Business Administration and Environment & Sustainability (coordinated major)

Many students in the world of environment and sustainability find themselves working in a business setting. They need the skills and understanding from both sides to succeed in a strategic way. This combination of majors provides students with background in both areas, so they can successfully help businesses be more environmentally friendly, while supporting the bottom line.

Where are we headed as a society and a planet? How can we continue to live well without using up resources, such as minerals, clean water and even open space? Can we live better and not destroy mankind’s future?

If such questions get your juices flowing, a coordinated double major in Environment & Sustainability and Business Administration now brings together not just innovative ideas but the knowledge to make them happen in the real world.

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FOR REQUIRED COURSES AND DEGREE PLANS, VISIT THE OFFICIAL UNIVERSITY CATALOG. This is a list of courses offered by Western State Colorado University. To ensure the courses you need are offered during the current semester, please visit the current university catalog at To determined the courses required for your major, check the "Majors and Minors" tab for your area of study.


An introduction to the field of accounting with emphasis on corporate financial statements. Financial statements are viewed as a communication device conveying the financial health of a business to interested parties. The objective of this first course is to teach students to read, analyze, and interpret these financial statements. The emphasis is on developing critical thinking and problem-solving skills using accounting concepts. Students are exposed to the steps used by accountants to record, measure, and process financial information. Cash flow analysis is contrasted with the accrual basis of accounting; the concepts of asset valuation and income measurement are discussed. Accounting majors must pass this class with a minimum grade of "C." Prerequisites: completion of the College Mathematics Course Requirement with minimum grade of "C-", or instructor permission.


An introduction to the preparation, uses, and analysis of common management accounting information. Topics include cost-volume-profit analysis, capital budgeting and present value applications, cash budgets, financial statement analysis, taxes, and management decisions, plus a brief introduction to modern cost accounting, with emphasis on activity-based costing systems. The development of problem-solving and analytical abilities is given primary importance throughout the course. Accounting majors must pass this class with a minimum grade of "C". Prerequisites: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of C; and ACC 201 with a minimum grade of C.

 BUAD 100 - BUSINESS IN SOCIETY (3 credits)

A study of the role of business in modern society. Topics include the private enterprise system, consumerism, management functions, major functional areas of large business, vital areas of small-business operation, and the environment of business.


An introduction to hospitality management, including historical developmental patterns, current business trends, and future international expectations. Current job market, working environments, personal risks, and rewards are explored.


Provides students an ability to sense the occasions when a lawyer should be consulted for guidance in avoiding legal mistakes. A study is made of the ordinary legal aspects of common business transactions, including the topics of social forces, contracts, personal property, and agency.


Designed to teach students to apply a variety of interdisciplinary computer applications in their business professions. Topics include integrating word processing, spreadsheets, databases, communications, and graphics on personal computers. A minimal skill in keyboarding is required.


An introduction to the fundamental concepts of marketing, including consumer demand and behavior, segmentation, advertising, marketing research, product development, distribution, pricing, the internet as a marketing agent, and global marketing issues. The student is exposed to the most basic tools, factors, and marketing principles administered by management in establishing policy, planning, and complex problem solving. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-" and completion of at least 24 credits; or instructor permission.

 BUAD 300 - BUSINESS ETHICS (3 credits)

A study of how ethics apply to business organizations today. Special emphasis is placed on developing moral reasoning. The course provides multiple perspectives on actual cases and ethical dilemmas faced by organizations with an emphasis on allowing students to think through ethical problems. Topics studied include moral philosophies, moral agency and development, ethical underpinnings of free markets and economic systems, and ethical concerns with the environment, future generations, and other stakeholders such as employees and consumers. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 309 or COTH 202; or instructor permission.


A study of the fundamentals, principles, and practices of effective written communication, including concepts of appearance, language, and psychology of tone and persuasiveness as applied to the business letter, memorandum, and report. Presentation skills are also discussed. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-"; sophomore standing.


This course prepares the student for Microsoft Excel Office Specialist certification. This course covers all of the topics tested by the certifying examination including managing worksheets and workbooks, applying formulas and functions, analyzing and organizing data, visual presentation of data, and sharing worksheet data with others. Prerequisites: college-level mathematics requirement with a minimum grade of "C-" or instructor permission


This course emphasizes the use of computer spreadsheets to organize, analyze and present quantitative information to aid managerial decision-making. The course exercises include examples from several disciplines including business, energy and environmental impact analysis, natural sciences, and social sciences. Specific topics will include business planning and budgeting, capital budgeting and net present value analysis, time value of money, cost / benefit analysis, goal seeking, scenario planning and pivot tables. Prerequisites: BUAD 311, Excel Office Specialist certification or instructor permission.


A study of how managers can and should be involved with systems planning, development, and implementation; what information systems resources are available to managers for decision support; and how information and technology can be used to support business strategy. Also, this course takes a managerial approach to information systems concepts and applications in business, while exposing the student to various types of software in the business sector. Prerequisite: BUAD 220 or CIS 120.


Provides students an understanding of human behavior in organizations today. Students will become familiar with the basic dimensions of organizational behavior covering topics such as leadership, motivation, management of people, and group dynamics. The course stresses an experimental approach as well as the personal nature of the material and how this relates to the complexities of behavior in and of organizations. Prerequisite: BUAD 309 or COTH 202; or instructor permission.

 BUAD 345 - CONSUMER BEHAVIOR (3 credits)

Utilizing theories from the behavioral sciences, this course provides an in-depth examination of the individual customer learning and decision-making processes, segmentation, as well as culture, subculture, and social class relationships with marketing. Students develop an understanding of consumers' shopping behavior, utilization of different marketing channels, perception of products, and reactions to advertising and other selling methods. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 270; or instructor permission.


