Film Studies
COM 371 Small Group and Conflict Management

An exploration of various concepts and types of conflict and the role of argumentation in managing and/or resolving conflict. The study examines the theory and practice of communication within small groups, as well as problem solving and decision making as common contexts in which argument occurs and conflict arises, and a continuum from formal to informal modes of conflict management/resolution is discussed and practiced by the students. Examples of specific areas covered include formal debate, negotiation, and arbitration. Prerequisite: COM 202.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Strategic Communication
COM 372 Issues Management

An exploration of the communication practices and strategies used by organizations to react to current events, publicity, and society. Emphasis is placed upon persuasion, media relations, and information campaigns. Prerequisite: junior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Strategic Communication|Marketing|Energy Management
COM 389 Media Production: Narrative

An introduction to the theory and practice of the field-based production of narrativefilms. Topics emphasized may include fictional story, cinematography, lighting, sound, editing, and production management. Prerequisite: COM 264 with a min-imum grade of ÒC.Ó

Academic Program(s):
Film Studies
COM 390 Media Production: Documentary

An introduction to the theory and practice of producing nonfiction works, includingconventional documentary forms and autobiographical or experimental works. Topics may include actual story, cinematography, lighting, sound, editing, and production management. Prerequisite: COM 264 with a minimum grade of ÒC.Ó

Academic Program(s):
Film Studies
COM 405 Communication Arts III

A multi-disciplinary and multi-media course offering significant historical, theoretical, and practical content by which to explore and discuss how meaning is conveyed in communication. Special emphasis is given to the nature of oral communication in oral societies and to the nature and function of myth, symbol, sign, and inferential reasoning. Prerequisites: COM 305 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Communication Arts
COM 423 Directing

A comprehensive introduction to the theory and practice of directing for the stage. Includes an exploration of play selection, character and script analysis, conceptualization of production, actor coaching approaches, staging techniques; as well as the actual direction and presentation of scenes and plays. Prerequisites COM 231, COM 235, COM 310 and junior standing; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Film Studies|Theatre & Performance Studies
COM 474 Campaign Planning in Advertising and Public Information

An analysis of the many facets of information campaign planning. It explores concepts like persuasion and audience behavior, researching attitudes and effectiveness, campaign objectives and strategies, media choices, and relevant social and ethical issues. In addition, students are expected to build their own information campaigns. Prerequisite:COM 274.

Academic Program(s):
Strategic Communication
COM 484 Communication Arts Seminar

A capstone course in which students complete their individual Communication Arts portfolios, based upon their cumulative work through the COM program and guided by their specific career or graduate school goals. The seminar provides an opportunity for students to work individually, in small groups, and with the instructor to evaluate the overall effectiveness of their finished portfolios, and revise accordingly, utilizing the critical techniques, cultural awareness, and technical skills students have developed throughout the COM program. Prerequisite: COM 305

Academic Program(s):
Communication Arts
COM 490 Advanced Media Production

Students are immersed in advanced project work. Topics may include cinematography, lighting, grip, electrical, special effects, visual effects, sound effects recording, sound design, and animation. Prerequisite: COM 361, COM 389 or COM 390 with a minimum grade of ÒC.Ó

Academic Program(s):
Film Studies
CRWR 520 SUMMER INTENSIVE I

Introduces students to the entire publishing process from book concept to taking a book out of print, the different models of publishing companies, the book anatomy and basic design, author relations and acquisitions strategies. The theme, title, and student responsibilities in producing the literary journal is also decided upon. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 521 EDITORIAL PRACTICUM I

Involves students in an acquisitions editorial staff that reads and evaluates submissions for publication in the book project for the year. Students review submissions ahead of time and e-mail comments to acquisitions editor on whether work should be considered by entire board, and then participate in online discussions every other week Students also meet online three times to discuss materials from learning modules, and how that information relates to book project and their duties as editors and publishers. Prerequisites: CRWR 520. Co-requisites: CRWR 522, CRWR 523, CRWR 524.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 522 EDITORIAL SKILLS

Teaches these topics: what an editor does (and does not do); what "house style" is and how books conform; steps from developmental edit to copyedit to proofread; and appropriate interaction with authors. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisite: CRWR 520. Co-requisites: CRWR 521, CRWR 523, and CRWR 524.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 523 ACQUISITIONS

Focuses on these topics: identifying potential authors and conducting author outreach; market analysis; working with agents and book packagers; negotiating the author contract; and working in editorial review groups – who participates and why. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisite: CRWR 520. Co-requisites: CRWR 521, CRWR 522, and CRWR 524.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 524 BUSNS MODELS FOR PRESS HOUSES

Familiarizes students with traditional publishing house models such as nonprofit, for-profit, academic press, and trade press, as well as the emerging online electronic delivery models of publishing. This is offered as Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: CRWR 520. Co-requisites: CRWR 521, CRWR 522, CRWR 523.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 525 EDITORIAL PRACTICUM II

Involves students in an acquisitions editorial staff that will select, proof, and ready submissions for publication of the book project for the year. Students participate in online discussions every week, meeting as an editorial board to select submissions for publication in the book project for the year. Students finalize selections, proof work, and ready book for publication. Also meets online three times to discuss materials from learning modules, and how that information relates to book project and their duties as editors and publishers. Offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisites: CRWR 521. Co-requisites: CRWR 526, CRWR 527, CRWR 528.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 526 DESIGN AND LAYOUT

Provides students with an understanding of such design and layout consideration as typography, use of graphics, cover design, interior book layout, creating an index, interaction with printers, as well as alternative considerations for electronic and e-reader delivery. Offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: CRWR 521. Co-requisites: CRWR 525, CRWR 527, CRWR 528.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 527 MARKETING AND SALES

Familiarizes student with the topics of 1) the role of the author in marketing and selling a book; 2) the marketing done prior to book publication and what happens after release; 3) effective public relations; 4) sales model-direct, bookstores/retail, hybrid distributions; and electronic promotion, marketing, and delivery; 5) selling books in-house by team, by distribution, and by commissioned reps; 6) tracking and evaluating sales. Offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisites: CRWR 521. Co-requisites: CRWR 525, CRWR 526, CRWR 528.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 528 BACK OFFICE AND FULFILLMENT

Covers accounting and inventory issues, customer service, warehousing and shipping of physical book inventory, as well as electronic delivery systems. This course is offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisites: CRWR 521. Co-requisites: CRWR 525, CRWR 526, CRWR 527.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 530 SUMMER INTENSIVE II

Focuses on final preparation of the product as well as formulating and launching a marketing plan for distribution. This is offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: CRWR 525.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 597 ST: WRITING THE ROCKIES

This course is a special topics option, not required for the certificate, and only offered at need. This is offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 597 ST: SCREENWRITING ASSISTANSHIP

This course is a special topics option, not required for the certificate, and only offered at need. This is offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 597 ST: TEACHING ASSISTANCESHIP

This course is a special topics option, not required for the certificate, and only offered at need. This is offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 600 SUMMER ORIENTATION MFA II

Focus on learning mastery of online tools, attending faculty and student readings, and meeting with non-residency mentors during first summer; focus on attendingpresentations and participating in workshop sessions during second summer; and focus on presenting student thesis as well as attending and participating in other readings during third summer. Must be repeated three times for credit.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 600 MFA ORIENTATION III

Focus on learning mastery of online tools, attending faculty and student readings, and meeting with non-residency mentors during first summer; focus on attendingpresentations and participating in workshop sessions during second summer; and focus on presenting student thesis as well as attending and participating in other readings during third summer. Must be repeated three times for credit.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 600 SUMMER ORIENTATION MFA I

Focus on learning mastery of online tools, attending faculty and student readings, and meeting with non-residency mentors during first summer; focus on attendingpresentations and participating in workshop sessions during second summer; and focus on presenting student thesis as well as attending and participating in other readings during third summer. Must be repeated three times for credit.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 600 SUMMER ORIENTATION

Focus on learning mastery of online tools, attending faculty and student readings, and meeting with non-residency mentors during first summer; focus on attendingpresentations and participating in workshop sessions during second summer; and focus on presenting student thesis as well as attending and participating in other readings during third summer. Must be repeated three times for credit.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 601 FUNDMT WRITING GENRE FICTION I

The primary foundation and introduction for the genre fiction track, covering a wide variety of topics including: proper manuscript format, understanding of basic principles of fiction (such as plot and dialogue), the Monomyth, archetypal characters, and voice. Students complete a short story during the course and critique each other’s work in a group setting. This course also lays the groundwork for students to work efficiently during the online portions of the program as well as within their own writing process.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 602 FUNDM WRITING GENRE FICTION II

Begins the process of students planning their theses, using instructor-provided tools on world building, novel outlining and planning techniques, and story arc considerations for longer work. At the end of this course, students are prepared to submit their thesis outline and synopsis to their adviser and move forward during the following year to write it for completion the next spring.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 604 CAREER PLANNG FOR GENRE WRITER

Assists students in preparing a detailed career plan covering the 12 to 24 month period after graduation, including writing, submission, and networking plans. On completion, students have a clear roadmap to follow in the years ahead. In addition, students prepare to give a public thesis reading during the residency.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 608 GNRE WRT I-ROMNCE MYSTERY FICT

The primary genre writing course for the first semester of the program. Students complete exercises, excerpts, and shorter works in the primary subgenres of romance and mystery fiction, including romantic suspense, historical romance, detective fiction, and thrillers.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 609 GNRE STD I-ROMNCE MYSTERY FICT

The primary genre reading course for the first semester of the program. Students study a wide variety of subgenres, including romantic suspense, historical romance, detective fiction, and thrillers, among others, to build a detailed understanding of the specific tropes and hallmarks of each subgenre and how to apply them to their own work.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 610 GENRE FICTION WRTG READNG SURV

A broad genre fiction reading and writing survey course for Out of Concentration students, surveying romance, mystery, speculative fiction, westerns, and young adult category work. Students focus primarily on understanding genre tropes and writing exercises that illuminate them.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 618 GSII:WSTN SPEC YOUNG ADLT FICT

The primary genre reading course for the second semester of the program. Students study a wide variety of subgenres, including westerns, science fiction, epic fantasy, supernatural, and middle grade works, among others, to build a detailed understanding of the specific tropes and hallmarks of each subgenre and how to apply them to their own work.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 619 GWII:WSTN SPC YOUNG ADLT FICTN

The primary genre writing course for the second semester of the program. Students complete exercises, excerpts, and shorter works in the primary subgenres of westerns, speculative fiction, and young adult category fiction, including science fiction, epic fantasy, supernatural, and middle grade works.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 620 SHORT FORMS GENRE FICTION WRTG

Provides students with an opportunity to focus strictly on writing in the shorter forms of genre fiction and gives them an immediately marketable portfolio of materials. Instructors cover craft concerns in flash fiction, short-short, short story, and novelette.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 621 BUS FUNDMTLS FOR GENRE WRITERS

Provides students a fundamental understanding of the business concerns for writers, including verbal/elevator pitching, query letters, proposal packets, contracts, dealing with editors and agents, and royalty statements. Students are required to complete a master proposal packet, which includes a query letter, synopsis, outline, and the thesis manuscript (if completed, partial if not).

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 631 SCANSION IMMERSION

Focus on an intensive review of prosody – how to make meter and rhythm work in the poetic line as well as how to discern that structure in the works of others. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 632 PUBLIC PERFORMANCE

Focus on the quintessence of public speaking, particularly as it applies to the performance of poetry, delivery of lectures, and participation in panels, understanding of the craft of using their voices and their physical presence to deliver creative, critical and pedagogical work orally to the public, and how to participate in conversations with the greatest possible skill and grace. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 633 POETRY AND MUSIC

Focus on exploring some of the complex relations between these two arts, from theoretical discussion to the practical aspects of writing everything from song lyrics to choral odes to opera libretti.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 636 METRICAL TRADS VERSIFICATIN I

Focus on tracing the development of the metrical tradition in English poetry from the beginning to the present. Students read poems in all the major forms (Anglo-Saxon Strong Stress Meter, the ballad, classical imitations, blank verse, the sonnet, iambic tetrameter, etc.) along with historical and theoretical commentary. Students also model such forms and scan their own work and that of others. Students will also trace the development of theories of versification and prosody in English. Students read a wide range of works, many of them by poets, in which they describe their craft and that of others, and they compare theories of and approaches to metrical poetry. In this course students are expected to produce a wide range of short essays on various traditions of versification, along with at least one substantial research paper.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 638 HIST OF ENGL LANG POETRY TRANS

Focus on a two-pronged study, first of the historical development and evolution of English, and second, work to understand translating poetry, studying and comparing translations, reading theories of translation and attempting translations. Prerequisites: Proof of second-year, or its equivalent, of reading competency in a foreign language.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 641 METRICAL TRADS VERSIFICATN II

Focus on emphasizing advanced topics in metrical composition, e.g. stanza forms, longer forms and sequences, narrative forms, nonce forms (including free verse forms). Students not only practice the forms, but read and scan them along with delving into the history, criticism and theory. The course also selects several major traditions in verse theory and explores them in depth, e.g., linguistic theories of verse; structuralist theories; relations between verse and music; attempt to imitate classical forms in modern languages; etc.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 643 HIST FOUND OF ENGLISH PROSODY

Focus on an exploration of the theory and practice of rhythm and rhyme, including all variations, their sources and their traditions in consideration of aesthetic, linguistic, and anthropological theories.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 646 NARRATIVE POETRY

Focus on examination, analysis, study, and writing in the narrative genres and modes of poetry, from the ballad to the epic and novel in verse.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 647 DRAMATC POETRY AND SATRC VERSE

Focus on examination, analysis, discussion, and writing in all the modes of comic verse, including all the modes of satire (Menippean, Horatian, parodic), to verse-based comic approaches such as light verse, doggerel, children’s verse, and more. Additionally, an exploration of dramatic techniques of verse from ancient Greece through the Renaissance, and to modern writers such as T. S. Eliot and up to the present.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 653 POETRY BK REV POETRY LIT PED

Close analysis of the best reviews and criticism of the past and present, and practice in writing similar pieces. Second half of the course focuses on a wide range of techniques and materials available to teachers of poetry.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 661 FILM HIST ANAL:VISUAL NARRTV

Focus on examination, analysis, and discussion of classic and contemporary films from a screenwriting, story, and character development perspective as well as analyses of theme and motif. Students engage in writing activities and exercises to develop a visual narrative style. All such writing goes towards creating material to fuel the mentoring process in upcoming semesters. The main theme here is: when possible show the story element; don’t have a character say it. Finally the prevailing three- and four-act screenplay structures will be explored.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 662 STRY CNFLICT CHAR GENRE SCRWRT

Focus on workshopping of short screenplays and projects along with exploration of story arc, elements of conflict, character development and arc, with an emphasis on film genre choices and styles. Includes proposals for upcoming mentoring semesters, feature-length screenplays, plus an opportunity to practice pitches.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 663 SCRNWRTG COMP REP THE OPTION

Mock or actual 'pitch' sessions of the thesis screenplay. Screenwriting contests researched and entered. Writers Guild guidelines and application explored. Agents, options to produce, and independent film potential also explored.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 665 SCREENWRITING GENRE

Focus on challenging students to write filmic stories in three distinct genre categories, forcing a growth and flexibility to create meaning across a spectrum of setting, time, and circumstance. Dialogue is permitted but is de-emphasized in favor of a more visual narrative.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 668 TELEVISON DRAMA AND SIT COMEDY

Focus on a thorough proposal for both the drama and sitcom is researched and written. The result will be a complete “pitch” portfolio including a “spec” episode teleplay completed for (both or either) a television drama (and/or) a situation comedy.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 671 WRTNG THE 1ST FT-LNGTH SCRNPLY

A thorough review of the existing works in the style and genre of the proposed piece, and a thorough treatment written. Students generate character biographies and a complete story outline. The production is 'pitched' to fellow students along with the mentor. A first draft written and critiqued.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 675 WRITING THE TV PILOT

Focus on choosing and writing an original TV pilot for either a one-hour drama series, or a half-hour sitcom. In addition to the pilot script, this course requires the students to pitch the idea, come up with marketing materials – i.e. treatment for the series, outline of the pilot, a series “bible,” and loglines for at least 4-5 future episodes.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 678 ADAPTATION

Focus on taking preexisting source material (books, newspaper articles, videogames, graphic novels etc.) and learn how to begin adapting such into a screenplay. Students examine various forms of adaptation, write a research paper, and write the first act of their own feature adaptation piece.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 684 TEACHING AND PEDAGOGY

A guided discussion on pedagogy theory and practice with weekly questions on points of interest, suggested readings, and the opportunity for writing teachers and aspiring writing teachers to discuss challenges and insights about the practice of teaching.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 690 SCRNWRTG MSTR'S CAPSTONE PRJ I

Focus on a feature-length screenplay, intended for Hollywood or independent production, proposed including a thorough review of the existing works, treatment, character biographies, and generation of a complete story outline. A first draft of approximately 120 pages written and critiqued.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 691 SCRNWRTG MSTR'S CAPSTNE PRJ II

Focus on completion of the screenplay. Several drafts written and developed with the mentor. Following industry preferences, the screenplay should target approximately 100 pages.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 694 SCRNWRTG MSTR'S CAPSTONE PRJ I

Culmination of the student’s education at Western. In consultation with his or her adviser, the student completes a single work of genre fiction OR a collection of shorter genre fiction works (such as short stories or novellas) of publishable quality, suitable for public reading, and for thesis binding.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 697 ST: TEACHING AND PEDAGOGY

Focus on studies of a particular topic of interest to students in the MFA program to be announced each time the course is offered.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CRWR 697 ST:SHORT FORMS GENRE FICTION

Focus on studies of a particular topic of interest to students in the MFA program to be announced each time the course is offered.

Academic Program(s):
Graduate Program in Creative Writing: Low Residency MFA and MA; Certificate in Publishing
CS 120 Professional Computer Skills

A comprehensive study of the essentials of software used by professionals, emphasizing applications of spreadsheets to fundamental data organization, presentation, analysis and decision making applications.

Academic Program(s):
Accounting|Business Administration
CS 150 Computers in Society

An introduction to the use of computing devices and their impact on society. Topics include: how computers work, the history of computing, philosophical issues in computing, the economics of software development, intellectual property issues, privacy and security, applications of computing, legal issues, the digital divide, the role of computing in government, and computer-assisted collaboration.

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science
CS 160 Introduction to Web Design

An introduction to creating web pages and sites with XHTML and CSS as well as using site building software and commercial plugin capabilities. This course is designed for students without a background in computer science.

Academic Program(s):
Marketing
CS 170 Information Security and Hacking

An introduction to the principles and concepts of information security and hacking. The course uses real world examples to illustrate attacks on computer systems and networks. Topics include vulnerabilities, threats and attackers, data protection and encryption and the nature of malware. Basic hacking concepts are introduced along with defensive measures and counterattacks.

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science|Information Security
CS 190 Computer Science I

An introduction to software development. Students develop applications using modern programming languages and techniques. Emphasis is placed on good software engineering practices for problem analysis, program design, documentation, testing and debugging. The course uses an industry standard programming language.

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science|Geology|Mathematics
CS 191 Computer Science II

A continuation of CS 190 taught in the Java programming language. Students develop stand alone GUI and console applications and applets of increasing sophistication. Topics include: arrays, objects and classes, encapsulation and inheritance, file management, dynamic data structures, searching, sorting, recursion, stacks and queues, with emphasis on abstraction and implementation and an introduction to algorithm analysis. Prerequisite: CS 190 with a minimum grade of C-.

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science|Mathematics
CS 195 Database Management System

An introduction to the principles and practice of relational database design, implementation and manipulation. Topics include Structured Query Language (SQL), relational models, elementary database design as well as database management with a programming language such as Java. Prerequisite: CS 190 with a minimum grade of ÒC-Ó.

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science
CS 235 Computer Networks

An investigation of the transmission of data and information between computer systems. Topics include simple data communications, protocols, error control, local-area networks, wide-area networks such as the Internet packet-switching networks, and several networking models. Various data communication hardware and software are also examined. Prerequisites: CS 191 with a minimum grade of ÒC-Ó.

