Medical Clinic

Located in Tomichi Hall 104, Western's Medical Clinic provides barrier-free treatment of illness and injury to full-time students, faculty and staff.

Western's Medical Clinic is a satellite of the Gunnison Valley Health Family Medicine (GVHFM) and is staffed by a licensed physician assistant or nurse practitioner. Medical oversight comes from Dr. Anna Meeuwsen, Dr. Michael Meeuwsen and the medical staff at GVHFM. As a satellite of a larger family practice, Western's Medical Clinic offers students the convenience of an on-campus clinic with access to the expertise of internal medicine and family practice physicians.

Schedule an Appointment

Call: 970.943.2707 
Open: Monday-Thursday from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. and 1-4 p.m. and Friday from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m
Walk-Ins: as time allows

The Medical Clinic is open when school is in session. See the academic calendar for dates. 

Services Available

  • Routine Medical Services
  • Sports Physicals
  • Immunizations
  • Prescriptions
  • Prevention Of STDs
  • Free Condoms
  • PAPs and Well Woman exams

 

Financial Policy

The Western Colorado University Health Center is a satellite of the Gunnison Family Medical Center and is subject to the same financial policy. Please read and understand the messages below. It's worth the few extra minutes. 

Financial Arrangements and Health Insurance

If you have medical insurance, we will work with you to help you receive your maximum allowable benefits.

Payments for services, including co pays, are due the time of services are rendered unless payment arrangements have been approved and a signed Payment Agreement is on file. We are happy to help you process your insurance claim form for your reimbursement.

We will gladly discuss your proposed treatment and answer any questions relating to your insurance.

Please Note:

Your insurance is a contract between you and /or your employer and the insurance company. We're not a party to that contract (exceptions including Medicare, Medicaid, Rocky Mountain PPO, Anthem BCBS, Great West, Sloans Lake/Cofinity, and Sloans Lake/ Cofinity administered Aetna plans). You are responsible for providing us with current, accurate insurance information in the form of a card within 48 hours of your appointment. If you don't provide this information in time to comply with your insurance carrier’s timely filing requirements, you will be responsible for payment in full.

Our fees are generally considered to fall within the reasonable and customary range by most companies and therefore are covered up to the maximum allowance determined by each carrier. This applies only to companies who pay a percentage (such as 50 percent or 80 percent) of usual, customary and reasonable determined by most insurance companies.

Not all services are covered benefits under all contracts. Some insurance companies designate certain services they will not cover. We will gladly call for pre-certification, but it's important to understand that this doesn't guarantee payment. You're responsible for obtaining the necessary referrals and we will assist you with that process if necessary.
 

We emphasize that as healthcare providers our relationship is with you, not your insurance company. While the filing of insurance claims is a courtesy that we extend to our patients, all charges are your responsibility from the date the services are rendered. We realize that temporary financial problems may affect timely payment of your account. If such problems arise , we encourage you to contact us promptly for assistance in the management of your account. If it becomes necessary to use an outside collection agency to secure payment of any balance due, a 30 percent  fee will be added to the account.

If you have any questions about the above information or any uncertainty regarding insurance coverage, please ask us.

Privacy Policy

THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED, AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO YOUR INFORMATION.

Please review it carefully.

The Western Colorado University Medical Health Center and the Gunnison Family Medical Center are dedicated to maintaining the privacy of your health information. You are being given this notice as a description of our legal duties and privacy practices concerning your personal health information. In general, whenever we need to release your health information, we must only release specific, limited information to achieve the purpose for which the information is being used or disclosed.

According to federal law and state statutes, as healthcare professionals, the Gunnison Family Medical Center must follow the privacy practices described in this notice.

We reserve the right to change the privacy practices described in this notice in accordance with the law. Changes to our privacy practices would apply to all health information that we maintain. If we change our privacy practices, you will be provided with a revised copy of the privacy notice at the time of your first visit.

We are legally required to:

  • Maintain the privacy of your health information.
  • Provide you with a written notice that outlines your rights relating to your health information.
  • To assist you in designating how your health information will be used & to whom it may be disclosed.

We don't need your authorization to release your information if it is released to:

  • Provide treatment to you.
  • Obtain payment for having treated you.
  • Operate this facility.
  • Any agency of authority that has the right to demand this information by law.

You have the following rights regarding your health information:

  • To inspect, copy or ask to amend your information.
  • To restrict certain uses and releases of information, and to receive a list of releases.

If you have questions or wish to make a complaint regarding your health information, please contact the Office Manager. We will not retaliate against you for filing a complaint.

Contact: Office Manager
Address: 707 N. Iowa St, Gunnison, CO 81230
Phone: 970.641.1771
Fax: 970.641.9017

Emergencies

  • Call: 911 or Gunnison Valley Hospital at 970.641.1456
  • Gunnison Family Medical Center: 970.641.1771 (if you need immediate medical assistance when Campus Medical Clinic is closed)

Alcohol

Before drinking, think about it's possible consequences (e.g. academic and health problems, unsafe sexual assault injury and even death). These consequences affect the person who drinks as well as other students (whether they choose to drink or not) and the community as a whole.

What's in a Drink?

12 oz. of beer = 5 oz. of wine = 1.5 oz of 80 proof distilled liquor

What Does Alcohol do?

Low Doses:

  • Reduces tension
  • Lowers inhibitions
  • Impairs concentration
  • Slows reflexes
  • Impairs reaction time
  • Reduces coordination

Medium Doses:

  • Slurred speech
  • Drowsiness
  • Altered emotions

High Doses:

  • Vomiting
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Unconsciousness
  • Coma
  • Death

What Does BAC Mean?

