Courses

ACC 201 INTRO TO FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING

An introduction to the field of accounting with emphasis on corporate financial statements. Financial statements are viewed as a communication device conveying the financial health of a business to interested parties. The objective of this first course is to teach students to read, analyze, and interpret these financial statements. The emphasis is on developing critical thinking and problem-solving skills using accounting concepts. Students are exposed to the steps used by accountants to record, measure, and process financial information. Cash flow analysis is contrasted with the accrual basis of accounting; the concepts of asset valuation and income measurement are discussed. Accounting majors must pass this class with a minimum grade of "C." Prerequisites: completion of the College Mathematics Course Requirement with minimum grade of "C-", or instructor permission.

ACC 202 INTRO TO MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING

An introduction to the preparation, uses, and analysis of common management accounting information. Topics include cost-volume-profit analysis, capital budgeting and present value applications, cash budgets, financial statement analysis, taxes, and management decisions, plus a brief introduction to modern cost accounting, with emphasis on activity-based costing systems. The development of problem-solving and analytical abilities is given primary importance throughout the course. Accounting majors must pass this class with a minimum grade of "C." Prerequisites: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-"; and ACC 201 with a minimum grade of "C."

ACC 301 INTRMDTE FINANCIAL ACCOUNTG I

Rigorous and comprehensive study of the means by which generally accepted accounting principles are used to generate the publicly-available information disseminated by modern U.S. corporations. Theoretical and practical criticisms and alternatives to current accounting practice are also considered, as is the idea of accounting as an information feedback system that allows individuals and organizations to reshape their environment. In addition, students are exposed to the realities of the economic and political climate surrounding the accounting standard-setting process. Accounting majors must pass this class with a minimum grade of "C." Prerequisites: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-"; and ACC 201 with a minimum grade of "C."

ACC 302 INTERMEDIATE FINANCIAL ACCOUNTG II

Continuation of ACC 301. As the ACC 301-02 sequence progresses, increased emphasis is placed on the relationship of modern accounting and information theory to current accounting practice. In addition, students are expected to develop an insight into the behavioral and economic consequences of the financial reporting process. Accounting majors must pass this class with a minimum grade of "C." Prerequisite: ACC 301.

ACC 320 ADVANCED MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING

A study of the information needed by managers for planning, control and decisionmaking. Both the tools needed to generate this information and the principles involved in evaluating the information are covered. Topics include: breakeven analysis; product and process costing, including activity-based costing,standard costing and joint costs; cash budgets and forecasting; relevant costs and nonroutine decisions; the direct vs. absorption costing tradeoff; and capital budgeting. The overall level of difficulty in this course is generally consistent with the level of difficulty encountered on typical management accounting problems found on the Uniform CPA Examination. Accounting majors must pass this class with a minimum grade of "C." Prerequisites: ACC 202 and ACC 301.

ACC 340 ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEMS

A dual-purpose course which explores the theoretical view of information systems, while at the same time exposing the student to actual off-the-shelf accounting software. The course alternates between textbook readings and discussions and several case studies which require the student to create a computerized accounting system for a fictional client. After completing the course, the student is expected to possess the ability to computerize a manual accounting system, to understand system theory underpinnings of accounting information systems, and to have developed a view of the implications of expected technological advances on management information systems in general and accounting systems in particular. Prerequisite: BUAD 220 or CIS 120. Prerequisite or corequisite:ACC 301.

ACC 350 INCOME TAX

An introduction to the federal income tax system. Emphasis is on the ways in which the U.S. income tax laws influence personal and business behavior and decision making, and how the tax laws can be used to accomplish various economic and social objectives. Topics covered include an introduction to tax research, principles of income and deduction, tax liability, and tax credits. Individual taxation is the primary focus, but the basic principles apply to most forms of business organization as well. Accounting majors must pass this class with a minimum grade of "C." Prerequisite: minimum sophomore standing.

ACC 410 AUDITING

An introduction to the field of auditing including an examination of the standards and methods used by certified professional accountants when attesting to the fairness of corporate financial statements. Specific topics include the accounting professional code of ethics, generally accepted auditing standards (GAAS), internal controls, sampling techniques, audit planning and specific audit procedures. Government policies concerning auditors' responsibilities for fraud detection are also discussed. Prerequisite: ACC 302.

ACC 415 INFORMATION TECHNOLGY AUDITING

Building on concepts covered in ACC 410 (Auditing), the course emphasizes the process of auditing information technology (IT), IT governance and management, IT acquisition, development and implementation, IT maintenance and support, and protection of IT assets. The course will present tools, concepts, and techniques necessary to properly audit IT. Prerequisites: ACC 340 and ACC 410.

ACC 450 ADVANCED FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING

An overview of the financial accounting theory, practice, problems, and reporting requirements for various economic entities. These include partnerships, foreign branches and subsidiaries, state and local governments, colleges and universities, hospitals, voluntary organizations, and the modern parent/subsidiary corporate structure. The approach taken in this course is that there are common information needs which each of these entities must satisfy. While the specific approach used to satisfy this need is dependent on a variety of factors, the common thread is that useful information is being generated for the consumers of that information. Prerequisite: ACC 302.

ACC 460 ADVANCED INCOME TAX

A continuation of federal income taxation, with emphasis on property transactions, corporations, partnerships, and fiduciaries. A primary objective is decision-making from an after-tax point of view, that is, how taxes affect behavior. Topics include the tax effects of organizing, operating, and liquidating partnerships and corporations. Tax research methodology and the federal estate and gift tax are also covered. Prerequisite: ACC 350.

ACC 498 ACCOUNTING ETHICS

Investigates and explores the ethical responsibilities faced by professional accountants in all fields. Students will read, discuss, and analyze case studies regarding ethical situations and issues confronted by the accounting profession. The AICPA Code of Professional Conduct will be studied, as well as foundational ethical theory and an approach for identifying and analyzing ethical issues, with a focus on current events. Students are expected to make significant written and oral contributions to the class. This is the capstone course for the Standard Accounting Major and the Professional Emphasis. Prerequisite: senior status.

ANTH 107 INTRO GENERL ANTHROPOLOGY GSS3

A general introduction to anthropology. All three sub-fields of modern anthropology:cultural anthropology (archaeology and ethnography), physical anthropology, and linguistics are covered.

ANTH 107 INTRO TO GENERAL ANTHRO GSS3

A general introduction to anthropology. All three sub-fields of modern anthropology:cultural anthropology (archaeology and ethnography), physical anthropology, and linguistics are covered.

ANTH 218 PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY W LAB

An examination of biological variation in modern human populations and biological evolution of humans as shown by the fossil record. Prerequisite: ANTH 107.

ANTH 219 ARCHAEOLOGY W LAB

A study of the methods and theory of modern archaeology. The emphasis is on how archaeologists understand the past. A general chronology of world prehistory is presented. Prerequisite: ANTH 107.

ANTH 230 CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY W LAB

An exploration of ethnographic theory and methods, and a cross-cultural and comparative examination of societies studied by ethnographers. Prerequisite: ANTH 107.

ANTH 265 ANTHROPOLOGICAL WRITING STAT

An introduction to the skills employed in the field of anthropology, using data sets and techniques from anthropological research. Prerequisites: ANTH 107, ENG 102, and MATH 140.

ANTH 320 CULTURAL ECOLOGY

An examination of key perspectives, theories, and methods in the study of ecological anthropology. Students learn about the use and definition of the environment by groups from different cultural backgrounds, and build a comparative perspective in so doing. The focus is on contemporary groups, but archaeological examples are used as comparison and to build time-depth in our understanding of cultural ecology. Prerequisite: ANTH 107 or instructor permission.

ANTH 333 ARCHAEOLOGY OF COLORADO

A detailed look at the archaeological sequences of Colorado with an emphasis on western Colorado. Time periods from Paleo-Indian to Historic are described. This course is a recommended preparatory course for the Archaeological Field School in Colorado or the Archaeological Field Trip. Prerequisite: ANTH 219.

ANTH 369 ANTHROPOLOGY FIELD TRIP

A field study of archaeological and ethnographic cultures in the western United States. Students camp and tour ancient sites, modern Native American towns, and anthropological museums. This course may be taken for a maximum of six credits.

ANTH 465 SENIOR RESEARCH SEMINAR

A study of the history and intellectual growth of anthropology is paired with individual work on student projects, which employ theory and methods discussed in class. Students present their work to the college community. Prerequisite: ANTH 265 and senior standing;or instructor permission.

ANTH 467 ETHNOGRAPHY FIELD SCHOOL

A field experience in cultural anthropology in which students are immersed in the culture, traditions, and lifeways of a group of people, learning methods of inquiry and anthropological perspectives through hands-on experiences. This course may be taken for a maximum of eight credits. Prerequisite: ANTH 230 or instructor permission.

ANTH 469 ARCHAEOLOGY FIELD SCHOOL ADV

A field-experience course in which students learn and perform proper field techniques. Some laboratory work may be involved. This course is offered during the summer session and may be taken for a maximum of eight credits. Prerequisites: ANTH 219 or instructor permission.

ANTH 469 ARCHAEOLOGY FIELD SCHOOL BELIZ

A field-experience course in which students learn and perform proper field techniques. Some laboratory work may be involved. This course is offered during the summer session and may be taken for a maximum of eight credits. Prerequisites: ANTH 219 or instructor permission.

ANTH 469 ST: ARCHAEOLOGY FIELD SCHOOL

A field-experience course in which students learn and perform proper field techniques. Some laboratory work may be involved. This course is offered during the summer session and may be taken for a maximum of eight credits. Prerequisites: ANTH 219 or instructor permission.

ANTH 469 ARCHAEOLOGY FIELD SCHOOL

A field-experience course in which students learn and perform proper field techniques. Some laboratory work may be involved. This course is offered during the summer session and may be taken for a maximum of eight credits. Prerequisites: ANTH 219 or instructor permission.

ART 0 EXHIBITION CONVOCATION ATTEND

Monthly or bi-monthly department gatherings for presentations by exhibiting artists and scholars, or workshops, which enable students to develop their own work and their understanding of the discipline of art. Art majors are required to register for and attend Art 000 every semester of enrollment towards their Art degree; minimum 6 semesters of Satisfactory grade. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only.

ART 105 INTRODUCTION TO ART GAH1

An introduction to the visual arts, including consideration of the fundamentals of art making, artistic practice, design, art history, analysis, and interpretation. Students engage with art through a combination of lectures, demonstrations, gallery-based exercises, and/or hands-on studio projects. (Course does not count toward the Art major or minor.) GT-AH1

ART 105 INTRODUCTION TO ART GAH1

An introduction to the visual arts, including consideration of the fundamentals of art making, artistic practice, design, art history, analysis, and interpretation. Students engage with art through a combination of lectures, demonstrations, gallery-based exercises, and/or hands-on studio projects. (Course does not count toward the Art major or minor.) GT-AH1

ART 105 INTRODUCTION TO ART

An introduction to the visual arts, including consideration of the fundamentals of art making, artistic practice, design, art history, analysis, and interpretation. Students engage with art through a combination of lectures, demonstrations, gallery-based exercises, and/or hands-on studio projects. (Course does not count toward the Art major or minor.) GT-AH1

ART 105 INTR ART:CONCEPT APPL VIS ARTS

An introduction to the visual arts, including consideration of the fundamentals of art making, artistic practice, design, art history, analysis, and interpretation. Students engage with art through a combination of lectures, demonstrations, gallery-based exercises, and/or hands-on studio projects. (Course does not count toward the Art major or minor.) GT-AH1

ART 105 INTRO ART:UNDRSTND GRAPHIC REP

An introduction to the visual arts, including consideration of the fundamentals of art making, artistic practice, design, art history, analysis, and interpretation. Students engage with art through a combination of lectures, demonstrations, gallery-based exercises, and/or hands-on studio projects. (Course does not count toward the Art major or minor.) GT-AH1

ART 105 INTRODUCTION TO ART GAH1

An introduction to the visual arts, including consideration of the fundamentals of art making, artistic practice, design, art history, analysis, and interpretation. Students engage with art through a combination of lectures, demonstrations, gallery-based exercises, and/or hands-on studio projects. (Course does not count toward the Art major or minor.) GT-AH1

ART 119 FOUNDATION DRAWING I

A foundation course in drawing with special attention to line, value, perspective, texture, and shape. Landscape, still life, and other forms are used as subject matter. The visual elements and principles of organization in relationship to perceiving both flat and illusionary space are explored. Black and white media are exclusively practiced. Prerequisite: Art major or minor status.

ART 120 FOUNDATIONS DRAWING II

A foundation course in drawing, placing emphasis on composition. The study of the essential aspects of drawing (such as gesture, contour, proportions, anatomy, structure, textural surface, and articulation) and their synthesis into a coherent drawing attitude. Included in this course is the introduction of drawing the life form and color. Prerequisite: ART 119.

ART 171 FOUNDATION DESIGN:2-DIMENSIONL

An introduction to design organization with an emphasis on the exploration of line, value, texture, shape, and color. Prerequisite: Art major or minor status.

ART 172 FOUNDATION DESIGN:3-DIMEN

A foundation course in design organization with emphasis on the exploration of mass, texture, process, and techniques in the three-dimensional area. Tools and materials are explored. Prerequisite: Art major or minor status.

ART 203 INTRODUCTION TO CERAMICS

An introduction to the basic techniques and processes of ceramics: pinch, coil, slab, and some wheelwork. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

ART 222 ART HISTORY I

A survey of western and non-western art from approximately 30,000 years ago to the 14th century. Works of art and architecture are examined within the cultural and historic context for art-making through world human history. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C" and Art major or minor status.

ART 223 ART HISTORY II

A survey of western and non-western art from approximately the 14th century to the present. Works of art and architecture are examined within the cultural and historic context for art-making through world human history. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C" and Art major or minor status.

ART 230 INTRODUCTION TO SCULPTURE

An introduction to the various processes of sculpture: carving, modeling, and casting. Aesthetic qualities and craftsmanship of the sculptural forms are emphasized. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

ART 246 INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAPHY

An introduction to contemporary photographic technique incorporating traditional black-and-white analogue photography alongside digital photographic practice and procedure. Lectures introduce topic areas that the student must exercise in lab sessions. Students must supply their own "quality" 35mm or 120mm camera. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

ART 257 INTRODUCTION TO PRINTMAKING

An introduction to the basic techniques of printmaking including lithography, woodcut, etching, and the collagraph. Emphasis is on the traditional approaches in printmaking. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

ART 271 CALLIGRAPHY TYPOGRAPHY

A study of individual letter forms as design elements that relate to visual communication. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

ART 280 INTRODUCTION TO PAINTING

An introduction to oil painting, using basic tools, materials, techniques, and the development of compositional methods. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

ART 286 INTRODUCTION TO WATERCOLOR

An introduction to both the traditional and contemporary methods of watercolor. The various watercolor media are explored. Prerequisites: ART 120, ART 171, and ART 172.

ART 303 INTERMEDIATE CERAMICS

An exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual ceramic direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 203.

ART 319 INTERMEDIATE DRAWING

A study of figure drawing with an emphasis on structure, figure compositions, and portrait studies from the model using various drawing media and techniques. Prerequisite: ART 120.

ART 324 ART CRITICISM CRITICAL THEORY

A survey of contemporary art and art practices through the discipline of art criticism. This seminar course prepares students for senior-level courses and advanced studies in art and art history at the graduate level. A survey of modern and contemporary art since the midtwentieth century is followed by seminar presentations on selected readings. Prerequisites: ART 222 and ART 223.

ART 325 WOMEN ARTISTS

A survey of women artists and their work from the 16th century (Renaissance) to contemporary times. The contributions of women artists and the changing roles of women in the western tradition of the visual arts are examined within relevant historical, political, social, theoretical, and gender contexts. Prerequisite: junior standing or instructor permission.

ART 330 INTERMEDIATE SCULPTURE

An exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual sculpture direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 230.

ART 335 INTERMEDIATE JEWELRY

Designed for exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual jewelry direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 235.

ART 346 INTERMEDIATE PHOTOGRAPHY

An intermediate course that explores the expressive possibilities of individual photography direction with an emphasis placed on digital photographic practices and principles. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 246.

ART 357 INTERMEDIATE PRINTMAKING

An exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual printmaking direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 257.

ART 375 INTERMED MAGAZINE PRODUCTION

An integration of journalism and art course work into a study of magazine production. Faculty supervise students in design and production work leading to the publication of the Western Pathfinder Magazine, in both print and online versions. Prerequisite: ART370 and instructor permission.

ART 380 INTERMEDIATE PAINTING

An exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual painting direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 280.

ART 386 INTERMEDIATE WATERCOLOR

Designed for exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual watercolor direction.Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 286.

ART 400 ARTIST PORTFOLIO SENIOR EXHIB

A Capstone Course in which students develop a portfolio of recent work which enhances preparation for the Senior Exhibition, a career in art, gallery representation, or application to graduate school. Prerequisite: senior standing.

ART 403 ADVANCED CERAMICS I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual ceramic direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 303.

ART 404 ADVANCED CERAMICS II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual ceramic direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 403.

ART 405 ADVANCED CERAMICS III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual ceramic direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 403.

ART 419 ADVANCED DRAWING

An advanced study in figure drawing with emphasis on the figure, expanding visual awareness by developing control of drawing as a tool for research and invention. Problems progress from simple structural analysis to more sophisticated exploration of subject matter, and finally to individual interpretation. Prerequisite: ART 319 and B.F.A. candidate.

ART 421 ART MESOAMERICA ANDEAN REGION

A survey of the arts of the Pre-contact civilizations in Middle America and the Andes. The art and architecture of these ancestral peoples are examined within their cultural contexts. Prerequisite: junior standing or instructor permission.

ART 424 MOD ART HIST AESTH THEORY CRIT

An exploration of trends and developments in the Western tradition of the visual arts from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, considering Modernism, Post-Modernism, and recent tendencies. The visual arts of these periods are viewed through the lens of theories and ideas that have powered change in Western art, including current revisionist and theoretical considerations in Art and Art History. Prerequisite: minimum junior standing or instructor permission.

ART 430 ADVANCED SCULPTURE I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual sculptural direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 330.

ART 431 ADVANCED SCULPTURE II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual sculptural direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 430.

ART 432 ADVANCED SCULPTURE III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual sculptural direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 431.

ART 435 ADVANCED JEWELRY I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual jewelry direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 335.

ART 436 ADVANCED JEWELRY II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual jewelry direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 435.

ART 437 ADVANCED JEWELRY III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual jewelry direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 436.

ART 446 ADVANCED PHOTOGRAPHY I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual photography direction.Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 346.