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science|Information Security
CS 250 Web Applications Development I

A course studying web site design, focusing on HTML5 and CSS for page structure and style, the embedded JavaScript language for interactivity, and a web application server language for database access. The student learns to implement the essentials of a interactive, database driven website. Prerequisite: CS 191; Corequisite: CS 195.

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science
CS 280 Data Structures

A survey of advanced data structures and algorithms. Topics include: linear lists, linked lists, arrays, trees, multi-linked lists, hashing, searching, sorting, recursion and analysis of the algorithms that use these structures. Taught in Java. Prerequisite: CS 191 with a minimum grade of "C-".

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science
CS 303 Machine Learning

A study of computer systems that learn from experience. Classroom exercises include the building of systems that learn and adapt using real-world applications. Topics covered include decision trees, concept learning, neural networks, reinforcement learning, linear and non-linear models, clustering, validation, and feature selection. Prerequisites: CS 190; and MATH 213 or ECON 216.

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science
CS 310 Programming Projects with X

A project-based course focusing on medium-sized projects in a given programming language using tools and environments appropriate to the selected language. Students gain proficiency in the language by doing projects from a variety of subjects such as artificial intelligence, graphics, machine learning, compilers, and Human-Computer Interaction. This course contains individual and group work. May be repeated with a different implementation language. Prerequisite: CS 191 with a minimum grade of ÒC-.Ó

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science
CS 311 Embedded Systems

A project-based introduction to embedded systems. Students build and program systems that include microcontrollers and sensors, actuators, networking, motors, and cameras. Various applications involve robotics, remote sensing, sound processing, and kinetic sculpture. Prerequisites: CS 190 and junior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science
CS 330 Operating Systems and Architecture

A study of how hardware and operating systems work in a multiprocessing computer system. The Intel architecture including the instruction set, memory hierarchy, and exception handling are covered. The Windows and Linux operating systems functions and programming interfaces are studied to understand modern computing environments. Prerequisite: CS 191

Academic Program(s):
Information Security
CS 350 Web Applications Development II

A study of client-server applications designed around the World Wide Web. Students design and implement interactive applications which provide access to centralized resources such as databases and mail servers from web browsers. Students utilize JavaScript and server-based technologies to construct web-based programs that communicate with servers. Technologies such as Ajax, XML, JSON, and commonly used JavaScript libraries are included. Prerequisite: CS 250 with a minimum grade of ÒC-.Ó-

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science
CS 360 System Security

A study of system level hacking. Topics include workstation and server vulnerabilities, security and protection mechanisms. The nature of system attacks combined with standard intrusion detection systems will demonstrate the challenge of correctly preventing, diagnosing and responding to attacks. Prerequisite: CS 330

Academic Program(s):
Information Security|Computer Science
CS 410 Systems Analysis and Design

The fundamental concepts of systems analysis and design are studied in the context of computerized information systems. Topics include high-level system construction tools, system design methodology, data representation languages such as XML, server-based system design, web services, system security, and system description languages such as UML. Also addressed is the human element in system design: working with users and domain experts to develop system requirements, and understanding the challenges of large scale system projects. Each student completes a number of systems design projects during the term. Prerequisite: CS 310 with a minimum grade of C-.

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science
CS 412 Software Engineering

An introduction to the fundamental principles of software engineering. Formal software development techniques and high-level software tools are emphasized. Students are taught a programming method based on the recognition and description of useful abstractions. Topics include encapsulation and reuse, design patterns, object-based design, software testing and quality, formal methods for software design, and project management. Students are expected to complete a significant project that employs techniques from the topics studied. Prerequisite: CS 410 with a minimum grade of ÒC-.Ó

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science
CS 450 Ethical Hacking and Malware

Application of computer hacking principles to determine vulnerabilities in computer systems and to design preventative processes. Each stage of the attack process from reconnaissance to final objective will be used to analyze attack methods and determine the best method to detect and remediate an attack using an incident response process. Prerequisite: CS 330

Academic Program(s):
Information Security|Computer Science
CS 460 Network Security

A study of network and web hacking. Topics include web vulnerabilities, cryptographic tools, web security and protection mechanisms. The nature of network attacks using sample data sets combined with standard intrusion detection systems will demonstrate the challenge of correctly diagnosing and responding to attacks. Prerequisite: CS 235 and CS 330

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science|Information Security
CS 480 Computer Science Application Project

Students develop a comprehensive application project with a supervising faculty member. A summary paper is written or public presentation of the project is made to the CS faculty and students. Prerequisite: 18 credits of Computer Science course work, including nine upper-division credits, and instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science
CS 499 Internship or Field Experience in Computer Science

Students participate in a supervised internship or field experience with a cooperating university or corporation, in the computer science field. A summary paper is written or public presentation of the field experience is made before the CS faculty and students, and a review from the supervisor is prepared. Prerequisite: 18 credits of Computer Science course work, including nine upper-division credits, and instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science
ECON 201 Macroeconomics

An introduction to the methods, models, and approaches used by economists to analyze and interpret events and policies related to the overall operation of the economy. The course endeavors to make sense of unemployment, inflation, recessions, debt and deficits, economic growth, the expanding role of the Federal Reserve, and policies to provide stability to the economy. Additional attention is given to the making of economic policy in an era of globalization. Finally, students are exposed to multiple schools of thought regarding macroeconomic reasoning. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 19 or above; SAT math score of 500 or above; pass MATH 099; or Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 85 or higher, or university-level math requirement with a minimum grade of C-. Prerequisite or corequisite: ENG 102.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Latin American Business |Finance|Management|Marketing|Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)|Energy Management|Elementary Education|Economics|Actuarial Science
ECON 202 Microeconomics

The theory of microeconomics makes use of the tools of marginal cost-benefit analysis to provide a framework for the economic analysis of decision-making. The focus is on the choices of individual firms and consumers, and the resultant outcomes in individual markets. The social implications of the functioning of competitive markets are examined, as well as the causes of market failure and the potential roles of government in correcting them. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 19 or above; SAT math score of 500 or above; pass MATH 099; or Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 85 or higher, or college-level math requirement with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Accounting|Energy Management|Business Administration|Economics|Actuarial Science
ECON 215 Environmental Economics

A presentation of the analytical tools and approaches used by economists to examine and assess environmental issues, conflicts, and policies. Students are asked to use market analysis, externality analysis, cost-benefit analysis, instrument choice models, and market and non-market valuation techniques to investigate issues such as air and water quality, global warming, toxic substances, wilderness designation, and sustainable development plans. Prerequisites: MATH 105, MATH 113, MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of C-.

Academic Program(s):
ECON 216 Statistics for Business and Economics

An introduction to descriptive statistics and statistical inference, with application in business, including hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, and simple regression analysis. Prerequisite: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of ÒC-.Ó

Academic Program(s):
Accounting|Energy Management|Business Administration|Economics
ECON 301 Intermediate Macroeconomics

An analysis of competing theories about the overall functioning of economies including both growth and stabilization policies. Alternative models are examined at the levels of assumptions, mechanics, dynamics, and policy implications. Theories are examined within their historical context and the sets of problems faced by the theorists. Students are asked to engage, analyze, interpret and provide a course of action for real-world cases. Prerequisites: ECON 201; ECON 202; and MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
Economics
ECON 302 Intermediate Microeconomics

Intermediate Microeconomics extends the analysis of individual economic behavior and the functioning of markets learned in ECON 202 by incorporating the more sophisticated microeconomic models used in more advanced economic analysis. Topics include the theories of the consumer and the firm, the functioning of market, and the impact of market structure on price formation. Prerequisites: ECON 202; MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-"; ECON 201 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Innovation Creativity & Entrepreneurship (ICE)|Economics
ECON 303 International Economics and Globalization

An exploration of economic, political, and social effects of globalization. This is examined from the perspectives of trade, development, finance, and the environment. The first half of the course focuses on the impacts of international trade. This includes preferential trading relations, protectionism, global trade agreements, competitiveness, and possible conflicts between trade and social objectives. The second half of the course focuses on international monetary relations and regimes. This includes understanding the balance of payments, exchange rate determination, currency crises, and international debt. Prerequisites: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151with a minimum grade of ÒC-Ó; ECON 201; ECON 202 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Economics|Global Studies|Latin American Business |Management|Economics
ECON 316 Econometrics

The application of advanced statistical methods and modeling to an empirical understanding of economic issues. Combines elements of statistical reasoning with economic theory and provides an excellent opportunity to combine concepts learned in previous economics courses. Topics covered include multiple regression analysis, model specification, dummy variables, multicollinearity, heteroscedasticity, autocorrelation, limited dependent variables, simultaneity, time series, forecasting, and methodological issues. Prerequisites: ECON 201or ECON 202; and ECON 216 or MATH 213.

Academic Program(s):
Economics|Actuarial Science
ECON 317 Economics and Public Policy

An examination of the field of public economics, the branch of economics concerned with the reasons for market failure (monopoly, public goods, externalities, information asymmetry) and the potential for government policies to correct them. The application of the tools of economic analysis to understanding the causes of and potential solutions to social problems of current interest are emphasized. Prerequisites: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of ÒC-Ó; ECON 202; ECON 201 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Economics
ECON 361 Money, Banking and Financial Markets

A survey of the core topics relating to the monetary sector of the economy. This includes an examination of the role and nature of money, financial institutions and markets, banking structure and regulation, determinants of interest rates, central bank policy, exchange rates, and the international monetary system. Attention is also given to particular monetary episodes such as the Great Depression, the Latin American debt crisis, the collapse of the Mexican Peso, and the Asian monetary collapse. Prerequisites: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of ÒC-Ó; ECON 201.

Academic Program(s):
Finance|Actuarial Science
ECON 370 Natural Resource Economics

A study of the efficient and equitable use of society's scarce natural resources. This course discusses the application of economic theory to natural resource problems, such as externalities and resource extraction. Particular attention will be placed on Western United States issues, including water, energy, mineral extraction, forestry and public land use. Prerequisites: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of ÒC-Ó; ECON 202 or ECON 215.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management
ECON 476 American Economic Development

An inquiry into sources and character of American economic development. A survey is provided of several key moments in American political economy such as the market revolution, reconstruction, populism, progressivism, the Great Depression, the New Deal, and globalization. Students are asked to engage the ideas, social movements, and institutions that have shaped the modern American economy. Prerequisite: Instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Economics
ECON 498 Income Distribution, Poverty and Wealth

A seminar-style examination of the causes and consequences of historical trends inincome and wealth distribution in the United States, concentrating especially on thetrend toward increasing inequality that began in the 1970s. Topics include: empirical analysis of distributional data; causal analysis based on both microeconomic and macroeconomic analysis; the roles of institutional change, social attitudes, and government policy; and both positive and normative evaluations of the economic and social consequences. This course fulfills the Economics Capstone Requirement.

Academic Program(s):
Economics
EDUC 410 K-12 Student Teaching
Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
EDUC 535 ENGAGNG THE K-12 ONLNE LEARNER

A study of methods and strategies to engage the online K-12 learner. Educators study how to transition from traditional face-to-face classrooms to online settings. Focus is primarily on the key principles of effective online instruction and the power of the learner-centered approach to ensure success for the online teacher and learner. Prerequisite: Teaching license.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 536 ASSESSING K-12 ONLINE LEARNER

A study of methods and strategies to engage the online K-12 learner. Educators study the principles of effective online assessment and specific online tools and strategies. Focus is on using assessment results to differentiate instruction and support the K-12 online learner. Prerequisite: Teaching license and EDUC 535.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 537 FLD BASED APPL ONLINE INSTRUCT

Application of effective online teaching to an appropriate K-12 student population. Prerequisite: Teaching license and EDUC 535 and EDUC 536.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 600 FND OF LITERACY DEVELOPMENT

Provide in-depth understanding of the reading acquisition process and current issues in reading research related to preliterate and emergent readers through observation and analysis of reading and written language development.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 601 MTHD STRAT OF EFF RDNG INSTR

Provide in-depth understanding and application of scientifically-based methods of teaching reading comprehension vocabulary, and fluency.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 602 LITRCY ASSMNT INFORMED INSTR

Screen, diagnose, and monitor student progress in reading and writing to inform instruction and build home-school partnerships that promote reading and writing.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 603 CONTENT AREA LEARNING

Apply concepts, methods, and practices related to curriculum, assessment of learning, and teaching in content areas.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 604 LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS

Recognize needs for a successful classroom environment and apply strategies to support learning.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 605 CURRICULUM DEVELOP ASSESSMT

Study and apply standards-based curriculum and assessment practices.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 606 READING IN THE CONTENT AREA

Analyze, evaluate, and apply methods for developing effective reading and writing strategies that improve student academic achievement in the content area.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 607 RETH LEARN-21ST CENTURY SKILLS

Investigate the research and theory of 21st Century Skills as they affect the education program. Develop effective teaching strategies through theory and simulation.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 608 MTHD STRAT OF EFF WRTNG INST

Provide in-depth understanding and application of research based methods of teaching writing as they apply to cognitive processes and socio-cultural context for diverse students.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 609 SECONDARY STUDENT TEACHING

Work in a secondary school setting over the course of the year, in collaboration with mentor teachers. This course can be repeated twice for credit.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 611 STR TECH TCHNG STU W SUP NDS

Address critical issues, content, and pedagogy needed by special education professionals. Apply these theories to the daily activities of the teacher.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 612 BEHVRL ANALYSIS INTERVNTN

Use critical thinking and problem solving skills to study and apply current behavioral research and school law regarding the education of students with emotional/behavioral disabilities.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 613 MTHDS STRAT EFF MATH INSTR

Examine and apply research-based teaching strategies that promote mathematics learning.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 614 COLLAB FOR STU W SUPPRT NEEDS

Use data and collaboration process to develop Individual Educational Plans, and provide support needs and technologies for students with disabilities.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 615 SPECIAL ED STUDENT TEACHING

Work in a K-12 school setting with students with disabilities over the course of the year, in collaboration with mentor teachers. This course can be repeated twice for credit.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 616 LANG ACQUSTN LING DIVERSE STU

Develop and apply understanding of language acquisition and awareness of the historical, legal, social and educational background surrounding linguistically diverse education.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 617 COG ACAD LANG PROF IN CONT ARE

Differentiate social and cognitive academic language and use research to develop cognitive academic language for English Language Learners.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 618 LING DIVERSE STUDENT TEACHING

Work in a K-12 school setting with linguistically diverse students over the course of the year, in collaboration with mentor teachers. This course can be repeated twice for credit.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 619 ELEMENTARY STUDENT TEACHING

Work in an elementary school setting over the course of the year, in collaboration with mentor teachers. This course can be repeated twice for credit.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 620 ENGAGING DIVERSE LEANERS

A study and application of research-based instruction to engage diverse learners. Focus is on creating learning experiences to maximize student engagement and achievement, while evaluating and reflecting on teaching practice.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 621 CREAT EFFECT ONLINE ENVIRONMNT

An inquiry into how K-12 educators can best develop relevant and engaging blended and online instructional contexts to meet the needs of all K-12 learners. Focus is on exploration of tools, resources and emerging technologies to determine how to build and manage learning environments which maximize student achievement.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 622 DATA PLAN ONLINE LEARNING INTV

A study of best practices in creating, implementing, and using assessments in the online environment. Focus is on analyzing real-time data and findings from assessments to make instructional decisions and to plan targeted interventions to ensure student success.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 623 DESGN DELVER EFFECT ONLNE INST

Online field-based experience in design, delivery, and evaluation of standards-based instruction in an appropriate K-12 setting. A collaborative approach will be fostered among students, teachers, and school-level administrators to support existing or emerging online or blended instructional needs.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 624 MANAGING TO DIFFERENTIATE

This course provides a study of cognitive development as it impacts different learners’ ability to access academic content. Participants will build a foundation of understanding from which they will develop skills, strategies and resources that they can then apply in their teaching to address the complex challenges of meeting the diverse learning needs of all students.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 625 RLVNT DATA ANALISYS INFRM INST

Identify and utilize all levels of data to inform instructional decisions. Daily measures of student performance are analyzed along with summative assessments to develop relevant plans for instruction that may include interventions and differentiation. Explore resources to assist in tracking of student progress and develop evidence of effectiveness relative to Teacher Quality Standards.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 626 DEFING DFDNG EVD OF PROF MSRTY

Using the educator effectiveness growth goals developed in EDUC 625, students will design strategies and plans to ensure the mastery of each goal. One action plan to address a problem of practice will be fully developed and implemented. Approaches to examine and reflect on data gathered during the implementation process will be developed. Finally, an ongoing, living web-based document will be created. This document will serve as a means to demonstrate learner mastery of effectiveness in teaching. Prerequisite: EDUC 625.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 670 INTRO TO SCHOOL LEADERSHIP

Provide an overview of educational leadership principles, including theories of leadership, foundational concepts of leading a school, qualities of effective leaders, and the process of building a positive, collaborative school culture.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 672 PERS SELECTION AND DEVLPMNT

Understand and evaluate the process of working with school-related personnel, including recruiting and hiring practices, developing meaningful induction and mentoring programs, managing teacher and staff evaluations, and providing needs-based professional development for all staff.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 673 SCHOOL SAFTY AND MANAGEMENT

Identify and explore the components of school plant and safety management, including school-wide student discipline policies and practices, crisis and emergency planning and responses, and managing various funding sources associated with operating a school.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 674 FAMILY COMMUNITY INVOLVEMNT

Investigate various strategies for building relationships with all members of the school community, including identifying and understanding diversity in the surrounding community, establishing partnerships with area businesses and organizations, and working effectively with local media outlets.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 675 STUDNT LEARNING ACCOUNTABILITY

Examine the responsibilities of managing curriculum, instruction, and assessment in schools, including evaluation of curriculum and instruction practices to maximize learning for all students, analysis of data from local and statewide assessments to drive instructional decisions for school improvement, and development of strategies to support a range of diverse student learning needs.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 678 PRINCIPAL INTERNSHIP I

Complete a supervised internship or work full/part time as a school-based administrator. Demonstrate competency on Colorado principal licensure standards through structured, reflective tasks and leadership-based internship experiences.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 679 PRINCIPAL INTERNSHIP II

Complete a supervised internship or work full/part time as a school-based administrator. Demonstrate competency on Colorado principal licensure standards through structured, reflective tasks and leadership-based internship experiences. Prerequisite: Successful completion of EDUC 678 Administrator Internship I.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 680 RESRCH CRITICAL INQ FOR LDR

Examine, analyze, and synthesize research literature in relation to emerging trends in education. Explore concepts pertaining to quantitative and qualitative research methods and the synergistic relationship between research, theory, and practice. Develop problem posing/solving, information literacy, and critical thinking. Must be taken in the final year of the program.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 681 INSTRUCTNL PROG DEVEL EVALUATN

Investigate theories and trends in curriculum and instruction while understanding their relationship to student data and performance at the school and district levels. Evaluate teaching and assessment as they affect student growth. Assess best practices for developing teachers and schools to increase student learning outcomes.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 682 SHAPING SCHOOL SYSTEMS

Understand the characteristics of effective organizational culture from various perspectives. Explore systemic structures and issues within a school and district. Examine and apply critical analysis and creativity related to educational group dynamics that advocate for all students, staff, and stakeholders within an educational community.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 683 LEGAL ETHICAL ISSUES IN SCHO

Explore legal and ethical issues related to equity, diversity, and accessibility in schools, including examining cases and case law affecting school-based practices, identifying the legal and ethical responsibilities of school employees, and understanding the rights and responsibilities of the members in the school community.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 684 MATERIALS MOTIVATN FOR RDNG

Select and evaluate materials, develop independent readers, involve the community, and establish and manage the literacy environment.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 685 ASSESSNG EVAL INST AT-RISK RDR

Develop in-depth understanding of scientifically based reading research and instruction for at risk and struggling readers. Provide the tools necessary to diagnose, evaluate and teach struggling readers. Assignments will include the development of intervention programs and the implementation of progress-monitoring reading assessments.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 686 LITERACY COACHING MENTORING