Blood Alcohol Concentration is the percentage of alcohol in your blood. For example, a .08 alcohol level means that .08 percent of your bloodstream is alcohol – the higher the alcohol content, the more the alcohol affects your system and the more dangerous it becomes.

Effects of BAC on the body:

  • 0.02-0.03 BAC: No loss of coordination, slight euphoria and loss of shyness. Depressant effects are not present.
  • 0.04-0.06 BAC: Feeling of well-being, relaxation, lower inhibitions, sense of warmth. Euphoria. Some minor impairments of reasoning and memory, lowering of caution.
  • 0.07-0.09 BAC: Slight impairment of balance, speech, vision, reaction time and hearing. Euphoria. Judgment and self-control are reduced, and caution, reason and memory are impaired.
  • 0.10-0.125 BAC: Significant impairment of motor coordination and loss of good judgment. Speech may be slurred; balance, vision, reaction time and hearing will be impaired. Euphoria. It is illegal to operate a motor vehicle at this level of intoxication.
  • 0.13-0.15 BAC: Gross motor impairment and lack of physical control. Blurred vision and major loss of balance. Euphoria is reduced and dysphoria is beginning to appear.
  • 0.16-0.20 BAC: Dysphoria (anxiety, restlessness) predominates, nausea may appear. The drinker has the appearance of "sloppy drunk."
  • 0.25 BAC: Needs assistance walking; total mental confusion. Dysphoria with nausea and some vomiting.
  • 0.30 BAC: Loss of consciousness.
  • 0.40 BAC And Up: Onset of coma, possible death due to respiratory arrest.

Alcohol Poisoning

Alcohol poisoning is a medical emergency.

Signs and symptoms include:

  • Unconsciousness or semi-consciousness
  • Slow respiration (breaths) of eight seconds or less per minute or lapses between breaths of more than eight seconds
  • Cold, clammy, pale or bluish skin
  • Strong odor of alcohol

Appropriate Action:

  • Immediately call 911.
  • Gently turn person on their side and maintain that position by placing a pillow in the small of the persons back. This is important to prevent aspiration (choking) should the person vomit.
  • Stay with the person until medical help arrives.

If a person appears to be "sleeping it off" it is important to realize that even though a person may be semi-conscious, alcohol already in the stomach may continue to enter the bloodstream and circulate through the body. The person's life may still be in danger.

If you are having difficulty in determining whether an individual is acutely intoxicated, contact a health professional immediately – you cannot afford to guess.

Reprinted from the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc.

Information and Support

If you or someone you know has an alcohol abuse problem there is help available through the following resources:

http://www.drugrehablocator.com

Western Responsible Alcohol Partnership (WRAP):  970.943.2500

Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT):  http://sbirtcolorado.org/

Date Rape Drugs

While the most common date rape drug on campus is alcohol, there are other drugs for every person to be aware of. These drugs can be easily slipped into a drink without the knowledge of the victim. Once they are incapacitated, the rape can occur, sometimes without the victim even remembering. Only 98 percent of UNC men report that they would not use drugs to force intercourse with a woman.

Alcohol

This is the most common date-rape drug on campus. Alcohol is connected with over 90 percent of sexual assaults on campus and is dangerous because the victim is self-medicated.

Rohypnol

Rohypnol usually comes in a pill form with small and white with a split-pill line on one side and the word "ROCHE" with the number 1 or 2 in a circle stamped on the other.

Combined with alcohol, it causes visual disturbance, drowsiness, confusion, dizziness, motion difficulty, respiratory depression and amnesia, and can result in death. The effects can last for up to eight hours after ingestion.

GHB (gamma-hydroxybutyric acid)

GHB is a clear, odorless liquid that has a mildly salty taste.

It usually takes effect within 15 minutes of ingestion and can last up to four hours. Effects include decreased inhibitions, drowsiness, deep unresponsive seep, respirator arrest, nausea, convulsions, amnesia and loss of consciousness.

Ketamine

Ketamine can be a liquid, powder, or a tablet.

The drug distorts the sense of balance, time judgment and ability to communicate. It also causes hallucinations, blurred vision, numbness, disorientation, trembling, amnesia, convulsions and respiratory depression. The effects typically lasts for an hour although it is not uncommon for them to last four to six hours. Less overt effects can last up to 48 hours.

Protect Yourself

There are some things you can do to lower the odds that you become a victim of a date rape drug:

  • Don't go out by yourself.
  • Never leave your drink unattended.
  • Don't accept drinks that you didn't see made.
  • These drugs dissolve in non-alcoholic beverages as well as alcoholic ones.
  • Don't share or exchange drinks.
  • Don't take drinks from large open containers.
  • If you are in a conversation where your attention may be averted, put your hand over your drink.
  • Get help if you feel like you are becoming severely intoxicated after only one or two drinks.
  • Beware if someone wants you to go outside to get some fresh air, especially if it is someone you have just met.

Drinking and Driving

The SAM Spady Foundation honors the memory of Samantha Spady, a 19-year old student at Colorado State University, who died of alcohol poisoning on Sept. 5, 2004.

Samantha affected people's lives in a unique way. Her friends remember Sam as a fun-loving, sensitive and “amazing” girl, who was a champion for the underdog and a good friend. Samantha’s death was an unintentional tragedy. We hope that the SAM Spady Foundation, with your support, can prevent a similar tragedy from happening to another beautiful child.

For more information visit samspadyfoundation.org

Healthy Lifestyle

Common sense lifestyle choices that decrease your chances of getting sick in the first place.

  • Get plenty of sleep.
  • Stay well hydrated–especially important in this high desert environment.
  • Take a daily multivitamin.
  • Exercise daily.
  • Don't smoke .
  • Maintain your mental health - our mental health has an effect on our body's ability to stay physically healthy.
Campus Counseling Center: 970.943.2484
Counselors are available to discuss mental health issues.