Provides students with an understanding of the functions, content and challenges of Human Resource Management (HRM) in organizations today. Insights will be developed on basic dimensions of HRM such as recruitment, selection, performance management, rewards and retention, as well as particular challenges concerning strategic HRM and global environments. Emphasis is placed on how the complexities of HRM relate to students' past and future experiences as members of organizations. Prerequisites: BUAD 309 or COTH 202 or instructor permission.

 BUAD 360 - MANAGERIAL FINANCE (3 credits)

An introductory course to the field of managerial finance, covering such topics as financial analysis, time value of money, risk/return analysis, capital budgeting, working capital management, cost of capital, and optimal capital structure. Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.


A focus on the impact on the environment of human presence and absence. There is a consideration of various "green practices" that result in both positive environmental impacts and cost savings to industry, and examination of governmental initiatives regarding various business practices and their expected impacts on the environment, on businesses' bottom lines, and on consumers. Course material emphasizes videos, readings, and guest lectures. Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.


Provides the future entrepreneur with the skills and insights necessary to minimize risks associated with the undertaking of a new business venture. The primary focus is for each student to prepare a complete business plan for a proposed business enterprise. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 270; BUAD 333 or BUAD 350;BUAD 360; or instructor permission.


A course in managerial decision making that emphasizes the use of computer spreadsheets to organize, analyze, and present quantitative information to aid managerial decision-making. The course includes quantitative topics from a wide variety of business functions, including production, human resources, accounting, finance, marketing, and information systems. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 360; or instructor permission.


The formal analysis of an organization's macro and industry environment; its mission and goals; and strategy formulation, implementation, and control. This is a capstone course which integrates the student's knowledge from the areas of accounting, finance, marketing, and management. Students are encouraged to take this course during their last semester; graduating seniors are given priority in enrollment. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 309; BUAD 333 or 350; BUAD 360; and senior standing.


An investigation of emerging problems and issues relevant to small businesses. This is accomplished through two techniques: l) studying current business journal articles, and 2) working with a local small-business owner to solve a specific problem facing his or her business. Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 375; or instructor permission.


An in-depth study of the essentials of word-processing, spreadsheets, and information management, using modern computers and software. Substantial student competence in these areas is required for further study at the College. Applications are presented from various fields.

 ECON 201 - MACROECONOMICS (3 credits)

An introduction to the methods, models, and approaches used by economists to analyze and interpret events and policies related to the overall operation of the economy. The course endeavors to make sense of unemployment, inflation, recessions, debt and deficits, economic growth, the expanding role of the Federal Reserve, and policies to provide stability to the economy. Additional attention is given to the making of economic policy in an era of globalization. Finally, students are exposed to multiple schools of thought regarding macroeconomic reasoning. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 19 or above; SAT math score of 460 or above; pass MATH 099; or Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 85 or higher, or college-level math requirement with a minimum grade of "C-." Prerequisite or corequisite: ENG 102.

 ECON 202 - MICROECONOMICS (3 credits)

The theory of microeconomics makes use of the tools of marginal cost-benefit analysis to provide a framework for the economic analysis of decision-making. The focus is on the choices of individual firms and consumers, and the resultant outcomes in individual markets. The social implications of the functioning of competitive markets are examined, as well as the causes of market failure and the potential roles of government in correcting them. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 19 or above; SAT math score of 460 or above; pass MATH 099; or Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 85 or higher, or college-level math requirement with a minimum grade of "C-."


A study of the efficient and equitable use of society's scarce natural resources. This course discusses the application of economic theory to natural resource problems, such as externalities and resource extraction. Particular attention will be placed on Western United States issues, including water, energy, mineral extraction, forestry and public land use. Prerequisites: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-"; ECON 202 or ECON 215.


A holistic inquiry into how humans might live the next chapter of our history, guided by the ecological principles of sustainability and resilience. Environmental problems and their possible solutions are analyzed critically and quantitatively; field experiences on campus and in the community involve students directly in the application of these principles. Themes include sustainable agriculture, green building, renewable energy, and conservation and restoration. Prerequisites: BIOL 130, BIOL 135, PHYS 125

Faculty & Staff


Co-director, Professional Land and Resource Management/Lecturer in Business Administration
B.S., California Polytechnic State University , M.S., Baylor University
Phone: (970) 943-2563
Office Location: Borick Business Building 225
PLRM - Lecturer; Clark Sustainable Development Chair, MEM Graduate Faculty
Office Location:
Professor of Business Administration
B.S., M.A., Ph.D., University of Alabama.
Phone: (970) 943-2673
Office Location: Borick Business Building 221
Assistant Professor in Business Administration, Assistant Director of Professional Land and Resource Management
B.A., Western State Colorado University; J.D., University of Denver, College of Law.
Phone: (970) 943-3189
Office Location: Borick Business Building 251
Assistant Professor of Business Administration
B.S., University of Wyoming; J.D., University of Colorado School of Law.
Phone: (970) 943-2300
Office Location: Borick Business Building 222
Professor of Business Administration
B.S., M.B.A., Ph.D., University of Minnesota.
Phone: (970) 943-3204
Office Location: Borick Business Building 228
Lecturer in Marketing
BBA Marketing, BA Psychology , Kent State University , M.B.A., Global Social and Sustainable Enterprise, Colorado State University
Phone: 970.943.3005
Office Location: Borick 250
Associate Dean of the Business School, Professor of Business Administration
B.A., Brigham Young University; M.A., Ph.D., Michigan State University.
Phone: (970) 943-2610
Office Location: Borick Building 217
Professor of Business Administration
M.A., M.P.A., Ph.D., University of Texas at Austin.
Phone: (970) 943-2566
Office Location: Borick Business Building 241