Examine roles and functions of literacy coaching and mentoring to provide professional development for literacy in the school setting.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 687 SCHL-WIDE COMP LITRCY PROG DEV

Prepare educators for school-wide comprehensive literacy program development and delivery.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 688 READING TEACHER INTERNSHIP

Complete supervised practicum(s) or internship(s) as a reading teacher at the appropriate grade level(s) for Colorado Department of Education Reading Teacher graduate endorsement. This course can be repeated twice for credit.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 689 READING SPECIALIST INTERNSHIP

Complete supervised practicum(s) or internship(s) as a reading specialist at the appropriate grade level(s) for Colorado Department of Education Reading Specialist graduate endorsement. This course can be repeated twice for credit.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 692 ISSUES TRNDS IN LDRSHP SEM

The role of professional literature and experience in the development of leadership capacity that advocates for improvements of education.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 693 CAPSTONE

Interpreting, planning, conducting, and reporting research results in the field of education. Students must be enrolled in EDUC 693 when utilizing Western State College of Colorado Graduate Faculty support in conducting research. This course can be repeated for credit and is required the final semester of the M.A. degree in Education Program. Prerequisite: EDUC 680 Research and Critical Inquiry for leaders.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 694 SCHOOL LAW FOR TEACHERS

Examine laws and state/national policies affecting schools. Demonstrate an understanding of the rights and responsibilities of teachers and students. Explore the differences between legal and ethical issues in education.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 695 RESOURCE MGMT IN EDUCATION

Explore and apply the characteristics of effective school and district leadership and resource management for education-specific programs and initiatives. Identify potential funding agencies and local/state/national partnerships that could help to build resources based to meet school and district needs. Utilize the characteristics of effective grant writing for education-specific programs and initiatives.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 696 ENGAGING EXTERNAL STAKEHOLDERS

Identify stakeholders that support the education system and develop processes for meaningful involvement in activities and decision making. Explore and apply methods for communicating to a variety of audiences. Understand the political and financial nature of community partnerships with schools and districts.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 697 ST: ACTION PLN IMPRVMT IN PRAC

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Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
EDUC 697 ST: ACTION PLN INPRVMT IN PRAC

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Academic Program(s):
Master of Arts in Education
ENG 102 Academic Writing

Provides students the opportunity to practice strategies for developing writing projects on unfamiliar topics in unfamiliar formats to become more effective and efficient writers. Writers learn to practice strategies for making writing more comprehensible for readers and to use a wide range of writing processes for getting started, developing, organizing, and polishing writing projects. Prerequisites (one of the following): ENG 099; ACT English score of 18 or higher to demonstrate writing proficiency and ACT Reading score of 17 or higher to demonstrate reading proficiency; SAT Evidence-Based Reading and Writing score of 470 or higher to demonstrate writing proficiency and SAT Critical Reading score of 430 or above to demonstrate reading proficiency; Accuplacer Sentence Skills test score of 95 or higher and Accuplacer Reading Comprehension test score of 80 or higher; or combination of ACT, SAT, and Accuplacer scores to fulfill both reading and writing proficiencies; or co-requisite ENG 100 (SAI).

Academic Program(s):
Elementary Education
ENG 205 Introduction to Creative Writing

An introduction to the basic techniques of writing fiction and poetry. Models of each are studied, and students write and share pieces in both of these literary forms. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-".

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English|Elementary Education
ENG 220 Grammar and the English Language

A study of English grammar focusing on standard English. Students are also introduced to the history of the English language. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|Elementary Education
ENG 230 Environmental Literature

A study of environmental literature. Students analyze the formal and thematic characteristics of the literature. To inform critical interpretations, students read relevant cultural and environmental theory. The theme or topic is announced each semester. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
English
ENG 232 Borderlands: Race, Class and Gender

A focus on multicultural literature representing literal and metaphoric borders and crossings. Students examine how culture and ideology inform representations of the interconnections among race, class, and gender. Examples include literatures of migration, mixed identities, and racial and gender crossings. Prerequisite: ENG 102with a minimum grade of ÒC-.Ó

Academic Program(s):
English
ENG 237 Women and Literature

Critical study of selected topics, themes, or issues about women as they are interpreted in popular and classic literary works. Specific titles to be announced each time the course is offered. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-".

Academic Program(s):
English|Pre-Law
ENG 238 Literary Culture of the American West

A study of traditional and nontraditional forms of Western literature. Specific titles to be announced each time the course is offered. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
English|Pre-Law
ENG 248 Film Arts: Film as Literature/ Literature as Film

A focus on the development of film and its cultural impact, with special emphasis on the relationship between film as a visual medium and literature as a verbal medium. After examining a selection of short stories and novels and the film adaptations based upon them, students are given the opportunity to write some film criticism of their own. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
ENG 250 Critical Approaches to Literature

Students study a variety of genres as a basis of learning to write literary analysis. Focus is on an understanding of the varied perspectives from which a text can be approached, and how readers construct meaning based not only upon the text itself, but also the context in which it is studied. The critical approach as well as theme or topic may vary. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English
ENG 255 Ancient World Literature

A study of ancient texts and their relation to their own time, and to ours. Since an understanding of these writings is important for reading English literature, the focus of the course is on Western texts central to that tradition. However, students may also read selected works from non-Western cultures in order to give them a taste of the diversity of the ancient world. Works studied may include selections from the Bible (Hebrew Scriptures and New Testament), Homer's writings, poetry and theatre of Classical Greece, Chinese poetry from the Book of Songs, a selection from the Mahabharata, and Roman poetry, particularly Virgil and Ovid. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
English|Pre-Law
ENG 297 ST: WTR PROGRAMMING STAFF

A study of a particular topic of interest to students of English to be announced each time the course is offered.

Academic Program(s):
English
ENG 300 Creative Writing: Fiction

Models are studied, and students read and respond to one another's writing. This course may incorporate narrative theory. Prerequisite: ENG 205 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English
ENG 301 Creative Writing: Poetry

Instruction is given on the techniques and terminology of poetry writing. Models arestudied, and students read and respond to one anotherÀs writing. Prerequisite: ENG 205 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English
ENG 303 Environmental Writing

A workshop approach to help writers develop a portfolio of essays suitable for publication in outdoor, environmental, and other appropriate magazines. To enhance their essays, writers read and analyze theoretical and published environmental texts. Prerequisite: ENG 205 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English
ENG 305 Creative Writing: Non-Fiction

Models are studied, and students read and respond to one anotherÀs writing. Prerequisite: ENG 205 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English
ENG 337 Women Writers

Analysis of the poetry, drama, or fiction of women writers. Emphasis is on 19th century, 20th century, or contemporary writers. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
English
ENG 358 Global Literature: Studies in:

A study of literatures from around the globe that considers the artistry, culture, anddiverse social conditions of various countries. A specific focus is announced each time the course is offered. Possible topics may include "Colonialism and Globalization," "The Sacred Texts," and "War and Revolution." Course may be repeated once for credit with a different title, but may be counted only once toward the major. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English
ENG 370 Myth and Culture

An introduction to the role of myth in literature and in our contemporary world.Examining myth from various perspectives, including the archetypal, the course focuses upon myth as a means for understanding aspects of our society's cultures. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
English
ENG 371 Literary Theory and Criticism

An introduction to some of the primary conversations structuring debates in literary theory and criticism. Students learn to identify central questions, assumptions, and conflicts in theoretical and critical texts. Students also gain an understanding of theways that theory and criticism influence their immediate experiences in English courses. Prerequisites: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C" and at least one 300-level literature course, or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English
ENG 372 British Literature: Medieval and Renaissance Texts

A study of British Literature focusing on the major genres for the Anglo-Saxon, Middle English, and Renaissance periods, ending with the Metaphysical poets (800 A.D. to early 1600s). Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English
ENG 373 British Literature: Milton through the Romantics

A study of British works of poetry, fiction, drama, and essay produced from 1660 to1830. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English
ENG 374 British Literature: The Victorian to the Present Day

A study of British works of poetry, fiction, drama, and essay produced from 1830 to the present day. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English
ENG 384 American Literature: Early to Civil War

An exploration of authors and texts in American literature up to 1865. Prerequisite:ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English
ENG 385 American Literature: Civil War to Present

An exploration of authors and texts in American literature from 1865 to the present. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English
ENG 394 Junior Seminar: Studies in:

Students comprehensively engage a given topic and the critical conversations pertaining to it. The research component of the course allows students to participate in and extend scholarly dialogue. A specific focus is announced each time the course is offered. Prerequisites: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C" and ENG 371.

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English
ENG 397 ST: REGENERATIONS

A study of a particular topic of interest to students of English to be announced each time the course is offered. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
English
ENG 397 ST: WRITING ROCKIES STAFF MNGR

A study of a particular topic of interest to students of English to be announced each time the course is offered. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
English
ENG 397 ST: WRITING THE ROCKIES

A study of a particular topic of interest to students of English to be announced each time the course is offered. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
English
ENG 397 ST: WTR PROGRAMMING STAFF

A study of a particular topic of interest to students of English to be announced each time the course is offered. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
English
ENG 405 Advanced Writing

An opportunity to deepen writing practiced at the junior level, with increased attention to voice and style. This course seeks to develop an awareness of the broader community of writers that includes those with not only similar but also differing writing goals. Prerequisites: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C" and at least two 300-level writing courses.

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing
ENG 445 Literary Magazine Submission and Production

Focus alternates between literary magazine submissions and literary magazine production. Submission discussion includes aesthetics and techniques for revising and polishing work for submission. During the production focus students participate in the editorial production of a fiction anthology including acquisition and proofreading of manuscripts. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C"; ENG 300, ENG 301, ENG 303, or ENG 305 with a minimum grade of "C"; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing
ENG 463 Major British Authors:

An in-depth study of selected, significant authors that approaches works from similar or cross-historical periods of British literature. Course may be repeated once for credit when taken with a different emphasis. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C" and junior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English
ENG 464 Major American Authors:

An in-depth study of selected, significant authors that approaches works from similar or cross-historical periods of American literature. Course may be repeated once for credit when taken with a different emphasis. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing
ENG 494 Senior Seminar: Studies in:

The Senior Seminar serves as the Standard Major's capstone experience and focuses on announced thematic topics that allow students to demonstrate competencies developed in the major. The theme or topic is announced for each spring. Prerequisite: ENG 394 and senior standing; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Creative Writing|English
ENVS 100 Introduction to Environment and Sustainability

An interdisciplinary, historical analysis of the development of environmental problems, movements, and philosophies. Students apply historical lessons to critically examine sustainable solutions locally and globally.

Academic Program(s):
ENVS 200 Writing the Environment

Students develop communication skills through presentations and writing on a variety of environmental issues appropriate to a wide variety of audiences. Through environmental essays, writing for nonprofit websites, grant proposals, and other forms of environmental writing, students are introduced to a broad range of skills needed for effective communication. Focus throughout the course on the analysis of arguments and texts further develops students' analytical and communication skills. Prerequisite: ENVS 100; COM 202 is recommended.

Academic Program(s):
ENVS 301 Science of Sustainability and Resilience

A holistic inquiry into how humans might live the next chapter of our history, guided by the ecological principles of sustainability and resilience. Environmental problems and their possible solutions are analyzed critically and quantitatively; field experiences on campus and in the community involve students directly in the application of these principles. Themes include sustainable agriculture, green building, renewable energy, and conservation and restoration. Prerequisites: BIOL 130, BIOL 135, PHYS 125

Academic Program(s):
ENVS 350 U.S. and Western Environmental Politics

An historical and contemporary investigation of U.S. environmental policies with an applied focus on the impact of national policy on the ecosystems and cultures of the American West. Reciprocally, this course traces how pubic lands agencies, social movements, historical land uses, and diverse cultures in the West shape U.S. environmental policy. Students combine analysis and discussion of major U.S. policies, prominent theories and issues, and student-led environmental service projects to better understand environmental challenges. Prerequisites: ENVS 100; ENVS 200 or COM 202; and ECON 370.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management
ENVS 360 Global Environmental Policy

A critical examination of key perspectives, economic and political processes, policy actors, and institutions involved in global environmental issues. Students analyze ecological, cultural, and social dimensions of international environmental concerns and governance as they have emerged in response to increased recognition of global environmental threats, globalization, and international contributions to understanding of these issues. The focus of the course encourages students to engage and evaluate texts within the broad policy discourse on globalization, justice, and the environment. Prerequisites: ENVS 100; ECON 201, ENVS 200 or SCI 202; junior standing or instructor approval.

Academic Program(s):
ENVS 370 Water Policy and Politics

Study of the history, politics and institutions related to water policy and administration with comparative reference to different regions of the United States and internationally. Attention is given to the industrial development of the East and the created water resources of the arid West as a way to understand changing social sentiments toward water and water policy. The course also examines water pollution laws and water management. Prerequisites: ENVS 100; ECON 201 or ENVS 200 or SCI 202; junior standing or instructor approval.

Academic Program(s):
ENVS 373 The Water Planet

An advanced water science course specifically designed for students interested in water related environmental science and policy. Topics include the physical and chemical properties of natural fesh waters and the movement and reserviors of fresh water within the water cycle. The course includes several hands-on exercises and field experiences where students investigate and analyze natural waters in the Gunnison Basin. Prerequisites: GEOL 101; GEOL 105 and one of the following: CHEM 101 or CHEM 111

Academic Program(s):
ENVS 375 Seminar in Water Topics

An occasional offering that may include water topics in politics and policy, ethics and philosophy, or science. Prerequisite: ENVS 200 and ENVS 301, or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
ENVS 376 Colorado Water Workshop

A three-day annual conference bringing students together with a variety of water users, managers, ranchers, environmentalists, regulators and others involved in water issues for presentations and discussion on matters ranging from specific municipal or water district projects to major basin-wide planning for the great rivers of the West to global issues of water use and protection. Topics vary from year to year. Prerequisite: ENVS 350 and ENVS 370, or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
ENVS 390 Environmental Monitoring

A field-work based study of local (Gunnison Basin) environmental problems. Numerous monitoring techniques are implemented based on principles of biology, chemistry, and geology. The emphasis is on collaborative and integrative group projects dealing directly with real-world environmental problems. Prerequisites: ENVS 301 and one of the following: ECON 216, MATH 213, or SOC 211.

Academic Program(s):
ENVS 400 Applied Sustainability

A field-based, collaborative, problem-solving experience that addresses a current issue in environmental sustainability. Implementing frameworks such as resilient and systems thinking, students collect information, analyze results, write a report, publicly present their findings, and begin to implement solutions informed by their analysis. Students learn basic skills for transforming their ENVS education into compelling environmental professional career possibilities. Prerequisites: ENVS 350 and ENVS 390.

Academic Program(s):
ENVS 410 Environmental Ethics

A seminar on the complexities of environmental issues from a philosophical perspective. The course also offers a survey of the evolution of environmental moral philosophy as well as in-depth analysis of major thinkers in the field. Students confront ethical concerns from both historical and personal perspectives, with an emphasis on the ability to critically evaluate and apply these perspectives to their work in environmental fields. Prerequisite: ENVS 301 and 350; or PHIL 335.

Academic Program(s):
ENVS 420 Natural History of the Gunnison Basin

An overview of place-based natural history, current ecological research, and current environmental issues facing the region. Prerequisites: ENVS 100 and instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
ENVS 499 Internship in Environmental Studies

An opportunity to apply skills and knowledge from course work to an employmentsetting. Prerequisite: approval from an Environmental Studies advisor and the Program Director.

Academic Program(s):
ENVS 601 INTRO TO ENVIRONMTL MGMT

An introduction to the MEM program, to bioregional and resilient approaches to environmental management, and to the environmental stakeholders, problems, solutions, and learning laboratories of the Gunnison Valley. Requires two-week residency in Gunnison during culmination of course.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 605 SCIENC OF ENVIRONMENTAL MGMT

Provides a rigorous and hands-on overview of the principles and methods of environmental science. Students gain practical experience with a range of laboratory, field, and analytical approaches, with a focus on current environmental research in the Gunnison Basin.Topics include water quality, riparian condition, rangeland monitoring, forest health, threatened and endangered species, air quality, conservation, and ecological restoration. Students develop skills in scientific literature searches, writing monitoring protocols, ensuring quality data collection, databasing, statistical analysis, interpretation of results, written and oral communication, and peer review. Prerequisites: ENVS 601.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 608 ENVIRONMENTL POLITICS POLICY

Analysis of the key interactions between environmental policy and management, focusing on environmental decision-making within an array of policy contexts. Emphasis is on important federal policies such as the Clean Water Act and NEPA, with additional attention to relevant state and local policies. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 611 INTEGR SKILLS IN ENVIRNMT MGMT

Course focuses on developing and managing environmental projects and organizations. Students develop a thorough understanding of integrative assessment, adaptive management, and triple bottom line strategies. Students apply these approaches to the development of professional skills such as organizational development, conflict management, and environmental communication. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 611 INTEGR SKLS IN ENV MGMT DISCUS

Course focuses on developing and managing environmental projects and organizations. Students develop a thorough understanding of integrative assessment, adaptive management, and triple bottom line strategies. Students apply these approaches to the development of professional skills such as organizational development, conflict management, and environmental communication. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 612 QUANT SKILLS IN ENVIRMTAL MGMT

An overview of a range of quantitative analytical methods and statistical approaches essential to environmental management careers in both Integrative Land Management and Sustainable and Resilient Communities. Topics covered include descriptive and inferential statistics, databasing, geographic information systems, and graphic presentation of results. Course empowers students to organize, analyze, and graphically present environmental data. Prerequisite: ENVS 601.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 615 SCI OF CLMTE MITAGTN ADAPTAT

An investigation of the science of climate change, with an emphasis on mitigation and adaptation strategies for careers in environmental management. Students will develop an understanding of the principles of atmospheric and earth sciences that form the scientific basis of climate change and survey the large body of evidence of anthropogenic warming. Topics include greenhouse gas emissions, climate forcings and feedbacks, observed and projected climate changes, effects on ecological and human systems, and the opportunities and challenges of a diverse suite of strategies for climate change mitigation and adaptation at the local, regional, and planetary scale. Prerequisite: ENVS 605.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 616 ENVIR ORG DEVELP AND MANAGMENT

An introduction to developing organizations at the nexus of economic, social, and natural systems, and to the key skills necessary to succeed in this complex and highly competitive environment. Course discusses competitively advantageous strategies and practices organizations adopt to grow revenues, cut costs, improve market share, enhance brands, and redesign products and processes toward positive environmental and social impacts. Course examples will include sustainable innovation, creativity, and entrepreneurship from around the world. Students learn to identify the best opportunities, generate innovative non-profit and for-profit business models, frame and reframe problems, produce creative solutions, and generate a culture of innovation, creativity, and entrepreneurship within an organization utilizing principles from a variety of thinking methods including systems, design, and group thinking. Prerequisites: ENVS 605; ENVS 608; ENVS 611

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 617 GLOBAL SUSTAINABILITY

An exploration of how international governments, NGOs, and other entities join to move the world toward a more sustainable future. Addresses contemporary topics such as industrial ecology, international natural resource management, sustainable development, and other relevant areas of study. Students develop skills in accessing, assessing, and applying social, economic and environmental data and practices to global issues. Prerequisites: ENVS 605; ENVS 608; and ENVS 611.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 618 PUBLIC LANDS MANAGEMENT

An exploration of the current and traditional approaches to public land and resourcemanagement. A regional focus on the Western U.S. is integrated with comparativeexamples from other regions and countries to enhance and broaden student perspectives. Course examines the history and future management implications of public lands agencies and policies, such as the National Parks, National Forests, Bureau of Land Management, NEPA and multi-use mandates. Special focus will be given to the management skills necessary in leading public lands agencies on the regional level. Prerequisites: ENVS 605; ENVS 608; ENVS 611.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 620 ENVIRONMENTAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 616 or ENVS 617.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 620 STUDYIN: MKT SOC CAUSES

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 616 or ENVS 617.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 620 STUDYIN:BLDG PLANNING COMM

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 616 or ENVS 617.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 620 STUDYIN:SUSTAIN LEAD CONSULT

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 616 or ENVS 617.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 623 STUDYIN: STRATEGIC ALLIANCES

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to environmental management. Topics will vary from semester to semester based on faculty interest and student need. This course is repeatable, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 616 or ENVS 617 or ENVS 618.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 623 STUDYIN:CONSERV CORRIDORS

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to environmental management. Topics will vary from semester to semester based on faculty interest and student need. This course is repeatable, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 616 or ENVS 617 or ENVS 618.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 623 STUDYIN:GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to environmental management. Topics will vary from semester to semester based on faculty interest and student need. This course is repeatable, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 616 or ENVS 617 or ENVS 618.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 623 NEPA

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to environmental management. Topics will vary from semester to semester based on faculty interest and student need. This course is repeatable, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 616 or ENVS 617 or ENVS 618.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 623 STUDYIN: CONFLICT RESOLUTION

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to environmental management. Topics will vary from semester to semester based on faculty interest and student need. This course is repeatable, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 616 or ENVS 617 or ENVS 618.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 625 ECO MONITORING AND ANALYSIS

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 617 or ENVS 618.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 625 NEPA

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 617 or ENVS 618.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 625 STUDYIN: PLANTS AND SOILS

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 617 or ENVS 618.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 625 STUDYIN:SUST RANGELAND MGMT

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 617 or ENVS 618.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 625 STUDYIN:WILDERNESS MANAGEMENT

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 617 or ENVS 618.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 625 TBD

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 617 or ENVS 618.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ENVS 690 MEM PROJECT DEVELOPMENT

An introduction to the Master’s Project. Course examines environmental project design strategies, successful environmental solutions, and organizations/community stakeholder groups seeking environmental management assistance from MEM students in the Master’s Project. Students design, plan, and coordinate second year Master’s Project with faculty mentors and community stakeholders. Requires two-weeks residency in Gunnison during culmination of course. Prerequisites: MEM Core

Academic Program(s):
Master in Environmental Management (MEM)
ESS 181 Foundations of Exercise and Sport Science

An introduction to the field of exercise and sport science. An overview of philosophical, historical, and scientific foundations, current trends and issues, professional opportunities, and skills and competencies required for careers in a wide variety of physical activity settings.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 185 Lifetime Wellness

Provides conceptual and experiential components designed as a basis for developing a healthier lifestyle.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 201 Essentials Human Anatomy and Physiology (with laboratory)

An introduction to basic anatomy and physiology of all human systems. Lab and lecture are integrated. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 210 Skill Development and Analysis: Net and Wall Games

Skill development and analysis in net and wall games, including tennis, volleyball, pickleball, handball, and badminton. Learning and application of content in a developmental model. History, scoring, rules, terminology, equipment, and safety considerations included.