Avoid Germs

To prevent exposing yourself to the viruses and bacteria that cause common illnesses, be aware of how they are spread.

  • Wash your hands frequently–wash for at least 15 seconds with soap and water.
  • Use hand sanitizer.
  • Don't touch your face/eyes/mouth/nose.
  • Sanitize keyboards, mouses, phones, counters, sinks, knobs, etc with sanitizer towlettes.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick–respritory droplets from coughs and sneezes transmit illness.

If You Get Sick

The majority of runny noses, sore throats, coughs and similar symptoms caused by viruses, not bacteria. Viruses usually last from a few days to a couple of weeks. Time is the only cure for viruses, antibiotics don't help.

  • See Healthy Lifestyle, above.
  • Symptomatic treatment with over-the-counter cold medications.
  • Humidifiers or steam treatments can help clear congestion.
  • Herbals: Vitamin C, garlic, echinacea, astragalus, zinc, elderberry extract and olive leaf extract have all been studied and recommended. Always take herbals and supplements as directed by the box they come in.
  • Campus Health Center–available to asses your illness, prescribe medications, provide sympathy, and we have free condoms!
Campus Health Center: 970.943.2707
104 Tomichi Hall
For all your medical needs.
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE
Another aspect of healthy campus living.
Condoms, condoms, condoms, condoms!
The most effective way for a sexually active person to avoid STDs is to ALWAYS use a condom EVERY TIME... make a promise to yourself. Respect yourself and your partner enough to always use a condom.

Condoms, condoms, condoms, condoms!
 HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS (HPV)
The STD that causes genital warts and cervical cancer.
A new vaccine has been developed that protects against the four subtypes of HPV most likely to cause warts and cervical cancer. This vaccine is recommended for all young women.

Contact the Campus Health Center for information about the HPV vaccine.
970.943.2707

HPV

HPV(Human Pailloma Virus) is a common virus that affects both FEMALES and MALES. Most types of HPV are harmless and go away on their own. However some types are high risk and can cause cervical cancer and abnormal cells in the lining of the cervix.

Anyone who has any kind of sexual activity involving genital contact could get genital HPV. Many people who have HPV may not show any kind of sign or symptom but may still transmit the virus to others without even knowing it. HPV causes genital warts in both males and females and because some types of HPV can cause cervical cancer it is important to consider the HPV vaccine. The HPV vaccine protects against four major types of HPV. These include the two types that cause about 70 percent of cervical cancer and the two types that cause about 90 percent of genital warts. The HPV vaccine can prevent most most genital warts and most cases of cervical cancer. Please go to HPV.com for more information about this disease.

GARDASIL is the only vaccine that may help guard against diseases that are caused by HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18. GARDASIL is recommended for girls and women ages 13-26 years of age and is available at the Campus Medical Health Center. Please call the Medical Health Center at 943.2707 to schedule an appointment. This vaccine is given as a three dose series and may or may not be covered by your insurance company. By calling the phone number provided on your medical benefit card, you can determine whether you have coverage for GARDASIL and whether any co-pays, co-insurance or deductibles apply that you will be responsible for paying.

*GARDASIL has been updated to now include men*

Questions you may want to ask your health plan:

  • Do I have insurance coverage for GARDASIL[Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus(types 6, 11, 16, 18) Recombinat Vaccine]?
  • Are there any restrictions on coverage?
  • Will I bear any cost for GARDASIL?
  • Deductibles that may apply to GARDASIL.
  • Incremental cost if an out of network provider is used.
  • Is there an annual coverage maximum on wellness or preventive services that may affect my coverage for GARDASIL?

Please contact your insurance company and obtain these answers before your appointment, and be sure to share this information with the Health Center.

If your insurance company does not offer any reimbursement you will be asked to pay the full amount of the vaccination at the time of the visit. Each dose costs $185 and is given in a three dose series. The total cost is $555 and may sound expensive, but compare that to the financial and emotional cost of having cervical cancer.

Now you can help protect both your SON and DAUGHTER with Gardasil

Because HPV disease can impact MALES and FEMALES.

There are over 30 types of human papillomavirus (HPV) that will affect an estimated 75 percent to 80 percent of males and females in their lifetime. For most, HPV clears on its own. But for the few whom it doesn't, HPV can cause cervical cancer in females. Other types can cause genital warts in both males and females. And there's no way to predict who will or won't clear the virus.

Every day, in the U.S., 30 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer (about 11,000 women per year) and it is estimated that each minute, there is a new case of genital warts.

GARDASIL is the only HPV vaccine that helps protect against four types of HPV. In girls and young women ages 9 to 26, GARDASIL helps protect against two types of HPV that cause about 75 percent of cervical cancer cases, and two more types that cause 90 percent of genital warts cases. In boys and young men ages 9 to 26, GARDASIL helps protect against 90 percent of genital warts cases.

GARDASIL may not fully protect everyone. GARDASIL does not prevent all types of cervical cancer, so its important for women to continue routine cervical cancer screenings. GARDASIL does not treat cervical cancer or genital warts. GARDASIL is given as three injections over six months.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

Anyone who is allergic to the ingredients of GARDASIL, including those severely allergic to yeast, should not receive the vaccine. GARDASIL is not for women who are pregnant.

Immunization Requirements

Colorado law and State Health Department regulations require all students enrolled in colleges and universities to submit proof of immunization*. Students must submit the completed CERTIFICATE OF IMMUNIZATION or STATEMENT OF EXEMPTION form to Student Affairs before registration.