ART 447 ADVANCED PHOTOGRAPHY II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual photography direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 446.

ART 448 ADVANCED PHOTOGRAPHY III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual photography direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 447.

ART 457 ADVANCED PRINTMAKING I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual printmaking direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 357.

ART 458 ADVANCED PRINTMAKING II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual printmaking direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 457.

ART 459 ADVANCED PRINTMAKING III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual printmaking direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 458.

ART 470 ADV DESIGN ILLUSTRATION I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual graphic design direction.Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 370.

ART 471 ADV DESIGN ILLUSTRATION II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual graphic design direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 470.

ART 472 ADV DESIGN ILLUSTRATION III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual graphic design direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction of study. Prerequisite: ART 471.

ART 475 ADV MAGAZINE PRODUCTION I

An advanced integration of journalism and art course work into a study of magazine production. Faculty supervise students in design and production work leading to the publication of the Western Pathfinder Magazine, in both print and online versions. Prerequisite: ART 375 and instructor permission.

ART 476 ADV MAGAZINE PRODUCTION II

An advanced integration of journalism and art course work into a study of magazine production. Faculty supervise students in design and production work leading to the publication of the Western Pathfinder Magazine, in both print and online versions. Prerequisite: ART 475 and instructor permission.

ART 477 ADV MAGAZINE PRODUCTION III

An advanced integration of journalism and art course work into a study of magazine production.Faculty supervise students in design and production work leading to the publication of the Western Pathfinder Magazine, in both print and online versions. Prerequisite: ART 476 and instructor permission.

ART 480 ADVANCED PAINTING I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual painting direction.Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisites: ART 380.

ART 481 ADVANCED PAINTING II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual painting direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 480.

ART 482 ADVANCED PAINTING III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual painting direction.Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 481.

ART 486 ADVANCED WATERCOLOR I

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual watercolor direction.Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisites: ART 386.

ART 487 ADVANCED WATERCOLOR II

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual watercolor direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 486.

ART 488 ADVANCED WATERCOLOR III

An advanced exploration of the expressive possibilities of individual watercolor direction. Students collaborate with the instructor to plan a suitable and particular direction for study. Prerequisite: ART 487.

ART 491 SEMINAR IN ART

An investigation and evaluation of contemporary topics in art. Students are exposed to artistic expression through visiting artist programs, exhibitions, and workshops. Students develop individual research topics. Prerequisites: B.F.A. candidate and senior standing.

BIOL 120 ST: MICROBES AND MAN

An introduction to selected biological topics and the methods of science through an exploration of current topics such as evolution, bioethics and conservation biology. Students may only take this course once for credit.

BIOL 120 ST: PUBLIC HEALTH

An introduction to selected biological topics and the methods of science through an exploration of current topics such as evolution, bioethics and conservation biology. Students may only take this course once for credit.

BIOL 130 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY GSC2

An introduction to basic biological principles as they apply to interactions between organisms and their environment. Consideration is given to biotic and abiotic interactions, energy flow, biogeochemical cycling, population growth, biodiversity, basic cell biology, genetics, and evolution with a special emphasis on human impacts on these biological systems. This course establishes a strong foundation in applied biology from a scientific perspective.

BIOL 130 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY GSC2

An introduction to basic biological principles as they apply to interactions between organisms and their environment. Consideration is given to biotic and abiotic interactions, energy flow, biogeochemical cycling, population growth, biodiversity, basic cell biology, genetics, and evolution with a special emphasis on human impacts on these biological systems. This course establishes a strong foundation in applied biology from a scientific perspective.

BIOL 135 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY LAB GSC1

An experimental approach in both the field and laboratory to explore fundamental biological principles including biotic and abiotic interactions, energy flow, biogeochemical cycling, population growth, biodiversity, basic cell biology, genetics and evolution. Prerequisite or corequisite: BIOL 130.

BIOL 150 BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES GSC1

An introduction to the central unifying concepts of biology including the biochemical foundations of life, cell structure and function, cell metabolism, genetics, and evolution. Laboratories introduce students to the process and methods of science through investigative experiences. This course is designed for the science major. Prerequisites: A year of high school biology; and a year of high school chemistry or CHEM 101 or CHEM 111.

BIOL 150 BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES LAB

An introduction to the central unifying concepts of biology including the biochemical foundations of life, cell structure and function, cell metabolism, genetics, and evolution. Laboratories introduce students to the process and methods of science through investigative experiences. This course is designed for the science major. Prerequisites: A year of high school biology; and a year of high school chemistry or CHEM 101 or CHEM 111.

BIOL 151 DIVERSITY PATTERNS OF LIFE

An overview of organismal diversity and ecology. Through a taxonomic survey, students are introduced to prokaryotic and eukaryotic diversity including microorganisms, plants, and animals. Organismic anatomy and physiology, as well as fundamentals of ecology, are also considered. Laboratories introduce students to the process and methods of science through investigative experiences. This course is designed for the science major. Prerequisites: A year of high school biology and a year of high school chemistry or CHEM 101 or CHEM 111.

BIOL 151 DIVERSITY PATTERNS OF LIFE LAB

An overview of organismal diversity and ecology. Through a taxonomic survey, students are introduced to prokaryotic and eukaryotic diversity including microorganisms, plants, and animals. Organismic anatomy and physiology, as well as fundamentals of ecology, are also considered. Laboratories introduce students to the process and methods of science through investigative experiences. This course is designed for the science major. Prerequisites: A year of high school biology and a year of high school chemistry or CHEM 101 or CHEM 111.

BIOL 151 DIVERSITY PATTRNS OF LIFE

An overview of organismal diversity and ecology. Through a taxonomic survey, students are introduced to prokaryotic and eukaryotic diversity including microorganisms, plants, and animals. Organismic anatomy and physiology, as well as fundamentals of ecology, are also considered. Laboratories introduce students to the process and methods of science through investigative experiences. This course is designed for the science major. Prerequisites: A year of high school biology and a year of high school chemistry or CHEM 101 or CHEM 111.

BIOL 151 DIVERSTY PATTERNS OF LIFE LAB

An overview of organismal diversity and ecology. Through a taxonomic survey, students are introduced to prokaryotic and eukaryotic diversity including microorganisms, plants, and animals. Organismic anatomy and physiology, as well as fundamentals of ecology, are also considered. Laboratories introduce students to the process and methods of science through investigative experiences. This course is designed for the science major. Prerequisites: A year of high school biology and a year of high school chemistry or CHEM 101 or CHEM 111.

BIOL 201 INTRO TO MICROBIOLOGY W LAB

A study of the basic aspects of microbiology for allied health students that includes an introduction to the identification, physiology, growth and control of microbes. Laboratory exercises will emphasize aseptic, pure culture, and identification techniques. This course can only be used to fulfill graduation requirement for students in the allied health biology emphasis.

BIOL 300 BASIC NUTRITION

An introduction to the science of human nutrition. Consideration is given to the chemical nature and functions of the major groups of nutrients, the function of the digestive system, energy metabolism and balance, weight control, and nutrition for fitness. Human nutrition during the life span is also addressed. Prerequisites: BIOL 150; and CHEM 101 or CHEM 111.

BIOL 301 GENERAL ECOLOGY

An introduction to basic ecological principles and their relationships to natural systems. Human impact on the natural systems is assessed. Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and BIOL 151. Prerequisite or corequisite: COM 202.

BIOL 302 ECOLOGY LABORATORY RECITATN

An experimental approach in both field and laboratory to explore fundamental ecological principles. Students gather and analyze data to address ecological hypotheses, learn practical ecological skills (performing field techniques, using statistical and graphical tools, and interpreting ecological software), and develop oral and written communication skills. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 151, and CHEM 113. Prerequisite or corequisite: BIOL 301.

BIOL 310 CELL BIOLOGY

An introduction to cellular function and structure. Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and BIOL 151. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHEM 231 or CHEM 331; and COTH 202.

BIOL 312 GENETICS W RECITATION

A course in Mendelian inheritance, linkage, chromosomal aberrations, molecular genetics, gene regulation, genetic engineering, and population genetics. Prerequisites: BIOL 301, BIOL 310, CHEM 231, and CHEM 234; or CHEM 331.

BIOL 313 CELL GENETICS LABORATORY

An introduction to experimentation and laboratory techniques used in cell biology, physiology, and genetics, including experimental design, data analysis, and presentation of research results. Prerequisite or corequisite: BIOL 312.

BIOL 322 MAMMALOGY (W LAB RECITAT)

An introduction to the study of mammal taxonomy, evolution, ecology and conservation. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 or instructor permission.

BIOL 327 FIELD ENTOMOLOGY W LAB

An introduction to the world of the most diverse and abundant form of animal life on Earth through an experiential, field, and laboratory class. The course emphasizes field study, collection and preservation, identification, ecology, and natural history. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 or instructor permission.

BIOL 342 MICROBIOLOGY WITH LAB

An introduction to microbial morphology, identification, physiology, genetics, and microbiology laboratory techniques. A brief consideration is given to fungi. Prerequisites: Biology Nucleus

BIOL 352 BOTANY WITH LABORATORY

Using field and laboratory experiences this course explores the diversity within the plant kingdom using a comparative approach to examine evolutionary trends and relationships.Students are introduced to the structure and function of plants through an investigation of plant cells, tissues, organs, and basic physiological processes. Economic importance, human uses, and significance of plants to society are emphasized. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 151, and ENG 102; or instructor permission.

BIOL 353 ROCKY MOUNTAIN FLORA

A field and laboratory course focusing on identification of flowering plants common to the Western Slope of the Colorado Rocky Mountains. This course covers methods of plant collection and preservation, field identification, natural history, and ecology as well as local plants of particular human interest, including those that are medically important, edible, and poisonous. Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and BIOL 151; or instructor permission.

BIOL 362 EVOLUT BIOLOGY-THEORY APPLIC

This course provides a comprehensive overview of evolutionary processes and mechanisms within an applied framework. Evolutionary perspectives in human health and medicine,environmental and conservation biology, agriculture and natural resource management, and biotechnology are covered. Topics include organismic adaptation to changing environments and long-term responses to environmental perturbation, and insights into many issues of growing social importance such as climate change, land use change, and emerging diseases. Prerequisites: BIOL 312; or ENVS 350, ENVS 370, ENVS 390, and either BIOL 151 or both BIOL 130 and BIOL 135; or instructor permission.

BIOL 372 HUMAN ANATO PHYSIOLOGY I LAB

An introduction to regulatory mechanisms which maintain normal body function. Specific topics include cytology, histology, integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, and nervous system. The course is designed for allied health and exercise and sport science students. Prerequisites: BIOL 150; CHEM 105 or CHEM 111.

BIOL 372 HUMAN ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY I

An introduction to regulatory mechanisms which maintain normal body function. Specific topics include cytology, histology, integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, and nervous system. The course is designed for allied health and exercise and sport science students. Prerequisites: BIOL 150; CHEM 105 or CHEM 111.

BIOL 373 HUMAN ANAT PHYSIOLOGY II LAB

A continuation of BIOL 372 Human Anatomy and Physiology I. Specific topics include immunology, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, digestive system, excretory system, reproductive system, and endocrine system. Prerequisite: BIOL 372.

BIOL 373 HUMAN ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY II

A continuation of BIOL 372 Human Anatomy and Physiology I. Specific topics include immunology, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, digestive system, excretory system, reproductive system, and endocrine system. Prerequisite: BIOL 372.

BIOL 420 MOLECULAR BIOLOGY W LAB

A study of the molecular mechanisms by which cellular processes are controlled in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Topics include the biochemistry of macromolecular processes, the structure of genes and chromosomes, the genetic and molecular techniques used to study gene expression, and the transcriptional and translational control of gene expression. The laboratory includes recombinant DNA techniques to manipulate the genome of a model organism. Prerequisites: BIOL 312 and CHEM 471.

BIOL 444 COLORADO ECOREGIONS

A survey of the three main ecoregions of Colorado including the Great Plains, the Southern Rocky Mountains, and the Colorado Plateau. Students travel throughout Colorado and explore the ecology and natural history of the ecosystems by hiking, backpacking, and river rafting. Content includes an evolutionary perspective on ecosystem features and the adaptations of species characterizing each system, as well as applied issues in natural resources management. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 or instructor permission.

BIOL 454 DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY LAB

An examination of the embryology of vertebrates, stressing mammalian embryonic development and comparisons with amphibians, reptiles, and birds. Prerequisites: Biology 312.

BIOL 467 FISHERIES BIOLOGY

An introduction to the science underlying fisheries and their management. Topics will include the morphology, evolution, ecology, behavior and conservation of fishes, including experimental design, data analysis and communication of results focusing primarily on freshwater fisheries and common fishes of Colorado. Marine fisheries will be covered briefly. Prerequisites: BIOL 301 or instructor permission.

BIOL 481 FOREST ECOLOGY W LABORATORY

Ecology of forest species, communities, landscapes, and ecosystems, with a focus on the Gunnison Basin. Topics include tree physiology, species interactions, fire and disturbance, succession, forest types, climate, forest management and restoration. Labs and field trips will provide hands-on experience and practical skills in tree identification, forest mensuration, vegetation sampling, statistics and GIS. Students will develop and conduct independent/group research projects. Prerequisites: BIOL 301, MATH 213

BIOL 495 SR SEM: RESTORATION ECOLOGY

An examination of biological subdisciplines through an investigation of the primary literature. The professional practices, procedures, and standards of the subdiscipline are discussed. This course may be repeated for credit and must be taken twice to fulfill the Capstone Course requirement. Graded Satisfactory/ Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisites: Biology Nucleus and MATH 213.

BIOL 495 SR SEM:

An examination of biological subdisciplines through an investigation of the primary literature. The professional practices, procedures, and standards of the subdiscipline are discussed. This course may be repeated for credit and must be taken twice to fulfill the Capstone Course requirement. Graded Satisfactory/ Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisites: Biology Nucleus and MATH 213.

BIOL 495 SENIOR SEMINAR

An examination of biological subdisciplines through an investigation of the primary literature. The professional practices, procedures, and standards of the subdiscipline are discussed. This course may be repeated for credit and must be taken twice to fulfill the Capstone Course requirement. Graded Satisfactory/ Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisites: Biology Nucleus and MATH 213.

BIOL 495 SR SEM: CONSERVATION METHODS

An examination of biological subdisciplines through an investigation of the primary literature. The professional practices, procedures, and standards of the subdiscipline are discussed. This course may be repeated for credit and must be taken twice to fulfill the Capstone Course requirement. Graded Satisfactory/ Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisites: Biology Nucleus and MATH 213.

BIOL 495 SR SEM: HUMAN EVOLUTION

An examination of biological subdisciplines through an investigation of the primary literature. The professional practices, procedures, and standards of the subdiscipline are discussed. This course may be repeated for credit and must be taken twice to fulfill the Capstone Course requirement. Graded Satisfactory/ Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisites: Biology Nucleus and MATH 213.

BIOL 495 SR SEM: PATHOPHYSIOLOGY TOPICS

An examination of biological subdisciplines through an investigation of the primary literature. The professional practices, procedures, and standards of the subdiscipline are discussed. This course may be repeated for credit and must be taken twice to fulfill the Capstone Course requirement. Graded Satisfactory/ Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisites: Biology Nucleus and MATH 213.

BUAD 100 BUSINESS IN SOCIETY

A study of the role of business in modern society. Topics include the private enterprise system, consumerism, management functions, major functional areas of large business, vital areas of small-business operation, and the environment of business.

BUAD 101 BUSINESS OF LIFE

This course helps students begin building the foundations of four critical life skills: economic decision making, managing personal finances, personal branding and creating change. Students learn the basics of objective decision making, managing budgets and filing income taxes, creating and projecting a personal image, and using creativity and innovation within organizations and personal lives.

BUAD 150 INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALITY

An introduction to hospitality management, including historical developmental patterns, current business trends, and future international expectations. Current job market, working environments, personal risks, and rewards are explored.

BUAD 202 PLRM PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT

This course designed specifically for petroleum land management students. It is intended to provide students with hands on, real world professional awareness.

BUAD 210 LEGAL ENVIRONMENT OF BUSINESS

Provides students an ability to sense the occasions when a lawyer should be consulted for guidance in avoiding legal mistakes. A study is made of the ordinary legal aspects of common business transactions, including the topics of social forces, contracts, personal property, and agency.

BUAD 220 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN BUSIN

Designed to teach students to apply a variety of interdisciplinary computer applications in their business professions. Topics include integrating word processing, spreadsheets, databases, communications, and graphics on personal computers. A minimal skill in keyboarding is required.

BUAD 270 PRINCIPLES OF MARKETING

An introduction to the fundamental concepts of marketing, including consumer demand and behavior, segmentation, advertising, marketing research, product development, distribution, pricing, the internet as a marketing agent, and global marketing issues. The student is exposed to the most basic tools, factors, and marketing principles administered by management in establishing policy, planning, and complex problem solving. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-" and completion of at least 24 credits; or instructor permission.

BUAD 275 INNOV CREATVTY ENTRP:MINDSET

The ICE mindset comprises the underlying beliefs and assumptions that drive the behavior enabling people to create positive change. This course takes the approach that anyone (not just those who want to start businesses) can benefit from understanding and applying an innovative, creative, and entrepreneurial mindset to any situation that demands change in their life. Students are immersed in learning about the fundamental aspects of an ICE mindset and the unlimited opportunities it can provide.

BUAD 300 BUSINESS ETHICS

A study of how ethics apply to business organizations today. Special emphasis is placed on developing moral reasoning. The course provides multiple perspectives on actual cases and ethical dilemmas faced by organizations with an emphasis on allowing students to think through ethical problems. Topics studied include moral philosophies, moral agency and development, ethical underpinnings of free markets and economic systems, and ethical concerns with the environment, future generations, and other stakeholders such as employees and consumers. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 309 or COTH 202; or instructor permission.

BUAD 305 APPLIED ENERGY SEMINAR

Introduction to the energy industry, including petroleum, minerals, wind, solar, and alternative fuels. Includes the history of the energy industry and provides basics in exploration, production, transportation and refining. Electricity generation and transmission is explored and global energy concepts are discussed. Prerequisite: admission into the PLRM program or instructor permission.

BUAD 309 BUSINESS COMMUNICATION

A study of the fundamentals, principles, and practices of effective written communication, including concepts of appearance, language, and psychology of tone and persuasiveness as applied to the business letter, memorandum, and report. Presentation skills are also discussed. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-"; sophomore standing.