Academic Program(s):
ESS 211 Skill Development and Analysis: Invasion Games

Skill development and analysis for invasion games, including soccer, lacrosse, team handball, speedball, basketball, ultimate Frisbee, and flagball. Learning and application of content in a developmental model. History, scoring, rules, terminology, equipment, and safety considerations included.

Academic Program(s):
ESS 212 Skill Development and Analysis: Target and Fielding Games

Skill development and analysis for target and fielding games including bowling, archery, golf (traditional and disc), softball, and bocce. Learning and application of content in a developmental model. History, scoring, rules, terminology, equipment, and safety considerations included.

Academic Program(s):
ESS 213 Skill Development and Analysis: Dance

Skill development and analysis for a variety of dance forms including fitness, folk, country, social, and ballroom. Learning and application of content in a developmental model. History, terminology, music choices, and safety considerations included.

Academic Program(s):
ESS 275 Motor Development and Learning

An application of the knowledge of motor development and learning to physical activity across the lifespan. This class introduces the physiological, perceptual, and cognitive, as well as the affective changes that occur in motor development and learning across the lifespan. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a grade of "C-" or above.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 282 Principles of Sport and Fitness Management

A focus on the administration of programs within the sport and fitness industries. Topics include administrative theories and concepts, personnel, communication and problemsolving, fiscal management, budgeting, ethical considerations, and program evaluation. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a grade of "C-" or above, ESS 181, or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education|Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 290 Curriculum Development and the Learning Environment

A comprehensive overview of materials, suggested teaching methods, procedures, techniques, well-directed and well-selected activities, and ways of evaluating physical education in K-12 schools.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 298 Fitness Instruction

Students develop knowledge and skills to plan and implement group fitness classes as well as personal training sessions. Topics include: risk management, exercise plans, group fitness instruction, personal training, fitness pedagogy, training special populations, cardiovascular fitness, resistance training, flexibility training, and core stability. Prerequisite: ESS 201 or BIOL 372.

Academic Program(s):
ESS 320 Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity

A variety of issues and research areas in the psychology of sport and physical activity are addressed. Topics covered include an overview of the development of sport and exercise psychology, personality theories, exercise and mood, exercise adherence, goal setting, motivation, psychological interventions for athletes, and cohesion theories. Prerequisite: minimum junior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 330 Exercise Physiology

An emphasis on the theory and principles of exercise physiology to health, physical fitness, and athletic performance in diverse populations. Prerequisites: ESS 201 or both BIOL 372 and BIOL 373; minimum Junior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 331 Exercise Physiology Laboratory

Basic laboratory techniques of exercise physiology correlating with ESS 330. Laboratory experiences include aerobic and anaerobic exercise, body composition, strength, flexibility, and body composition and other indicators of exercise. Prerequisites: completion of the College Mathematics course requirement; Corequisite: ESS 330.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 340 Mental Training for Peak Performance

An application of theories and concepts of sport psychology. This course focuses onapplication of specific psychological skills necessary for high level performance andassisting students in teaching others those same skills. Prerequisite: ESS 320 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 346 Psychology of Coaching

Psychological factors involved in coaching and leadership are explored in this course. Relevant theory and research, as well as practical applications, are discussed. Topics include expert coaching characteristics and behaviors, leadership and motivational styles, the coach-athlete relationship, stresses of coaching, reinforcement strategies, ethics in coaching, and issues related to youth sport coaching. This course is designed for current and future coaches, individuals in leadership roles, as well as anyone interested in the coachÕs experience. Prerequisites: ESS 320, minimum junior standing or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 350 Assessment and Technology in Physical Education

Planning, administering, and evaluating standards-based accountability systems in physical education. Multiple assessment strategies for psychomotor, cognitive, and affective learning objectives, using current technologies, are presented. Students evaluate, select and/or construct assessment tools to match specific learning outcomes in the K-12 physical education curriculum. Prerequisites: ESS 181, ESS 290, and completion of the University Mathematics course requirement.

Academic Program(s):
ESS 353 Coordinated School Health and Physical Activity Programs

Overview of coordinated school health programs with a heavy focus on local wellness policy, comprehensive school health education and the role of physical activity and physical education in schools. Includes 6-8 hours of required field experience. Prerequisites: EDUC 000 and junior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Elementary Education
ESS 355 Psychology of Injury

Psychological factors involved in sport-related injuries and the rehabilitation process. Course content includes relevant theory and research as well as practical applications. Topics include: stress, responses to injury, mental skills used to manage injury (i.e., goal setting, motivation, and confidence), social support, potential psychological problems faced during rehabilitation, and returning to sport after injury. Prerequisites: ESS 320, minimum junior standing or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 360 Nutrition for Wellness and Performance

A focus on concepts geared to promote peak performance based upon nutritional intake. An understanding of macronutrient ingestion along with other essential nutrients is gained and applied in detail to the healthy and chronically diseased populations. This includes an understanding of the metabolic effect of food. The pros and cons of select supplements are discussed and applied to real-life scenarios. Prerequisites or co-requisites: ESS 330 and ESS 331.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 363 Inclusive Physical Activity

Students develop knowledge and skills necessary to work with individuals having diverse needs in physical education, recreation, sport, fitness, or rehabilitation settings. Content includes planning, instructional design, assessment, coordination of resources, and advocacy in physical activity settings. Prerequisites: ESS 275 and minimum junior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 365 Topics in Physical Activity:

Interdisciplinary study of the role of physical activity under a variety of conditions and settings, and for a variety of populations. Content focuses on current research and practice as it relates to the topic under consideration. Topics will rotate annually. Can be repeated up to three times for credit if a different topic is selected. Prerequisites: ESS 181, ESS 185; ESS 201 or BIOL 372; junior/senior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 370 Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning

Exercise prescription and conditioning in the form of resistance training, including the use of free weights, machines, Olympic lifts, and plyometrics. Muscular adaptations to anaerobic and aerobic training, testing and evaluation, exercise techniques, and resistance training program design. Design, implementation, and demonstration of appropriate resistance training routines and proper lifting technique for a variety of populations. Content knowledge aligns with requirements for completion of certification as a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) from the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA). Prerequisite: ESS 330 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 380 Biomechanics

Investigation and analysis of human movement. Basic mechanical principles of force, motion, and aerodynamics as related to fundamental physical skills and their application to exercise, sport, and physical activity. Prerequisites: ESS 181, ESS 185, ESS 201 or BIOL 372, completion of the University Mathematics course requirement.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 382 Management of Sport and Fitness Facilities

A study of principles, guidelines and recommendations for planning, construction, and the use and maintenance of indoor and outdoor sports, physical education, recreation, and fitness facilities. Prerequisite: Junior Standing.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education|Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 385 Program Design for Physical Activity Settings

A focus on the principles of behavior modification and how they apply to programdesign and implementation in physical activity settings. Comprehensive behaviormodification programs within exercise, wellness or sport settings are designed.Prerequisite: ESS 185.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 392 Methods of Secondary Activities

For students planning to obtain licensure in physical education. A variety of curriculum models (e.g., tactical, sport education, social responsibility) are used to present individual, dual and team sport activities. Lesson and unit plans are developed, implemented and assessed in keeping with Colorado and NASPE standards as they relate to secondary physical education. Prerequisites: 2 of the following: ESS 210, 211, 212, 213; ESS 290, minimum junior standing; Prerequisite or corequisite: ESS 350

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 395 Methods of Elementary Activities

Units covered may include apparatus and tumbling, dance, and games. Each unitbreaks down into sub-units, and progressions are emphasized. Lesson and unit plans are developed, implemented, and assessed in keeping with national standards and as they relate to elementary physical education. Competencies in the basic skills of each unit are also tested. Prerequisites: two of the following: ESS 210, 211, 212, 213; ESS 290; and minimum junior standing; Prerequisite or corequisite: ESS 350.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 396 Methods of Alternative Physical Education

Units covered may be: Nordic skiing, rock climbing, orienteering, camping, mountain biking, and adventure activities. Lesson and unit plans are developed, implemented, and assessed in keeping with national standards as they relate to secondary physical education. Prerequisites: ESS 290 and minimum junior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 405 Practicum in Exercise and Sport Science

Pre-professional experience in a physical activity setting. Such experiences includeobserving and participating in the professional activities associated with the particular setting. Students work with an Exercise and Sport Science faculty member to select an approved practicum experience, and are required to develop an approved learning contract. May be repeated once for credit (in a different setting). Prerequisites: ESS 181, ESS 185, junior or senior standing.

Academic Program(s):
ESS 410 Assessment and Exercise Prescription

Students work with assessment formats, appraisal techniques, and metabolic calculations to gain information needed to construct exercise prescriptions designed to meet individual needs for different segments of the population. Prerequisites: ESS 331and ESS 298 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 411 Wellness Elevated I

An opportunity for students to further their knowledge, skills, and abilities in exercise assessment, prescription, programming, implementation and outcome evaluation. Students will develop professional skills of healthcare documentation, communication and program analysis. A commitment of 6 hours per week, clinic time, in addition to weekly class meetings is required. Prerequisite: ESS 410.

Academic Program(s):
ESS 412 Exercise Biochemistry

Essential concepts of biochemistry Ð molecular biology, basic chemistry, metabolism, and transcription regulation Ð as applied to the human during exercise. Prerequisites: ESS 330 and ESS 331.

Academic Program(s):
ESS 430 Topics in Clinical Exercise Physiology

A study of diseased populations, including, but not limited to, exercise therapy in cardiac and cancer patients. Course content focuses on the etiology and pathophysiology of disease, electrocardiogram and diagnostic stress test interpretation, specialized exercise prescription, and other topics at the discretion of the instructor. Prerequisites: ESS 330 and ESS 331.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 431 Wellness Elevated II

An opportunity for students to further their expertise in clinical exercise physiology. Students will gain direct experience in exercise assessment, prescription, programming, implementation and outcome evaluation in special population groups. Students will need to commit to 6 hours per week of clinical time (i.e., Wellness Elevated) as well as weekly meeting times. Prerequisite or co-requisite: ESS 430.

Academic Program(s):
ESS 440 Topics in Sport Fitness Management

A focus on various managerial functions within sport and fitness management through the study of various theoretical perspectives, the provisions of pre-professional experiences, and distinct topics at the discretion of the instructor. Topics rotate annually. The course may be repeated up to three times if a different topic is offered. Prerequisite: Junior standing or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
ESS 450 Risk Management in Physical Activity Settings

A focus on risk assessment and management for physical activity professionals. Topics covered include risk assessment, standard of care, negligence, forms to limit liability, constitutional law as relevant for physical activity professionals, development of a risk management plan, and risk reduction strategies. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education|Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 490 Sociology of Sport and Physical Activity

A focus on the social organization of sport and physical activity and their relationship to the institutional structure, cultural patterns, and dynamics of American society. Students use different sociological approaches/theories to analyze sport and physical activity and to analyze current issues and problems in sport and physical activity settings. Prerequisite: minimum junior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 495 Senior Seminar in Exercise and Sport Science

A capstone course required for all ESS majors addressing issues, ethical considerations, problem-solving and decision-making, leadership and communication in the discipline. Students integrate content from their course of study, write and speak in discipline-specific formats, and complete a comprehensive self-assessment in preparation for graduate school, internship, or entry-level job. Prerequisites: ESS 181, ESS 185, senior standing. Students are encouraged to take this course during their final semester.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 498 Internship in Exercise and Sport Science

An opportunity for in-depth work at a professional site in an area of exercise and sport science. The internship must meet standards of the department and the University, including completion of a pre-internship checklist. Prerequisites: Satisfactory grade in ESS 405, overall GPA of 2.750, department advisor permission, and senior standing.

Academic Program(s):
Exercise & Sport Science
ESS 600 ADVANCED STATISTICS

Statistical tools for scientific research, including parametric and non-parametric methods for ANOVA and group comparisons, simple linear and multiple linear regression. Emphasis placed on the use of dedicated statistical software.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Science in Exercise & Sport Science: High Altitude Exercise Physiology
ESS 601 QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS

Research design and methodology in environmental exercise physiology.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Science in Exercise & Sport Science: High Altitude Exercise Physiology
ESS 605 EXER SPRT SCI TEST INSTRM LAB

Techniques of in-lab exercise testing and result interpretation in healthy and/or diseased populations.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Science in Exercise & Sport Science: High Altitude Exercise Physiology
ESS 606 EXC SPRT SCI TEST INST FIELD

Techniques of field-based exercise testing and result interpretation in healthy and/or diseased populations.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Science in Exercise & Sport Science: High Altitude Exercise Physiology
ESS 640 ENVIRONMENTL EXERCISE PHYSIO I

Principles of exercise physiology in extreme environmental conditions including extreme temperatures, hyper- and hypobarometric pressure, air pollution, sleep deprivation, and zero gravity. Healthy and diseased populations are studied.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Science in Exercise & Sport Science: High Altitude Exercise Physiology
ESS 641 ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY II

Advanced research and principles of exercise physiology in extreme environmental conditions including extreme temperatures, hyper- and hypobarometric pressure, air pollution, sleep deprivation, and zero gravity. Healthy and diseased populations are studied. Prerequisite: ESS 640.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Science in Exercise & Sport Science: High Altitude Exercise Physiology
ESS 650 THESIS PROPOSAL DEVELOPMENT

Current topics and issues in exercise and sport science and environmental exercise physiology. Seminar topics change each semester. Emphasis may be placed on thesis proposal development and submission of the proposal to Western’s Human Research Committee.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Science in Exercise & Sport Science: High Altitude Exercise Physiology
ESS 675 CLINICAL EXERCISE PROGRAM LAB

Role of exercise/physical activity in the prevention, pathophysiology and treatment of chronic diseases. Hands on clinical exercising programming experiences.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Science in Exercise & Sport Science: High Altitude Exercise Physiology
ESS 685 CARDIOPULMONARY PHYSIOLOGY

A foundation course that covers 1) the structure and function of the cardiopulmonary systems; 2) exercise-related physiological changes of the cardiopulmonary system and their applications to exercise training; and 3) pathophysiological changes secondary to cardiopulmonary dysfunction and their effects on function.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Science in Exercise & Sport Science: High Altitude Exercise Physiology
ESS 695 THESIS

Independent research project, supervised by academic advisor. Prerequisites: second year graduate standing, ESS 650.

Academic Program(s):
Master of Science in Exercise & Sport Science: High Altitude Exercise Physiology
GEOG 110 World Regional Geography

A survey of the major regions of the contemporary world-defined according to acombination of biophysical, cartographic, cultural, religious, linguistic, political, andeconomic criteria. Emphasis is given to understanding regional characteristics andprocesses, and to relationships between events and processes occurring in differentregions. Current events of major importance are incorporated where appropriate.

Academic Program(s):
Global Studies
GEOG 120 Introduction of Human Geography

A thematic study of cultural landscapes and the processes by which people create and modify them. Topics of discussion range from ancient to modern, rural to urban, local to international, and include themes as diverse as the origins and spread of agriculture, migration and immigration, urban morphologies and social interactions, ethnicity, development and underdevelopment, and environmental concerns.

Academic Program(s):
Global Studies|Elementary Education
GEOG 222 Our Digital Earth

Using primarily on-line data and sources of maps, aerial photographs and satellite images, students develop and apply understanding of basic principles and techniques of map interpretation, communication with maps, and the appropriate use and interpretation of aerial photographs and satellite images. The course emphasizes both the skilled use of these standard tools of geographic analysis and visualization and communication of data and analysis with free on-line mapping tools and location-enabled mobile phone applications.

Academic Program(s):
GEOG 250 Geography of North America

A survey of the major biophysical, cultural, and economic regions of the United States and Canada. Major themes of human geography including demography, migration, land use change, and ecological concerns are addressed in appropriate regional contexts. Prerequisite: GEOG 120 or sophomore standing.

Academic Program(s):
Economics|Elementary Education
GEOG 340 Introduction of Geographic Information Systems

An introduction to the concepts and techniques of Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Topics covered include fundamentals of mapping, data formats, data acquisition, and quantitative analysis of spatial data. The laboratory component emphasizes practical applications of GIS to contemporary problems including but not limited to watershed analysis, land-use planning, environmental assessment, and market analysis. Prerequisites: GEOG 222 or GEOL 105; college-level mathematics requirement with a minimum grade of "C-"; junior standing or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management|Criminal Justice|Sociology|Geology
GEOG 351 Geography of Latin America and the Caribbean

A thematic study of the physiographic and cultural regions of Latin America and themajor historical and contemporary geographic processes that characterize the region. Major topics of discussion include climate and physiography, environmental concerns and human rights, the nature of Latin American cities, pre-Hispanic and modern agriculture, and the nature of contemporary economic processes in the region. Prerequisite: GEOG 120 or sophomore standing.