A college student is defined by the State Board of health as any student who is enrolled for one or more classes at a college or university and who is physically present at the institution. Students who are auditing classes are included, but students who are taking only correspondence or off-campus classes are not included.

If your proof of immunity is incomplete, contact the Medical Health Center located on the first floor of Tomichi Hall to obtain the necessary immunizations.

Immunization Form (click on "Certificate of Immunization for college/university students").

Western Colorado University, per Colorado State requirements, requires you to have two MMR shots (measles, mumps, rubella) and strongly recommends all students to get a menmingitis vaccination, please contact Student Affairs at 970.943.2011 to get a waiver form. You may call the Medical Health Center at 970.943.2707 if you have questions regarding this vaccination.

HPV VACCINE (GARDASIL) is now available at the Medical Health Center, call 970.943.2707 for pricing and further information.

*Beginning July 1, 1992, college students who were born since Jan. 1, 1957, must have had two measles, two mumps and two rubella doses (MMR). The first administered no earlier than four days before their first birthday, and the second at least 30 days after the first dose.

Cold, Flu and Pneumonia

When the Flu (Influenza) leads to Pneumonia

Battling the flu can tax your immune system and can increase the chances that you'll develop pneumonia. To help prevent other infectious organisms from gaining a foothold in the lungs, drink lots of liquids. Avoid taking antihistimines, which can dry and thicken secretions in the respitory tract. Also, try to avoid smoking and drinking excessive alcohol, which can interfere with the body's natural mechanisms that flush out invading organisms. Taking these simple precautions can help you recover from the flu and help prevent pneumonia and other illnesses. American Lung Association.

Symptom

Cold

Flu

Pneumonia

Fever

Rare

Characteristic, high (over 101F) lasting 3-4 days

Characteristic, high and rises rapidly (up to 105F)

Headache

Rare

Prominent

Generally no

Muscle aches and pains

Slight

Usual and often severe

Occasionally

Fatigue

Mild

Early, prominent and can last up to 2-3 weeks

Occasionally

Stuffy/runny nose

Common

Sometimes

Generally no

Sore, scratchy throat

Common

Sometimes

Generally no

Chest discomfort/pain

Mild to moderate

Common

Common

Cough

Common

Generally a dry hacking cough

Moist cough; may produce rust colored sputum or pus

Onset of Symptoms

Gradual

Rapid

Gradual

Marijuana

Also known as: Pot, Grass, Joints, Roaches, Reefer, Weed, Mary Jane

You probably know why marijuana is used...

  • Relaxation
  • Euphoria

But did you know that...

  • Marijuana may cause impaired short-term memory, a shortened attention span and delayed reflexes?
  • Marijuana may cause a fast heart rate and pulse?
  • Possession of marijuana is illegal in most states?

Adverse Effects of Marijuana

Could I become chemically dependent on marijuana?

Yes. When you're chemically dependent on marijuana, it means you crave it and you need to take more and more to get the same effect. You may have withdrawal symptoms when you stop using it. Because marijuana is a lot stronger than it used to be, you're also more likely to abuse it and become dependent on it today than in the past.

Is marijuana use associated with other drug use?

Yes. Usually people use legal drugs like alcohol and cigarettes before they start using marijuana. Marijuana is the most commonly used illegal substance in the United States. It's often the first illegal drug used and sometimes leads to the use of other illegal drugs.

What are the common side effects of marijuana use?

Some of the common side effects of marijuana are:

  • Trouble remembering things
  • Sleepiness
  • Anxiety
  • Paranoia
  • Altered Time Perception

Using marijuana for a long time makes some people lose interest in school, work, relationships and other activities. It may cause legal problems and can be dangerous in certain situations, like driving.

How might marijuana affect me physically?

Some of the common physical effects of marijuana include:

  • Tremors
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Worsening coordination
  • Breathing problems
  • Increased appetite
  • Reduced blood flow to the brain
  • Changes in the reproductive organs

Like tobacco, marijuana contains many chemicals that can hurt the lungs and cause cancer. One marijuana cigarette can cause more damage to the lungs than many tobacco cigarettes, because marijuana has more tar in it and is usually smoked without filters. Unpleasant side effects from marijuana occur in about 40 to 60 percent of people who use marijuana.

Information and Support

If you or someone you know has a drug abuse problem there is help available through the following resources:

http://www.drugrehablocator.com

Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT):  http://sbirtcolorado.org/

Meningitis

There are two types of Meningitis, each caused by a different type of organism:

Viral Meningitis: This is the more common form of the disease. Viral meningitis is usually not as serious as bacterial meningitis and patients usually get better with minimal treatment.

Bacterial Meningitis: This form of the disease is often referred to as meningococcal meningitis. Because it can spread from person to person it has been known to cause outbreaks in specific area such as college campuses, military recruits and individuals with impaired immune systems. The remainder of this information is related to bacterial meningitis.

Bacterial meningitis can be very difficult to diagnose and treat because it often begins with symptoms that can be mistaken for flu or other respiratory infections. But unlike most common infections, meningococcal disease can get worse very rapidly and kill a healthy young adult in 48 hours or less. The bacteria that causes meningococcal disease can cause meningitis, a severe swelling of the brain and spinal cord. It can also lead to sepsis, a life threatening blood infection.

Symptoms of meningococcal disease include a headache, fever, stiff neck, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting and light sensitivity. Some people also develop a purplish black-red rash of small dots (petechiae), mainly on their arms and legs. Not everybody will develop all of these symptoms. The symptoms appear two to 10 days after exposure, but usually within five days. From the time a person is infected until the germ is no longer present in discharges from the nose and throat, he or she may transmit the disease.