BUAD 311 ESSENTIAL EXCEL SKILLS FOR THE WORKPLACE

This course prepares the student for Microsoft Excel Office Specialist certification. This course covers all of the topics tested by the certifying examination including managing worksheets and workbooks, applying formulas and functions, analyzing and organizing data, visual presentation of data, and sharing worksheet data with others. Prerequisites: college-level mathematics requirement with a minimum grade of "C-" or instructor permission

BUAD 311 ESSENTIAL EXCEL SKILLS

This course prepares the student for Microsoft Excel Office Specialist certification. This course covers all of the topics tested by the certifying examination including managing worksheets and workbooks, applying formulas and functions, analyzing and organizing data, visual presentation of data, and sharing worksheet data with others. Prerequisites: college-level mathematics requirement with a minimum grade of "C-" or instructor permission

BUAD 312 ADVANCED EXCEL APPLICATIONS

This course emphasizes the use of computer spreadsheets to organize, analyze and present quantitative information to aid managerial decision-making. The course exercises include examples from several disciplines including business, energy and environmental impact analysis, natural sciences, and social sciences. Specific topics will include business planning and budgeting, capital budgeting and net present value analysis, time value of money, cost / benefit analysis, goal seeking, scenario planning and pivot tables.Prerequisites: BUAD 311, Excel Office Specialist certification or instructor permission.

BUAD 315 BUSINESS LAW

Study includes: sales, commercial paper, secured transactions, corporations, partnerships, estates, trusts, and agency. Prerequisite: BUAD 210.

BUAD 320 PETROLEUM LAND MANAGEMENT

Introduction to the field of land management in the petroleum industry. Covers the necessary knowledge and skills of the petroleum land professional, both in the U.S. and internationally. Topics include land survey systems, mineral ownership and severance, as well as oil and gas leases. Examines other oil and gas exploration and development phases. State and federal leasing is covered. Prerequisites admission into the PLRM program, or instructor permission.

BUAD 325 MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS

A study of how managers can and should be involved with systems planning, development, and implementation; what information systems resources are available to managers for decision support; and how information and technology can be used to supportbusiness strategy. Also, this course takes a managerial approach to information systems concepts and applications in business, while exposing the student to various types of software in the business sector. Prerequisite: BUAD 220 or CIS 120.

BUAD 330 MINING LAND MANAGEMENT

An examination of the impact of technology on traditional business functions including management, marketing, operations and distribution. Areas of study include the Internet, Intranets, and extranets, and their influence on business to consumer, business to business, and consumer to consumer e-commerce. Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

BUAD 331 FOOD AND BEVERAGE MANAGEMENT

Prepares students for management of sales, food cost controls, beverage cost controls, labor, personnel, sanitation, and market analysis as they relate to the resort industry. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 150; or instructor permission.

BUAD 332 RENTAL AND RETAIL MANAGEMENT

An introduction to operating rental and retail-profit centers as part of a corporation involved in the resort industry. Topics covered include managing personnel, equipment, training, traffic flow, buying, forecasting, and accounting. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 150; or instructor permission.

BUAD 333 ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR

Provides students an understanding of human behavior in organizations today. Students will become familiar with the basic dimensions of organizational behavior covering topics such as leadership, motivation, management of people, and group dynamics. The course stresses an experimental approach as well as the personal nature of the material and how this relates to the complexities of behavior in and of organizations. Prerequisite: BUAD 309 or COTH 202; or instructor permission.

BUAD 334 LODGING OPERATIONS

A focus on organizational structure and front office positions. Topics covered include reservation, registration and rooming process; management, financial, and policy control procedures; and organization, staffing, and functions of housekeeping departments Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 150; or instructor permission.

BUAD 335 MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS

Advertising, sales promotions, media utilization, public relations, and personal selling are highlighted in this course. Legal regulations and ethical considerations in mass media advertising and promotions are also covered. Finally, the student is exposed to the principles of planning and budgeting for such media events. Prerequisites:MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-"; ACC 201 with a minimum grade of "C"; BUAD 270; or instructor permission.

BUAD 337 HOSPITALITY LAW AND RISK MANAG

Provides an awareness of the rights and responsibilities that the law grants to or imposes upon a hotelkeeper and illustrates the possible consequences of failure to satisfy legal obligations. Also included is risk management as a means of mitigating exposure to lawsuits and fines. Prerequisites: BUAD 150; BUAD 210; or instructor permission.

BUAD 340 GLOBAL BUSINESS

Provides an awareness of the rights and responsibilities that the law grants to or imposes upon a hotelkeeper and illustrates the possible consequences of failure to satisfy legal obligations. Also included is risk management as a means of mitigating exposure to lawsuits and fines. Prerequisites: BUAD 150; BUAD 210; or instructor permission.

BUAD 345 CONSUMER BEHAVIOR

Utilizing theories from the behavioral sciences, this course provides an in-depth examination of the individual customer learning and decision-making processes, segmentation, as well as culture, subculture, and social class relationships with marketing. Students develop an understanding of consumers' shopping behavior, utilization of different marketing channels, perception of products, and reactions to advertising and other selling methods. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 270; or instructor permission.

BUAD 350 HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Provides students with an understanding of the functions, content and challenges of Human Resource Management (HRM) in organizations today. Insights will be developed on basic dimensions of HRM such as recruitment, selection, performance management, rewards and retention, as well as particular challenges concerning strategic HRM and global environments. Emphasis is placed on how the complexities of HRM relate to students' past and future experiences as members of organizations. Prerequisites: BUAD 309 or COTH 202 or instructor permission.

BUAD 360 MANAGERIAL FINANCE

An introductory course to the field of managerial finance, covering such topics as financial analysis, time value of money, risk/return analysis, capital budgeting, working capital management, cost of capital, and optimal capital structure. Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

BUAD 363 BUSINESS AND THE ENVIRONMENT

A focus on the impact on the environment of human presence and absence. There is a consideration of various 'green practices' that result in both positive environmental impacts and cost savings to industry, and examination of governmental initiatives regarding various business practices and their expected impacts on the environment, on businesses' bottom lines, and on consumers. Course material emphasizes videos, readings,and guest lectures. Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

BUAD 375 INNOVATIVE CREATVTY IN ENTREPRENEURSHIP: TOOLKIT, BUSINESS PLANNING

This course helps students identify and frame business and other societal problems that are characterized by complexity, uncertainty, volatility, and ambiguity. Students learn to think problems through by understanding the situation and framing problems in new ways that might alter how they generate and evaluate solutions. Prerequisite: ACC 201; BUAD 275; or instructor permission.

BUAD 397 ST: ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

BUAD 397 ST: OIL GAS AGREEMENTS

Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

BUAD 397 ST: SOCIAL MEDIA MARKETING

Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

BUAD 397 ST: STRATEGIC NEGOTIATIONS

Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

BUAD 397 ST:NEGOTIATIONS

Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

BUAD 397 ST:PERSONAL FINANCIAL PLANNING

Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

BUAD 397 ST:SALES NEGOTIATIONS

Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

BUAD 410 WATER ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

A comprehensive case law study of water and environmental law, addressing the historical development of the riparian, prior appropriation, Federal and Indian water rights doctrines, and the emergence of Federal and State environmental law and policy, specifically addressing how water law and environmental law interface with and impact each other. This course will develop a knowledge base fundamental to the preparation of a student in the PLRM emphasis. Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission. BUAD 210 recommended.

BUAD 420 OIL AND GAS LAW CONTRACTS

Includes the nature and protection of oil and gas rights, conveying oil and gas rights, oil and gas leasing, as well as tax and other business matters. Case law based study of jurisprudence affecting the oil and gas industry. Emphasis is on oil and gas titles, leases, contracts, and mineral ownership. State regulation is also emphasized and international case studies are discussed. Prerequisites: admission into the PLRM program; BUAD 305; BUAD 320; or instructor permission. BUAD 330 recommended as a corequisite.

BUAD 425 MARKETING RESEARCH

The focus of this course is the collection, analysis, and interpretation of marketing data for reporting research information necessary to make informed marketing decisions. Students develop skills in defining research problems, designing surveys, experiments, and observational studies, managing data collection, performing data analysis, and communicating results. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 270; or instructor permission. BUAD 335 and BUAD 345 recommended.

BUAD 461 INVESTMENTS

A study of the many investments available for individual portfolios. Emphasis is placed on the risks inherent in investments and the methods and techniques of analysis used in selecting securities for investments. Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 360; or instructor permission.

BUAD 482 HOSPITALITY OPERATION MANAGEME

An integration of management functions learned in previous classes into a workable approach to profitable resort operations. Students are encouraged to take this course during their last semester; graduating seniors are given priority in enrollment. Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 331; BUAD 332; BUAD 334; BUAD 337; BUAD 360;or instructor permission.

BUAD 491 STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT

The formal analysis of an organization's macro and industry environment; its mission and goals; and strategy formulation, implementation, and control. This is a capstone course which integrates the student’s knowledge from the areas of accounting, finance, marketing, and management. Students are encouraged to take this course during their last semester; graduating seniors are given priority in enrollment. Prerequisites: completion of Base Curriculum; BUAD 309; BUAD 333 or 350; BUAD 360; and senior standing.

BUAD 494 INNOV CREATVTY ENTRP: LAUNCH

This course provides real world, hands on learning on what it’s like to actually start an organization. Students talk to customers, partners, competitors, as they encounter the chaos and uncertainty of how a startup actually works. Prerequisite: Base curriculum; BUAD 275; BUAD 375; or instructor permission.

BUAD 497 SOCIAL LICENSE

Prerequisite: completion of Base Curriculum; or instructor permission.

CHEM 100 CONTEMPORARY CHEMISTRY GSC2

An introductory course which addresses the basic facts and principles of chemistry, as well as the history of chemistry, practical aspects of chemistry, and relevance of chemistry. Topics covered in the course are dependent on the instructor and contemporary events. This course is designed for non-science majors without a background in chemistry or mathematics and may not be counted toward the Chemistry Major or Minor.

CHEM 101 INTRO TO INORGANIC CHEM GSC2

A survey of inorganic chemistry, with an emphasis on chemical principles, atomic theory, periodic law, chemical equilibrium, equations, solutions, and descriptive chemistry of the elements. This course is designed for non-majors without a background in chemistry or mathematics and may not be counted toward the Chemistry Major or Minor.

CHEM 111 GENERAL CHEMISTRY I GSC2

An introductory course designed for science majors focusing on principles and applications of chemistry. Topics covered in this course are stoichiometry, bonding models, intermolecular forces, and periodic trends. Prerequisite or corequisite: MATH 140 or Accuplacer college-level mathematics test score of 85 or above, ACT math score of 24 or above, or instructor permission.

CHEM 111 GENERAL CHEMISTRY I GSC2

An introductory course designed for science majors focusing on principles and applications of chemistry. Topics covered in this course are stoichiometry, bonding models, intermolecular forces, and periodic trends. Prerequisite or corequisite: MATH 140 or Accuplacer college-level mathematics test score of 85 or above, ACT math score of 24 or above, or instructor permission.

CHEM 112 GENERAL CHEMISTRY LAB I GSC1

An introduction to basic laboratory techniques of inorganic chemistry correlating with CHEM 111. Experiments emphasize techniques, instrumentation, and solution chemistry. Laboratory notebookkeeping and the safe handling and disposal of laboratory chemicals are also stressed. Corequisite: CHEM 111.

CHEM 112 GENERAL CHEMISTRY LAB I GSC1

An introduction to basic laboratory techniques of inorganic chemistry correlating with CHEM 111. Experiments emphasize techniques, instrumentation, and solution chemistry. Laboratory notebookkeeping and the safe handling and disposal of laboratory chemicals are also stressed. Corequisite: CHEM 111.

CHEM 113 GENERAL CHEMISTRY II

A continuation of CHEM 111. Topics covered in this course are thermodynamics, kinetics, equilibrium, electrochemistry, and nuclear chemistry. Prerequisite: CHEM 111.

CHEM 114 GENERAL CHEMISTRY LAB II

A continuation of CHEM 112. An introduction to basic laboratory techniques of inorganic chemistry correlating with CHEM 113. Experiments emphasize techniques, instrumentation, and solution chemistry. Laboratory notebookkeeping and the safe handling and disposal of laboratory chemicals are also stressed. Prerequisite: CHEM 112. Corequisite: CHEM 113.

CHEM 114 GENERAL CHEMISTRY LABORATRY II

A continuation of CHEM 112. An introduction to basic laboratory techniques of inorganic chemistry correlating with CHEM 113. Experiments emphasize techniques, instrumentation, and solution chemistry. Laboratory notebookkeeping and the safe handling and disposal of laboratory chemicals are also stressed. Prerequisite: CHEM 112. Corequisite: CHEM 113.

CHEM 231 INTRO ORGANIC CHEM BIOCHEM

A descriptive survey course which introduces the essential topics and applications of organic chemistry and biochemistry. The course is designed for non-majors who need the second semester of a one-year chemistry core that includes general, organic, and biochemistry.This course may not be counted for credit toward the Chemistry Major or Minor. Prerequisite: CHEM 101 or CHEM 113.

CHEM 234 INTRO ORGANIC BIOCHEM LAB

An introductory laboratory to accompany CHEM 231. Experiments focus on reactions of organic functional groups, organic synthesis, and the chemistry of biological molecules. This course may not be counted for credit toward the Chemistry Major or Minor. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHEM 231.

CHEM 306 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY W LAB

A lecture/laboratory course involving principles, techniques and calculations involved with quantitative analysis of substances. Includes solution chemistry, gravimetric, volumetric, redox, and pH determinations. Prerequisites: CHEM 113 and CHEM 114.

CHEM 331 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

First semester course of a two semester organic chemistry sequence. This course is an in depth study of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Topics include their naming, electronic structure, bonding, reactivity, stereochemistry, and reaction mechanisms Prerequisite: CHEM 113.

CHEM 332 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II

A continuation of CHEM 331. This course discusses spectroscopic analysis, physical, and chemical properties of organic functional groups. Emphasis includes synthesis, mechanisms, and reactions of aromatic compounds, carbonyl containing compounds, and amines. Prerequisite: CHEM 331.

CHEM 334 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY LAB I

An accompanying laboratory course for CHEM 331, serving as an introduction to basic macro-and micro- scale organic techniques used to separate, isolate, and characterize organic compounds. Methods utilized include distillation, extraction, chromatography, Infrared (IR) spectroscopy. Prerequisite: CHEM 114. Corequisite: CHEM 331.

CHEM 335 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY LAB II

This lab is a continuation of CHEM 334, with an expansion in scope that allows incorporation of more complex synthetic problems. The lab will employ the use of thin layer chromatography (TLC) to follow reaction progress along with NMR spectroscopy to determine reaction outcomes. Prerequisite: CHEM 334. Corequisite: CHEM 332.

CHEM 451 PHYSICAL CHEM I

A detailed study of thermodynamics, phase equilibria, kinetic theory and chemical kinetics. Offered in alternate years, 2011-2012. Prerequisites: CHEM 113, MATH 251, and PHYS 201

CHEM 452 PHYSICAL CHEM II

A continuation of CHEM 451, which examines quantum chemistry, atomic, and molecular structure and spectra, photochemistry, and statistical mechanics. Offered in alternate years, 2011-2012. Prerequisites: CHEM 451.

CHEM 454 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LAB

An experimental-techniques course in physical chemistry (including computer-assisted instruction), with emphasis on thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, quantum chemistry, statistical mechanics, and spectroscopy. Offered in alternate years, 2011-2012. Corequisite: CHEM 452 or PHYS 452.

CHEM 471 BIOCHEMISTRY I

A study of structural biochemistry and metabolism. The course begins with an overview of the aqueous environment and its effects on solutes, including biomolecules. Other subject matters include the chemistry of proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and lipids; the mechanisms and kinetics of enzymes; and the stoichiometry and chemistry underlying the core metabolic processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Prerequisite: BIOL 150, CHEM 332, and SCI 202.

CHEM 472 BIOCHEMISTRY II W LAB

A continuation of CHEM 471. A study of the molecular mechanisms by which cellular processes are controlled in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Topics include the biochemistry of macromolecular processes, the structure of genes and chromosomes, the genetic and molecular techniques used to study gene expression, and the transcriptional and translational control of gene expression. The laboratory includes recombinant DNA techniques to manipulate the genome of a model organism. Prerequisites: BIOL 312 and CHEM 471.

COM 119 INTRODUCTION TO FILM

Students are introduced to the aesthetics of narrative and documentary motion pictures through the study of the basic elements of cinema. Topics may include story structure, cinematography, editing, sound, and lighting.

COM 121 INTRODUCTION TO THEATRE

This course will include a general survey of Western theatre from Classical Greece to contemporary America. Students will learn the diverse practice of the art of theatre by studying theatre history, dramatic literature, and the practical components of acting, directing, design and production.

COM 151 INTRO TO MASS MEDIA GAH1

An examination of media-related industries (broadcasting, journalism, advertising, public relations and online communications), and the issues related to those industries that affect contemporary public discourse.

COM 202 ACADEMIC WRITING AND INQUIRY

Students expand on the process and techniques begun in Academic Writing. Primary focus is on analytical written communication and on advocacy oral communication.Also included throughout the course is the reading of relevant academic professional writing, which promotes student awareness of the role of written and oral communication in academic and professional life. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-."

COM 205 COMMUNICATION ARTS I

This course is a study of the theory and associated terminology of visual communication including the application of concepts to film, theatre, and convergent media. Topics include aesthetics, design elements, mimesis, performance, semiotics and introduction to the primary techniques of the various communication arts. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-."

COM 216 DRAMA LIT SCRIPT ANALYSIS

This course introduces students to the diverse genre of dramatic literature in Western and Eastern theatre. Students study the origins of tragedy, comedy, melodrama, the rise of Realism and Anti-Realism, as well as the sub-genres within those general categories. Eastern traditions of text such as Kabuki, Noh, and Bunraku are also studied. Students learn how to read a play on a deeper level for content, themes, historical and sociopolitical influences, as well as the emerging and changing aesthetics of each genre. Prerequisite: ENG 102.

COM 231 TECHNICAL PRODUCTION I

A study of how things are done behind the scenes in theatre and film and why they are done that way, including the basic customs and traditions of production work and the philosphy, aesthetics, and process of production. Intensive hands-on development of skills in the construction of sets, costumes, lights, sound, and props; the operation of rolling units, lights, flies, and sound; and production assistant duties.

COM 235 FUNDAMENTALS OF ACTING

An introduction to the principles, processes, and techniques of acting. The study is designed to balance theory and performance; to explore in detail the psychological, perceptual, and conceptual linkages to the strategies, techniques, and skills of the actor; and to develop a significant sense of self-discipline on the part of the actor. Topics include warm-up and awareness skills, basic body and voice integration techniques, the theories of Stanislavski, character analysis, and performance process

COM 241 MEDIA WRITING

An analysis and practice of the major forms of media writing, including print, broadcast and web-based publication, with an introduction to the ways that production varies the writing of each. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-".

