Fall 2013 Oral Presentations

WSCU Celebration of Scholarship Undergraduate Research Symposium

Oral Presentations

Prosser Theater


Tuesday, December 10, 2013

12:15 - 3pm

12:15 Opening Remarks

12:30 McCall, Kevin. Music. Wacker John.

This thesis is an analysis regarding a musical technique known as imitative counterpoint. A large part of how western works have been, and are currently, written and theorized is through counterpoint, specifically through the main piece of imitative contrapuntal works: the subject. The rules for writing a subject have defined the principles for writing melodies, and these ideas have evolved our ways of creating and conceptualizing music. Through literature and composers from the 16th, 18th, and 20th centuries, an analysis can show how the nature of the subject has changed over time. Broader changes of musical elements and style have altered the use of subjects in contrapuntal works, and have created a new breed of contrapuntal styles. This knowledge will provide a greater understanding of subjects, the effect they have had on melodic adaptation, and speculate upon the possible future use of subjects in contrapuntal textures.MUS 365

12:50 McClernan, Sarah. Biology. Jonathan Coop.Impacts of Novel Fire Regimes for Post-fire Plant Communities in Southwestern Ponderosa Pine Forests.

Prior to European settlement, ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) forests of the southwestern US experienced frequent, low-severity wildfires. Rising temperatures, drought, and over fire suppression have driven a departure from the pre-settlement regime to a extensive, high-severity, stand-replacing fires. Such fires can convert ponderosa pine forest to shrub- and grass-dominated vegetation, which maybe more susceptible to subsequent high-severity fire, but may also recover more quickly. In the Jemez Mountains of New Mexico, the 2011 Las Conchas fire reburned a landscape that experienced several high-severity fires, including the 1977 La Mesa fire, the 1995 Dome fire, and the 2000 Cerro Grande fire. The purpose of our study was to characterize patterns of vegetation succession following the Las Conchas fire in relation to previous wildfires and vegetation. In the summer of 2013 we remeasured post-fire vegetation composition and structure at 94 plots sampled between 2003 and 2007, prior to the Las Conchas fire. We will test for influences of previous wildfires on pre-Las Conchas vegetation, Las Conchas fire pattern, and post -Las Conchas vegetation recovery. BIOL 496

1:10 McLemore, Emily. English. Alina Luna. The Correlation of Duty and Disease in Ibsen's Ghosts and Soyinka's The Strong Breed

Henrik Ibsen’s Ghosts and Wole Soyinka’s The Strong Breed both problematize stringent adherence to social ideals grounded in tradition. These plays demonstrate how the innate sense of duty born from rigid social constructs effects devastating consequences, suggesting that social ideology must be collectively reevaluated for practicality, rather than repeated simply for the sake of tradition, as the latter implicitly perpetuates ill effects comparable to those of disease. Examining the way in which Ibsen’s protagonist’s adherence to the duties assigned to her as a woman produces a disease that culminates in the play’s tragic climax infers that socially constructed ideals are, in themselves, a type of disease. Soyinka’s play addresses the negative implications of duty via an examination of ritual closure; because the character reflective of the deep ties between the community and its ritual practices is, simultaneously, afflicted by a debilitating illness, draws a similar parallel between duty and disease. ENG 358

1:30 Pavillard-Cain, Francesca. Economics. Plante David, Nelson Kevin. Globalization Vs. Industrial Clusters: China’s Struggle to Keep up Global Competition by Improving Local Industries. Seen Through My First Hand Experience

In theory today’s open market should create an environment where ideas and materials can be transported with ease and therefore decrease the advantage of local competition. However, the theory of industrial clusters contradicts the advantages of a global economy. Harvard professor and world-renowned economist Michael E. Porter defines industrial clusters as, “critical masses- in one place- of unusual competitive success in particular fields. Clusters are a striking feature of virtually every national, regional, state and even metropolitan economy, especially in more economically advanced nations” (Porter 78). When studying the theory of industrial clusters China is a great example of how the creation and development of clusters can lead to significant growth and increased competition. During my own travels in China I saw numerous instances of development due to the formation of clusters. China’s political history, current government policies, and land and wealth disparities are major events that have greatly impacted the establishment of clusters in China.ECON 492

1:50 Skoglund, Kade. Chemistry. Jason Mullins. Building Molecules That Resemble the Known Neurotransmitter L-Glutamate

L-glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system. In this study, we aimed to synthesize organic molecules that restrict the conformational rotation of L-glutamate. Previous studies have suggested that α-azido-dimethylhomophthalate can be a precursor to conformationally restricted glutamate analogues. Synthesis of α-azido-dimethylhomophthalate was prepared from commercially available homophthalic acid. Reduction conditions of the α-azide group to an α-amino group were also explored. Both the α-azide and the α-amino homophthalate diesters can be used as chemical precursors to conformationally restricted analogues of L-glutamate. CHEM 494

2:10 Wolpern, Ali, Trachte, Tiffany. Exercise and Sport Science. Buchanan Christina. Cardiovascular Disease Risk Profile of Collegiate Cross Country Runners

Cardiovascular disease is increasing throughout all ages, cultures, and socioeconomic groups. Little is known about CVD risk factors and collegiate athletes; therefore, obtaining risk factor profiles for NCAA Division II cross country athletes can help determine which lifestyle behaviors could be responsible for CVD. Purpose: This study compared the CVD risk factor profiles of NCAA Division II cross country and literature about CVD risk profiles of the general population. Methods: 50 collegiate cross country runners (21±2yrs) participated in a 30 minute session. Risk factor profiles were obtained, including blood pressure and resting heart rate, fasting blood glucose and lipid levels, anthropometric measures, and stress/sitting surveys. Data was analyzed using a Chi-square (χ2) test (p<.05). Results and Conclusion: To be completed by 12/1/2013. ESS 495