Although meningococcal disease is uncommon the risk for this disease is higher in young people living on college campuses. According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, college students in dormitories have a six times greater chance of meningococcal disease than other college students. The exact reason for this is not known for sure. Anyone can be a carrier of the bacteria that causes the disease. Data does not indicate that certain social behaviors, such as exposure to active and passive smoking, bar patronage and excessive alcohol consumption, may increase the risk for the disease.

The meningococcal Vaccine helps to protect against four strains of the disease, including serogroups A, C, Y and W-135.  It does not provide immunity to serogroup B. The vaccine is very safe and adverse reactions are mild and infrequent, consisting primarily of pain and redness at the site of the injection lasting up to two days. The duration of the vaccine is approximately three to five years. As with any vaccine, vaccination against meningitis may not protect 100 percent of all susceptible individuals.

For more information go to www.meningococcaldisease.com

Students interested in getting the meningitis vaccine should contact the Student Health Center at 943.2707 to make an appointment. Students living in on-campus housing will be asked to read acknowledge information regarding the meningitis vaccine when completing their housing contract online before moving into their residence hall.

Other Drugs

Cocaine

  • Also known as: Coke, Dust, Snow, Flake, Blow, Girl
  • Cocaine is used for:
    • A Carefree Feeling
    • Euphoria
    • Energy Boost
    • Feeling of Control
  • Did you know that:
    • Cocaine highs last only about five to 20 minutes?
    • Cocaine use may cause severe mood swings and irritability?
    • You need more and more cocaine each time you want to get high?
    • Cocaine increases your blood pressure and heart rate – particularly dangerous if you have a heart condition?
    • One use can cause death?
    • Possession and use are illegal and can result in fines and arrest?

Ecstasy

  • Also known as: Adam, X-TC, Clarity, Essence, Stacy, Lover's Speed, Eve, E
  • Ecstasy is used:
    • Feeling of well-being
    • Enhances mental or emotional clarity
    • Euphoria
  • Did you know that:
    • It can cause hallucinations, sensations of lightness and floating, depression, paranoid thinking and violent, irrational behavior?
    • It can cause physical symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, increased heart rate and blood pressure, faintness, chills, sweating, tremors, insomnia, convulsions and a loss of control over voluntary body movements?

Heroin

  • Also known as: Dope, H, Dr. Feelgood, Smack, Horse, Anti-freeze
  • Heroin is used for:
    • Relaxation
    • Euphoria
  • Did you know that:
    • It can cause nausea, vomiting and itching?
    • It can cloud mental functions?
    • It can slow the heart and breathing?
    • It can cause a coma or death?

Inhalants

  • Examples: Paint thinners, Gasoline, Glue, Butane, Propane, Aerosols, Ether, Nitrates.
  • Inhalants are used because they:
    • Are inexpensive
    • Cause a quick buzz
    • Are social and acceptable
  • Did you know that inhalants may cause:
    • Loss of muscle control?
    • Slurred speech?
    • Drowsiness or loss of consciousness?
    • Excessive secretion from the nose and watery eyes?
    • Brain damage and damage to lung cells?

Methamphetamines

  • Also known as: Meth, Crystal, Crank, Ice
  • Methamphetamines are used for:
    • Temporary mood elevation
    • Exhilaration
    • Increased mental alertness
    • Energy boost
  • Did you know that:
    • Methamphetamines are extremely addictive?
    • Methamphetamines can cause convulsions, heart irregularities, high blood pressure, depression, restlessness, tremors and severe fatigue?
    • When you stop using methamphetamines you may experience a deep depression?
    • Methamphetamines cause a very jittery high, along with anxiety, insomnia and sometimes paranoia?

Steroids

  • Three types of steroids: Anabolic (most common), Cortical, Estrogenic.
  • Steroids are used for:
    • Increased strength
    • Increased muscle size
    • Faster muscle recovery rate
  • Did you know that abuse of steroids may cause:
    • Severe acne, rashes, stunted growth?
    • Sexual disfunction?
    • Women to take masculine traits?
    • Behavioral changes, aggressiveness ("roid rage") ?
    • long-term effects, such as cholesterol increases, heart disease, liver tumors, cancer, cataracts and death?

Information and Support

If you or someone you know has a drug abuse problem there is help available through the following resources:

http://www.drugrehablocator.com

Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT):  http://sbirtcolorado.org/

STDs

What is an STD?

An STD (sexually transmitted disease) is an infection that is passed during sex.

  • Some STD's infect only your sexual and reproductive organs. Others (HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis) cause general body infections.
  • Sometimes you can have an STD with no signs or symptoms. Or the symptoms may go away. Either way, you still have the STD until you get treated.

How an STD is Spread

  • STD is spread during vaginal, anal and oral sex, and sometimes by genital touching.
  • Some STDs (HIV and hepatitis B) are also spread by contact with infected blood.
  • STD germs need to live in warm, moist areas. That's why they infect the mouth, rectum and sex organs (vagina, vulva, penis and testes).

What to Do

  • Don't just hope the STD will go away. It won't!
  • Most county health departments have special STD clinics. Private health care providers also treat STD.
  • If you don't know where to get help, call your local family planning clinic for information. Your case will be kept private.
  • You may feel embarrassed about having an STD. It may be hard for you to go to a provider or clinic for help. But you must get treatment for the STD. This is the only way you will get well.
  • Many STDs can be cured. Others cannot be cured. But all STDs can and must be treated.
  • Many STDs can be treated with antibiotics. Do exactly what your provider tells you. Be sure to use all of your medicine.
  • You also must tell your sexual partner(s). If they aren't treated, they can get sick. They can spread the STD. They might even give it to you again!

Types and Symptoms

Chlamydia or NGU

Chlamydia affects women and men. In men, chlamydia can cause NGU. Most women and some men have no symptoms.