COM 261 INTRO TO AUDIO COMMUNICATION

This course introduces the basic concepts, functions and technology of audio production as they relate to the elements of narrative and storytelling. Prerequisite COM 119, COM 121, or COM 151; or instructor permission.

COM 264 INTRO TO PRODUCTION AND THEORY

An introduction to the theory and practice of media production including critical and aesthetic theories. Topics may include scriptwriting, producing, directing, cinematography,sound recording, editing, and standards of operation for production facilities and equipment. Prerequisites: COM 205, COM 261, and sophomore standing; or instructor permission.

COM 264 INTRODUCTION TO PRODUCTION AND THEORY

An introduction to the theory and practice of media production including critical and aesthetic theories. Topics may include scriptwriting, producing, directing, cinematography, sound recording, editing, and standards of operation for production facilities and equipment. Prerequisites: COM 205, COM 261, and sophomore standing; or instructor permission. 

COM 274 PUBLIC RELATIONS COMMUNICATION

A study of the use of communication to establish credibility, trust, and confidence between and among communities, employees, public agencies, civic organizations and business institutions.

COM 284 SOPHOMORE PORTFOLIO

A course in which students familiarize themselves with the requirements for the Communication Arts program and related capstone project, formulate specific goals, and prepare strategies through which those goals can be achieved. Students will develop an awareness of field-specific expectations required of them in professional or graduate-level work, and develop a plan for creating a portfolio that reflects that awareness. A part of the course consists of formally of applying for admission to the Communication Arts program. Prerequisite or corequisite: COM 205 or instructor permission.

COM 298 PRACTICUM

Entry-level supervised experiences in theatre, organizational communication and journalism/mass media. Prerequisite: instructor permission.

COM 305 COMMUNICATION ARTS II

An exploration of the philosophical and theoretical foundations of human communication, concentrating specifically on textual analysis and interpretation. Using a wide range of media, students will investigate how the particular method of communication informs, alters, and shapes the messages being consumed, and how those messages both constitute and affect self-expressive acts. PREREQUISITES: COM 205 and admission to the Communication Arts Program; or instructor permission.

COM 306 SCRIPTWRITING

An introduction to the fundamental tools and skills required to craft a script for performance on stage or in film/video. Students are expected to produce playscripts and screenplays of vanrying lengths; they are also expected to read and respond to one another's writing. Some history of playwriting and study of prevailing models of script- writing are also included. Prerequisites: COM 205 and COM 222, or ENG 205, with a minimum grade of "C."

COM 310 INTRO TO PERFORMANCE STUDIES

An interdisciplinary course exploring the human desire to perform in both aesthetic and everyday settings. It explores the links between the arts and literature, anthropology, communication, sociology, and philosophy. Critical reading, written analysis, and performance of lit-erary texts are essential elements of the course.

COM 317 STUDIES IN THEATRE AND PERFORM

An introduction to performance studies research and artistic practice through readings, discussion and creative work. Prerequisites: junior standing and instructor permission. Repeatable for a maximum of six credits among different topic areas.

COM 323 MEDIA ARTS MANAGEMENT

An introduction to the basic principles and structure of management as it applies to Communication Arts. Particular focus is given to management of small and mid-size nonprofit media and arts organizations, and to the interrelationship between those two areas. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of the instructor.

COM 324 ADVANCED ACTING

An advanced-level course that focuses on specific areas of actor training, including methods of voice and movement training; the requirements and techniques of different styles of acting including classical, Elizabethan, Restoration/18th Century, Commedia, and Advanced Contemporary acting styles; and advanced textual analysis required of actors by specific theatrical works. Repeatable for a maximum of six credits among different topic areas. Prerequisite: COM 235

COM 346 MULTIMEDIA COMMUNICATION

An exploration of the theory and application of multimedia communication principles through projects that use common interactive multimedia, animation, non-linear editing, web authoring, and desktop-publishing programs. Prerequisites: COM 205, or instructor permission.

COM 351 MEDIA THEORY AND RESEARCH

An examination of media from a theoretical, organizational perspective. Topics covered include departmental functions and duties, programming, formats, regulations and finances. Also, in the context of media theory, empirical data is explored. Prerequisite:COM 241 and COM 274, or instructor permission.

COM 352 ADVANCED CINEMA STUDIES

An in-depth study of the aesthetics and theory of cinema through the examination and critical analysis of the technical and creative elements of selected iconic Hollywood and international motion pictures. Prerequisite: Junior standing.

COM 371 SM GROUPS CONFLCT MANAGEMENT

An exploration of various concepts and types of conflict and the role of argumentation in managing and/or resolving conflict. The study examines the theory and practice of communication within small groups, as well as problem solving and decision making as common contexts in which argument occurs and conflict arises, and a continuum from formal to informal modes of conflict management/resolution is discussed and practiced by the students. Examples of specific areas covered include formal debate, negotiation, and arbitration. Prerequisite: COM 202.

COM 372 ISSUES MANAGEMENT

An exploration of the communication practices and strategies used by organizations to react to current events, publicity, and society. Emphasis is placed upon persuasion, media relations, and information campaigns.

COM 397 ST: GROUNDSWELL COURSE

Special Topics

COM 398 PRACTICUM:TA

Supervised applications and experiences in communication and theatre. Students assist, analyze, manage, and participate in various aspects of practical situations or job training.Prerequisites: instructor permission and completion of one of the following: COM 241, COM 261, or COM 298.

COM 398 PRACTICUM

Supervised applications and experiences in communication and theatre. Students assist, analyze, manage, and participate in various aspects of practical situations or job training.Prerequisites: instructor permission and completion of one of the following: COM 241, COM 261, or COM 298.

COM 405 COMMUNICATION ARTS III

A multi-disciplinary and multi-media course offering significant historical, theoretical, and practical content by which to explore and discuss how meaning is conveyed in communication. Special emphasis is given to the nature of oral communication in oral societies and to the nature and function of myth, symbol, sign, and inferential reasoning. Prerequisites: COM 305 or instructor permission.

COM 406 ADV SCREENWRITING PRODUCING

Students are immersed in advanced screenwriting projects and pitching for independent feature film, television drama and situation comedy. Producing content may include such topics as contract law, releases, copyright, fair use, ethics, location and talent management, production management, and other administrative subject matter pertaining to film and television production. Prerequisite: COM 306 with a minimum grade of "C."

COM 423 PRESENTATIONAL ASTHETICS

An examination of the theatrical performance convention from the perspective of the adaptor, director, and performer. This course offers invigorating challenges for the director, dramaturg, actor, and designer who will work collaboratively to explore presentational mode, theatrical convention, and conscious artifice in the performance of dramatic literature, poetry, nonfiction, and prose fiction. Prerequisites: COM 231, COM 235, COM 310 and minimum junior standing; or instructor permission.

COM 423 PRESENTATIONAL AESTHETICS

An examination of the theatrical performance convention from the perspective of the adaptor, director, and performer.  This course offers invigorating challenges for the director, dramaturg, actor, and designer who will work collaboratively to explore presentational mode, theatrical convention, and conscious artifice in the performance of dramatic literature, poetry, nonfiction, and prose fiction.  Prerequisites: COM 231, COM 235, COM 310 and a minimum junior standing; or instructor permission.

COM 474 CAMPGN PLNG ADVERT PUBLIC INFO

An analysis of the many facets of information campaign planning. It explores concepts like persuasion and audience behavior, researching attitudes and effectiveness, campaign objectives and strategies, media choices, and relevant social and ethical issues. In addition, students are expected to build their own information campaigns. Prerequisite:COM 274.

COM 484 COMMUNICATION ARTS SEMINAR

A capstone course in which students complete their individual Communication Arts portfolios, based upon their cumulative work through the COM program and guided by their specific career or graduate school goals. The seminar provides an opportunity for students to work individually, in small groups, and with the instructor to evaluate the overall effectiveness of their finished portfolios, and revise accordingly, utilizing the critical techniques, cultural awareness, and technical skills students have developed throughout the COM program. Prerequisite: COM 305

COM 490 ADVANCED MEDIA PRODUCTION

Students are immersed in advanced project work. Topics may include cinematography, lighting, grip, electrical, special effects, visual effects, sound effects recording, sound design, and animation. Prerequisite: COM 389 or COM 390 with a minimum grade of “C.”

CRWR 520 SUMMER INTENSIVE I

Focuses on writing workshops that teach students how to research, edit, and hone their work, and submit it for publication. Familiarizes students with aesthetics of different literary magazines, and the aesthetic of the book the course prepares for production. Teaches introductory skills and orientation for online work for the subsequent year of study. This course is offered as Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: Registration for the publishing course of studies.

CRWR 521 EDITORIAL PRACTICUM I

Involves students in an acquisitions editorial staff that reads and evaluates submissions for publication in the book project for the year. Students review submissions ahead of time and e-mail comments to acquisitions editor on whether work should be considered by entire board, and then participate in online discussions every other week Students also meet online three times to discuss materials from learning modules, and how that information relates to book project and their duties as editors and publishers. Prerequisites: CRWR 520. Co-requisites: CRWR 521, CRWR 522, CRWR 523.

CRWR 522 EDITORIAL SKILLS

Focuses on the topics of 1) identifying potential authors and conducting author outreach; 2) market analysis; 3) working with agents and book packagers; 4) the author contract; and 5) editorial review groups - who participates and why. This course is offered as Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: CRWR 520. Co-requisites: CRWR 521, CRWR 523, CRWR 524.

CRWR 523 ACQUISITIONS

Teaches the topics of 1) what an editor does (and does not do); 2) what "house style" is and how books conform; 3) steps from developmental edit to copyedit to proofread; and 4) appropriate interaction with authors. Offered as Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: CRWR 520. Co-requisites: CRWR 521, CRWR 522, CRWR 524.

CRWR 524 BUSNS MODELS FOR PRESS HOUSES

Familiarizes students with traditional publishing house models such as nonprofit, for-profit, academic press, and trade press, as well as the emerging online electronic delivery models of publishing. This is offered as Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: CRWR 520. Co-requisites: CRWR 521, CRWR 522, CRWR 523.

CRWR 525 EDITORIAL PRACTICUM II

Involves students in an acquisitions editorial staff that will select, proof, and ready submissions for publication of the book project for the year. Students participate in online discussions every week, meeting as an editorial board to select submissions for publication in the book project for the year. Students finalize selections, proof work, and ready book for publication. Also meets online three times to discuss materials from learning modules, and how that information relates to book project and their duties as editors and publishers. Offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisites: CRWR 521. Co-requisites: CRWR 526, CRWR 527, CRWR 528.

CRWR 526 DESIGN AND LAYOUT

Provides students with an understanding of such design and layout consideration as typography, use of graphics, cover design, interior book layout, creating an index, interaction with printers, as well as alternative considerations for electronic and e-reader delivery. Offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: CRWR 521. Co-requisites: CRWR 525, CRWR 527, CRWR 528.

CRWR 527 MARKETING AND SALES

Familiarizes student with the topics of 1) the role of the author in marketing and selling a book; 2) the marketing done prior to book publication and what happens after release; 3) effective public relations; 4) sales model-direct, bookstores/retail, hybrid distributions; and electronic promotion, marketing, and delivery; 5) selling books in-house by team, by distribution, and by commissioned reps; 6) tracking and evaluating sales. Offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisites: CRWR 521. Co-requisites: CRWR 525, CRWR 526, CRWR 528.

CRWR 528 BACK OFFICE AND FULFILLMENT

Covers accounting and inventory issues, customer service, warehousing and shipping of physical book inventory, as well as electronic delivery systems. This course is offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisites: CRWR 521. Co-requisites: CRWR 525, CRWR 526, CRWR 527.

CRWR 530 SUMMER INTENSIVE II

Focuses on final preparation of the product as well as formulating and launching a marketing plan for distribution. This is offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: CRWR 525.

CRWR 597 ST: WRITING THE ROCKIES

This course is a special topics option, not required for the certificate, and only offered at need. This is offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

CRWR 597 ST: SCREENWRITING ASSISTANSHIP

This course is a special topics option, not required for the certificate, and only offered at need. This is offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

CRWR 597 ST: TEACHING ASSISTANCESHIP

This course is a special topics option, not required for the certificate, and only offered at need. This is offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

CRWR 597 ST: TEACHING ASSISTANTSHIP

This course is a special topics option, not required for the certificate, and only offered at need. This is offered for Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory credit. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

CRWR 599 INTERNSHIP IN PUBLISHING

An opportunity to learn practical skills about writing and publishing by working on-site with professionals.

CRWR 600 MFA ORIENTATION III

Focus on learning mastery of online tools, attending faculty and student readings, and meeting with non-residency mentors during first summer; focus on attending presentations and participating in workshop sessions during second summer; and focus on presenting student thesis as well as attending and participating in other readings during third summer. Must be repeated three times for credit. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 600 ORIENTATION

Focus on learning mastery of online tools, attending faculty and student readings, and meeting with non-residency mentors during first summer; focus on attending presentations and participating in workshop sessions during second summer; and focus on presenting student thesis as well as attending and participating in other readings during third summer. Must be repeated three times for credit. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 600 SUMMER ORIENTATION MFA I

Focus on learning mastery of online tools, attending faculty and student readings, and meeting with non-residency mentors during first summer; focus on attending presentations and participating in workshop sessions during second summer; and focus on presenting student thesis as well as attending and participating in other readings during third summer. Must be repeated three times for credit. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 600 SUMMER ORIENTATION MFA II

Focus on learning mastery of online tools, attending faculty and student readings, and meeting with non-residency mentors during first summer; focus on attending presentations and participating in workshop sessions during second summer; and focus on presenting student thesis as well as attending and participating in other readings during third summer. Must be repeated three times for credit. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 601 FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING GENRE FICTION I

The primary foundation and introduction for the genre fiction track, covering a wide variety of topics including: proper manuscript format, understanding of basic principles of fiction (such as plot and dialogue), the Monomyth, archetypal characters, and voice. Students complete a short story during the course and critique each other's work in a group setting. This course also lays the groundwork for students to work efficiently during the online portions of the program as well as within their own writing process. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 602 FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING GENRE FICTION II

Begins the process of students planning their theses, using instructor-provided tools on world building, novel outlining and planning techniques, and story arc considerations for longer work. At the end of this course, students are prepared to submit their thesis outline and synopsis to their adviser and move forward during the following year to write it for completion the next spring. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 604 CAREER PLANNING FOR GENRE WRITER

Assists students in preparing a detailed career plan covering the 12 to 24 month period after graduation, including writing, submission, and networking plans. On completion, students have a clear roadmap to follow in the years ahead. In addition, students prepare to give a public thesis reading during the residency. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 608 GENRE WRITING I - ROMANCE MYSTERY FICTON

The primary genre writing course for the first semester of the program. Students complete exercises, excerpts, and shorter works in the primary subgenres of romance and mystery fiction, including romantic suspense, historical romance, detective fiction, and thrillers. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 609 GNRE STD I-ROMNCE MYSTERY FICT

The primary genre reading course for the first semester of the program. Students study a wide variety of sub-genres, including romantic suspense, historical romance, detective fiction, and thrillers, among others, to build a detailed understanding of the specific tropes and hallmarks of each sub-genre and how to apply them to their own work. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 618 GENRES II WOMEN'S FICTION ROM

The primary genre reading course for the second semester of the program. Students study a wide variety of subgenres, including westerns, science fiction, epic fantasy, supernatural, and middle grade works, among others, to build a detailed understanding of the specific tropes and hallmarks of each subgenre and how to apply them to their own work. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 619 GWII:WSTN SPC YOUNG ADLT FICTN

The primary genre writing course for the second semester of the program. Students complete exercises, excerpts, and shorter works in the primary subgenres of westerns, speculative fiction, and young adult category fiction, including science fiction, epic fantasy, supernatural, and middle grade works. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 621 BUS FUNDMTLS FOR GENRE WRITERS

Provides students a fundamental understanding of the business concerns for writers, including verbal/elevator pitching, query letters, proposal packets, contracts, dealing with editors and agents, and royalty statements. Students are required to complete a master proposal packet, which includes a query letter, synopsis, outline, and the thesis manuscript (if completed, partial if not). Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 622 THESIS PREPARATION

Focus on guiding students through the process of preparing and completing a working draft of the capstone thesis in a genre of the student's choice. Completed working draft to be submitted to the assigned thesis advisor no later than the course's end. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 631 SCANSION IMMERSION

Focus on an intensive review of prosody – how to make meter and rhythm work in the poetic line as well as how to discern that structure in the works of others. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 632 PUBLIC PERFORMANCE

Focus on the quintessence of public speaking, particularly as it applies to the performance of poetry, delivery of lectures, and participation in panels, understanding of the craft of using their voices and their physical presence to deliver creative, critical and pedagogical work orally to the public, and how to participate in conversations with the greatest possible skill and grace. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 633 POETRY AND MUSIC

Focus on exploring some of the complex relations between these two arts, from theoretical discussion to the practical aspects of writing everything from song lyrics to choral odes to opera libretti. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 636 METRICAL TRADS VERSIFICATIN I

Focus on tracing the development of the metrical tradition in English poetry from the beginning to the present. Students read poems in all the major forms (Anglo-Saxon Strong Stress Meter, the ballad, classical imitations, blank verse, the sonnet, iambic tetrameter, etc.) along with historical and theoretical commentary. Students also model such forms and scan their own work and that of others. Students will also trace the development of theories of versification and prosody in English. Students read a wide range of works, many of them by poets, in which they describe their craft and that of others, and they compare theories of and approaches to metrical poetry. In this course students are expected to produce a wide range of short essays on various traditions of versification, along with at least one substantial research paper. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 638 HIST OF ENGL LANG POETRY TRANS

Focus on a two-pronged study, first of the historical development and evolution of English, and second, work to understand translating poetry, studying and comparing translations, reading theories of translation and attempting translations. Prerequisites: Proof of second-year, or its equivalent, of reading competency in a foreign language, and admission to the program.