Academic Program(s):
Global Studies
GEOL 101 Physical Geology

An introductory class that emphasizes the environmental aspects of geology. The course covers the basic principles of physical geology, such as minerals, rocks, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, and origin of landscapes by mass wasting, rivers, glaciers, ground water, and nearshore processes. Throughout this course, focus is on the effect of geology on human society through the study of geologic hazards, energy resources, and mineral resources.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management|Environmental Biology & Ecology|Geology|Petroleum Geology
GEOL 105 Physical Geology Laboratory

An introduction to identification of minerals and rocks and a discussion of their genesis followed by a study of landscapes formed by mass wasting, rivers, glaciers, ground water, and nearshore processes. Many of these principles are observed on local field trips. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 101.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management|Environmental Biology & Ecology|Geology|Petroleum Geology
GEOL 201 Historical Geology (with laboratory)

A study of the interpretation of the geologic history, structure, and evolution of the Earth with emphasis on methods and concepts rather than factual information. Colorado geologic history and various principles are observed during three or four field trips. Topics and concepts such as geophysics, continental drift, and plate tectonics are integrated into discussions of Earth history. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 and GEOL 105.

Academic Program(s):
Geology|Petroleum Geology
GEOL 240 Introduction to Petroleum and Mining Geology

A survey of the physical and chemical processes responsible for the distribution of hydrocarbon and mineral resources in the EarthÀs crust and techniques for hydrocarbon and mineral resource exploration, assessment, and development. Includes field trips to oil and gas and mining operations in Colorado and Utah. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 and GEOL 105.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management
GEOL 302 Geoscience Writing

An introduction to the proper methods and accepted formats of written, graphical, and oral communication in the geological sciences. These skills are addressed through critical evaluation and discussion of the geological literature, by writing reports, review papers and research proposals, and giving oral presentations. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a grade of "C-" or above and GEOL 201. Corequisite: GEOL 310.

Academic Program(s):
Geology|Petroleum Geology
GEOL 305 Mineralogy (with laboratory)

An introduction to the study of minerals. Important topics include the crystallography, crystal chemistry, and optics of important rock and ore forming minerals. Emphasis is placed on the crystal chemistry and stability of major silicate mineral groups. The laboratory emphasizes the field identification of minerals and the application of optics to the identification of minerals in thin section. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: GEOL 101, GEOL 105, MATH 141. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHEM 111 and CHEM 112.

Academic Program(s):
Geology|Petroleum Geology
GEOL 310 Stratigraphy and Sedimentation (with laboratory)

A study of the basic principles and origins of sedimentary rock units. Topics studied include sub-division of the geologic column and geologic time, depositional systems, stratigraphic nomenclature and rules, principles of correlationÀincluding a review of modern geophysical, geochemical, and chronostratigraphic methods, biostratigraphy, and event stratigraphy. Laboratory includes measurement of sections, examination of depositional systems in the field, and surface and subsurface stratigraphic techniques, including geophysical-log interpretation and computer mapping. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-," GEOL 201.

Academic Program(s):
Geology|Petroleum Geology
GEOL 311 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology (with laboratory)

A study of igneous and metamorphic rocks, including their classification, field relations, tectonic setting, phase petrology, mineralogy, and geochemistry. The laboratory emphasizes both field identification of rocks and the use of petrographic microscopes. Several field trips are included. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: GEOL 305. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHEM 113 and CHEM 114

Academic Program(s):
Geology|Petroleum Geology
GEOL 320 Geomorphology (with laboratory)

A study of the processes that create the landforms we see at the EarthÀs surface. In particular, processes associated with modern and ice-age climate are studied including erosion and weathering, soil formation, flooding, glaciation, and mass wasting. The laboratory emphasizes field-observation and data-collection techniques, and the interpretation of aerial photographs. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 and GEOL 105; CHEM 101 or CHEM 111.

Academic Program(s):
Geology
GEOL 335 Introduction to Engineering Geology

An introduction to the fundamentals, methods, and techniques used in engineering geology. This course explores investigation methods, and characterization of the engineering properties of geological materials. We investigate the mechanics of soil and rock as engineering materials. This class introduces the specific field methods used in engineering geology for assessment of foundations, slopes, dams, tunnels, and other earth structures. Prerequisites: GEOL 345, and either PHYS 170 or PHYS 200.

Academic Program(s):
GEOL 343 Exploration Geophysics

Current geophysical techniques used in the exploration for, and development of, petroleum resources. Topics include: potential fields methods, thermochronology, refraction and reflection seismic theory and application, an introduction to quantitative geophysics, microseismic, and forward and reverse modeling. Laboratory projects use industry standard geophysical data and software to solve problems in petroleum exploration and development. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: GEOL 310, Prerequisites or Corequisites: GEOL 345; and either PHYS 170 or PHYS 200.

Academic Program(s):
Petroleum Geology
GEOL 345 Structural Geology (with laboratory)

A study of the deformation of the EarthÀs crust. The course begins with a study of the forces and movements within the crust which cause folding and faulting of rocks and a description of the resulting structures. These topics are followed by an analysis of the regional tectonic patterns of the EarthÀs surface and theories for their origin. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: GEOL 201 with a minimum grade of "C-" and MATH 141.

Academic Program(s):
Geology|Petroleum Geology
GEOL 346 Subsurface Geology (with laboratory)

An advanced undergraduate course in subsurface structural and stratigraphic methods pertinent to petroleum, groundwater, environmental, and tectonics investigations. Traditional and computer-assisted techniques are used. Students gain experience in integrating surface geology with subsurface well and geophysical data, understanding and managing subsurface data types, the principles and application of petrophysics, subsurface mapping methods, core and cuttings description and interpretation, and case studies of oil and gas fields. Field exercises emphasize the integration of surface and subsurface data. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: GEOL 343. Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 345.

Academic Program(s):
Petroleum Geology
GEOL 352 Applied Geophysics (with laboratory)

The theoretical and practical application of physics to geology with an emphasis on the shallow subsurface. Exercises emphasize the interpretation of real-world data and cover the topics of seismic, potential fields, heat flow, electrical, wireline, and ground penetrating radar methods. Students gain proficiency in the use of several advanced analysis and modeling software packages and the application of geophysics to solving problems in stratigraphy, structure, hydrology, environmental geology, mining, and oil and gas. Prerequisites: GEOL 345, and either PHYS 170 or PHYS 200.

Academic Program(s):
GEOL 362 Environmental Geochemistry

An advanced geology course covering the low-temperature chemistry of the near-surface geologic environment. Topics include equilibrium thermodynamics, natural-water geochemistry, the carbonate system, mineral weathering, basic organic geochemistry and the evolution of EarthÕs atmosphere. Students gain quantitative problem solving skills through comprehensive problem sets and the collection and analysis of real-world geochemical data. Prerequisite: Geol 305 with a ÒC-Ó or better and Chem 113 and 114.

Academic Program(s):
GEOL 411 Research in Volcanology and Petrology (with laboratory)

An examination of the physical volcanology, petrology, and petrogenesis of volcanic rocks. A strong emphasis is placed on fieldwork and the description of the volcanic rocks of the Gunnison Basin and adjacent regions. The course is topical in nature and emphasizes individual and/or group research projects through study of the geologic literature, the collection of geologic data, and the presentation of results. Prerequisite: GEOL 311.

Academic Program(s):
Geology
GEOL 420 Research in Geomorphology

An advanced study of geomorphology. Topics may include fluvial, glacial, mass movement, neotectonic, and eolian processes and landforms as well as weathering and soils. The course is topical in nature and emphasizes individual and/or group research projects through study of the geologic literature, the collection of geologic data, and the presentation of results. Prerequisites: GEOL 320, GEOL 345, and GEOG 340.

Academic Program(s):
Geology
GEOL 430 Hydrogeology

A study of the occurrence, movement and chemical properties of surface water and groundwater. Topics include the hydrologic cycle, surface-water hydrology, principles of ground water flow, groundwater flow to wells and natural water chemistry. Laboratory assignments focus on quantitative analysis and modeling of surface and groundwater data. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: GEOL 310, CHEM 111, and MATH 151. Prerequisite or corequisite: PHYS 170 or PHYS 200.

Academic Program(s):
GEOL 450 Field Geology

An emphasis on field observation, proper geologic mapping techniquesÀon both maps and aerial photosÀand interpretation and synthesis of field data into a report. Different geologic terrains in Colorado or other states are examined. Ideally, this course should be taken during the Summer semester, immediately prior to the senior year. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: GEOL 310 and GEOL 345; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Geology|Petroleum Geology
GEOL 455 Petroleum Geology

The petroleum system and modern exploration techniques including detailed study of petroleum source rocks, their deposition, thermal maturation and the chemical and physical characteristics of hydrocarbons, hydrocarbon migration, accumulation and retention, reservoir types and properties. Current techniques used in hydrocarbon exploration and resource assessment are taught through laboratory projects using real-world data and industry standard software tools. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: GEOL 346.

Academic Program(s):
Petroleum Geology
GEOL 456 Petroleum Geology of Unconventional Resources (with laboratory)

The geology of unconventional resources, the identification and mapping of resource plays, a survey of current industry development and resource estimation techniques, and an introduction to play and project economics. Unconventional and emerging petroleum plays including shale reservoirs for oil and gas, heavy oil and bitumen deposits, coal bed methane, and hybrid reservoirs are emphasized. Projects include play mapping and analysis, rock mechanics, reservoir stimulation and EOR techniques, decline curve analysis and forecasting, and integrate sustainability and environment/stakeholder management best practices. Prerequisite: GEOL 346.

Academic Program(s):
Petroleum Geology
GEOL 465 Research in Basin Analysis (with laboratory)

A study of sedimentary processes and environments, including the tectonic origin of sedimentary basins. This includes the most common terrestrial and marine depositional systems and their relationships. A strong emphasis is placed on field relations and research on the sedimentary rocks of Western Colorado and the Colorado Plateau. The course is topical in nature and requires individual and/or group research projects through the study of the geologic literature, the collection of geologic data in the field, and the presentation of results. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: GEOL 310 and GEOL 345.

Academic Program(s):
Geology|Petroleum Geology
GEOL 495 Geology Seminar

A seminar where advanced undergraduate students can develop critical reading and thinking skill through discussion and presentation of research literature. Topics are chosen from the current research literature. A student may earn a maximum of four credits under this course title. Prerequisite: GEOL 305, GEOL 310, GEOL 320, or GEOL 345.

Academic Program(s):
Geology
HIST 101 World History to 1500

A survey of the cultural, political, religious, artistic, technological and philosophicaljourneys of human beings, from the prehistoric age, the birth of civilization andemergence of agriculture to the establishment of great empires and the impact of the great religious and philosophical revolutions of the ancient and medieval world.

Academic Program(s):
History
HIST 102 World History Since 1500

A continuation of HIST 101 and a survey of the transformation of human development as a result of modernization. Students consider the rise and fall of empires and shifting regional influences as a result of the emergence of the transatlantic region. EuropeÀs revolutionary transformation and its impact on the world; the rise of global interaction and conflict; the colonial and post-colonial eras and the resulting tensions and achievements of these events are examined within the context of modernity.

Academic Program(s):
History
HIST 126 U.S. History to 1865

A survey of American history from its European beginnings to the Civil War, providing description and analysis of the historical development of politics, economics, society, and foreign policy. Attention is given to the people and forces that influenced these developments.

Academic Program(s):
History|Elementary Education
HIST 127 U.S. History Since 1865

A survey of American history from the Civil War to modern times, providing description and analysis of the major developments and trends in politics, economics, society, and foreign policy. Attention is given to the people and forces that influenced and shaped the American experience.

Academic Program(s):
History
HIST 200 Historical Inquiry

Students examine the ways scholars have studied, interpreted, debated and represented the past through time. This course introduces students to History as not only a discipline of study and scholarship but as an inquiry into human experience and a public pursuit. Students develop the research and writing skills required in the field of History across a variety of formats and topics. It is recommended students complete this course no later than sophomore year.

Academic Program(s):
History
HIST 250 History of the Middle East

Students are introduced to some of the major historical events and patterns of the region which are then related to the politics of the modern Middle East (mainly the 20th and 21st centuries). Specific topics include the rise and nature of Islam, the achievements of Medieval Islamic civilization, the significance of the Ottoman Empire, rivalries with the West, the establishment of Israel and the nature of the Modern Middle East crisis.

Academic Program(s):
Global Studies
HIST 254 History of Africa

A survey of sub-Saharan African history from earliest times to the present, with particular emphasis on social, cultural, economic, and political responses to imperialist or other outside influences.

Academic Program(s):
History|Global Studies
HIST 260 History of Latin America

A survey of the major events and themes of Latin American History from pre-Columbian times through the modern era with special emphasis on the interaction of New and Old World cultures and the impact of colonization and the construction of national identity after independence into the modern era. GT-HI1

Academic Program(s):
History|Global Studies|Latin American Business |Elementary Education
HIST 309 Modern Germany

Examines the cultural and political forces which led to the creation of Germany and then shaped its behavior through two world wars. Topics include the role of nationalism, the failure of liberalism, the causes of racism, and the nature of the Nazi regime. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
HIST 311 The Medieval World

Studies of the medieval world. This course is a rotating topic which may include studies of the Black Death and Europe, the Byzantines, Shogun Era in Japan, Irish and Scots, the ÔVikings' or specific African and Asian cultures. Class may be taken twice for credit. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
HIST 312 Renaissance and Reformation

A course which covers the Babylonian Captivity of the Roman Catholic Church; the artistic, literary, and political developments of Renaissance Italy and Northern Europe; the subsequent emergence of the Protestant Reformation; and the religious wars which engulfed Europe. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
HIST 315 France and the Revolution

A study of the origins, character, and significance of the French Revolution. This course begins with an examination of the relation of the Old Regime to the failure of absolutism and concludes with a discussion of the general nature of revolution and social change. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
HIST 327 Colorado History

A study of the history of Colorado from prehistoric times to the modern era, emphasizing the Native American and Spaniard, mining, cattle, transportation and farming frontiers, and problems of the 20th century involving water, energy, and growth. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Economics|Elementary Education
HIST 330 Colonial America

A study of the indigenous peoples of North America and European expansion into the region including the French in Canada, Spanish in Florida and the English establishment of the Thirteen Colonies. Topics include colonial development, westward expansion, and conflicts with the indigenous populations, the role of women in the colonies, and social, intellectual, political and military activities from 1607 to the French Indian War in 1754. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
HIST 333 American Revolution and the Early Republic

A study of the economic, social and political causes of the American Revolution. Focused attention is given to the Articles of Confederation, Hamiltonian and Jeffersonian America, the Constitutional Convention, Bill of Rights, Jeffersonian and Jacksonian Democracy, Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis and Clarke expedition and the early national era. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law
HIST 336 U.S. Civil War and Reconstruction

A study of the causes of the Civil War with emphasis on the differing worlds of the North and the South and the social, intellectual and economic movements of the time. The military actions of the war are examined and the legacy of the war considered. The challenges and issues of the post war years of Reconstruction are explored. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law
HIST 340 Emergence of the Modern U.S.

A study of U.S. history from the end of Reconstruction in 1877 to the Great Depression in 1929. Topics include industrialization, immigration, the Progressive movement, the causes and impact of World War I and the exciting but troubled 1920s all leading to the Great Depression. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law
HIST 343 Depression and World War II

An exploration of the ramifications that the economic collapse had on AmericaÀs social, economic, cultural, and political life. The United StatesÀ entrance into the World War II is also discussed, with major focus on the changes that took place, both internally and abroad, because of the conflict. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law
HIST 346 Recent American History

A history of the United States since 1945 with emphasis on the Cold War, theEisenhower years, the turbulent decade of the 1960s, and the transformations of the 1970s and 1980s. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
HIST 348 History of the Trans-Mississippi West

A history of the Trans-Mississippi West from 1800 to the present time, emphasizing the Native Americans, Spanish settlement, and Westward Expansion. Manifest Destiny, mining and cattle frontiers, settlement of the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains, closing of the western frontier, and the "New West" of today. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
HIST 349 History of the Hispanic Southwest

Students examine the historical development of Hispanic settlement and culture in the American Southwest from its inception to the present day. Students study the interaction of Hispanic communities with nomadic and settled indigenous peoples and with Anglo ranchers, settler and commercial interests. From the 16th century settlements to the Mexican-American War and the territory's incorporation into the United States to the development of the Chicano identity in the 20th century, students analyze the American Southwest, as a patria chica of success and failure, achievement and potential. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
HIST 350 Environmental History of the Borderlands

Students examine the process of historical development of the Borderlands region between Mexico and the United States and consider its implications for the region's environment. Settlement patterns, a blending of cultural and ethnic identities, economic development and integration and emerging social tensions have resulted in an environmental transformation of the region with far-reaching implicationsfor both nations north and south of the Rio Grande/Bravo. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
HIST 351 History of Russia

A study of Russia which may include topics such as the development of Kievan Rus, the invasion and occupation of the Golden Horde, the Romanov line, Revolutionary Russia and the Soviet Union. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
HIST 360 Mexico

A broad survey of Mexican history from pre-Columbian times to the present, withparticular emphasis on social, cultural, political and economic issues. This course also examines Mexico's relations with Europe during the colonial and early national periods and with the United States during the 19th and 20th centuries. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
HIST 365 Latin American Revolution

Beginning with an examination of theories of revolution, students explore how the theoretical relates to events in Latin American history. Students examine the development of revolutionary consciousness and the role of women, indigenous peoples and the rural and urban masses in revolutionary movements throughout the region. Students consider the influence of revolution on Latin American artistic expression. Finally, students investigate specific historical case studies of Latin American revolutions. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
HIST 367 Latin American History: Topics

This course examines a particular topic, theme or region in Latin American History thus course content will vary. Topics may rotate between women and gender, film and history, travel accounts, environmental history or a country or regional study. Students may take this course twice for credit. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore status or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
HIST 370 Public History

This course explores the ways historians have engaged the public with the past. It provides an introduction to the theory and practice of interpreting history in institutions such as museums, archives, historical societies, and in historic preservation projects, digital projects, and oral histories. The course examines theoretical constructs including memory, heritage, community and commemoration and explores how academic history and public history complement and enrich one another. Prerequisites: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission. HIST 200 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
HIST 399 Internship in History

History majors and minors obtain archival, museum and public history experience through direct, supervised contact with archivists, curators and professionals from related areas. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only. Maximum 6 credits can be applied to the major. Prerequisites: HIST 200 and junior standing or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
HIST 402 Engaging the Past

Students explore the myriad of ways human beings engage with the Past. Through examination of the development and role of historical inquiry to how we preserve, restore, remember, reenact, manipulate and silence the past, students develop an understanding of how we interpret and analyze the Past as individuals, as communities and as Historians. The role of the historian in society and the ethical considerations which guide the HistorianÕs work are woven through the course content. History majors should take this course during or after their second semester of their junior year. Prerequisites: HIST 200 and junior standing or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
History
HWTR 200 Introduction to the Headwaters

A fall offering that gives students a broad cross-disciplinary overview of the Headwaters Region surrounding the College, with some field trips out into the region and an opportunity to look into some of the issues impacting the region.

Academic Program(s):
HWTR 398 Headwaters Conference

An annual two-day gathering on campus each fall, bringing together writers and scholars, local community leaders and activists, artists, government officials, and other interested citizens from the colleges and communities of the Headwaters Region to consider challenges and opportunities confronting the region. Students attend and participate in the conference and write a paper about the experience in the context of their own lives and future plans. Students attend and participate in the conference, complete applied research projects throughout the month following the conference, and write a paper about the experience in the context of their own lives and future plans. Student may take the course four times for additional credit. Prerequisite: junior standing or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
MATH 113 Statistical Thinking

A course introducing the ideas of statistical analysis. Topics include data visualization and summarization, parameter estimation, and hypothesis testing. This course emphasizes practical aspects of data analysis and makes extensive use of spreadsheets and real data. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 21 or above; SAT math score of 540 or above; MATH 099; or Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 106 or above; or co-requisite MATH 103 (SAI). GT-MA1

Academic Program(s):
Elementary Education|Anthropology
MATH 140 College Algebra

An integration of the essential algebraic manipulations, solving equations and inequalities, polynomial functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, and techniques of graphing. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 21 or above; SAT math score of 540 or above; MATH 099; or Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 106 or above; or co-requisite MATH 102 (SAI). GT-MA1

Academic Program(s):
Accounting|Business Administration|Elementary Education|Computer Science
MATH 141 Precalculus

This course explores the theory and applications of trigonometry, and includes an introduction to vector and matrix analysis. Topics may include the unit circle, triangle trigonometry, trigonometric functions, polar coordinates, complex numbers, vector geometry, and applied matrix techniques. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 23 or above; SAT math score of 560 or above; MATH 140 with a minimum grade of C-; or Accuplacer university- level mathematics test with a score of 65 or above.