Women:  Discharge from the vagina, bleeding from the vagina between periods, burning or pain when you urinate, need to urinate more often, pain in abdomen, sometimes with fever and nausea.

Men:  Waters, white drip from the penis; burning or pain when you urinate; need to urinate more often; swollen or tender testicles.

How you get it:  Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has chlamydia.

TreatmentMedical diagnosis can be established in a clinic. Chlamydia can be cured with antibiotic therapy. Treatment for other STDs may not cure chlamydia. If you're sexually active have a test once a year for chlamydia.

If You Don't Get Treated:  You can give chlamydia to your sex partner(s). Can lead to more serious infection. Reproductive organs can be damages. Women and possibly men may no longer be able to have children. A mother with chlamydia can give it to her baby during childbirth.

Gonorrhea

Women: Thick yellow or gray discharge from the vagina; burning or pain when you urinate or have a bowel movement; abnormal periods or bleeding between periods; cramps and pain in the lower abdomen (belly).

Men: Thick yellow or greenish drip from the penis; burning or pain when you urinate or have a bowel movement; need to urinate more often; swollen or tender testicles.

How you get it: Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has gonorrhea.

Treatment: Medical professional will prescribe proper antibiotic. Take all the prescribed dose. Chlamydia is often present with gonorrhea so both conditions should be treated at the same time. Your sex partner(s) should be treated when you are to avoid re-infection.

If You Don't Get Treated: You can give gonorrhea to your sex partner(s); can lead to more serious infection; reproductive organs can be damaged; both men and women may no longer be able to have children; can cause heart trouble, skin disease, arthritis and blindness; a mother with gonorrhea can give it to her baby in the womb or during childbirth.

Hepatitis B

Symptoms show up one to nine months after contact with the hepatitis B virus. Many people have no symptoms or mild symptoms. Flu-like feelings that don't go away; tiredness; jaundice (yellow skin); dark urine, light colored bowel movements.

How You Get It: Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has hepatitis B; spread by sharing needles to inject drugs, or for any other reason; spread by contact with infected blood.

Treatment: Blood diagnosis by health professional is very important!  Get bed rest until symptoms disappear. It may take weeks or months to recover fully. No alcohol during convalescence.  Use birth control method other than the pill until your doctor says you're completely cured. NO medication (even over-the-counter drugs) without a health professional's approval.

If You Don't Get Treated:  You can give hepatitis B to your sex partner(s) or someone you share a needle with; some people recover completely; some people cannot be cured; symptoms go away, but they can still give hepatitis B to others; can cause permanent liver damage or liver cancer; a mother with hepatitis B can give it to her baby during childbirth.

Herpes

Symptoms show up 1-30 days or longer after having sex. Some people have no symptoms; flu-like feelings; small painful blisters on the sex organs or mouth; itching or burning before the blisters appear; blisters last one to three weeks; blisters go away but you still have herpes.

How You Get It:  Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex, and sometimes by genital touching, with someone who has herpes.

Treatment:  No cure. Acyclovir (anti-viral prescription ointment or capsule) eases pain, shortens attack. Herpes may seem to go away after treatment. That doesn't mean you're rid of it. Too much sun seems to cause attacks. Avoid sex, tight clothes during attack. Daily suppressive therapy is available.

If You Don't Get Treated:  You can give herpes to your sex partner(s); herpes cannot be cured; a mother with herpes can give it to her baby during childbirth.

HIV/AIDS

Symptoms show up several months to several years after contact with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Can be present for many years with no symptoms; unexplained weight loss or tiredness; flu-like feelings that don't go away; diarrhea; white spots in mouth; in women, yeast infections that don't go away.

How You Get It:  Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has HIV; spread by sharing needles to inject drugs, or for any other reason; spread by contact with infected blood.

Treatment:  No cure. Early testing is very important to diagnose and treat HIV with new drugs that are coming on the market with increasing frequency and improved results. Not getting infected is still your best choice.

If You Don't Get Treated: You can give HIV to your sex partner(s) or with someone you share a needle with; HIV cannot be cure; can cause illness and death; a mother with HIV can give it to her baby in the womb, during birth or while breastfeeding.

HPV/Genital Warts

Symptoms show up weeks, months or years after contact with HPV.  Many people have no symptoms; some types cause genital warts; some types cause cervical cancer in women.

How You Get It:  Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex, and sometimes by genital touching, with someone who has HPV.

Treatment:  Warts may be treated with solution, gel, ointment; frozen or burned off with laser or electric needle, or with interferon-injectable treatment. Not fun! Pregnant women require special treatment. If warts come back treatment must be repeated. Antibiotics do not cure this STD.

If You Don't Get Treated:  You can give HPV to your sex partner(s); most HPV goes away on it own in about two years; warts may go away on their own, remain unchanged, or grow and spread; a mother with warts can give them to her baby during childbirth; some types can lead to cervical cancer if not found and treated.

Syphilis

1st Stage:  Symptoms show up 1-12 weeks after having sex; a painless sore or sores on the mouth or sex organs; sore lasts two to six weeks; sore goes away, but you still have syphilis.

2nd Stage:  Symptoms show up as the sore heals or after; a rash anywhere on the body; flu-like feelings; rash and flu-like feelings go away, but you still have syphilis.

How You Get It:  Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex, and sometimes by genital touching, with someone who has syphilis.

Treatment:  Tests are available to detect Syphilis. Large doses of penicillin or other antibiotic for as long as needed until cured. Don't have sex until you're cured. If not treated correctly, syphilis can erupt years later as 3rd stage syphilis with serious consequences.

If You Don't Get Treated:  You can give syphilis to your sex partner(s); a mother with syphilis can give it to her baby during pregnancy or have a miscarriage; can cause hear disease, brain damage, blindness and death.