CRWR 641 METRICAL TRADS VERSIFICATN II

Focus on emphasizing advanced topics in metrical composition, e.g. stanza forms, longer forms and sequences, narrative forms, nonce forms (including free verse forms). Students not only practice the forms, but read and scan them along with delving into the history, criticism and theory. The course also selects several major traditions in verse theory and explores them in depth, e.g., linguistic theories of verse; structuralist theories; relations between verse and music; attempt to imitate classical forms in modern languages; etc. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 643 HIST FOUND OF ENGLISH PROSODY

Focus on an exploration of the theory and practice of rhythm and rhyme, including all variations, their sources and their traditions in consideration of aesthetic, linguistic, and anthropological theories. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 646 NARRATIVE POETRY

Focus on examination, analysis, study, and writing in the narrative genres and modes of poetry, from the ballad to the epic and novel in verse. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 651 VERSE SATIRE VERSE DRAMA

Focus on a study of significant forms, group of forms, or poetic genres, based on student and faculty mentor interest, with students reading a wide range of examples along with criticism and theory, and also composing their own work in these forms and genres. Topics include the following: The Sonnet and Sonnet Sequences, French and Italian Forms (ballade, villanelle, sestina, rondeau, terza rima, etc.), Classical Forms (Latin and Greek), The Ode, Blank Verse, Elegy and Pastoral , Non-European Forms (haiku, ghazal, tanka, Welsh forms, etc.), Free Verse Forms (Whitmanian versicles, syllabics, loose iambics, nonce forms, etc.). Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 653 POETRY BK REV POETRY LIT PED

Focus on close analysis of the best reviews and criticism of the past and present, and practice writing such pieces themselves. Also a wide range of techniques and materials available to teachers of poetry to communicate much of that history. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 661 FILM HISTORY AND ANALYSIS: VISUAL NARRTV

Focus on examination, analysis, and discussion of classic and contemporary films from a screenwriting, story, and character development perspective as well as analyses of theme and motif. Students engage in writing activities and exercises to develop a visual narrative style. All such writing goes towards creating material to fuel the mentoring process in upcoming semesters. The main theme here is: when possible show the story element; don't have a character say it. Finally the prevailing three- and four-act screenplay structures will be explored. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 662 STORY CONFLICT CHARACTER GENRE SCREENWRITING

Focus on workshopping of short screenplays and projects along with exploration of story arc, elements of conflict, character development and arc, with an emphasis on film genre choices and styles. Includes proposals for upcoming mentoring semesters, feature-length screenplays, plus an opportunity to practice pitches. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 663 SCREENWRITING COMPETITION REP THE OPTION

Mock or actual 'pitch' sessions of the thesis screenplay. Screenwriting contests researched and entered. Writers Guild guidelines and application explored. Agents, options to produce, and independent film potential also explored. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 665 SCREENWRITING GENRE

Focus on challenging students to write filmic stories in three distinct genre categories, forcing a growth and flexibility to create meaning across a spectrum of setting, time, and circumstance. Dialogue is permitted but is de-emphasized in favor of a more visual narrative. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 668 TELEVISION DRAMA AND SIT COMEDY

Focus on a thorough proposal for both the drama and sitcom is researched and written. The result will be a complete "pitch" portfolio including a "spec" episode teleplay completed for (both or either) a television drama (and/or) a situation comedy. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 671 WRITNG THE FIRST FEATURE LENGTH SCREENPLAY

A thorough review of the existing works in the style and genre of the proposed piece, and a thorough treatment written. Students generate character biographies and a complete story outline. The production is 'pitched' to fellow students along with the mentor. A first draft written and critiqued. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 675 WRITING THE TV PILOT

Focus on choosing and writing an original TV pilot for either a one-hour drama series, or a half-hour sitcom. In addition to the pilot script, this course requires the students to pitch the idea, come up with marketing materials - i.e. treatment for the series, outline of the pilot, a series "bible", and loglines for at least 4-5 future episodes. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 678 ADAPTATION

Focus on taking preexisting source material (books, newspaper articles, videogames, graphic novels etc.) and learn how to begin adapting such into a screenplay. Students examine various forms of adaptation, write a research paper, and write the first act of their own feature adaptation piece. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 684 TEACHING AND PEDAGOGY

A guided discussion on pedagogy theory and practice with weekly questions on points of interest, suggested readings, and the opportunity for writing teachers and aspiring writing teachers to discuss challenges and insights about the practice of teaching. Prerequisite: Admission to the Program.

CRWR 690 SCRNWRTG MSTR'S CAPSTONE PRJ I

Focus on a feature-length screenplay, intended for Hollywood or independent production, proposed including a thorough review of the existing works, treatment, character biographies, and generation of a complete story outline. A first draft of approximately 120 pages written and critiqued. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 691 SCREENWRITING MASTER'S CAPSTONE PROJECT II

Focus on completion of the screenplay. Several drafts written and developed with the mentor. Following industry preferences, the screenplay should target approximately 100 pages. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 692 INDEPENDENT STUDY

Focus on working with a faculty mentor to research, develop, and structure a student'+F813s particular areas of interest into a written work. May be repeated for up to 12 credits. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 694 CAPSTONE - GENRE FICTION

Culmination of the student's education at Western. In consultation with his or her adviser, the student completes a single work of genre fiction OR a collection of shorter genre fiction works (such as short stories or novellas) of publishable quality, suitable for public reading, and for thesis binding. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 697 SPECIAL TOPICS

Focus on studies of a particular topic of interest to students in the MFA program to be announced each time the course is offered. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 697 ST: TEACHING AND PEDAGOGY

Focus on studies of a particular topic of interest to students in the MFA program to be announced each time the course is offered. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CRWR 697 ST:SHORT FORMS GENRE FICTION

Focus on studies of a particular topic of interest to students in the MFA program to be announced each time the course is offered. Prerequisite: Admission to the program.

CS 120 INFORMATION MGMT ANALYSIS

An in-depth study of the essentials of word-processing, spreadsheets, and information management, using modern computers and software. Substantial student competence in these areas is required for further study at the University. Applications are presented from various fields.

CS 140 GAME PROGRAMMING FOR BEGINNERS

For the complete beginner, an introduction to computer programming through an exploration of programs like basic arcade games. Consideration given to language syntax, I/O, data, selection and repetition, large data structures and subroutines, as well as problem solving and debugging. This course employs industry-standard software like Python.

CS 150 COMPUTERS IN SOCIETY

An introduction to the use of computing devices and their impact on society. Topics include: how computers work, the history of computing, philosophical issues in computing, the economics of software development, intellectual property issues, privacy and security, applications of computing, legal issues, the digital divide, the role of computing in government, and computer-assisted collaboration.

CS 160 INTRODUCTION TO WEB DESIGN

An introduction to the basics of the XHTML web page specification language, cascading style sheets (CSS) and the Plone Content Management System (CMS). Students learn to create attractive, professional web pages and websites using XHTML and CSS, including embedded graphics and multimedia. The student also learns to use a CMS for easier webpage implementation, including add-ons such as forums and shopping carts. This course is designed for students without a background in programming and may not be used to satisfy the requirements of the Computer Science Major or Minor.

CS 190 COMPUTER SCIENCE I

An introduction to software development. Students develop text, graphical user interface (GUI) and applet web graphical applications using object oriented techniques in Java. Emphasis is placed on good software engineering practices for problem analysis, program design, documentation, testing and debugging.

CS 191 COMPUTER SCIENCE II

A continuation of CS 190 taught in the Java programming language. Students develop stand alone GUI and console applications and applets of increasing sophistication. Topics include: arrays, objects and classes, encapsulation and inheritance, file management, dynamic data structures, searching, sorting, recursion, stacks and queues, with emphasis on abstraction and implementation and an introduction to algorithm analysis. Prerequisite: CS 190 with a minimum grade of C-.

CS 195 DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

An introduction to the practice and principles of relational database design, implementation and manipulation. Topics include: Structured Query Language (SQL), relational models, Entity-Relationship modeling, security, multi-user databases, transactions, Object Relational Mapping and database administration. Students will design and implement relational database applications of increasing complexity. Prerequisite: CS 190 with a minimum grade of C-; prerequisite or corequisite: CS 191.

CS 235 COMPUTER NETWORKS

An investigation of the transmission of data and information between computer systems. Topics include simple data communications, protocols, error control, local-area networks, wide-area networks such as the Internet packet-switching networks, and various networking models. Various data communication hardware and software are also examined. Prerequisites: CS 191 with a minimum grade of "C-"; MATH 140 or above excluding MATH 209 and MATH 210 or Accuplacer university-level mathematics score of 75 or above.

CS 280 DATA STRUCTURES

A survey of advanced data structures and algorithms. Topics include: linear lists, linked lists, arrays, tree, multi-linked lists, hashing, searching, sorting, recursion and analysis of the algorithms that use these structures. Taught in Java. Prerequisites: CS 191 with a minimum grade of C-; MATH 140 or above excluding MATH 209 and MATH 210 or Accuplacer university-level mathematics score of 75 or above.

CS 303 MACHINE LEARNING

A study of computer systems that learn from experience. Classroom exercises include the building of systems that learn and adapt using real-world applications. Topics covered include decision trees, concept learning, neural networks, reinforcement learning, linear and non-linear models, clustering, validation, and feature selection. Prerequisites: CS 190 and MATH 213.

CS 310 VISUAL PROGRAMMING: PYTHON

A focus on common environment and design tools used in the development and implementation of graphic user interfaces. Emphasis is placed on the automation of tasks and the customization of systems by programming constructs. Applications are developed for both a local environment and a broad-based use of the Internet. The implementation language is C++ or Visual Basic. May be repeated with a different implementation language. Prerequisite: CS 191 with a minimum grade of C-.

CS 410 SYSTEMS ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

The fundamental concepts of systems analysis and design are studied in the context of computerized information systems. Topics include high-level system construction tools, system design methodology, data representation languages such as XML, server-based system design, web services, system security, and system description languages such as UML. Also addressed is the human element in system design: working with users and domain experts to develop system requirements, and understanding the challenges of large scale system projects. Each student completes a number of systems design projects during the term. Prerequisite: CS 310 with a minimum grade of C-.

CS 412 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

An introduction to the fundamental principles of software engineering. Formal soft- ware development techniques and high-level software tools are emphasized. Students are taught a programming method based on the recognition and description of useful abstractions. Topics include encapsulation and reuse, design patterns, object-based design, software testing and quality, formal methods for software design, and project management. Students are expected to complete a significant project that employs techniques from the topics studied. Prerequisite: CS 410 with a minimum grade of "C-."

ECON 201 MACROECONOMICS GSS1

An introduction to the methods, models, and approaches used by economists to analyze and interpret events and policies related to the overall operation of the economy. The course endeavors to make sense of unemployment, inflation, recessions, debt and deficits, economic growth, the expanding role of the Federal Reserve, and policies to provide stability to the economy. Additional attention is given to the making of economic policy in an era of globalization. Finally, students are exposed to multiple schools of thought regarding macroeconomic reasoning. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 19 or above; SAT math score of 460 or above; pass MATH 099; or Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 85 or higher, or college-level math requirement with a minimum grade of "C-." Prerequisite or corequisite: ENG 102.

ECON 202 MICROECONOMICS

The theory of microeconomics makes use of the tools of marginal cost-benefit analysis to provide a framework for the economic analysis of decision-making. The focus is on the choices of individual firms and consumers, and the resultant outcomes in individual markets. The social implications of the functioning of competitive markets are examined, as well as the causes of market failure and the potential roles of government in correcting them. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 19 or above; SAT math score of 460 or above; pass MATH 099; or Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 85 or higher, or college-level math requirement with a minimum grade of "C-."

ECON 215 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS

A presentation of the analytical tools and approaches used by economists to examine and assess environmental issues, conflicts, and policies. Students are asked to use market analysis, externality analysis, cost-benefit analysis, instrument choice models, and market and non-market valuation techniques to investigate issues such as air and water quality, global warming, toxic substances, wilderness designation, and sustainable development plans. Prerequisites: MATH 105, MATH, 131, MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-."

ECON 216 STATISTICS FOR BUSIN ECONOMICS

An introduction to descriptive statistics and statistical inference, with application in business, including hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, and simple regression analysis. Prerequisite: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-".

ECON 301 INTERMEDIATE MACROECONOMICS

An analysis of competing theories about the overall functioning of economies including both growth and stabilization policies. Alternative models are examined at the levels of assumptions, mechanics, dynamics, and policy implications. Theories are examined within their historical context and the sets of problems faced by the theorists. Students are asked to engage, analyze, interpret and provide a course of action for real-world cases. Prerequisites: ECON 201; ECON 202; and MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-."

ECON 302 INTERMEDIATE MICROECONOMICS

Intermediate Microeconomics extends the analysis of individual economic behavior and the functioning of markets learned in ECON 202 by incorporating the more sophisticated microeconomic models used in more advanced economic analysis. Topics include the theories of the consumer and the firm, the functioning of market, and the impact of market structure on price formation. Prerequisites: ECON 202; MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-"; ECON 201 recommended.

ECON 303 INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS AND GLOBALIZATION

An exploration of economic, political, and social effects of globalization. This is examined from the perspectives of trade, development, finance, and the environment. The first half of the course focuses on the impacts of international trade. This includes preferential trading relations, protectionism, global trade agreements, competitiveness, and possible conflicts between trade and social objectives. The second half of the course focuses on international monetary relations and regimes. This includes understanding the balance of payments, exchange rate determination, currency crises, and international debt. Prerequisites: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151with a minimum grade of "C-"; ECON 201; ECON 202 recommended.

ECON 316 ECONOMETRICS

The application of advanced statistical methods and modeling to an empirical understanding of economic issues. Combines elements of statistical reasoning with economic theory and provides an excellent opportunity to combine concepts learned in previous economics courses. Topics covered include multiple regression analysis, model specification, dummy variables, multicollinearity heteroscedasticity, autocorrelation, limited dependent variables, simultaneity, time series, forecasting, and methodological issues.Prerequisites: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a 'C-' or better; ECON 201; ECON 202; and ECON 216 or MATH 213 with a 'C' or better.

ECON 317 ECONOMICS AND PUBLIC POLICY

An examination of the field of public economics, the branch of economics concerned with the reasons for market failure (monopoly, public goods, externalities, information asymmetry) and the potential for government policies to correct them. The application of the tools of economic analysis to understanding the causes of and potential solutions to social problems of current interest are emphasized. Prerequisites: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-"; ECON 202; ECON 201 recommended.

ECON 361 MONEY BANKING FINANCL MARKETS

A survey of the core topics relating to the monetary sector of the economy. This includes an examination of the role and nature of money, financial institutions and markets, banking structure and regulation, determinants of interest rates, central bank policy, exchange rates, and the international monetary system. Attention is also given to particular monetary episodes such as the Great Depression, the Latin American debt crisis, the collapse of the Mexican Peso, and the Asian monetary collapse. Prerequisites: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-"; ECON 201.

ECON 370 NATURAL RESOURCE ECONOMICS

A study of the efficient and equitable use of society's scarce natural resources. This course discusses the application of economic theory to natural resource problems, such as externalities and resource extraction. Particular attention will be placed on Western United States issues, including water, energy, mineral extraction, forestry and public land use. Prerequisites: MATH 140, MATH 141, or MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-"; ECON 202 or ECON 215.

ECON 397 ST:GLOBAL ECONOMIC HISTORY

Prerequisite: overall GPA of 2.500 or higher, or department chair permission.

ECON 498 INCOME DISTRBTN POVERTY WEALTH

A seminar-style examination of the causes and consequences of historical trends in income and wealth distribution in the United States, concentrating especially on the trend toward increasing inequality that began in the 1970s. Topics include: empirical analysis of distributional data; causal analysis based on both microeconomic and macroeconomic analysis; the roles of institutional change, social attitudes, and government policy; and both positive and normative evaluations of the economic and social consequences. This course fulfills the Economics Capstone Requirement.

EDUC 0 EDUCATION GATEWAY COURSE

Students explore the professional opportunities and practices of the teaching discipline. Designed to provide participants a variety of designated experiences with K-12 students so they are able to make informed decisions about becoming teachers. Students facilitate field experiences with school-age students both at the elementary and secondary levels. Students attend two one-hour long seminars and participate in 10 hours of subsequent field experiences. This course is required for admission to the Teacher Education Program. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only.

EDUC 102 ISSUES AND TRENDS IN AMER EDUC

An introduction to the philosophical and historical foundations of American public education, as well as current conceptions of and issues facing the teaching profession. Students reflect upon their own experiences in K-12 schools, explore current trends in teaching and learning, and investigate socio-political and economic issues facing 21st Century American education.

EDUC 316 INTRO LANG ACQ FOR LNG DIV STU

An introduction to theory and understanding of first and second language acquisition for teaching K-12 students from linguistically diverse cultures and backgrounds. Students develop an awareness of the historical, legal, social and educational background surrounding linguistically diverse education. The primary focus is on research based oral language assessment and development to provide meaningful instruction. Methods include those appropriate for the beginning English language learner, as well as those at other levels on the language acquisition continuum. Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Program.

EDUC 340 BRAIN BASED LEARNING MTVN ACHV

A foundation course in key aspects of schooling such as legal, assessment, diverse student needs, current brain research, and literacy. A practical application of cognitive processes and brain research is used. Course includes an integrated variety of approaches to teaching and learning; including cooperative learning, differentiated instruction, research-based strategies, skills for success in writing, technology integration, structuring schools and learning to ensure accountability for results. Prerequisite: passing scores on Basic Skills Competency Exam in Mathematics, Reading, and Writing; completion of EDUC 000, including ten hours of field experiences; no more than two semesters prior to internship.

EDUC 392 Independent Study

A course for qualified, upper-level students with specialized interests in a particular area of advanced study in Teacher Education. 

EDUC 400 FNDTNS FOR LITERACY: PHONOLOGY

A study and application of scientifically-based methods of teaching and reinforcing fundamental reading skills. Cognitive processes of literacy, including phonology, morphology, orthography and etymology. Focus placed on English language structure as it affects decoding and encoding. Additionally, methods for diverse groups of students, including students with disabilities, students from culturally and linguistically diverse populations, and high-achieving students are covered. Prerequisite: admission to the Teacher Education Program.

EDUC 401 ASSESSMENT FOR PREVENTION

This is an in-depth application of assessment techniques and instruments in coordination with state standards, No Child Left Behind and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 2004. Includes standardized testing and knowledge of literacy including five essential components of reading: phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension. Analysis of data to design and monitor instruction and intervention for universal, targeted, and intensive needs of diverse groups of students, including students with disabilities, students from culturally and linguistically diverse populations, and high-achieving students. Prerequisite: admission to the Teacher Education Program.

EDUC 402 READING COMP VOCAB FLUENCY

A study and application of scientifically-based methods of teaching and reinforcing reading comprehension, vocabulary fluency, oral and written language skills. Cognitive processes of literacy, including phonology, morphology, orthography, etymology, semantics, syntax, discourse, pragmatics and English language structure as it affects meaning. Additionally, methods for diverse groups of students, including students with disabilities, students from culturally and linguistically diverse populations, and high-achieving students are covered. Prerequisite: admission to the Teacher Education Program.

EDUC 403 INSTRTN ASSMT IN CONTENT AREA

An introduction to the concepts, methods, techniques, and assessment practices used to effectively teach secondary and K-12 students. Emphasis is placed on structures for lesson and unit planning, implementation of the Colorado State Standards, literacy and math integration, research based instructional strategies, content specific technologies, and management techniques. Prerequisite: admission to the Teacher Education Program.