Academic Program(s):
Accounting|Business Administration|Computer Science
MATH 151 Calculus I

A study of differential calculus, including limits, continuous functions, Intermediate Value Theorem, tangents, linear approximation, inverse functions, implicit differentiation, extreme values and the Mean Value Theorem. This course also introduces Integral calculus including anti-derivatives, definite integrals, and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 27 or above; SAT math score of 630 or above; MATH 141 with a minimum grade of C-; or Accuplacer university-level mathematics test with a score of 95 or above. GT-MA1

Academic Program(s):
Accounting|Business Administration|Computer Science|Computer Science|Biology|Biochemistry|Chemistry|Geology|Petroleum Geology|Mathematics
MATH 209 Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers I

First of two courses designed for prospective elementary teachers. Emphasizes the real number system, arithmetic operations, and algebra. Explorations focus on representing, analyzing, generalizing, formalizing, and communicating patterns and structures. Content is presented using problem solving and exploration. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 23 or above; SAT math score of 560 or above; MATH 140 with a minimum grade of C-; or Accuplacer university-level mathematics test with a score of 65 or above.

Academic Program(s):
Elementary Education
MATH 210 Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers II

Second of two courses designed for prospective elementary teachers. Emphasizes probability, data analysis, and geometry. Explorations focus on representations of data and two and three-dimensional shapes, their properties, measurements, constructions, and transformations.Prerequisite: MATH 209 with a minimum grade of 'C-."

Academic Program(s):
Elementary Education
MATH 213 Probability and Statistics

A course in the use of statistical techniques to draw knowledge from data. Topics include exploratory data analysis, descriptive statistics, t-procedures, ANOVA, chi squared procedures, regression, and non-parametric tests. Statistical software is used extensively to analyze real data sets. Prerequisite: MATH 141 with a minimum grade of C-, or Accuplacer university-level mathematics test score of 85 or above; or instructor permission. GT-MA1

Academic Program(s):
Accounting|Business Administration|Economics|Computer Science|Environmental Biology & Ecology|Biology|Pre-Nursing|Geology|Actuarial Science|Mathematics
MATH 220 Introduction to Advanced Mathematics

Students develop and use elementary logic and set theory to construct deductive proofs with relations, functions, and some algebraic structures. Topics include indexing, equivalence relation theory, and cardinality. Prerequisite: MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
Mathematics
MATH 232 Applied Calculus for the Managerial and Social Science

An introduction to differential and integral calculus for students majoring in business, accounting or the social sciences. The calculus is presented using a variety of real-world business and economic applications, stressing marginality, elasticity, and accumulation. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 23 or above; SAT math score of 560 or above; MATH 140 with a minimum grade of C-; or Accuplacer university- level mathematics test with a score of 65 or above.

Academic Program(s):
Energy Management
MATH 251 Calculus II

Topics include techniques of integration, area computations, improper integrals, infinite series and various convergence tests, power series, Taylor's Formula, polar coordinates, and parametric curves. Prerequisite: MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
Biochemistry|Chemistry|Geology|Petroleum Geology|Mathematics
MATH 252 Calculus III

Topics include calculus of functions of several variables, differentiation and elementary integration, vectors in the plane and space. Prerequisite: MATH 251 with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
Chemistry|Geology|Actuarial Science|Mathematics
MATH 260 Applied Linear Algebra

A course in the techniques and applications of linear algebra. The core topics include solving systems of linear equations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, matrix decomposition, the pseudoinverse and least squares approximations, and the singular value decomposition. The theory is supplemented with extensive applications and computer programming. Prerequisite: MATH 141.

Academic Program(s):
Computer Science|Mathematics
MATH 266 Secondary Mathematics from an Advanced Perspective

A course designed to help Secondary Licensure Emphasis majors understand the core mathematical content of high school mathematics courses before calculus. These concepts are treated from an advanced standpoint, emphasizing connections and extensions. Topics include number systems, polynomial and transcendental functions, analytic geometry, theory of equations, and measurement. Prerequisite: MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
MATH 300 Introduction to Mathematical Modeling

Designed to teach the basic principles of mathematical modeling and applied mathematics. Techniques from calculus, statistics, and probability are utilized to model real-world problems. Analytic and numeric tools are used to implement the models, obtain predictions and investigate underlying mechanisms. Topics include dimensional analysis, curve fitting, simulations, differential and difference equations. Prerequisites: MATH 251 and MATH 213 with minimum grades of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
Mathematics
MATH 313 Statistical Modeling and Simulation

A study of statistical techniques used to model and simulate stochastic processes. The core topics include linear and nonlinear multivariate models, generalized additive models, time series models with auto-correlated error, and mixed effects models. Emphasis is placed on computational techniques appropriate to large data sets and data visualization. Prerequisites: MATH 213 or ECON 216, MATH 260, CS190.

Academic Program(s):
Actuarial Science|Mathematics
MATH 314 Applied Probability

A study of the basic principles of probability theory and their applications. Topics include combinational analysis, conditional probabilities, descrete and continuous random variables, and measures of centrality and variance. Emphasis is placed on applications using probability distributions (including binomial, geometric, Poisson, uniform, exponential, and normal distributions) to assess and manage risk in the fields of finance, insurnace, medicine, and quality control. Prerequsite: MATH 251 with a grade C- or better.

Academic Program(s):
Actuarial Science|Mathematics
MATH 317 Genome Analysis

This course introduces students to the appropriate mathematical techniques to answer questions about information contained in genetic sequences. These techniques may include dynamic programming, motif similarity, Bayesian models, hidden Markov models, principal component analysis, and clustering. Students use standard genome query tools to annotate genomic DNA. MATH 317 and BIOL 317 cannot both be taken for credit. Prerequisite: MATH 213 and either MATH 161 or CS 190.

Academic Program(s):
Mathematics
MATH 330 Topics in Geometry

An introduction to modern geometries. Topics include synthetic, analytic, vector, and transformational approaches to geometry. Classification of geometries, axiomatics, and the application of geometry may also be included. Prerequisite: MATH 220 with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
Mathematics
MATH 354 Differential Equations

A study of the theory and methods for solving ordinary differential equations.Prerequisite: MATH 251 with a minimum grade of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
Mathematics
MATH 360 Linear Algebra

A study of systems of linear equations, matrix operations, vector spaces, properties of determinants, eigenvalues, eigenvectors, orthogonality and least-squares. Emphasis is placed on theoretical aspects and general vector space properties with proof. Prerequisite: MATH 260, MATH 220 with a minimum grade of ÒC-.Ó

Academic Program(s):
Mathematics
MATH 366 Methods of Teaching Secondary Mathematics

Secondary Licensure Emphasis majors learn to use the latest teaching techniques and technologies to prepare valid mathematics tests, to be able to effectively evaluate their students, to know the latest developments in secondary mathematics curriculum, and to become familiar with professional mathematics teaching organizations and their journals. Prerequisites: MATH 220 and MATH 266 with minimum grades of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
MATH 370 History of Mathematics

Acquaints the student with the historical development of mathematics. Includes anintroduction to the proper methods and accepted formats of written, graphical, and oral communication in mathematics. Prerequisites: MATH 220 and MATH 251 with minimum grades of "C-."

Academic Program(s):
Mathematics
MATH 380 Introduction to Cryptography

A presentation of the mathematical background to modern cryptography. Topics include symmetric and asymmetric cryptography, block ciphers, hashing, digital signatures, RSA and discrete-logarithm-based systems, and error correction. The course emphasizes rigorous mathematical formulations as well as programing algorithms. Prerequisite: MATH 151 or CS 191 with minimum grade of “C-“.

Academic Program(s):
Information Security
MATH 414 Actuarial Mathematics

A study of mathematical concepts useful in risk management, including multivariate probability and interest theory. Topics include the Central Limit Theorem, joint distributions, combinations of distributions, conditional and marginal probabilities, time value of money, annuities, and loans. Emphasis is placed on solving problems from the actuarial field, including applications to insurance and business. Prerequisites: MATH 252 with a minimum grade of ÒC-Ò; MATH 314 with a minimum grade of ÒC-.Ó

Academic Program(s):
Actuarial Science|Mathematics
MATH 451 Analysis I

An introduction to the theory of calculus. Topics include the usual topology of the reals, sequences, limits, continuity, differentiation, and Riemann integration. Prerequisites: MATH 220 and MATH 251 with minimum grades of C-.

Academic Program(s):
Mathematics
MATH 471 Abstract Algebra I

An introduction to the theory of groups and rings. The fundamental group properties and concepts including cyclic groups, subgroups, direct products, symmetric groups, cosets, normal subgroups, and the group homomorphism theorems are discussed. Prerequisite: MATH 220 with a minimum grade of C-, and at least three upper-division mathematics credits.

Academic Program(s):
Mathematics
MATH 495 Senior Seminar

A small group of graduating seniors pursue a practical project necessitating professional levels of problem solving, research, written and oral prowess, critical thinking, and familiarity with core curriculum. Final projects are of high quality, so they can be used by professionals and decision-makers in the field. Prerequisites: senior standing. Corequisite 490.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education|Environmental Biology & Ecology|Wildlife and Conservation Biology|Pre-Nursing|Mathematics
MATH 497 Special Topics
Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology|Mathematics|Mathematics
MBA 600 Sustainability Accounting

An integration of the principles of financial and managerial accounting to prepare the manager to use accounting to assess and manage the health of the organization. Students also explore environmental, social and ethical accounting issues, which challenge students to apply existing accounting systems to new settings and critically analyze existing and proposed accounting systems.

Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MBA 601 Managerial Economics

An introduction to the fundamentals of managerial economics, focusing on microeconomics, macroeconomics, with a backdrop of ecological economics. Provides an understanding of the standard or neoclassical microeconomic model and how this model is useful for business decision-making and provides a critique of this model and present a more heterodox view of economics.

Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MBA 603 Leadership, Ethics and Organizational Behavior

An investigation of how and why complexities increase as individuals form groups or teams, and as various groups form organizational systems. Students learn how to bridge leadership-management roles, how to distinguish between required systems and emergent systems, and how to assess ego-motivation, eco-motivation, and employee ownership in designing effective teams and workplaces.

Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MBA 604 Business Law for the Outdoor Industry

Legal matters encountered in the outdoor industry. Included is an introduction to real property, environmental regulation, water law and contracting. Agreements involving customers, vendors, insurance, procurement, risk management and liability are also addressed.

Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MBA 605 Competitive Dynamics in the Athletic and Outdoor Industry

An examination of the distinctive challenges and insights of the athletic and outdoor industry. Students examine the unique business practices of both manufacturers and retailers in this industry. Students look at issues such as brand management, customer service, innovation and sustainability in the athletic and outdoor industry.

Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MBA 606 Marketing and Brand Strategy in the Outdoor Industry

An introduction to the framework for marketing management. A survey of trends and an overview of concepts and techniques as they relate to the customer experience, marketing opportunities, marketing strategies and communicating effective marketing programs within the context of sustainable management. Effective sales and go-to-market strategies for athletic and outdoor companies of all sizes.

Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MBA 607 Strategic MGT Business Models for the Outdoor Industry

Students develop their ability to analyze the organizational and external factors essential for creating and executing a firm’s strategy for sustained success. The course draws heavily from the key concepts, frameworks and tools of strategic management. Other topics include competitive advantage through commitment, competitor analysis, organizational responses to environmental changes, modularity and increasing returns.

Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MBA 608 Resort and Hospitality Management

Examination the operations and management of resorts, including hotel operations. Guest relations, amenities and facilities design and management, event management, customer service, leadership, communications and problem solving are also covered. Students are also exposed to techniques used for data analysis and service measurement, to assess operational performance and efficiencies and staff turnover. 

Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MBA 609 Sustainable Outdoor Product Development and Material Sourcing

Students work through the product planning process, all the way from concept to consumer. This is not a focus on the design component, but provides students with a comprehensive picture of the importance and value of all the steps from creating to launching a product.

Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MBA 610 Supply Chain and Logistics in the Outdoor Industry

Strategic and tactical issues pertaining to the distribution and delivery of products and services are examined. Also covered are global sourcing strategies and the global supply chain used by the sports product companies including the history of sourcing in Asia and the importance of managing sustainability in this process. Prerequisite: MBA 606.

Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MBA 611 Topics in the Outdoor Industry

An examination of current topics in the outdoor industry.  Graded S/U.

Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MBA 613 Natural Resource Regulation and Economics

Students examine topics in the environmental regulatory scheme, knowledge of which is imperative to operating a sustainable business, including many federal acts and policies. Presentation of the analytical tools and approaches used by economists to examine and assess environmental issues, conflicts and policies. Students use various techniques to investigate a variety of resource-based issues.  Prerequisite: MBA 601.

Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MBA 614 Sales and Customer Experience

Focuses on helping students take advantage of the unique opportunities that outdoor industry businesses have to craft stories that leverage the emotional connection customers have to their personal outdoor experience. Students learn to become qualified, well-trained professional sellers which helps to maximize the potential of the product and the company.

Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MBA 615 Sustainable Finance

An introduction to how sustainability/ESG (economic, environmental, social & governance) issues have become financially material to the global credit, underwriting, insurance, risk management, venture capital and asset management capital markets. These issues have a direct impact on risk exposure and the quality of public, private and government debt/equity investments.  Prerequisite:  MBA 602.

Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MBA 691 Capstone Project

Students develop a project designed to increase the profitability and functionality of their current organization (or another relevant organization if they are not employed in the outdoor industry). By creatively responding to real-world business issues, students deepen the analytical, technical and leadership skills they need to succeed. Projects relate to topics such as the development of a marketing plan, a modified financial tactic, or the development of a legally viable sustainability initiative.   Prerequisite: Completion of all other MBA requirements.

Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MBA 697 Special Topics
Academic Program(s):
Outdoor Industry MBA
MGES 600 ORIENTATION AND PRACTICUM

Scheduled just prior to Fall semester start date, this on-campus residency provides an introduction to and fundamentals for the entire program of study, and initiates network development. This intensive course includes a one-day program orientation, practicum instruction in on-site gallery and studio classroom settings, field trips, and workshops with arts professionals. Prerequisite: acceptance into the MGES graduate program.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Gallery Management & Exhibits Specialization - MGES
MGES 601 GALLERY PRINCIPLES I

Professional careers in the contemporary gallery world require a number of practical skills. This course addresses those demands by building upon fundamentals covered in the summer practicum, with in-depth practical explorations of design, installation, preparatorship and the management of the gallery space and contemporary art exhibits. Prerequisite: MGES 600.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Gallery Management & Exhibits Specialization - MGES
MGES 602 GALLERY PRINCIPLES II

Professional careers in gallery administration are increasingly complex and demanding. A key aspect of building and growing successful art galleries or museums is professional relationships. This course principally focuses on professional relationships and relationship building in the contemporary art world: artists, patrons, collectors, diverse artists, audiences, and stake-holders. Prerequisite: MGES 601.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Gallery Management & Exhibits Specialization - MGES
MGES 612 BUSINESS PRINCIPLES I

Considerable planning, entrepreneurship, and bureaucratic skill are required in the building and development of successful for-profit or non-profit art galleries. This course addresses entrepreneurial approaches and business models, mission relevance, recruitment, governance, development, procurement, staffing, budget and finances, for-profit and not-for-profit business registration, and compliance with multiple policies and laws. Prerequisite: MGES 600.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Gallery Management & Exhibits Specialization - MGES
MGES 613 BUSINESS PRINCIPLES II

Gallery administrators must be adept in all aspects of management, including marketing and promotion and leading and managing staff and volunteers, to grow successful for-profit and not-for-profit galleries. Students in this class learn how to gain market share through innovations in gallery marketing, and managerial skills enabling them to effectively manage human resources, in the art gallery and museum sector. Prerequisite: MGES 612.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Gallery Management & Exhibits Specialization - MGES
MGES 621 CURATORSHIP PRINCIPLES I

This course examines curatorial scholarship and practices that underpin collections development, research and analysis, and the exhibition process, and relates those to the evolving roles of galleries and museums in contemporary society. Subjects covered in the class include collections development, object-based research, exhibition development and analysis, and curatorial approaches to tangible and intangible heritage. Prerequisite: MGES 600.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Gallery Management & Exhibits Specialization - MGES
MGES 622 CURATORSHIP PRINCIPLES II

This course explores the roles and responsibilities of contemporary curators as investigators, negotiators, and mediators in gallery and museum environments. Students engage in dialogue and debate about ethical questions relating to acquisitions, access, ownership, copyright, knowledge systems, exhibition themes, new digital technologies, international collaborations and partnerships, and the integration of new scholarship and ideas with traditional curatorial skills.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Gallery Management & Exhibits Specialization - MGES
MGES 631 CURATING THE PAST

Archaeological research relies upon sound curatorial practice; curatorship is often the only tangible evidence of cultural heritage for some peoples and most collections are in the public trust. This class explores those responsibilities through engaging with archaeological and cultural materials curation: technical information, laws and regulations, case studies, archaeological or anthropological exhibition process, integration of theory and practice. Prerequisite: MGES 600.

Academic Program(s):
Master in Gallery Management & Exhibits Specialization - MGES
MUS 100 Fundamentals of Music

An introduction to music literacy and theory. Students acquire basic skills of reading, writing, and performing music and gain an understanding of scales, intervals, chords, and transposition. The course is open to students with little or no musical background.

Academic Program(s):
Elementary Education
MUS 120 Introduction to Music Education

An introductory course for the music major interested in music education K-12. This course provides students with an overview of the concepts, methods and techniques used in music education. Students learn the historical, philosophical, and practical conventions, of all areas of music education, including elementary music, choir orchestra, and band. Students examine different aspects involved in teaching music in public schools, goals of various music programs, and existing curricula including sample lesson plans. Included is an introduction to the Colorado standards for music education K-12 and technology used in music education. Prerequisite to the 300-level music education methods classes.

Academic Program(s):
Music Education K-12 Licensure
MUS 128 Theory of Music Laboratory I

Development of musicianship skills related to MUS 129. Students will study, sight read, and perform rhythms, melodies in major and minor keys, intervals, scales, and diatonic chord progressions. Students will also learn to take melodic, harmonic, and rhythmic dictation. (Offered spring) Prerequisite: MUS 100 or the equivalent. Corequisite: MUS 129.

Academic Program(s):
Music
MUS 129 Theory of Music I

A study of musical analysis, notation, and composition. This course concentrates on fundamentals such as major and minor scales, meter, rhythm, pitch intervals, key signatures, triads and inversions, chord building, harmonic progressions, figured bass interpretation, and voice leading. (Offered spring) Prerequisite: MUS 100 or the equivalent.

Academic Program(s):
Music
MUS 130 Theory of Music Laboratory II

Designed to enhance and build on the musical skills and knowledge learned in MUS 128 and MUS 129 and develop those areas of musicianship through voice performance and dictation. This course builds on knowledge of diatonic triads with the inclusion of inversions, 4-part harmonic contexts, and diatonic seventh chords. Sight singing exercises feature greater melodic leaps and syncopation. (Offered fall) Prerequisite: MUS 128 and MUS 129 with minimum grades of C. Corequisite: MUS 131.

Academic Program(s):
Music
MUS 131 Theory of Music II

A study of musical analysis, notation, and composition. This course builds on knowledge gained in MUS 128 and MUS 129 and introduces non-chord tones, diatonic seventh chords, small forms, and cadences. This course completes the comprehensive study of diatonic, common practice harmony. (Offered fall) Prerequisites: MUS 129 with minimum grade of C.