Trichomoniasis ("Trich" or NGU)

Symptoms show up 3-14 days after having sex; affects both women and men. In men, trich can cause NGU. Many people have no symptoms.

Women: Itching, burning or irritation in the vagina. Yellow, greenish or gray discharge from the vagina.

Men:  Watery, white drip from the penis.  Burning or pain when you urinate; need to urinate more often.

How You Get It:  Spread during vaginal sex.

Treatment:  Best treatment is prevention. Use Condoms. Flagyl (by prescription) is treatment for this and many other parasitic beasts. You and your partner should be treated so you won't re-infect each other.

If You Don't Get Treated: You can give trich to your sex partner(s); uncomfortable symptoms will continue; men can get infections in the prostate gland.

It Doesn't Have to Happen to You

There are lots of things you can do to keep from getting STDs:

1.  Don't have sex. It's the best way to protect yourself from the AIDS virus or other STDs. Not having sex will keep you from getting infected. And you won't have a baby (or father one) before you're ready to handle the responsibility.

2.  Re-think your attitude about having sex. Level with your partner about past sex experiences. Have a solid, faithful relationship with ONE person. Get to know each other VERY well before deciding if you want sex to be part of your lives. Don't take anything for granted!

3.  If you do have sex, use a latex or polyurethane condom with spermicidal foam, film, gel or cream containing nonoxynol-9 PLUS your regular birth control method. Buy a top-quality condom. Be sure it's dated for freshness. Placed correctly before any sexual contact and removed carefully afterwards, condoms offer some protection against HIV, other STDs and pregnancy. Nonoxyno-9 kills sperm and most other bacteria and viruses. Note: Some people are allergic to nonoxynol-9 or latex. Check with a health professional. (Men with vasectomies should use condoms, too.)

4.  Look before you love. Any sore, rash or discharge your lover has may be dangerous to YOUR health. Be suspicious. Don't believe it if you lover says, "Don't worry" or "Trust me."

5.  If you have an STD, tell your partner (or partners if you've had sex with more than one person.)  Don't have sex with ANYONE until your health professional says you're O.K. You and your sex partner MUST be treated at the same time or you'll reinfect each other.

6.  Go to a clinic, health professional or Public Health Station at once if you have a blister, pimple, swelling or sore in your genital area. It can be serious! A medical professional can tell if it's STD and prescribe treatment, if necessary.

7.  Use an effective birth control method and carry condoms for your lover or yourself.  Protect your partner AND yourself. You may feel foolish pulling out a condom but it beats getting a lifetime companion like Herpes or a killer disease like AIDS.

Sexual Assault

Assault Survivors Advocacy Program (ASAP)

Sexual Assault

The term sexual assault is used as a catch all, and therefore may have a variety of meanings. Usually the term sexual assault refers to a specific act of sexual violence. Assault may refer to rape, incest, touching of intimate body parts or other acts of sexual intrusion without consent. It refers to acts of sexual violence perpetrated against an adult or child, by a loved one, acquaintance or stranger. Each state legislature has its own legal definition of sexual assault.

Rape

Rape refers to sexual intrusion or penetration of the vagina, anus or mouth, with any object, without consent. The term rape is sometimes used synonymously with sexual violence and sexual assault.

Sexual Abuse

Sexual abuse is generally used to describe the sexual assault of children or other instances of sexual assault perpetrated by a person in a position of trust or intimacy.

Myths and Facts

Refuting myths and understanding facts is a crucial step toward demanding respect for survivors and insuring that they receive adequate and appropriate information and services. A leading factor that contributes to women's vulnerability to sexual assault is the lack of adequate information, and a shallow understanding of the causes of sexual assault. Myths about sexual assault allow the view that sexual assault is someone else's problem, rather than an issue that affects everyone. Sexual assault is a community problem and a community responsibility.

MYTH: Rape is provoked by the survivor.

FACT: Rape is not just a sexually motivated act that happens to be forceful. For the survivor, it is a humiliating and often life-threatening situation. No person would ask for or deserve such an attack. Sex is used as a weapon to defile, degrade and destroy a survivors will and control over his/her body. Rape is not a spontaneous crime of sexual passion. It is a violent attack on an individual, using sex as a weapon.

MYTH: Only young attractive women are sexually assaulted.

FACT: Regardless of age, race, gender, economic background or physical appearance, all of us are vulnerable to sexual assault. Women are at greater risk than men. Women as old as 96 years, and children as young as six months have been raped. There is no clearly defined group of people subject to attack.

Sexual Health

Additional Links

Emergency Contraception "Morning After Pill," Public Health– 970.641.0209, City Market Pharmacy– 970.641.6379

Pregnancy

Call Health Center for Confidential Appointment. Visit www.optionline.org           

Are You Facing an Unplanned Pregnancy? You Can Get Help!

Please utilize any of the following options:

1. Western's Medical Health Center

104 Tomichi

943.2707–Call for a Confidential Appointment

2. Visit www.optionline.org

or call: 1.800.395.HELP

3. Google "American Pregnancy Helpline"

4. Visit www.nuturingnetwork.org

5. Public Health

970.641.0209

6. Her Choice: Alternative to Abortion

  • Free Calls with Total Anonymity 24/7
  • First Person Stories of Women and Men who have faced Abortion
  • Honest Facts About the Procedure
  • Please, Listen and Get Help

Visit ww.herchoice.org or call 970.497.2739

Located in Crested Butte, Gunnison, Lake City, and Montrose

7. Confidential Emergency Sexual Assault Hotline

Student and campus advocates are trained to take your calls and help you after an assault.