EDUC 404 CREATING POS LEARNING ENVRNMTS

A foundation course to prepare students to create appropriate learning environments both inside and outside the classroom. Students learn effective lesson planning, classroom management, medical protocol and sound legal disciplinary practices that are characterized by acceptable student behavior and efficient use of time. The students learn to perpetuate the democratic system by understanding the relationships among the various governmental entities that create laws, rules, regulations and policies. Students apply educational practices to ensure safe and orderly schools. Prerequisite: admission to the Teacher Education Program.

EDUC 405 DATA DRIVEN INSTR PRACTICES

An in-depth application of standards-based instruction and assessment practices. Students design curriculum maps and plan standards-based lessons and units for diverse student populations. Students are taught to integrate literacy, math, and technology into their standards-based instructional plans, to use assessment data to drive standards-based curriculum that measure student knowledge, understanding, and skills, and to reflect on and evaluate their own performance. Prerequisite: admission to the Education Department.

EDUC 406 CONTENT AREA LITERACY

An application of current research on brain based learning, reading and writing and its integration in the content area. Students implement the essential components of reading: phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, comprehension, motivation, and engagement within the content area. In addition, there is a focus on content area study and test taking skills. Prerequisite: admission to the Teacher Education Program.

EDUC 407 Maximizing Learning Through 21st Century Skills

An inquiry into the 21st century environment schools need to cultivate in order to maximize
learning. This course prepares teachers to create technology-rich learning environment that
enhance student growth and achievement. Prerequisite: admission to the Teacher Education
Program.

EDUC 407 MAX LEARN-21ST CENTURY SKILLS

Foster a deeper understanding of the 21st Century environment schools need to cultivate in order to maximize learning. This course prepares teachers to create technology-rich learning environments that enhance student growth and achievement. Prerequisite: Admission to the Teacher Education Program.

EDUC 408 TCHING WITH THE BRAIN IN MIND

An in-depth application of cognitive processes associated with various kinds of learning. Within the context of writing assessment and instruction, students learn to pay attention to these learning processes so that their own classroom students can master content standards. Students learn to employ a wide range of teaching techniques to match the intellectual, emotional and social level of each classroom student and choose alternative teaching strategies, materials and technologies to achieve different curricular purposes. Students apply expert content knowledge to enrich and extend student learning and to recognize educational diversity and the effects on student learning in order to develop and apply individual educational plans. Prerequisite: admission to the Teacher Education Program.

EDUC 408 TEACHING AND WRITING WITH THE BRAIN IN MIND

An application of cognitive processes associated with various kinds of learning. Within the context of writing assessment and instruction, students learn to employ a wide range of teaching techniques to match the intellectual, emotional and social level of each classroom student. Students apply expert content knowledge to enrich and extend student learning and apply individual educational plans. Prerequisite: admission to the Education Department's residency year.

EDUC 409 SECONDARY STUDENT TEACHING

Student teaching in a 7-12 school setting on the average of 24 hours per week, over the course of the academic year, in collaboration with mentor teachers. This course must be repeated twice for credit. Prerequisite: admission to the Teacher Education Program.

EDUC 410 K-12 STUDENT TEACHING

Student teaching in a K-12 school setting on the average of 24 hours per week, over the course of the academic year, in collaboration with mentor teachers. This course must be repeated twice for credit. Prerequisite: admission to the Teacher Education Program.

EDUC 413 MATHEMATICAL INVESTIGATIONS

An application of the research-based practices for instruction in math. Focus is placed on the foundations for assessing and teaching math by addressing basic skills, critical thinking skills, conceptual understanding, real life applications, and diverse learner needs. Students implement and review specific assessment practices, teaching structures, intervention strategies, and technology applications within a standards based framework of instruction. Prerequisite: admission to the Teacher Education Program.

EDUC 413 Mathematical Investigations

An application of the research-based practices for instruction in math. Focus is placed on the foundations for assessing and teaching math by addressing basic skills, critical thinking skills, conceptual understanding, real life applications, and diverse learner needs. Students implement and review specific assessment practices, teaching structures, intervention strategies, and technology applications within a standards-based framework of instruction. Prerequisite: admission to the Education Department.

EDUC 420 CLASS STRAT TO ENGAGE LEARNERS

Study and apply effective research- based strategies for high levels of attention and engagement for all learners. Prerequisite: Admission in Teacher Education.

EDUC 420 Application of Classroom Strategies to Engage All Learners

Study and apply effective research-based strategies for high levels of attention and

engagement for all learners. Prerequisite: admission to the Teacher Education

Program.

EDUC 424 DIFF:APPLYNG LEARNR-CENT INSTR

This course provides participants with an understanding of the components of differentiated instruction (content, process, and product). Participants explore skills and resources needed to effectively manage a differentiated classroom and extend their learning into the application of strategies, assessments, and management systems within the context of teaching academic content. Prerequisite: Admission to the Education Department.

EDUC 459 ELEM CULT LING DIV STUDT TEACH

Student teaching in an elementary school setting, with special attention given to work with linguistically diverse students. The student teaching experience averages 24 hours per week over the course of the academic year and is supervised by a mentor teacher. May repeat twice for credit. Prerequisite: admission to licensure program.

EDUC 492 Independent Study

A course for qualified, upper-level students with specialized interests in a particular area of advanced study in Teacher Education. 

EDUC 600 FND OF LITERACY DEVELOPMENT

Provide in-depth understanding of the reading acquisition process and current issues in reading research related to preliterate and emergent readers through observation and analysis of reading and written language development. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 601 Methods and Strategies for Effective Reading Instruction

Provide in-depth understanding and application of scientifically-based methods of teaching reading comprehension vocabulary, and fluency.

EDUC 602 LITERACY ASSESSMENT INFORMED INSTRUCTION

Screen, diagnose, and monitor student progress in reading and writing to inform instruction and build home-school partnerships that promote reading and writing. 

EDUC 602 LITRCY ASSMNT INFORMED INSTR

Screen, diagnose, and monitor student progress in reading and writing to inform instruction and build home-school partnerships that promote reading and writing. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 603 CONTENT AREA LEARNING

Apply concepts, methods, and practices related to curriculum, assessment of learning, and teaching in content areas. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 604 LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS

Recognize needs for a successful classroom environment and apply strategies to support learning. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 605 CURRICULUM DEVELOP ASSESSMT

Study and apply standards-based curriculum and assessment practices. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 606 READING IN THE CONTENT AREA

Analyze, evaluate, and apply methods for developing effective reading and writing strategies that improve student academic achievement in the content area. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 607 RETH LEARN-21ST CENTURY SKILLS

Investigate the research and theory of 21st Century Skills as they affect the education program. Develop effective teaching strategies through theory and simulation. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 607 Enhancing Student Learning with Digital Technology

Investigate the research and theory of 21st Century Skills as they affect the education program. Develop effective teaching strategies through theory and simulation.

Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 608 Methods and Strategies for Effective Writing Instruction

Provide in-depth understanding and application of research based methods of teaching writing as they apply to cognitive processes and socio-cultural context for diverse students. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program. 

EDUC 608 MTHD STRAT OF EFF WRTNG INST

Provide in-depth understanding and application of research based methods of teaching writing as they apply to cognitive processes and socio-cultural context for diverse students. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 609 SECONDARY STUDENT TEACHING

Work in a secondary school setting over the course of the year, in collaboration with mentor teachers. This course can be repeated twice for credit. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 610 K-12 STUDENT TEACHING

Work in a K-12 school setting over the course of the year, in collaboration with mentor teachers. This course can be repeated twice for credit. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 610 K-12 Student Teaching

Work in a K-12 school setting over the course of the year, in collaboration with mentor teachers. This course can be repeated twice for credit. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 611 STR TECH TCHNG STU W SUP NDS

Address critical issues, content, and pedagogy needed by special education professionals. Apply these theories to the daily activities of the teacher. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 612 BEHVRL ANALYSIS INTERVNTN

Use critical thinking and problem solving skills to study and apply current behavioral research and school law regarding the education of students with emotional/behavioral disabilities. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 613 Methods and Strategies of Effective Mathematics Instruction

Examine and apply research-based teaching strategies that promote mathematics learning. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 613 MTHDS STRAT EFF MATH INSTR

Examine and apply research-based teaching strategies that promote mathematics learning. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 614 Collaborating for Students with Support Needs

Use data and collaboration process to develop Individual Educational Plans, and provide support needs and technologies for students with disabilities. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 614 COLLAB FOR STU W SUPPRT NEEDS

Use data and collaboration process to develop Individual Educational Plans, and provide support needs and technologies for students with disabilities. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 615 SPECIAL ED STUDENT TEACHING

Work in a K-12 school setting with students with disabilities over the course of the year, in collaboration with mentor teachers. This course can be repeated twice for credit. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 616 LANG ACQUSTN LING DIVERSE STU

Develop and apply understanding of language acquisition and awareness of the historical, legal, social and educational background surrounding linguistically diverse education. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 617 COG ACAD LANG PROF IN CONT ARE

Differentiate social and cognitive academic language and use research to develop cognitive academic language for English Language Learners. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 617 Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency in the Content Area

Differentiate social and cognitive academic language and use research to develop cognitive academic language for English Language Learners. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 618 LING DIVERSE STUDENT TEACHING

Work in a K-12 school setting with linguistically diverse students over the course of the year, in collaboration with mentor teachers. This course can be repeated twice for credit. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 619 ELEMENTARY STUDENT TEACHING

Work in an elementary school setting over the course of the year, in collaboration with mentor teachers. This course can be repeated twice for credit. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 620 ENGAGING DIVERSE LEANERS

A study and application of research-based instruction to engage diverse learners. Focus is on creating learning experiences to maximize student engagement and achievement, while evaluating and reflecting on teaching practice. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 621 Creating Effective Online Learning Environments

An inquiry into how K-12 educators can best develop relevant and engaging blended and online instructional contexts to meet the needs of all K-12 learners. Focus is on exploration of tools, resources and emerging technologies to determine how to build and manage learning environments which maximize student achievement. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 621 CREAT EFFECT ONLINE ENVIRONMNT

An inquiry into how K-12 educators can best develop relevant and engaging blended and online instructional contexts to meet the needs of all K-12 learners. Focus is on exploration of tools, resources and emerging technologies to determine how to build and manage learning environments which maximize student achievement. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 622 DATA PLAN ONLINE LEARNING INTV

A study of best practices in creating, implementing, and using assessments in the online environment. Focus is on analyzing real-time data and findings from assessments to make instructional decisions and to plan targeted interventions to ensure student success. Prerequisite: Admissions to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 622 Using Data to Plan for Online Learning and Targeted 3 credits Interventions

An analysis and application of collecting and using multiple levels of data to inform instruction relevant to the online and blended environment for K-12 students.  Blended and online instructional approaches will be modified and improved based upon Universal Design for Learning principles, awareness of the needs of diverse learners, and the data collected from the students, educators, and district. Prerequisite: Admissions to M.A. degree in Education Program, EDUC 621.

EDUC 623 DESGN DELVER EFFECT ONLNE INST

Online field-based experience in design, delivery, and evaluation of standards-based instruction in an appropriate K-12 setting. A collaborative approach will be fostered among students, teachers, and school-level administrators to support existing or emerging online or blended instructional needs. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 623 Designing and Delivering Effective Online Instruction

Online field-based experience in design, delivery, and evaluation of standards-based instruction in an appropriate K-12 setting. A collaborative approach will be fostered among students, teachers, and school-level administrators to support existing or emerging online or blended instructional needs. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program, EDUC 621 & 622.

EDUC 624 MANAGING TO DIFFERENTIATE

This course provides a study of cognitive development as it impacts different learners' ability to access academic content. Participants will build a foundation of understanding from which they will develop skills, strategies and resources that they can then apply in their teaching to address the complex challenges of meeting the diverse learning needs of all students. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 625 RLVNT DATA ANALISYS INFRM INST

Identify and utilize all levels of data to inform instructional decisions. Daily measures of student performance are analyzed along with summative assessments to develop relevant plans for instruction that may include interventions and differentiation. Explore resources to assist in tracking of student progress and develop evidence of effectiveness relative to Teacher Quality Standards. Prerequisite: Admission to the M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 670 INTRO TO SCHOOL LEADERSHIP

Provide an overview of educational leadership principles, including theories of leadership, foundational concepts of leading a school, qualities of effective leaders, and the process of building a positive, collaborative school culture. Prerequisite: Admission to the M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 672 PERS SELECTION AND DEVLPMNT

Understand and evaluate the process of working with school-related personnel, including recruiting and hiring practices, developing meaningful induction and mentoring programs, managing teacher and staff evaluations, and providing needs-based professional development for all staff. Prerequisite: Admission to the M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 673 SCHOOL SAFTY AND FACLTIES MGMT

Identify and explore the components of school plant and safety management, including school-wide student discipline policies and practices, crisis and emergency planning and responses, and managing various funding sources associated with operating a school. Prerequisite: Admission to the M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 674 PARENT COMMUNITY INVOLVEMNT

Investigate various strategies for building relationships with all members of the school community, including identifying and understanding diversity in the surrounding community, establishing partnerships with area businesses and organizations, and working effectively with local media outlets. Prerequisite: Admission to the M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 674 Parent and Community Involvement

Investigate various strategies for building relationships with all members of the school community, including identifying and understanding diversity in the surrounding community, establishing partnerships with area businesses and organizations, and working effectively with local media outlets

EDUC 675 STUDNT LEARNING ACCOUNTABILITY

Examine the responsibilities of managing curriculum, instruction, and assessment in schools, including evaluation of curriculum and instruction practices to maximize learning for all students, analysis of data from local and statewide assessments to drive instructional decisions for school improvement, and development of strategies to support a range of diverse student learning needs. Prerequisite: Admission to the M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 675 School Accountability and Evaluation

Examine the responsibilities of managing curriculum, instruction, and assessment in schools, including selection of curricular materials that maximize learning for all students, use of data from local and statewide assessments to drive instructional decisions, and development of strategies and schedules that target students’ individual needs. Prerequisite: Admission to the M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 678 ADMINISTRATOR INTERNSHIP I

Complete a supervised internship or work full/part time as a school-based administrator. Demonstrate competency on Colorado principal licensure standards through structured, reflective tasks and leadership-based internship experiences. Prerequisite: Admission to the M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 678 Administrator Internship

Complete a supervised internship or work full/part time as a school-based administrator for an entire school year during the principal licensure year of the Educational Administrator Leadership Program. 

EDUC 679 ADMINISTRATOR INTERNSHIP II

Complete a supervised internship or work full/part time as a school-based administrator. Demonstrate competency on Colorado principal licensure standards through structured, reflective tasks and leadership-based internship experiences. Prerequisite: Admission to the M.A. degree in Education Program and successful completion of EDUC 678 Administrator Internship I.

EDUC 679 Principal Licensure Capstone

Develop a comprehensive, professional work sample demonstrating proficiency of the Colorado Principal Licensure Standards.

EDUC 680 RESRCH CRITICAL INQ FOR LDR

Examine, analyze, and synthesize research literature in relation to emerging trends in education. Explore concepts pertaining to quantitative and qualitative research methods and the synergistic relationship between research, theory, and practice. Develop problem posing/solving, information literacy, and critical thinking. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program. Must be taken in the final year of the program.

EDUC 680 EDUC 680

Examine, analyze, and synthesize research literature in relation to emerging trends in education. Explore concepts pertaining to quantitative and qualitative research methods and the synergistic relationship between research, theory, and practice. Develop problem posing/solving, information literacy, and critical thinking. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 681 INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAM EVALUATN

Investigate trends in curriculum and instruction while understanding their relationship to student data and performance. Evaluate teaching and assessment strategies in a school-wide context, as they affect student learning. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 681 Curricular Program Evaluation

Investigate curriculum reform, decision making and evaluation strategies as they affect the educational program. Develop problem solving skills through theory and simulation.

Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 682 Leadership in School Sites

Explore leadership models and issues related to communication, collaboration and cultural dynamics in a changing school climate. Professional literature is related to students’ own practical experience, through observations, reflections and analysis. This course examines and applies skills related to educational leadership that advocate for all students and all stakeholders in the K-12 educational process and facilitate change. Prerequisite: Admission to the M.A. Degree in Education Program.

EDUC 682 SHAPING SCHOOL CULTURE

Explore issues related to communication and collaboration within a school culture. Examine and apply critical analysis and creativity related to educational group dynamics that advocate for all students, staff, and stakeholders within a school community. Prerequisite: Admission to the M.A. Degree in Education Program.

EDUC 683 School Law

Examine laws and legal implications of court decisions affecting schools and professional educators.

EDUC 683 LEGAL ETHICAL ISSUES IN EDUC

Explore legal and ethical issues related to equity, diversity, and accessibility in schools, including examining cases and case law affecting school-based practices, identifying the legal and ethical responsibilities of school employees, and understanding the rights and responsibilities of the members in the school community. Prerequisite: Admission to the M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 684 Materials and Motivation for Reading

Select and evaluate materials, develop independent readers, involve the community, and establish and manage the literacy environment.

EDUC 684 MATERIALS MOTIVATN FOR RDNG

Select and evaluate materials, develop independent readers, involve the community, and establish and manage the literacy environment. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 685 ASSESSNG EVAL INST AT-RISK RDR

Develop in-depth understanding of scientifically based reading research and instruction for at risk and struggling readers. Provide the tools necessary to diagnose, evaluate and teach struggling readers. Assignments will include the development of intervention programs and the implementation of progress-monitoring reading assessments. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 685 Assessing, Evaluating & Instructing At-Risk & Struggling Readers

Develop in-depth understanding of scientifically based reading research and instruction for at risk and struggling readers. Provide the tools necessary to diagnose, evaluate and teach struggling readers. Assignments will include the development of intervention programs and the implementation of progress-monitoring reading assessments

EDUC 686 LITERACY COACHING MENTORING

Examine roles and functions of literacy coaching and mentoring to provide professional development for literacy in the school setting. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 687 School-wide Comprehensive Literacy Program Development

Prepare educators for school-wide comprehensive literacy program development and delivery.