Academic Program(s):
Music
MUS 140 Introduction to Music

A study of the elements of musical structure designed to form a basis for intelligentlistening. Music is selected to illustrate representative styles of music from differenthistorical periods and world cultures. Required of Music majors and minors duringtheir freshman year.

Academic Program(s):
Music
MUS 212 Introduction to Music Technology

Designed to acquaint students with music technology hardware (including MIDI Ð Music Instrument Digital Interface) and a variety of software programs to enhance learning, teaching and performing situations at all ages and levels. Students have the opportunity to work with available equipment. Offered in alternate years (fall 2013). Prerequisite: MUS 100 or MUS 129 with a minimum grade of ÒCÓ or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Music Education K-12 Licensure|Music
MUS 213 Woodwind Methods (with laboratory)

Designed to cover basic performing skills and teaching techniques for all woodwindinstruments. Emphasis is on application in the elementary, middle, and secondaryschools. Offered in alternate years (spring 2010).

Academic Program(s):
Music Education K-12 Licensure
MUS 214 Brass Methods (with laboratory)

Designed to cover basic performing skills and teaching techniques for all brass instruments. Emphasis is on application in the elementary, middle, and secondary schools. Offered in alternate years (fall 2009).

Academic Program(s):
Music Education K-12 Licensure
MUS 215 String Methods (with laboratory)

Instruction in violin, viola, violoncello and bass for the Music Education student.Emphasis is on application in the elementary, middle, and secondary schools. Offered in alternate years (fall of even years).

Academic Program(s):
Music Education K-12 Licensure
MUS 216 Percussion Methods (with laboratory)

An introduction to the basic percussion instruments with special attention given to standard and contemporary performance techniques and sound production. Emphasis is on application in the elementary, middle, and secondary schools. Offered in alternate years (spring of odd years).

Academic Program(s):
Music Education K-12 Licensure
MUS 217 Voice Methods (with laboratory)

A study of tone production, breathing as applied to singing, attack and release, muscular control, posture, and vocal health. Special exercises adapted to individual needs of pupils and simple English songs are sung in the class. Emphasis is on basic skills and techniques for use with young voices in the elementary, middle, and secondary schools. Offered in alternate years (spring 2014).

Academic Program(s):
Music Education K-12 Licensure
MUS 253 Theory of Music Laboratory III

Designed to enhance and build on the musical skills and knowledge learned in MUS 130 and MUS 131 and develop those areas of musicianship through voice performance and dictation. Studies incorporate modulation using diatonic chords, modal mixture, chromaticism, and secondary dominants. Chromatic solfege is featured in melodic sight singing. (Offered Spring) Prerequisites: MUS 130 and MUS 131 with minimum grades of C. Corequisite: MUS 254.

Academic Program(s):
Music
MUS 254 Theory of Music III

A study of musical analysis, notation, and composition. This course builds on knowledge gained in MUS 130 and MUS 131 and introduces secondary dominants, modulation, chromaticism, extension of tertian harmony, and larger form structures. (Offered Spring) Prerequisites: MUS 130 and MUS 131 with minimum grades of C. Corequisite: MUS 253.

Academic Program(s):
Music
MUS 255 Theory of Music Laboratory IV

Designed to enhance and build on the musical skills and knowledge learned in MUS 253 and MUS 254 and develop those areas of musicianship through voice performance and dictation. This course focuses on compositional practices of the twentieth century and includes modal melodic dictation, rhythmic dictation and sight singing with changing meters, and atonal sight singing. (Offered Fall) Prerequisites: MUS 253 and MUS 254 with minimum grades of C. Corequisite: MUS 256.

Academic Program(s):
Music
MUS 256 Theory of Music IV

A study of musical analysis, notation, and composition. This course introduces styles and techniques associated with twentieth century composition. Studies include impressionism, set theory, serialism, post-1945 serialism, neotonality, minimalism, and transformational languages. (Offered Fall) Prerequisites: MUS 253 and MUS 254 with minimum grades of C. Corequisite: MUS 255.

Academic Program(s):
Music
MUS 290 Introduction to Improvisation

An introduction to improvisation for singers and instrumentalists including improvisational experiences in a variety of styles (jazz, classical, and other), integration of music theory with improvisation, and methods of teaching improvisation. Required of majors in the Music Education Emphasis. Offered in alternate years (spring 2010). Prerequisites: MUS 130 and MUS 131 with a minimum grades of "C", or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Music Education K-12 Licensure
MUS 350 Advanced Conducting: Coral and Instrumental

5A study of advanced techniques of conducting, score reading, musical style, materials, and repertoire in the instrumental and vocal media. Emphasis is placed on physical exercises and coordination of the mind and hands, as well as musical terms necessary for proper interpretation of musical scores. Students conduct in both class and laboratory situations with College ensembles. Offered in alternate years (spring 2015). Prerequisites: MUS 250 with minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Music Education K-12 Licensure
MUS 353 History of Music

A study of the development of music from the Classical and Romantic periods to the present. Emphasis is placed on acquaintance with the music literature of successive periods. Offered in alternate years (spring 2010). Prerequisites: Music major or minor status; MUS 140.

Academic Program(s):
Music|Music
MUS 360 Teaching General Music in Elementary Schools

A study of the teaching of general music, working with children's voices, using instruments, and developing listening skills. Current approaches such as Dalcroze, Orff, Kodaly, and Suzuki are also addressed. Students survey elementary music texts and learn how to develop and plan a music program. Offered in alternate years (spring 2015). Prerequisites: MUS 120 and MUS 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Music Education K-12 Licensure
MUS 365 Methods and Philosophy of Teaching Instrumental Music in the Public Schools: K-12

A study of the supervision, organization, and administration of instrumental music in the public schools, K-12, providing background and experience with the philosophical, historical, and practical foundation of instrumental music in the public schools. Emphasis is placed upon contemporary methodology, all aspects of teaching and conducting activities in instrumental music, comprehensive musicianship through performance, and preparation for student teaching. Offered in alternate years (fall 2014). Prerequisites: MUS 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Music Education K-12 Licensure
MUS 370 Methods and Philosophy of Teaching and Supervising Vocal Music in the Public Schools: K-12

An intensive study of materials and methods for teaching vocal and general music in the elementary and secondary school, plus objectives, organization, administration, curriculum content, guidance for student teachers, and background in contemporary trends in music education for all age levels, K-12. Offered in alternate years (spring 2015). Prerequisites: MUS 120 and 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Music Education K-12 Licensure
MUS 491 Seminar in Research

Senior students research and write papers in the area of music appropriate to their courses of study. Offered in alternate years (spring 2010).

Academic Program(s):
Music
PHIL 101 Introduction to Philosophy

An introduction to the central philosophical questions that have historically spanned and conceptually founded Western civilization. The course surveys key thinkers, philosophical movements, and academic fields of the discipline. Questions regarding the meaning of existence, the freedom of the self, the nature of a just society, and the workings of human knowledge expose students to the pursuits of metaphysics, ontology, epistemology, philosophy of science, moral and political philosophy, and ethics.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law
PHYS 110 Introductory Astronomy

An overview of the historical development of astronomy and the basic physical principles that are relevant to it. The overall structure of the Universe is studied and its various components examined. Includes limited observational activities. Prerequisite: completion of the general education essential skills mathematics requirement. GT-SC2

Academic Program(s):
PHYS 120 Meteorology

A summary of the structure of the Earth's atmosphere, worldwide weather disturbances, weather forecasting, and snow avalanches. This course may not be taken for credit toward the Physics Minor.

Academic Program(s):
PHYS 125 Energy and the Environment

A practical study of energy generation and its environmental impact, including thephysics of energy fundamentals, fossil fuel use, alternative energy uses, and energy conservation. Primarily for non-science majors, this course will qualitatively detail basic physical principles behind the use of energy, including mechanics, electricity and magnetism, and thermodynamics. This course is designed to provide the student with a physicist's perspective on energy use and environmental issues. Prerequisite: completion of the general education essential skills mathematics requirement.

Academic Program(s):
PHYS 140 Introductory Physics (with laboratory)

A semi-quantitative introduction to the fundamental concepts of physical science, particularly the laws of physics as they relate to the structure of matter. Laboratory experiences play an important role in the investigations. This course may not be taken for credit toward the Physics Minor. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 19 or above; SAT math score of 500 or above; MATH 099; Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 85 or above.

Academic Program(s):
Environmental Biology & Ecology|Biology|Pre-Nursing
PHYS 170 Principles of Physics I (with laboratory)

A quantitative lecture and laboratory introduction to the basic principles of physics. Topics covered include the motions of particles, forces in nature, field concepts, energy, conservation laws, and many-particle systems. A mathematical proficiency at the level of college algebra is recommended. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisites: Accuplacer College-Level Mathematics test score of 95 or above, or MATH 141. GT-SC1

Academic Program(s):
Geology|Petroleum Geology
PHYS 171 Principles of Physics II (with laboratory)

A continuation of PHYS 170 dealing with electromagnetism, light, thermodynamics,and the atomic structure of matter. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: PHYS 170.

Academic Program(s):
Geology|Petroleum Geology
PHYS 200 General Physics I (with laboratory)

A quantitative lecture and laboratory introduction to the basic principles of physics, using the concepts of calculus as a tool. Topics covered include the motions of particles, forces in nature, field concepts, energy, conservation laws, many-particle systems, and thermodynamics. A student may not receive credit for both PHYS 170 and PHYS 200. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite or Corequisite: MATH 151. GT-SC1

Academic Program(s):
Biochemistry|Chemistry|Geology|Petroleum Geology
PHYS 201 General Physics II (with laboratory)

A continuation of PHYS 200 dealing with electromagnetism, light, and the atomic structure of matter. A student cannot receive credit for both PHYS 171 and 201. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: PHYS 200.

Academic Program(s):
Biochemistry|Chemistry|Geology|Petroleum Geology
POLS 117 Introduction to Political Ideas

An introduction to political analysis through a study of important political concepts and theories, as well as their historical development. Students study the ideas and practices of the public and philosophical development of concepts such as citizenship, democracy, equality, justice, liberty, or power.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Politics & Government|Elementary Education
POLS 180 Introduction to American Politics

Introduces institutions and processes of American politics, including themes such as constitutionalism, representation, participation, political development, political economy, civil liberties and rights, public policy, and the ideas and values of American democracy.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Politics & Government|Elementary Education
POLS 250 Politics of the Environment

A survey of key issues of national and international environmental politics, the course introduces students to the historical foundations and ongoing debates concerning the environment. A specific political lens informs our discussions while students analyze theoretical, cultural and political domains of various political systems and the ways in which they have gained importance on the international scene. Some of the main issues discussed in class involve a survey of international environmental treaties, government responses to environmental disasters and crises, environmental justice movements, environmental causes of war and displacement, democratic participation as a tool for environmental change, indigenous modalities of treating the environment, and the politics of environmental agreements and developments in the United States. Students learn to examine the connections between the environment and politics in a critical, engaged and broadly-informed way. Prerequisite: POLS 117 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Politics & Government
POLS 255 Introduction Comparative Politics

An introduction to the challenges and problems encountered in the study of comparative politics. Students examine various issues of local and national governance through a comparative lens. By looking at similar political phenomena in several contexts, students explore the question of why some countries have successfully developed their political, economic and social systems while others are lagging behind. Some of the issues examined in the class deal with womenÕs rights, poverty, underdevelopment, the environment, and democracy. Prerequiste: ENG 102 with a grade of C- or above.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Politics & Government
POLS 260 Introduction to World Politics

An introduction to some of the more important concepts and approaches to understanding world politics. Students examine the politics between different countries and seek to answer questions about the promise and peril of the global future. Quest- ions contemplated include: What are the sources of political conflict and how can they be minimized? Under what conditions will nation states cooperate with each other to accomplish common goals? Should tyranny and human rights violations justify humanitarian intervention? Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a grade of C- or above.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Politics & Government
POLS 282 Issues in State and Local Government

Using the foundations of American Federalism, the class examines policy issues at the state and local levels. With a comparative perspective and, at the same time, with particular attention paid to Colorado, some of the themes examined in states and localities include: budgets and economic policy, education, energy, and environmental Policy. Prerequisite: recommended POLS 180.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Politics & Government|Elementary Education
POLS 300 Constitutional Law I

A study of the historical development of the United States Constitution and Supreme Court through the most important Supreme Court decisions. The course focuses on the areas of jurisdiction of the courts, development of the common law, the separation of powers, federalism, and the inter-state commerce power. Prerequisite: POLS 180.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Politics & Government
POLS 301 Constitutional Law II

A continuation of POLS 300. An examination of the constitutional protections ofindividual liberties as defined by the Supreme Court. Students study the historicaldevelopment of the Supreme Court's point of view in such areas as freedom of speech, subversion and disloyalty, religious freedom, church-state separation, and equal protection of the law. Prerequisite: POLS 180 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Politics & Government|Criminal Justice
POLS 309 Political Theory I- Ancient to Early Modern

A survey of the historical development of western political theories from their origins in ancient Greece to the development of early modern political theories such as liberalism and republicanism. Students study thinkers such as Sophocles, Plato, Aristotle, William Shakespeare, Niccolo Machiavelli, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Prerequisite: POLS 117 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Politics & Government
POLS 310 Political Theory II- Late Modern and Contemporary

A survey of the historical development of modern and contemporary political theories since the French Revolution. Issues investigated might include the rise of liberal democracy and its critics, the impact of the industrial revolution on modern politics, and how technological change and environmental limitations have affected contemporary political thought. Students study thinkers such as Mary Wollstonecraft, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, Friedrich Nietzsche, Hannah Arendt, and Michel Foucault.POLS 117 recommended

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Politics & Government
POLS 331 Politics of the Presidency

After more than two centuries of change and development, the presidency stands not only as the nationÀs preeminent public office but also its most problematic. This course examines the design and creation of the office, the impact various officeholders have made on shaping future expectations, and the problems of contemporary leadership.Prerequisite: POLS 180 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Politics & Government
POLS 340 Politics of Social Movements

A study of social movements, past and present, in both domestic and international contexts. Students examine theories on why social movements develop, spread, and decline, while considering the factors that lead to their successes and failures. Through an examination of transnational movements, students consider the roles of social networks and participatory democracy in a globalized world. Prerequisite: ENG 102.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Politics & Government
POLS 350 Human Rights

An engagement with the history and current developments in international human rights practices, offering a justification and critique of universal human rights through the lens of various schools of thought, discussing pre and post-WWII developments with attention to specific cases, and examining the relationship between culture, globalization and human rights violations in the 21st century. Prerequisite: ENG 102.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Politics & Government
POLS 355 Politics of Development

A historical and case-specific examination of development and underdevelopment debates waged about, against and by countries in the Global South, examining assumptions about poverty, sustainability, liberal democratic regimes and free-market economy. The class engages students in a critical examination of what our assumptions about development are and how we can work toward broadening and refining them with the end goal of greater equity, political agency, and empowerment for populations within and outside the Global South. Particular focus on political regimes, their role in promoting development, and the scope of their relationship to economic, cultural, and social processes informs class objectives. Specific topics include malnutrition, food security, rights of indigenous populations, international aid and donors, disease, democratization processes, human rights, and the environment. Prerequisites: POLS 255 and/or POLS 260 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Politics & Government
POLS 360 American Foreign Policy

Not since the Roman Empire has any nation had as much economic, cultural and military power as the United States does today. Yet, as has become all too evident through the problems of terrorism, environmental degradation and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, that power is not enough to solve many global issues. This course examines the way in which U.S. foreign policy is made and the variety of ongoing and emerging foreign policy problems the U.S. faces in the context of their evolution. Prerequisites: POLS 255 and/or POLS 260 recommended.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Economics|Politics & Government
POLS 370 Political Economy

A study of economic systems that focuses on the structure and uses of economic power and the relationship between economic and political power. Students think about questions such as: What is capitalism? What varieties of capitalism exist around the world? How has capitalism changed over time? Ultimately, students consider the relationship between capitalism, freedom, and democracy. Prerequisite: ENG 102.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Politics & Government
POLS 376 American Political Thought

A study of American political thought from the colonial period to the present day through a survey of key thinkers and social movements. Students gain an appreciation for dominant views and key controversies within American political thought, as well how the ideas of challengers, such as Abolitionism, Populism, Progressivism, the Labor Movement, the WomenÕs movement, the New Deal, and the Civil Rights Movement, have reshaped the accepted order. Prerequisite: POLS 117 or POLS 180.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Politics & Government
POLS 380 The United Nations

A study of the United Nations, focusing on the relationship between the UN, the proliferation of human rights regimes and international human development. Students think about the importance of creating international norms, working toward a sustainable world peace, political efficacy, and human rights in the world. A Model UN simulation is part of the course requirements. Prerequisite: ENG 102.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Politics & Government
POLS 476 American Political Thought II

A survey of American political thought and practice since the Civil War focusing on how democracy and capitalism have enabled and constrained one another in the course of the development of the American polity. Surveys key thinkers, social movements, and institutional developments such as Reconstruction, Populism, Progressivism, the Labor Movement, the WomenÀs movement, the New Deal, and the Civil Rights Movement. Prerequisite: instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Economics
POLS 485 Studies in Political Theory:

Senior seminar in political theory with varying topics. This course meets the Capstone requirement. Prerequisite: senior standing or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Politics & Government
POLS 487 Studies in International Relations:

Senior seminar in International Relations with varying topics. This course meets theCapstone requirement. Prerequisite: senior standing or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Politics & Government
POLS 499 Internship in Politics and Government

Credit earned in an internship may be applied to the Major or Minor with advisorapproval.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Global Studies|Politics & Government
PSY 100 General Psychology

An introduction to psychology including research methodology, biological bases ofbehavior, human development, sensation, perception, intelligence, cognition, language, states of consciousness, learning, memory, motivation, emotion, personality, abnormal behavior and stress and health.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 200 Statistics and Data Analysis

An introduction to statistical procedures often encountered in the analysis of data from behavioral science research. Statistical methods covered include measures of central tendency and variability, correlation, regression, t-tests and analysis of variance. Prerequisites: PSY 100; MATH 113 or MATH 140 with a minimum grade of C-, or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology|Criminal Justice|Sociology
PSY 210 History of Psychology

Introduces psychology majors to the philosophical underpinnings and historical context underlying the development of the discipline. Prerequisite: PSY 100.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 258 Introduction to Personality

An examination of the fundamental theories of personality including the psychoanalytic, trait, behavioral, social-learning, humanist and existential perspectives.

Academic Program(s):
Strategic Communication|Psychology
PSY 270 Developmental Psychology

A critical look at the change and continuity that occurs throughout the life span, emphasizing the interrelationships among physical, cognitive and psychosocial realms of human development. Current research findings are emphasized.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 301 Research Methods

An examination of experimental and non-experimental research methods, the design of research studies, measurement issues, research ethics, research reporting and advanced topics in data analysis using computer statistical software. Students design and conduct their own study and present the results following APA approved format. Prerequisite: PSY 200.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 324 Forensic Psychology

An overview of the different tasks performed by forensic psychologists, includingassessment, civil commitment, jury selection, eyewitness testimony, behavioral profiling, provision of clinical services to incarcerated individuals, and custody evaluations. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 335 Learning and Behavior

An exploration of the relationship between behaviors and their consequences through the application of basic behavioral principles. Topics include classical conditioning, instrumental conditioning, stimulus control, aversive control, and the biological constraints on learning. Students conduct their own experiments to apply the behavioral principles discussed throughout the course. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: PSY 200 or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 338 Cognitive Psychology

A theoretical and empirical investigation into the processes and outcomes of thinking. Topics such as memory and forgetting, problem solving and creativity, cognitive dissonance and consistency, defensive repression, language, optimism, and attribution are studied in relation to current scientific research findings. Prerequisites: PSY 100 and minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 345 Biological Psychology (with laboratory)

An investigation of the physiological basis of human behavior. Topics include functional neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and the activity of the nervous system in relation to behaviors such as sexual behavior, drug effects, emotion, and memory. Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: PSY 200.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 361 Industrial and Applied Psychology

A course designed to show how psychology is directly related to the studentÀs career and the studentÀs life as a job applicant, employee, manager, and consumer. Topics covered include worker morale, leadership, work climate, communication networks, and productivity.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 368 Psychopathology

A systematic study of the etiology, symptoms, assessment, and treatment of major forms of psychopathology. An interdisciplinary approach is employed as a basis for understanding mental disorders and mental illness. Prerequisites: PSY 100, PSY 258, or PSY 270.

