Spring 2013 Oral Presentations

Western Celebration of Scholarship Undergraduate Research Symposium

Prosser Theater

Tuesday, April 23, 2013

12:15 - 3:00pm

Oral Presentations


12:15 Opening Remarks


12:20 Baeck, Elisabeth. Economics. Sally Hays. What Affects the Annual Salary of a Woman with a Bachelor Degree?


Have you ever wondered what would be affecting your annual salary as a woman when you've graduated from college? This is the question I chose to analyze and see. My presentation is about the effects that are taken into account when determining the annual salary of a woman with a bachelor’s degree during the years from 1970 to 2010. It’s using an econometric model as well as, comparing a women's salary to that of a man. Are things like annual increases in population effecting the wages, or is it more focused on social effects like average number of children, or if a mother is the head of the household. ECON 492


12:35  Carlisle, Villa (Pidge). Art. Heather Orr. Post-Modern Comics


This oral presentation will explore Post-Modern identity and gender in American comics in a critical, art historical context. The complex relationships between gender and identity will be centered upon in regard to Post-Modern comics. Specifically, this presentation will deal with the work of Alison Bechdel. Alison Bechdel’s comics, Fun Home and Are You My Mother? will be discussed as Post-Modern comics that deconstruct gender and identity.


12:50  Eflin, Hannah. Communications and Theatre. Michael Brooks. An Inquiry and Evaluation of Non-Traditional Advertising Methods


While traditional advertising methods have been researched and analyzed thoroughly in the industry, this inquiry seeks to explore the effectiveness of non-traditional advertising methods. Through this analysis, I seek to shed like on the aesthetic and ethical repercussions of these new methods and how they are encroaching into public arenas. The key methodology employed is a case study approach, which involves evaluating five examples of non-traditional advertising methods through the lens of fundamental theoretical advertising principles. From this inquiry, I attempt to develop a new theoretical framework for these evolving non-traditional methods and conclude my findings with a call for increased awareness and research on the potential of this new field of advertising. COTH 484


1:05 Thompson, Gavin. Politics and Government. Maria Struble. Human Trafficking: Political Solutions


According to the United Nations nearly 4 million people are trafficked against their will across borders every year. More than 2 million of these are children, disproportionately females, and nearly to thirds of these girls will be forced into the illegal sex-trade industry. Human trafficking is the most profitable crime enterprise on earth earning $10 billion annually, over $4 million of which is directly tied to sex slavery. Every two minutes a child is forced into slavery. This speech examines the operation of human trafficking in two of the world’s most volatile regions; East Asia and Africa. It concludes that despite the existence of various political programs aimed at curtailing the proliferation of this crime; these programs remain ineffective because of their rejection of the epistemic privilege of victims and the de-politicization of the existence of trafficked people. POLS 487


1:20  Johnson, Lucas.  Economics. David Plante. Narrow Banking


Many changes have occurred in the United States financial system over the past century; formation of the Federal Reserve, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, collapse of the Bretton Woods System, Neo-Liberal movement, and the repeal of the Glass Steagall Act. Now, whether the deterioration of bank balance sheets is the result of the changes in our financial system listed before, the fact that is unarguable is that these changes allowed for undetected housing bubble that crippled our financial system in 2008. As a result, the U.S. monetary system that is based on Fractional Reserve Banking has come into question, and that the solution to preventing another financial crisis like that of 08, and of removing financial instability all together, rests within a shift of our monetary system towards one based on Narrow Banking. My presentation will bring forth the argument for Narrow Banking and explain why this is a flawed solution as we move forward following the crash of our financial system in 2008. ECON 492


1:35  Peery, Levi. Chemistry. Jason Mullins. Synthesis of novel 2-carboxyphenylgycine  Molecules Aimed as Excitatory Amino Acid Transporter Inhibitors