EDUC 688 Reading Teacher Internship

Complete supervised practicum(s) or internship(s) as a reading teacher at the appropriate grade level(s) for Colorado Department of Education Reading Teacher graduate endorsement. This course can be repeated twice for credit. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 688 READING TEACHER INTERNSHIP

Complete supervised practicum(s) or internship(s) as a reading teacher at the appropriate grade level(s) for Colorado Department of Education Reading Teacher graduate endorsement. This course can be repeated twice for credit. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 689 Reading Specialist Internship

Complete supervised practicum(s) or internship(s) as a reading specialist at the appropriate grade level(s) for Colorado Department of Education Reading Specialist graduate endorsement. This course can be repeated twice for credit. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 689 READING SPECIALIST INTERNSHIP

Complete supervised practicum(s) or internship(s) as a reading specialist at the appropriate grade level(s) for Colorado Department of Education Reading Specialist graduate endorsement. This course can be repeated twice for credit. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 690 School Law for Site Leaders Seminar

Relate knowledge of educational legal issues and trends through study of case law as it relates to the respective school site. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 691 Fostering Collaborative School Sites

Examine collaborative processes, models of collaboration, and communication skills that promote effective professional interaction and decision making in educational settings.  Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 692 Issues and Trends in Leadership Seminar

The role of professional literature and experience in the development of leadership capacity that advocates for   improvements of education.   Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 692 ISSUES TRNDS IN LDRSHP SEM

The role of professional literature and experience in the development of leadership capacity that advocates for improvements of education. Prerequisite: Admission to M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 693 Education Capstone

Interpreting, planning, conducting, and reporting research results in the field of education. The student must be enrolled in EDUC 693 when utilizing Western State Colorado University Graduate Faculty support in conducting research. This course can be repeated for credit and is required the final semester of the M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 693 CAPSTONE (MAED)

Interpreting, planning, conducting, and reporting research results in the field of education. Students must be enrolled in EDUC 693 when utilizing Western State College of Colorado Graduate Faculty support in conducting research. This course can be repeated for credit and is required the final semester of the M.A. degree in Education Program. Prerequisite: EDUC 680 Research and Critical Inquiry for leaders.

EDUC 695 GRANT WRITING IN EDUCATION

Explore and apply the characteristics of effective grant writing for education-specific programs and initiatives. Identify potential funding agencies and analyze school needs to determine potential grant opportunities. Prerequisite: Admission to the M.A. degree in Education Program.

EDUC 698 Independent Study

Work individually with a professor to design and complete a self-paced course of study.

ENG 99 BASIC WRITING

Provides students with practice in generating and developing writing about academic topics and preparation for ENG 102 Academic Writing. For students who do not meet the College Level Entry Standards set by the Colorado Commission on Higher Education. Credit does not count toward graduation. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only.

ENG 100 SUPPLEMENTAL ACADEMIC WRITING

Provides co-requisite, supplemental instruction for students enrolled in ENG 102. Students will practice employing rhetorical knowledge; using writing processes; developing critical reading and writing strategies; and using effective written communication to demonstrate comprehension of content knowledge. Prerequisites: an assessment equivalent to ACT English score between 15-17 and ACTR score between 14-16; a SAT Writing score between 380-429; or an Accuplacer Reading score between 53-79 and Accuplacer Sentence Skills score between 66-95; or a Compass Writing Skills score of 49-73; and a high school GPA of 2.75 or higher. Co-requisite ENG 102. Note: this course is intended for those qualified students wanting to complete the Supplemental Academic Instruction (SAI) program in English.

ENG 102 SAI ACADEMIC WRITING GC01

Provides students the opportunity to practice strategies for developing writing projects on unfamiliar topics in unfamiliar formats to become more effective and efficient writers. Writers learn to practice strategies for making writing more comprehensible for readers and to use a wide range of writing processes for getting started, developing, organizing, and polishing writing projects. Prerequisites (one of the following): ENG 099; ACT English score of 18 or higher to demonstrate writing proficiency and ACT Reading score of 17 or higher to demonstrate reading proficiency; SAT Critical Reading score of 440 or higher to demonstrate writing proficiency and SAT Critical Reading score of 430 or above to demonstrate reading proficiency; Accuplacer Sentence Skills test score of 95 or higher and Accuplacer Reading Comprehension test score of 80 or higher; or combination of ACT, SAT, and Accuplacer scores to fulfill both reading and writing proficiencies; or co-requisite ENG 100 (SAI).

ENG 102 SAI ACADEMIC WRITING GCO1

Provides students the opportunity to practice strategies for developing writing projects on unfamiliar topics in unfamiliar formats to become more effective and efficient writers. Writers learn to practice strategies for making writing more comprehensible for readers and to use a wide range of writing processes for getting started, developing, organizing, and polishing writing projects. Prerequisites (one of the following): ENG 099; ACT English score of 18 or higher to demonstrate writing proficiency and ACT Reading score of 17 or higher to demonstrate reading proficiency; SAT Critical Reading score of 440 or higher to demonstrate writing proficiency and SAT Critical Reading score of 430 or above to demonstrate reading proficiency; Accuplacer Sentence Skills test score of 95 or higher and Accuplacer Reading Comprehension test score of 80 or higher; or combination of ACT, SAT, and Accuplacer scores to fulfill both reading and writing proficiencies; or co-requisite ENG 100 (SAI).

ENG 102 ACADEMIC WRITING GC01

Provides students the opportunity to practice strategies for developing writing projects on unfamiliar topics in unfamiliar formats to become more effective and efficient writers. Writers learn to practice strategies for making writing more comprehensible for readers and to use a wide range of writing processes for getting started, developing, organizing, and polishing writing projects. Prerequisites (one of the following): ENG 099; ACT English score of 18 or higher to demonstrate writing proficiency and ACT Reading score of 17 or higher to demonstrate reading proficiency; SAT Critical Reading score of 440 or higher to demonstrate writing proficiency and SAT Critical Reading score of 430 or above to demonstrate reading proficiency; Accuplacer Sentence Skills test score of 95 or higher and Accuplacer Reading Comprehension test score of 80 or higher; or combination of ACT, SAT, and Accuplacer scores to fulfill both reading and writing proficiencies; or co-requisite ENG 100 (SAI).

ENG 102 ACADEMIC WRITING GCO1

Provides students the opportunity to practice strategies for developing writing projects on unfamiliar topics in unfamiliar formats to become more effective and efficient writers. Writers learn to practice strategies for making writing more comprehensible for readers and to use a wide range of writing processes for getting started, developing, organizing, and polishing writing projects. Prerequisites (one of the following): ENG 099; ACT English score of 18 or higher to demonstrate writing proficiency and ACT Reading score of 17 or higher to demonstrate reading proficiency; SAT Critical Reading score of 440 or higher to demonstrate writing proficiency and SAT Critical Reading score of 430 or above to demonstrate reading proficiency; Accuplacer Sentence Skills test score of 95 or higher and Accuplacer Reading Comprehension test score of 80 or higher; or combination of ACT, SAT, and Accuplacer scores to fulfill both reading and writing proficiencies; or co-requisite ENG 100 (SAI).

ENG 150 INTRODUCTION TO LITERATURE

An introduction to literature with focus on a specific theme, form, or topic. Prerequisites (one of the following): ENG 099; ACT English score of 18 or higher to demonstrate writing proficiency and ACT reading score of 17 or higher to demonstrate reading proficiency; SAT Critical Reading score of 440 or higher to demonstrate writing proficiency and SAT Critical Reading score of 430 or above to demonstrate reading proficiency; Accuplacer Sentence skills test score of 95 or higher and Accuplacer Reading Comprehension test score of 80 or higher; or combination of ACT, SAT and Accuplacer scores to fulfill both reading and writing proficiencies; open only to first- and second-year students who have completed fewer than 60 credits.

ENG 205 INTRO TO CREATIVE WRITING

An introduction to the basic techniques of writing fiction and poetry. Models of each are studied, and students write and share pieces in both of these literary forms. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-".

ENG 220 GRAMMAR AND THE ENGLISH LANG

A study of English grammar focusing on standard English. Students are also introduced to the history of the English language. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-."

ENG 237 WOMEN AND LITERATURE

Critical study of selected topics, themes, or issues about women as they are interpreted in popular and classic literary works. Specific titles to be announced each time the course is offered. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-".

ENG 248 FILM AS LIT LIT AS FILM

A focus on the development of film and its cultural impact, with special emphasis on the relationship between film as a visual medium and literature as a verbal medium. After examining a selection of short stories and novels and the film adaptations based upon them, students are given the opportunity to write some film criticism of their own. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-."

ENG 250 CRITICAL APPROACHES TO LITERAT

Students study a variety of genres as a basis of learning to write literary analysis. Focus is on an understanding of the varied perspectives from which a text can be approached, and how readers construct meaning based not only upon the text itself, but also the context in which it is studied. The critical approach as well as theme or topic may vary. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-."

ENG 254 POPULAR GENRE FICTION

A focus on works that adhere to a specific popular genre announced on a rotating basis and selected from such sub-genres as science fiction, fantasy, mysteries, romance, westerns, or horror. Readings explore the relationship of genre tropes to the craft of storytelling. Course may be repeated for credit when taken with a different emphasis. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-."

ENG 270 FOLKLORE

A study of one or more areas of folklore with a focus on American folklore. Possible areas include folksong, folk tales and legends, customs and festivals, dance and drama, proverbs, traditions, beliefs, recipes, and games. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-."

ENG 300 CREATIVE WRITING:FICTION

Models are studied, and students read and respond to one another's writing. This course may incorporate narrative theory. Prerequisite: ENG 205 with a minimum grade of "C."

ENG 301 CREATIVE WRITING:POETRY

Instruction is given on the techniques and terminology of poetry writing. Models are studied, and students read and respond to one another's writing. Prerequisite: ENG 205 with a minimum grade of "C."

ENG 305 CREATIVE WRTNG:NON-FICTION

Models are studied, and students read and respond to one another's writing. Prerequisite: ENG 205 with a minimum grade of "C."

ENG 358 GLOBAL LIT: JOURNEY UNDERWORLD

A study of literatures from around the globe that considers the artistry, culture, and diverse social conditions of various countries. A specific focus is announced each time the course is offered. Possible topics may include "Colonialism and Globalization," "The Sacred Texts," and "War and Revolution." Course may be repeated once for credit with a different title, but may be counted only once toward the major. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

ENG 371 LITERARY THEORY AND CRITICISM

An introduction to some of the primary conversations structuring debates in literary theory and criticism. Students learn to identify central questions, assumptions, and conflicts in theoretical and critical texts. Students also gain an understanding of the ways that theory and criticism influence their immediate experiences in English courses. Prerequisites: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C" and at least one 300-level literature course, or instructor permission.

ENG 374 BRIT LIT:VICTORIAN TO PRES DAY

A study of British works of poetry, fiction, drama, and essay produced from 1830 to the present day. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

ENG 385 AMERICAN LIT-CIVIL WAR-PRESENT

An exploration of authors and texts in American literature from 1865 to the present. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

ENG 397 ST: BODY SEX CULTURE

A study of a particular topic of interest to students of English to be announced each time the course is offered. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

ENG 397 ST: CITY AS TEXT PRAGUE

A study of a particular topic of interest to students of English to be announced each time the course is offered. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

ENG 397 ST: WRITING THE ROCKIES

A study of a particular topic of interest to students of English to be announced each time the course is offered. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

ENG 405 ADVANCED WRITING

An opportunity to deepen writing practiced at the junior level, with increased attention to voice and style. This course seeks to develop an awareness of the broader community of writers that includes those with not only similar but also differing writing goals. Prerequisites: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C" and at least two 300-level writing courses.

ENG 445 LITERARY MAG SUBMISS PRODUC

Focus alternates between literary magazine submissions and literary magazine production. Submission discussion includes aesthetics and techniques for revising and polishing work for submission. During the production focus students participate in the editorial production of a fiction anthology including acquisition and proofreading of manuscripts. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C"; ENG 300, ENG 301, ENG 303, or ENG 305 with a minimum grade of "C"; or instructor permission.

ENG 463 MAJOR BRITISH AUTHORS:CONTMPRY

An in-depth study of selected, significant authors that approaches works from similar or cross-historical periods of British literature. Course may be repeated once for credit when taken with a different emphasis. Prerequisite: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C" and junior standing.

ENG 475 THEORIES RDG WRTNG DISCOURSE

An in-depth study of selected, significant authors that approaches works from similar or cross-historical periods of American literature. Course may be repeated once for credit when taken with a different emphasis. Prerequisites: ENG 250 with a minimum grade of "C" and minimum junior standing.

ENG 494 SENIOR SEMINAR: STUDIES IN:

The Senior Seminar serves as the Standard Major's capstone experience and focuses on announced thematic topics that allow students to demonstrate competencies developed in the major. The theme or topic is announced for each spring. Prerequisite: ENG 394 and senior standing; or instructor permission.

ENG 494 SENIOR SEMINAR: THE FRAGMENT

The Senior Seminar serves as the Standard Major's capstone experience and focuses on announced thematic topics that allow students to demonstrate competencies developed in the major. The theme or topic is announced for each spring. Prerequisite: ENG 394 and senior standing; or instructor permission.

ENVS 100 INTRO ENVRNMNT SUSTNBLTY GSS2

An interdisciplinary, historical analysis of the development of environmental problems, movements, and philosophies. Students apply historical lessons to critically examine sustainable solutions locally and globally.

ENVS 100 INTRO TO ENVRNMNT SUSTAINBLTY

An interdisciplinary, historical analysis of the development of environmental problems, movements, and philosophies. Students apply historical lessons to critically examine sustainable solutions locally and globally.

ENVS 200 WRITING THE ENVIRONMENT

Students develop communication skills through presentations and writing on a variety of environmental issues appropriate to a wide variety of audiences. Through environmental essays, writing for nonprofit websites, grant proposals, and other forms of environmental writing, students are introduced to a broad range of skills needed for effective communication. Focus throughout the course on the analysis of arguments and texts further develops students' analytical and communication skills. Prerequisite: ENVS 100; COM 202 is recommended.

ENVS 301 SCIENCE OF SUSTAIN RESILIENCE

A holistic inquiry into how humans might live the next chapter of our history, guided by the ecological principles of sustainability and resilience. Environmental problems and their possible solutions are analyzed critically and quantitatively; field experiences on campus and in the community involve students directly in the application of these principles. Themes include sustainable agriculture, green building, renewable energy, and conservation and restoration. Prerequisites: BIOL 130, BIOL 135, PHYS 125

ENVS 301 SCIENCE SUSTAIN RESILIENCE

A holistic inquiry into how humans might live the next chapter of our history, guided by the ecological principles of sustainability and resilience. Environmental problems and their possible solutions are analyzed critically and quantitatively; field experiences on campus and in the community involve students directly in the application of these principles. Themes include sustainable agriculture, green building, renewable energy, and conservation and restoration. Prerequisites: BIOL 130, BIOL 135, PHYS 125

ENVS 350 US AND WESTERN ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS

An historical and contemporary investigation of U.S. environmental policies with an applied focus on the impact of national policy on the ecosystems and cultures of the American West. Reciprocally, this course traces how pubic lands agencies, social movements, historical land uses, and diverse cultures in the West shape U.S. environmental policy. Students combine analysis and discussion of major U.S. policies, prominent theories and issues, and student-led environmental service projects to better understand environmental challenges. Prerequisites: ENVS 100; ENVS 200 or COTH 202;and ECON 370.

ENVS 360 GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY

A critical examination of key perspectives, economic and political processes, policy actors, and institutions involved in global environmental issues. Students analyze ecological, cultural, and social dimensions of international environmental concerns and governance as they have emerged in response to increased recognition of global environmental threats, globalization, and international contributions to understanding of these issues. The focus of the course encourages students to engage and evaluate texts within the broad policy discourse on globalization, justice, and the environment. Prerequisites: ENVS 100; ECON 201, ENVS 200 or SCI 202; junior standing or instructor approval.

ENVS 373 THE WATER PLANET

An advanced water science course specifically designed for students interested in water related environmental science and policy. Topics include the physical and chemical properties of natural fesh waters and the movement and reserviors of fresh water within the water cycle. The course includes several hands-on exercises and field experiences where students investigate and analyze natural waters in the Gunnison Basin. Prerequisites: GEOL 101; GEOL 105 and one of the following: CHEM 101 or CHEM 111

ENVS 375 SEMINAR IN WATER TOPICS

An occasional offering that may include water topics in politics and policy, ethics and philosophy, or science. Prerequisite: ENVS 200 and ENVS 301, or instructor permission.

ENVS 376 COLORADO WATER WORKSHOP

A three-day annual conference bringing students together with a variety of water users, managers, ranchers, environmentalists, regulators and others involved in water issues for presentations and discussion on matters ranging from specific municipal or water district projects to major basin-wide planning for the great rivers of the West to global issues of water use and protection. Topics vary from year to year. Prerequisite: ENVS 350 and ENVS 370, or instructor permission.

ENVS 390 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING

A field-work based study of local (Gunnison Basin) environmental problems. Numerous monitoring techniques are implemented based on principles of biology, chemistry, and geology. The emphasis is on collaborative and integrative group projects dealing directly with real-world environmental problems. Prerequisites: ENVS 301 and one of the following: ECON 216, MATH 213 or SOC 211.

ENVS 400 APPLIED SUSTAINABILITY

A field-based, collaborative, problem-solving experience that addresses a current issue in environmental sustainability. Implementing frameworks such as resilient and systems thinking, students collect information, analyze results, write a report, publicly present their findings, and begin to implement solutions informed by their analysis. Students learn basic skills for transforming their ENVS education into compelling environmental professional career possibilities. Prerequisites: ENVS 350 and ENVS 390.

ENVS 410 ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS

A seminar on the complexities of environmental issues from a philosophical perspective. The course also offers a survey of the evolution of environmental moral philosophy as well as in-depth analysis of major thinkers in the field. Students confront ethical concerns from both historical and personal perspectives, with an emphasis on the ability to critically evaluate and apply these perspectives to their work in environmental fields. Prerequisite: ENVS 301 and 350; or PHIL 335.

ENVS 601 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

Introduction to environmental management.  An introduction to the MEM program, to bioregional and resilient approaches to environmental management, and to the environmental stakeholders, problems, solutions, and learning laboratories of the Gunnison Valley. Requires two-week residency in Gunnison during culmination of course. Prerequisites: Admission to the MEM Program. 

ENVS 601 INTRO TO ENVIRONMTL MGMT

An introduction to the MEM program, to bioregional and resilient approaches to environmental management, and to the environmental stakeholders, problems, solutions, and learning laboratories of the Gunnison Valley. Requires two-week residency in Gunnison during culmination of course. Prerequisites: Admission to the MEM Program.

ENVS 605 SCIENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

Provides a rigorous and hands-on overview of the principles and methods of environmental science. Students gain practical experience with a range of laboratory, field, and analytical approaches, with a focus on current environmental research in the Gunnison Basin. Topics include water quality, riparian condition, rangeland monitoring, forest health, threatened and endangered species, air quality, conservation, and ecological restoration. Students develop skills in scientific literature searches, writing monitoring protocols, ensuring quality data collection, statistical analysis, interpretation of results, written and oral communication, and peer review. Prerequisites: ENVS 601.