Call:  970.306.5799

Skin Smart Campus

One of Gunnison’s claims to fame is its many days of sunshine each year. Although we are grateful for the warmth and beauty generated by the sun, frequent exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun increases our risk of developing skin cancer. In the United States, more people are diagnosed with skin cancer each year than all other cancer diagnoses combined. Sadly, one in every five Americans will develop skin cancer by the time they are 70 years old.

The good news is that we can often prevent skin cancer by minimizing exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Wearing clothes that offer protection from ultraviolet radiation, properly applying sunscreen and avoiding tanning beds can significantly reduce a person’s risk of developing skin cancer.

Western is committed to promoting the well-being of its students and is committed to being an Indoor Tan-Free Campus.

  • Western will not offer any indoor tanning services on campus.
  • Western will not advertise off-campus housing that offers tanning services.
  • Western will not allow for Mountaineer Cash to be utilized at any tanning locations.
  • Western will offer educational programming about skin cancer prevention.

To learn more about skin cancer and how to prevent it, please visit the Skin Cancer Foundation. The data included in this webpage was taken directly from the Skin Cancer Foundation.

Tobacco

What Is In Tobacco?

Dried tobacco leaves and ingredients added for flavor. More than 4,000 individual compounds have been identified in tobacco and tobacco smoke, and around 43 of these are carcinogens.

Is Tobacco Addictive?

In 1988, the US Surgeon General concluded the following:

  • Nicotine is the drug in tobacco that causes addiction. Cigarettes and other forms of tobacco are addicting.
  • The pharmacologic and behavior processes that determine tobacco addiction are similar to those that determine addiction to drugs such as heroin and cocaine.

What Are The Health Risks?

  • Smoking is a major cause of heart disease, bronchitis, emphysema, and stroke and contributes to the severity of cold and pneumonia.
  • Cigarette smoking is a major cause of cancers of the lung larynx, oral cavity, pharynx, and esophagus.
  • Tobacco is a known or probable cause of some 25 different diseases.
  • About 87 percent of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking.
  • One out of every two long-term smokers will ultimately be killed by tobacco.
  • From 1950 to 200, tobacco will have killed more than 60 million people in developed countries alone, more than in World War II.
  • Smoking kills more people than AIDS, alcohol, cocaine, homicide, suicide and motor vehicle crashes combined.

Why Should I Quit?

  • People who quit, regardless of age, live longer than people who continue to smoke.
  • Smokers who quit before age 50 have half the risk of those who continue to smoke of dying in the next 15 years.
  • Quitting substantially decreases the risk of cancer of the lung, larynx, pharynx, esophagus, mouth, pancreas, bladder, and cervix.
  • Benefits of cessation include risk of reduction for other major diseases including coronary heart disease, lung disease, and cardiovascular disease.

How Does Tobacco Affect Babies?

  • Maternal smoking is associated with a higher risk of miscarriage, lower birth weight of babies and inhibited child development.
  • Parental smoking is a factor in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and is associated with higher rates of respiratory illnesses, including bronchitis, colds and pneumonia in children.
  • Children with parent who smoke are more likely to smoke than children with parents who abstain from tobacco.

Are you Thinking About Quitting Smoking or Chewing Tobacco? There is Help!

Gunnison County Tobacco Cessation Resource List

Information and Support

  • Gunnison County Tobacco Education and Prevention Program offering: resource list, Quitkits and tobacco educational materials. 970.641.0209.
  • Gunnison Valley Hospital 970.641.1456
  • Western Colorado University Medical Health Center 970.943.2707
  • Gunnison Family Medical Center 970.641.1771
  • www.coquitline.org; free online support and information.

Counseling and Coaching

  • Cindy Smock - Black Canyon Counseling 970.641.5119
  • Marcie Telander - East River Counseling 970.252.7803 or 970.349.6509
  • Midwestern Colorado Mental Health Center 970.349.5344
  • QuitLine: 1.800.QUIT.NOW; Free telephone coaching and Nicotine Replacement Therapy.

Nicotine Replacement & Medication (patches, gum, Zyban, Chantix)

  • Gunnison Family Medical Center 970.641.1771
  • Western Colorado University Medical Health Center 970.943.2707
  • QuitLine; 1-800-QUIT-NOW. When you sign up for the counseling with QuitLine, they give you free patches.
  • Gunnison Vitamin & Health Food Store sells non-tobacco alternatives

Acupuncture (They offer special techniques to help with tobacco addiction)

  • Karen Adelman 970.349.9886
  • Jessica Tullius 970.641.6095
  • Stacy Stark 970.209.8310

This is not a complete list. For a more complete list of resources, please call Margaret Wacker at Gunnison County Tobacco Education and Prevention Program at Public Health, 970.641.0209 or check the local listings in the phone book.

Vaccinations

The Western Health Center can provide students with most vaccines they will need to maintain a healthy lifestyle including the flu shot and the HPV vaccine. We recommend you call the Health Center at 943.2707 for pricing and scheduling. if you are traveling to a foreign country and require Typhoid, Cholera, or Yellow Fever vaccinations please contact the Montrose Public Health Dept. at 970.252.5000 for information regarding those vaccinations.

There is an abundance of information available at the CDC website www.cdc.gov/vaccines. From there you can browse their page and visit sites that will answer vaccination questions, lead you to links about international travel and much, much more. For information regarding a specific vaccine click on Vaccine Information Statements (VIS). From there you can click on individual vaccines.

Helpful Links for Specific Vaccinations

Human Papilloma Virus:

Hepatitis A-E:

Influenza:

Preventing the Flu:

Meningitis Disease Information:

Tetanus, Pertussis, Diptheria Booster (Tdap) for adolescents:

 

  • More vaccine information...