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Psychology|Criminal Justice|Sociology
PSY 369 Health Psychology

An overview of the emerging, multidisciplinary field of health psychology, which synthesizes research from clinical psychology, behavioral medicine and alternative therapies. Psychological aspects of prevention, health promotion and wellness are addressed. Content is both theory and application-based.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 380 Evolutionary Psychology

Evolutionary psychology examines mental and psychological traits such as memory, perception, attraction, or aggression, as adaptations or functions of the natural selection process. Topics addressed include the nature and nurture conflict, relationships between the two sexes, group cooperation, crime, and racism. Prerequite: PSY100

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 437 Behavioral Pharmacology

Considers the relationship between our sensation of the physical world and our internal perceptions through the lens of behavioral pharmacology. Attention is given to the exploration of altered perceptions produced by drugs. Prerequisites: PSY 100 and PSY 200.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 457 Social Psychology

A discussion of theories and research findings concerning the individual in social situations with an emphasis on their applications to current social issues. Included are such topics as interpersonal attraction, persuasion, altruism, morality, aggression, and intra-group relations.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 460 Psychological Testing

An introduction to the general methodology and theory of psychological testing.Students have the opportunity to take, score, administer and interpret several common assessment instruments. Ethics and limitations of testing are emphasized. Prerequisite: PSY 100, PSY 258, or PSY 270.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 475 Clinical Psychology

An introduction to the profession of clinical/counseling psychology through the presentation and analysis of different theoretical orientations and their respective techniques. Students have in-class opportunities to practice basic skills. Professional ethics in the delivery of mental health services are addressed. Prerequisites: PSY 100, PSY 258, or PSY 270.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 498 Capstone Seminar in Psychology

This capstone course is required for all psychology majors, except those who opt tocomplete the capstone internship. It is intended to provide the opportunity for the synthesis of the ideas and concepts acquired during undergraduate education in psychology. The seminar includes a discussion of controversial issues and ethical considerations in both experimental and applied areas, the completion of a comprehensive literature review and a consideration of the future of the field. Prerequisites: completion of a minimum of 18 credits in psychology including PSY 210.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
PSY 499 Capstone Internship in Psychology

An opportunity for psychology majors to gain field experience through direct, supervised contact with professionals in psychology and related fields. In addition to on-site responsibilities, students write a comprehensive paper integrating the field experience and psychological theory and later formally present the paper in an open forum. Prerequisites: completion of a minimum of 18 credits in psychology, including six credits at Western.

Academic Program(s):
Psychology
ROE 182 Introduction to Recreation and Outdoor Education

An introduction to the history, philosophy, founders, and principles of recreation and outdoor education, the agencies providing programs, and an investigation of professional employment opportunities in recreation.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education
ROE 189 Principles of Outdoor Education

An exploration of the theory and practice of outdoor education, with emphases on group dynamics, risk management, leadership, Leave No Trace, technical skills, and teaching, which are applied in a backcountry setting. This backcountry block course is offered outside the confines of the regular semester, so check dates before registering. Students who drop the course within two weeks of the start date will not have their course fees refunded. Prerequisite: Instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education
ROE 230 Interpretation of Natural and Culture History

A study of the principles, philosophies, and practices of interpretation, as well as active approaches to describing, relating, displaying, and revealing resources to a variety of audiences, primarily through observation and involvement in a variety of interpretation programs. Prerequisites: BIOL 130, BIOL 150, BIOL 151 or GEOL 101.

Academic Program(s):
ROE 235 Foundation of Teaching Environment Education

A survey of environmental education examples from land management agencies, nature centers, and educational organizations. Students are guided to create their own curriculum employing environmental content. Field trips required.

Academic Program(s):
ROE 240 Alternative Programming

Course participants gain insight into alternative programming for special populations. Students explore case studies, specialized equipment, and profiles of special populations. Guest speakers and site visits will help students understand the intricacies of alternative programming and requisite career qualifications. Field trips required.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education
ROE 283 Leadership and Facilitation

A study of recreation and outdoor education leadership, including leading activities, managerial leadership, and the art of facilitation. Emphasis is placed upon appropriate theories and techniques for varying populations.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education
ROE 293 Outdoor Pursuits Education- Water (with laboratory)

Skill development in areas such as leadership, facilitation, rescue techniques, white water rafting, stand-up paddle boarding, and kayaking, as well as a focus on environmental education. This backcountry block course is offered in summer only, so check dates before registering. Students who drop the course within two weeks of the start date will not have their course fees refunded. Prerequisites: ROE 189; ROE 283; and instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education
ROE 295 Outdoor Pursuits Education- Snow (with laboratory)

Skill development in areas such as leadership, teaching, traveling in avalanche terrain, backcountry skiing, and winter camping. This backcountry block course is offered outside the confines of the regular semester, so check dates before registering. Students who drop the course within two weeks of the start date will not have their course fees refunded. Prerequisites: ROE 189; ROE 283; and instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education
ROE 296 Outdoor Pursuits Education- Land Based (with laboratory)

Skill development in areas such as leadership, teaching, rock climbing, mountain biking, and backpacking. This backcountry block course is offered outside the confines of the regular semester, so check dates before registering. Students who drop the course within two weeks of the start date will not have their course fees refunded. Prerequisites: ROE 189; ROE 283; and instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education
ROE 333 Recreation and Sport Marketing

A survey of recreation and sport marketing topics: buyer behavior, segmentation, positioning, demand analysis, information and research, pricing, promotion, channels, 'product' policies, destinations, sponsorship, endorsement, merchandising, and fundraising. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of C- and completion of at least 30 credits; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education
ROE 351 Inquiry into Sustainability

An investigation of sustainability and the interconnectedness of environment, economics, and society. Students are provided opportunities to examine their thoughts and behaviors as they pertain to sustainability. The course examines theoretical and practical examples of sustainable businesses, communities, and other systems. Teaching, applied projects, field trips, and/or participation in conferences may be required. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of C- and completion of at least 30 credits; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education
ROE 364 Entrepreneurship and Commercial Recreation

An analysis of the types of commercial and private enterprises, along with the qualities of the entrepreneur specific to recreation businesses. The student is also exposed to smallbusiness management practices as they relate to commercial recreation. Case study analysis and field investigation methods are emphasized to provide the student the opportunity to learn through active participation. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of C- and completion of at least 30 credits; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education
ROE 391 Experiential Education Theory and Pedagogy

An introduction to the historical, theoretical, and pedagogical foundations of experiential education. Teaching opportunities in the classroom and/or in the outdoors allow students to hone facilitation styles and effectiveness. Course topics include the experiential learning cycle, reflective learning, feedback, edgework, communication techniques, and multiple intelligences. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of C- and completion of at least 30 credits; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
ROE 398 Program Planning (with laboratory)

Equips students with a variety of program-planning methodologies and skills. Emphasis is placed on the planning, organization, implementation, and evaluation of recreation programs. Theories are applied in an experiential setting. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of C- and completion of at least 30 credits; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Resort Management|Recreation & Outdoor Education
ROE 454 Human Development and Counseling for Outdoor Educators

An investigation of human development theories enabling students to better understand their own motives in outdoor pursuits and allow them to more effectively program for, manage, and support a variety of client needs. Prerequisite: ROE 182; ROE 189; ROE 283; and one of the following: ROE 293, ROE 295, or ROE 296; and senior standing; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education
ROE 466 Facilities Management

A study of management, clientele considerations, facilities, outdoor area planning,and operation. Also addressed are personnel, finance, architectural and environmental barriers, plus equipment as related to recreation areas and facilities. Field visits required. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of C- and completion of at least 30 credits; or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education
ROE 468 Leadership and Administration

A focus on the implementation of recreation and outdoor education programs, including planning, management and leadership, administrative duties, risk management, and specialized populations. Practical projects are employed as a means to provide students authentic experience in the field. Field trip(s) may be required. Prerequisites: senior standing or instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education
ROE 490 Recreation Philosophy and Ethics

An exploration of recreation philosophy from Plato to Petzoldt and its implications toprofessionals in the field. Designed to prepare ROE majors for the ethical challenges and time use dilemmas of the 21st century. Prerequisites: senior standing; corequisite: ROE 491.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education
ROE 499 Internship in Recreation and Outdoor Education

A course providing full-time concentration on a specific practical experience at anapproved agency. It allows for comprehensive involvement in an agency program withfaculty and on-site supervision. Prerequisites: senior standing and instructor permission.

Academic Program(s):
Recreation & Outdoor Education
SCI 110 Habitable Planet (with laboratory)

An introduction to earth science and ecology. Topics include earth history, the fossilrecord, biogeochemical cycles, climate, energy flow, biodiversity, evolution, population growth and regulation. This course is designed for students seeking licensure as elementary teachers (grades K-6). Additional course fee applies.

Academic Program(s):
Elementary Education
SCI 111 Nature of Science

An introduction to science as it relates to the individual, society, and the elementary school classroom. The process of science is examined, as well as the connection between science as it is done and science in textbooks. This course is designed for students seeking licensure as elementary teachers (grades K-6). Prerequisite or corequisite: SCI 110.

Academic Program(s):
Elementary Education
SCI 120 Living Planet (with laboratory)

An introduction to human biology, chemistry and biochemistry. Topics explored include anatomy, physiology, nutrition, cell biology, genetics, inorganic chemistry, biochemistry, development, and the application of biological and biochemical principles to understanding disease. This course is designed for students seeking licensure as elementary teachers (grades K-6). Additional course fee applies.

Academic Program(s):
Elementary Education
SCI 210 Dynamic Planet (with laboratory)

A foundation in physics, earth science, and space science. Topics explored includemotion, force, energy, weather, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, and the solar system. This course is designed for students seeking licensure as elementary teachers (grades K-6). Additional course fee applies. Prerequisite: SCI 110 or SCI 120 and completion of the general education essential skills mathematics requirement.

Academic Program(s):
Elementary Education
SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology

An introduction to the discipline of sociology with special emphasis on the unique perspective this science utilizes to examine the social world. Sociology is distinguished by its focus on understanding patterns of human behavior and emphasizing the social forces that shape and influence these patterns. Primary course focus is on culture, inequality, race and gender, and social institutions. This course serves as a 'gateway' course for all Sociology majors and minors, and must be passed with a minimum grade of 'C' to be used as a prerequisite. Prerequisite for all 200-, 300-, and 400-level Sociology courses.

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 150 Environmental Sociology

The sociological perspective is utilized to examine a variety of issues addressing the human-environment interface. In particular, this course examines how social organization and culture both shape and are shaped by the natural environment. The course focuses on issues of sustainability, the rights of the natural world, and environmental justice.

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 168 Social Problems

An introduction to the field of sociology through an analysis of social problems in the United States and in the world. Course focus is on topics such as drugs and alcohol abuse, crime and prisons, health and illness, hunger and poverty, resource depletion and pollution, and the effects of globalization.

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 211 Quantitive Research Methods

An introduction for students of the social sciences to the fundamentals of quantitative research analysis. Students design and administer surveys, code data, and analyze results. Students become familiar with descriptive statistics (frequency distributions, measures of central tendency, and dispersion), inferential statistics (sampling theory, hypothesis testing, normal binomial distributions, confidence intervals, and types of error), as well as techniques for computing correlation. Prerequisites: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of C; and MATH 113 or MATH 140.

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 225 Self and Society

An examination of how the discipline of sociology approaches Òmicro-levelÓ phenomenon. Emphasis is on the formation of the self, the socialization process, and the importance of language to social interaction. Beginning with the premise that social reality is a social construction which has been created through our interactions with others, the implications of this premise for the version of reality each of us experiences is explored. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of ÒC.Ó

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 259 Introduction to Criminal Justice

An introduction to the history and contemporary issues of the criminal justice system (law enforcement, courts, and corrections) in the United States. Topics surveyed include the systemÀs history, constitutional limitations, philosophical background, and the systemÀs process. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 285 Criminology

An introduction to the field of criminology with special emphasis on theories of crime, types of criminals, victimology, and the criminal justice system. Special topics examined include gangs, white collar crimes, property crimes, victimless crimes, and organized crime. Prerequisites: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of ÒCÓ and SOC 259 with a minimum grade of ÒCÓ.

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 302 Sociological Theory

A formal introduction to classical sociological theories relevant to the discipline. Students learn about the history of the discipline, identify major sociological theorists and their theories, learn how these theories can be applied to various historical and contemporary social issues, and discover the relationship between theory, research, ideology and everyday life. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 303 Contemporary Sociological Theory

A formal introduction to sociological theories developed since World War II. Students are able to identify and describe recent sociological theories and apply theory to contemporary social phenomena as well as their individual experiences. Students recognize the relationship between theory, ideology, and daily life. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 310 Qualitative Research Methods

An examination of qualitative approaches to understanding social life. In particular, the course covers selecting a topic suitable for qualitative investigation, participant observation 220 Sociology and in depth interviewing techniques, the ethics and politics associated with doing qualitative research, writing up field notes, formulating topics, reviewing the literature around the topic, the analysis of field notes, and the writing of research reports. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a grade of ÒC-Ó or above; SOC 101 with a minimum grade of ÒC.Ó

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 320 The Family

An analysis of the family as a social group and institution. Students consider the ways in which the family is influenced by demographic changes and by the changes in other social institutions, such as the economy, education, the state and religion. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 322 Medical Sociology

An examination of the United States Health Care System and comparison of various components of this system with that of others. The allopathic (Western) medical model is also examined. The course emphasizes the mortality and morbidity trends and patterns which exist in the U.S., the problems facing our health care system (high costs, unequal access), and alternative models of health and disease. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 323 Cultural Studies

A foundation in the sociology of culture as well as extensive analysis of selected regional, national and/or global (sub) cultures and their environments. Issues covered include the social organization of culture, institutions and narratives, material and non-material culture, and cultural identity and the self. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 340 Social Movements

An introduction to the study of social movements with two goals in mind. First, is to expose students to the beliefs, practices, and consequences of a number of important historical, and contemporary movements. Second, the course familiarizes students with the theoretical perspectives, conceptual issues, focal questions, and empirical research that animate the study of social movements. This includes such issues as movement emergence, movement participation, mobilization dynamics, movement strategies and tactics, and movementoutcomes. Prerequisite: SOC 101 or ENVS 100 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 349 Law Enforcement

An examination of issues affecting American law enforcement. Students are exposed to the historical underpinnings of the American policing experience, police operations and applications at the local, state, federal, and international levels, law enforcement subculture, police structure and organization, ethics, selection and training, and career opportunities. Prerequisite: SOC 259 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 350 Deviance

Students examine various forms of nonconformity-criminal and otherwise. To do so, they study the major theoretical perspectives addressing deviance and its control. Students explore how ordinary rituals, agents of social control, and ideology interact to maintain the existing social order. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C".

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 351 Juvenile Delinquency

Biological, psychological, and sociological factors in juvenile delinquency are examined, as are modern trends in prevention and treatment. The course also addresses the procedural and substantive aspects of the juvenile justice system. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 355 Drugs and Society

An examination of trends and patterns in American drug use, drug classificationschemes, the relationship between drugs and crime, and drug education and prevention strategies. The use of hallucinogenic plants in other cultures is also explored. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 367 Corrections

An in-depth look at corrections in the United States. Topics include history of corrections, jails, prisons, community corrections, offenders and inmates, women in corrections, juvenile corrections, correctional officers and treatment professionals, and special inmate populations. Prerequisites: SOC 101, SOC 259 and SOC 285 all with a minimum grade of ÒC.Ó

Academic Program(s):
Pre-Law|Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 380 Social Inequalities

An examination of major theories and concepts associated with social inequality as well as the causes and consequence of social inequality. The historical and contemporary aspects of social inequality in the United States are explored. Forms of resistance to social inequality are also considered. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of ÒCÓ.

Academic Program(s):
Strategic Communication|Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 399 Internship

Sociology internships provide Sociology majors of junior and senior status with opportunities to work on sites off campus in the areas of law enforcement and social services. The experience must meet standards set by the College and by the sociology faculty. Up to three hours of internship credit may be counted toward the major. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only.

Academic Program(s):
Strategic Communication|Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 492 Independent Study
Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SOC 498 Capstone
Academic Program(s):
Criminal Justice|Sociology
SPAN 101 Elementary Spanish I

An introduction to essentials of the Spanish language: comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Reserved for students with less than two years of high school Spanish.

Academic Program(s):
Latin American Business
SPAN 102 Elementary Spanish II

A continuation of SPAN 101. Prerequisite: SPAN 101 or equivalent.

Academic Program(s):
Latin American Business
SPAN 254 Intermediate Spanish I

A continuation of SPAN 102. A grammar review and extensive practice in conversation, reading, and writing. Prerequisite: SPAN 102 or equivalent (two years or more of high school Spanish).

Academic Program(s):
Spanish|Latin American Business
SPAN 255 Intermediate Spanish II

A continuation of SPAN 254. Further practice and development of speaking, reading, and writing skills. Prerequisite: SPAN 254 or equivalent.

Academic Program(s):
Spanish|Latin American Business
SPAN 270 Spanish Conversation and Composition

A course to develop oral proficiency and writing skills in Spanish. Focuses on structure and vocabulary, emphasizing both speaking and listening, as well as basic writing skills within the Spanish language. Prerequisite: SPAN 255 or equivalent.

Academic Program(s):
Spanish
SPAN 340 Spanish Civilization and Culture

An introduction to the general trends of Spanish civilization and everyday life. Includes Spanish development from prehistoric times to the present. Conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 255 or equivalent.

Academic Program(s):
Spanish
SPAN 341 Latin American Civilization and Culture

An introduction to the general trends of Latin American civilization, culture and thenational character, as expressed in everyday life in the various countries of Latin America. Includes pre-Columbian history to the present. Conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 255 or equivalent.

Academic Program(s):
Spanish|Latin American Business
SPAN 370 Advanced Spanish Conversation and Composition

A course designed to give students the opportunity to develop their oral proficiencythrough discussion and presentations. In addition, consideration is given to composition, using tasks that reflect the type of academic work generally asked of Spanish majors and minorsÀanalysis and classification, argumentation, definition, exposition, comparison and contrast, and cause and effect. Prerequisite: SPAN 270.

Academic Program(s):
Spanish
SPAN 375 Judical And Medical Interpreting I

A study of specialized Spanish vocabulary in two major areas: Medicine and Law. Students are exposed to sight, simultaneous and consecutive interpreting modes. Emphasis is placed on reaching 120 words per minute. Prerequisite: SPAN 255

Academic Program(s):
Spanish
SPAN 385 Introduction to Hispanic Literature

Students read authentic Hispanic literature concentrating on details such as style, point of view, theme, and symbolism rather than simply reading for comprehension. Students read works by authors from Spain and Latin America with emphasis on works from major literary movements and styles. This course is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 270.

Academic Program(s):
Spanish
SPAN 460 Hispanic Lit:

A course to give students the opportunity to read and analyze works by major Hispanic novelists, dramatists, essayists, poets and short story writers. The content of the course varies. This course may be taken for credit more than once. This course is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 385.

Academic Program(s):
Spanish
SPAN 475 Judical and Medical Interpreting II

An advanced study of highly specialized Spanish vocabulary in two major areas: Medicine and Law. Students are presented with various advanced sight, simultaneous and consecutive interpreting opportunities. Emphasis is placed on reaching 140 words per minute.

Academic Program(s):
Spanish
SPAN 494 Capstone Experience

A research project written by the Spanish major in an area of Spanish language and culture that is appropriate for the studentÀs undergraduate experience. This course is offered yearly. Prerequisite: 24 credits in Spanish beyond SPAN 101 and SPAN 102.

Academic Program(s):
Spanish