Glutamate is a vital excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain that has numerous functions.  To better understand glutamate and its functions, we are attempting to produce a new set of conformationally-restricted glutamate analogs. Specifically, we are attempting to synthesize 2-carboxyphenyl glycine (2CPG) with various substitutions at the 3- and 5- position on the benzene ring. These analogs containing an embedded glutamate moiety will be screened as excitatory amino acid transporter inhibitors.  This presentation will focus on the synthesis of these molecules as well as the identification and purification processes used to identify them. CHEM 494


1:50  Reilly, James. Exercise and Sport Science. Ashwin Patel. The Effect of Brief Biofeedback Training on Volleyball Service  Accuracy: A Case Study


Biofeedback training has been used to increase an athlete's awareness of physiological changes to participating in sport (Blumenstein et al., 1997; Galloway, 2011). The purpose of this study was to increase a collegiate volleyball player's service accuracy by making her aware of anxiety derived from tension in the trapezius muscle or upper back region. Muscle tension was measured using the electromyography function of a Thought Technology Procomp Infinity biofeedback machine. Biofeedback sessions took place on the volleyball courts in the Paul Wright Gymnasium and the biofeedback testing room located in the faculty wing of the Paul Wright Gymnasium. The classic 41-47 week biofeedback training protocol, outlined by Galloway (2011), was condensed into 4 sessions. Results were determined through the athlete's reflection of the protocol's efficacy in reducing anxiety during a serve. ESS 495


2:05  Smith, Molly E. Art. Heather Orr. Catherine Moore Richter


This presentation is based upon a research paper that is part of a larger art history project that aims to create and publish a catalogue on the Western State Colorado University art collection. My project focuses on the work and biography of well-known local Gunnison, Colorado painter and printmaker Catherine Moore Richter (wife of the author of the murals in the Savage Library). In this presentation, I will consider Moore Richter’s life and career, her contributions to American art broadly, and some of her watercolors and lithographs housed in the Leslie J. Savage Library. Catherine Moore Richter will remain a part of Gunnison, Colorado and Western State Colorado University’s heritage forever. She was an outstanding individual whose artistic significance will also continue to be highly respected for years to come. ART424


2:20  Jackson, Emily Rose. Mathematics. Andrew Keck. A Random Walk Through Dimensions


Ever thought that fractals were cool, or enjoy looking at different snowflake crystals? If the answer is yes then you are coming to the right talk!  Did you know that fractals have obscure dimensions like 1.7?  And what does it mean if an object has a non-integer dimension? Using a method called Diffusion Limited Aggregation, I have built crystal like fractals and computed the Hausdorff Dimension on these fractals, as a way of understanding the things we love in nature like snowflakes, and sunny beaches. MATH 495


2:35 Art 397 and Eng 205. ART. Don Seastrum. Seeing Poetry


Students in Teresa Milbrodt’s ENG 205 (Intro to Creative Writing) classes submitted original poems to students in Don Seastrum’s ART 397 (Form and Content) class to use as inspiration for their art.  Seastrum’s students each selected two poems, and developed the form for their drawings based on the content, line, and stanza arrangement of the poem.  Students were not to illustrate the poems literally, but rather depict their emotional responses to the poems in a visual means.

Both the poems and artist statements about the visual works will be read during the oral presentation, while images of the compositions are projected on a screen. ART 397


2:50  Ensley, Hannah. Mathematics. Robert Cohen. Contagious Mathematics: Modeling Disease in Populations


Disease is a common concern in society.  An SIS model can be used to understand various infectious incidences in populations.  Using applications of linear algebra and mathematical modeling, a critical endemic point can be determined and interpreted so that the sickness can be appropriately monitored and eradicated. Math 360.


3:05  Schaller, Zachary. Mathematics. Jeremy Muskat. Linear Modeling and Economic Production


Linear algebra can be used to solve real world problems.  In 1949, Harvard Professor Wassily Leontief developed a mathematical model that described the U.S. economy and encompassed information from 500 different sectors.  Leontief proved the existence of an equilibrium set of prices that exactly balances the income of each sector with their expenses.  He also segued into production behavior and how input-output relates to total demand.  I will present a simplified version of the model and the mathematics in determining a solution. MATH 360