Spring 2014 Oral Presentations

Western Celebration of Scholarship Undergraduate Research Symposium

Oral Presentations

University Theater
Tuesday, April 22, 2014
12:15 – 3:30pm

12:20 Opening Remarks

12:30 Ballesteros, Stefano, Taylor Cull, Amber Leal, Nacarid Silva, Dante Velez, and Connor Cataldo. Politics and Government. Faculty Mentor: Maria Struble. Macedonia in the World      

This presentation will explore the economic, political and cultural implications of membership in the UN, specifically focusing on Macedonia.  Topics of discussion will include terrorism, refugees, environmental protection, and women's rights.  This presentation is the culmination of the work of the Model UN club on campus and their participation in the NMUN conference in New York City.  

12:50 Wolpern, Ali. Exercise and Sport Science. Faculty Mentor: Lance Dalleck. The dose-response relationship between energy expenditure and transitioning from unfit to fit in cardiac rehabilitation.     

The greatest risk reduction in cardiovascular mortality occurs when an individual becomes ‘fit’ cardiorespiratory fitness>25th percentile. No threshold intensity for an improvement in CRF has been established in cardiac patients. To determine dose-response relationship and threshold which improve odds of transition. VO2peak, absolute (kcal/wk) (AEE) and relative (kcal/kg/wk) (REE) was collected in 99 adults. Logistic regression was performed to model the odds ratio (OR) (± 95% CI) for reclassification of fitness (unfit to fit) on quartiles of changes (AEE/REE). Results: A greater change in AEE or REE over 12 wk was associated with increased odds of becoming fit. The highest OR was observed in the highest REE quartile (≥12kcal/kg/wk) compared to the lowest quartile (<6.5 kcal/kg/wk; p=0.004). A dose-response relationship exists between quartile change in EE and odds of becoming fit. There are greater odds of transitioning from unfit to fit (improvement in REE by ≥12kcal/kg/wk). ESS 492

1:10  Juvera, Nadia, S. Culhane, A. Jump, R. Lampton, B. Larson, R. Meyer, K. Query, G. Shoop, K. Wallace, N. Zazzaretti. Business Administration. Faculty Mentor: Michael Vieregge. Enhancing Crested Butte's Tourism Through Cittaslow Destination Label.

"Cittaslow, (Slow City) is a global movement focused on enhancing a higher quality of life to small communities, recognizing the importance of slowing   fast-paced lifestyles. Cittaslow is already in 176 cities and 27 countries; could this destination label bring benefits to Crested Butte? This exploratory, qualitative study used archival research of primary and secondary literature. Sources suggest that Cittaslow can improve quality of life, build tourism, encourage use of local products and create a strong identity for a community. Cittaslow towns keep their local culture and are committed to providing a quality lifestyle to residents and a unique experience to visitors. Relevant literature also suggests that slow tourism will grow in the future.  Some sources posit that slow approach might not work in all places. Reviewing the literature, authors see a fit of Cittaslow with Crested Butte, but would recommend further investigation. BUAD      334    

1:30 Justice, Kayla. Communication and Theatre.  Faculty Mentor: Kelsey Bennett. Art and the Uncanny.

The uncanny is an experience which occurs both in life and the arts – its manifestation results in feelings of unease, underlying fear, and uncertainty.  Freud examines this phenomenon in his essay, The Uncanny; wherein he discusses the functionality of this unsettling recognition as distinct in lived and artistic experience.  As applied to the arts, ekphrasis, the process by which one medium of art responds to another, allows for a unique exploration of the uncanny as presented through different, yet interactive, artistic mediums.  Ekphrastic poetry responding to artwork permits not only an examination of the uncanny found in the original work, but expands or reimagines these examples.  John Donne’s Witchcraft by a Picture and Robert Browning’s My Last Duchess are two poems which wrestle with this relationship; the former explores familiarity found in unfamiliarity, the latter emphasizes unfamiliarity found in familiarity – prominent sources for the uncanny in art. HNRS 397  

1:50 Lemmon, Devani. English. Faculty Mentor: Kristi Jespersen. The Man, The Mother, and The Meat of The Matter.

Ruth Ozeki’s novels All Over Creation and My Year of Meats are both variously defined as global, feminist, ecocritical novels. The men in the novels represent the negative results of a capitalist world in which production is highly valued. The desire for control stretches even into the realm of reproduction where the ability to procreate equal power and status. As a result, the desire for control of both nature and reproduction is viewed not only between the interactions of the men and women but through the connection of the female body and food production. By connecting women to food, the ability to reproduce is redefined as a form of capitalist production that can be perfected through male intervention, an intrusion that can be seen in the various interferences that damage both the female ability to reproduce and cause danger to food sources. However, by connecting women to nature there is a possibility of redefining nature as an ally. ENG 337

2:10 McLemore, Emily. English. Faculty Mentor: Anthony Miccoli. The Woman Monster: "Beowulf" & Medieval Female Gender Performance     

While appropriate gender performance for females is largely implied, rather than explicitly stated, “Beowulf,” nonetheless, offers candid instruction regarding the roles and behavior of women in medieval warrior society, most poignantly via the characterization of Grendel’s mother, who manifests as a radical counter to other female characters and becomes implicitly illustrative of reprehensible female behavior. The way in which Grendel’s mother is characterized via the attributes assigned to her, as well as the deliberate language used to describe her, suggests that women refusing to operate within the constructs of the gender role socially designated to them become less human and even monstrous, while the symbolic nature of her defeat conveys that deviation from established gender norms is definitively intolerable and suggestive of blasphemy, as the text situates Beowulf as a kind of divine figure with repeated allusions to his role as a messenger of God or Christ-like savior. ENG 372  

2:30 Weiss, Jacob. Economics. Faculty Mentor: Sally Hays. What Influences Income Inequality in America?           

There has been a major income distribution issue in America. Since the 1970’s we have witnessed an increasing gap between the upper class and the lower class. This project will explain the different variables that influence income inequality in America. I will be using econometrics and mathematical tactics. Unfortunately this method will not solve the issue but provide correlation. This will provide a major step in the search for finding a solution for income inequality.  ECON 497

2:50 Gowins, Aaron. Mathematics. Faculty Mentor: Andrew Keck. Information Flow in Interaction Networks.           

Interaction networks have become ubiquitous in efforts to model a wide variety of systems. This approach has been particularly useful in the study of biological systems, which lend themselves quite naturally to being thought of in terms of state transitions. I will show how these networks represent information flow by modeling random walks in stochastic Markov models. Markov models can have multiple absorbing states, which present challenges in predicting the distribution of this information over a large number of random walks with a variety of initial conditions. Following the work of researchers at the National Center for Biotechnology Information at the NIH, we will develop methods for obtaining solutions to this information distribution, as well as explore techniques for manipulations of the system dynamics. I plan to present this topic in accessible terms by considering actual information flow in a social network. MATH 495