ENVS 605 SCIENC OF ENVIRONMENTAL MGMT

Provides a rigorous and hands-on overview of the principles and methods of environmental science. Students gain practical experience with a range of laboratory, field, and analytical approaches, with a focus on current environmental research in the Gunnison Basin.Topics include water quality, riparian condition, rangeland monitoring, forest health, threatened and endangered species, air quality, conservation, and ecological restoration. Students develop skills in scientific literature searches, writing monitoring protocols, ensuring quality data collection, databasing, statistical analysis, interpretation of results, written and oral communication, and peer review. Prerequisites: ENVS 601.

ENVS 608 ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS AND POLICY

Analysis of the key interactions between environmental policy and management, focusing on environmental decision-making within an array of policy contexts. Emphasis is on important federal policies such as the Clean Water Act and NEPA, with additional attention to relevant state and local policies. Prerequisites: ENVS 601. 

ENVS 608 ENVIRONMENTL POLITICS POLICY

Analysis of the key interactions between environmental policy and management, focusing on environmental decision-making within an array of policy contexts. Emphasis is on important federal policies such as the Clean Water Act and NEPA, with additional attention to relevant state and local policies. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 611 INTEGRATIVE SKILLS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

Course focuses on developing and managing environmental projects and organizations.  Students develop a thorough understanding of integrative assessment, adaptive  management, and triple bottom line strategies. Students apply these approaches to the  development of professional skills such as organizational development, conflict management, and environmental communication. Prerequisites: ENVS 601. 

ENVS 611 INTEGR SKILLS IN ENVIRNMT MGMT

Course focuses on developing and managing environmental projects and organizations. Students develop a thorough understanding of integrative assessment, adaptive management, and triple bottom line strategies. Students apply these approaches to the development of professional skills such as organizational development, conflict management, and environmental communication. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 612 QUANT SKILLS IN ENVIRMTAL MGMT

An overview of a range of quantitative analytical methods and statistical approaches essential to environmental management careers in both Integrative Land Management and Sustainable and Resilient Communities. Topics covered include descriptive and inferential statistics, databasing, geographic information systems, and graphic presentation of results. Course empowers students to organize, analyze, and graphically present environmental data. Prerequisites: ENVS 601 and an undergraduate-level course in statistics.

ENVS 612 QUANTITATIVE SKILLS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

An overview of a range of quantitative analytical methods and statistical approaches essential to environmental management careers in both Integrative Land Management and Sustainable and Resilient Communities. Topics covered include descriptive and inferential statistics, geographic information systems, cost-benefit analysis, and graphic presentation of results. Course empowers students to organize, analyze, and graphically present environmental data. Prerequisites: ENVS 601 and an undergraduate-level course in statistics.

ENVS 615 SCI OF CLMTE MITAGTN ADAPTAT

An investigation of the science of climate change, with an emphasis on mitigation and adaptation strategies for careers in environmental management. Students will develop an understanding of the principles of atmospheric and earth sciences that form the scientific basis of climate change and survey the large body of evidence of anthropogenic warming. Topics include greenhouse gas emissions, climate forcings and feedbacks, observed and projected climate changes, effects on ecological and human systems, and the opportunities and challenges of a diverse suite of strategies for climate change mitigation and adaptation at the local, regional, and planetary scale. Prerequisites: ENVS 605; two undergraduate courses in natural or environmental sciences, one of which must be upper-level with lab/field component.

ENVS 615 SCIENCE OF CLIMATE MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION

An investigation of the science of climate change, with an emphasis on mitigation and adaptation strategies for careers in environmental management. Students will develop an understanding of the principles of atmospheric and earth sciences that form the scientific basis of climate change and survey the large body of evidence of anthropogenic warming. Topics include greenhouse gas emissions, climate forcings and feedbacks, observed and projected climate changes, effects on ecological and human systems, and the opportunities and challenges of a diverse suite of strategies for climate change mitigation and adaptation at the local, regional, and planetary scale. Prerequisites: ENVS 605; two undergraduate courses in natural or environmental sciences, one of which must be upper-level with lab/field component. 

ENVS 616 ENVIR ORG DEVELP AND MANAGMENT

An introduction to developing organizations at the nexus of economic, social, and natural systems, and to the key skills necessary to succeed in this complex and highly competitive environment. Course discusses competitively advantageous strategies and practices organizations adopt to grow revenues, cut costs, improve market share, enhance brands, and redesign products and processes toward positive environmental and social impacts. Course examples will include sustainable innovation, creativity, and entrepreneurship from around the world. Students learn to identify the best opportunities, generate innovative non-profit and for-profit business models, frame and reframe problems, produce creative solutions, and generate a culture of innovation, creativity, and entrepreneurship within an organization utilizing principles from a variety of thinking methods including systems, design, and group thinking. Prerequisites: ENVS 605; ENVS 608; ENVS 611

ENVS 616 ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT AND MGMT

Environmental Organization Development and Management - 

An introduction to developing and managing environmental organizations, including  managing change within and beyond organizations to maximize the effectiveness of  environmental solutions. Course discusses competitively advantageous strategies and practices organizations adopt to write successful grants, grow revenues, cut costs, and  redesign projects and processes. Management examples will include sustainable  innovation, creativity, and entrepreneurship in private, government, and nonprofit  sectors from around the world. Students learn leadership skills that foster a culture of  innovation, creativity, and entrepreneurship within an organization, utilizing principles  from a variety of thinking methods including systems, design, and group thinking.  Prerequisites: ENVS 605; ENVS 608; ENVS 611; ENVS 612. 

ENVS 618 PUBLIC LANDS MANAGEMENT

An exploration of the current and traditional approaches to public land and resource management. A regional focus on the Western U.S. is integrated with comparative examples from other regions and countries to enhance and broaden student perspectives. Course examines the history and future management implications of public lands agencies and policies, such as the National Parks, National Forests, Bureau of Land Management, NEPA and multi-use mandates. Special focus will be given to the management skills necessary in leading public lands agencies on the regional level. Prerequisites: ENVS 605; ENVS 608; ENVS 611; ENVS 612.

ENVS 618 PUBLIC LANDS MANAGEMENT

An exploration of the current and traditional approaches to public land and resource management. A regional focus on the Western U.S. is integrated with comparative 
examples from other regions and countries to enhance and broaden student perspectives. Course examines the history and future management implications of public lands agencies and policies, such as the National Parks, National Forests, Bureau of Land Management, NEPA and multi-use mandates. Special focus will be given to the 
management skills necessary in leading public lands agencies on the regional level. Prerequisites: ENVS 605; ENVS 608; ENVS 611; ENVS 612. 

ENVS 620 SOCIAL SCIENCE METHODS (SRC)

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 620 SUSTAIN CONSULT LEADERSHIP

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 620 BUILDING PLANNING COMMUNITIES

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 620 CNSV CORRIDORS

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 620 ENVIRONMENT ECONOMY

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 620 GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS (SRC)

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 620 STUDIES IN SUSTAINABLE AND RESILIENT COMMUNITIES

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 616. 

ENVS 620 NATURAL RESOURCE SYSTEMS (SRC)

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 620 SOCIAL LICENSE

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 625 FOUNDATION OF ECOSYSTEMS

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 625 GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS (ILM)

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 625 ILM CNSV CORRIDORS

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 625 NATURAL RESOURCE SYSTEMS (ILM)

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 625 RECREATION MANAGEMENT

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 625 RESTORATION ECOLOGY

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 625 SOCIAL SCIENCE METHODS (ILM)

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to cultivating sustainable and resilient communities. Topics include subjects such as Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Sustainable Food Systems, Sustainable Energy Futures, Sustainable Economic Development, Movements in Community Resilience, and Frameworks in Sustainability. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, as long as the topic changes. Prerequisites: ENVS 601

ENVS 625 STUDIES IN INTEGRATIVE LAND MANAGEMENT

An examination of selected topics covering the content understanding, analytical skills, and management approaches vital to integrative land management. Topics include subjects such as Watershed Coalition Development; Forest Ecology and Management; Rangeland Ecology and Management; Wildlife Ecology and Management; The History and Future of Energy on Public Lands; Public/Private Conservation Partnerships; Managing the Urban/Wildland Interface; and Conservation Advocacy. This course is repeatable, since students are required to take this course three times, but cannot repeat the same topic. Prerequisites: ENVS 618. 

ENVS 690 MEM PROJECT DEVELOPMENT

An introduction to the Master's Project. Course examines environmental project design strategies, successful environmental solutions, and organizations/community stakeholder groups seeking environmental management assistance from MEM students in the Master's Project. Students design, plan, and coordinate second year Master's Project with faculty mentors and community stakeholders. Requires two-weeks residency in Gunnison during culmination of course. Prerequisites: MEM Core

ENVS 694 MASTER'S PROJECT AND PORTFOLIO - MEM

Students design and apply a specific research and environmental management project to an active environmental organization, green business, land agency, or community stakeholder group. Requires students to develop a lens and goal for environmental management; identify a project that enables the student to manifest his/her environmental management goal; research global best practices for similar projects; complete the project over 10 months; write up, present, and defend the results for the faculty mentor and MEM community; and complete an environmental career portfolio. Course spans Fall (3 credits) and Spring (6 credits) of the second year, and requires 9 total hours. This is a repeatable course for variable credit. Prerequisites: ENVS 690. 

ESS 100 INTERCOLLEGIATE ACT BB

Basketball open to members of the intercollegiate basketball team. May be taken one time for credit. Prequisite: Coach/instructor permission

ESS 101 INTERCOLLEGIATE CROSS COUNTRY

Intercollegiate Athletics: Cross Country Open to members of the intercollegiate cross country team. May be taken one time for credit. Prequisite: Coach/ instructor permission

ESS 102 INTERCOLLEGIATE FOOTBALL

Football Open to members of the intercollegiate Football team. May be taken one time for credit. Prequisite: Coach/ instructor permission

ESS 103 INTERCOLLEGIATE INDOOR TRACK

Indoor Track Open to members of the intercollegiate Indoor Track team. May be taken one time for credit. Prequisite: Coach/ instructor permission

ESS 104 INTERCOLLEGIATE OUTDOOR TRACK

Open to members of the intercollegiate Outdoor Track team. May be taken one time for credit. Prequisite: Coach/ instructor permission.

ESS 105 INTERCOLLEGIATE VOLLEYBALL

Open to members of the intercollegiate Volleyball team. May be taken one time for credit. Prequisite: Coach/ instructor permission.

ESS 106 INTERCOLLEGIATE WRESTLING

Open to members of the intercollegiate athletic wrestling team. May be taken one time for credit. Prerequisite: Coach/instructor permission.

ESS 107 INTERCOLLEGIATE SOCCER

Open to members of the intercollegiate athletic soccer team. May be taken one time for credit. Prerequisite: coach/instructor permission.

ESS 108 INTERCOLLEGIATE SWIMMING

Open to members of the intercollegiate athletic swimming team. May be taken one time for credit. Prerequisite: coach/instructor permission.

ESS 131 PHYS CONDITN OFF SEASON ICA

Off-season conditioning activities for intercollegiate athletes. Students develop the knowledge of how to improve and maintain fitness relevant to their sport during the off-season. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission.

ESS 131 PHYSICAL COND-OFF SEASON ICA

Off-season conditioning activities for intercollegiate athletes. Students develop the knowledge of how to improve and maintain fitness relevant to their sport during the off-season. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission.

ESS 132 WEIGHT TRAINING

The theory and practice of weight training. Information is presented concerning physiological and bio-mechanical adaptations accompanying resistive training, reasonable methods of improving athletic performance, and methods of resistance training that can lead to improved quality of life.

ESS 170 LIFEGUARD TRAINING

Provides the individual with the knowledge and skills designed to save one's own life or the life of another in the event of an emergency, with certification by the American Red Cross.

ESS 172 WATER SAFETY INSTRUCTION

Satisfactory completion of these skills leads to the Red Cross WSI Certificate.

ESS 181 FOUNDATNS EXERCISE SPORT SCI

An introduction to the field of exercise and sport science. An overview of philosophical, historical, and scientific foundations, current trends and issues, professional opportunities, and skills and competencies required for careers in a wide variety of physical activity settings.

ESS 185 LIFETIME WELLNESS

Provides conceptual and experiential components designed as a basis for developing a healthier lifestyle.

ESS 201 ESSENTIALS HUMAN ANAT PHYS

An introduction to basic anatomy and physiology of all human systems. Lab and lecture are integrated.

ESS 212 SKL DVL ANLYSIS:TARGT FIELDNG

Skill development and analysis for target and fielding games including bowling, archery, golf (traditional and disc), softball, and bocce. Learning and application of content in a developmental model. History, scoring, rules, terminology, equipment, and safety considerations included.

ESS 213 SKL DVL ANLYSIS:DANCE

Skill development and analysis for a variety of dance forms including fitness, folk, country, social, and ballroom. Learning and application of content in a developmental model. History, terminology, music choices, and safety considerations included.

ESS 275 MOTOR DEVELOPMENT LEARNING

An application of the knowledge of motor development and learning to physical activity across the lifespan. This class introduces the physiological, perceptual, and cognitive, as well as the affective changes that occur in motor development and learning across the lifespan. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a grade of "C-" or above.

ESS 276 EMERGENCY RESPONSE

Students are provided essential knowledge and skills needed to develop CPR and advanced first-aid capabilities. For students who might be required to provide first aid frequently and for special interest groups. Exercise and Sports Science majors have first option for this course.

ESS 282 PRINCIPLES OF SPORT MANAGEMENT

A focus on the administration of programs within the sport and fitness industries. Topics include administrative theories and concepts, personnel, communication and problemsolving, fiscal management, budgeting, ethical considerations, and program evaluation. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a grade of "C-" or above, ESS 181, or instructor permission.

ESS 290 CURRICULUM DEVEL LRNG ENVIRON

A comprehensive overview of materials, suggested teaching methods, procedures, techniques, well-directed and well-selected activities, and ways of evaluating physical education in K-12 schools.

ESS 298 FITNESS INSTRUCTION

Students develop knowledge and skills to plan and implement group fitness classes as well as personal training sessions. Topics include: risk management, exercise plans, group fitness instruction, personal training, fitness pedagogy, training special populations, cardiovascular fitness, resistance training, flexibility training, and core stability. Prerequisite: ESS 201 or BIOL 372.

ESS 320 PSYCH OF SPORT PHYS ACTIVITY

A variety of issues and research areas in the psychology of sport and physical activity are addressed. Topics covered include an overview of the development of sport and exercise psychology, personality theories, exercise and mood, exercise adherence, goal setting, motivation, psychological interventions for athletes, and cohesion theories. Prerequisite: minimum junior standing.

ESS 330 EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY

An emphasis on the theory and principles of exercise physiology to health, physical fitness, and athletic performance in diverse populations. Prerequisites: ESS 201 or both BIOL 372 and BIOL 373.

ESS 331 EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY LAB

Basic laboratory techniques of exercise physiology correlating with ESS 330. Laboratory experiences include aerobic and anaerobic exercise, body composition, strength, flexibility, and body composition and other indicators of exercise. Prerequisites: completion of the College Mathematics course requirement; Corequisite: ESS 330.

ESS 340 MENTAL TRNG PEAK PERFORMANCE

An application of theories and concepts of sport psychology. This course focuses on application of specific psychological skills necessary for high level performance and assisting students in teaching others those same skills. Prerequisite: ESS 320 or instructor permission.

ESS 346 PSYCHOLOGY OF COACHING

Psychological factors involved in coaching and leadership are explored in this course. Relevant theory and research, as well as practical applications, are discussed. Topics include expert coaching characteristics and behaviors, leadership and motivational styles, the coach-athlete relationship, stresses of coaching, reinforcement strategies, ethics in coaching, and issues related to youth sport coaching. This course is designed for current and future coaches, individuals in leadership roles, as well as anyone interested in the coach's experience. Prerequisites: ESS 320, minimum junior standing or instructor permission.

ESS 353 COORD SCHL HLTH PHYS ACT PRG

Overview of coordinated school health programs with a heavy focus on local wellness policy, comprehensive school health education and the role of physical activity and physical education in schools. Includes 2-4 hours of required field experience. Prerequisites: EDUC 000 and junior standing.

ESS 355 PSYCHOLOGY OF INJURY

Psychological factors involved in sport-related injuries and the rehabilitation process. Course content includes relevant theory and research as well as practical applications. Topics include: stress, responses to injury, mental skills used to manage injury (i.e., goal setting, motivation, and confidence), social support, potential psychological problems faced during rehabilitation, and returning to sport after injury. Prerequisites: ESS 320, minimum junior standing or instructor permission.

ESS 360 SPORT NUTRITION SUPPLEMNT

A focus on concepts geared to promote peak performance based upon nutritional intake. An understanding of macronutrient ingestion along with other essential nutrients is gained and applied in detail to the physically active population. This includes an understanding of the metabolic effect of food. The pros and cons of select sport supplements are discussed and applied to real-life scenarios. Prerequisites or co-requisites: ESS 330 and ESS 331.

ESS 363 ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Students develop knowledge and skills necessary to work with individuals having diverse needs in physical education, recreation, sport, fitness, or rehabilitation settings. Content includes planning, instructional design, assessment, coordination of resources, and advocacy in physical activity settings. Prerequisites: ESS 275 and minimum junior standing.

ESS 365 TOPCS PHYS ACT:CANCER EXERCI

Interdisciplinary study of the role of physical activity under a variety of conditions and settings, and for a variety of populations. Content focuses on current research and practice as it relates to the topic under consideration. Topics will rotate annually. Can be repeated up to three times for credit if a different topic is selected. Prerequisites: ESS 181, ESS 185; ESS 201 or BIOL 372; junior/senior standing.

ESS 365 TOPCSPHYSACT:INTROTOELECARGRAM

Interdisciplinary study of the role of physical activity under a variety of conditions and settings, and for a variety of populations. Content focuses on current research and practice as it relates to the topic under consideration. Topics will rotate annually. Can be repeated up to three times for credit if a different topic is selected. Prerequisites: ESS 181, ESS 185; ESS 201 or BIOL 372; junior/senior standing.

ESS 370 ESSNTLS OF STRNGTH TRNG COND

Exercise prescription and conditioning in the form of resistance training, including the use of free weights, machines, Olympic lifts, and plyometrics. Muscular adaptations to anaerobic and aerobic training, testing and evaluation, exercise techniques, and resistance training program design. Design, implementation, and demonstration of appropriate resistance training routines and proper lifting technique for a variety of populations. Content knowledge aligns with requirements for completion of certification as a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) from the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA). Prerequisite: ESS 330 or instructor permission.

ESS 382 MGT SPORT FITNESS FACILITIES

A study of the principles, guidelines and recommendations for planning, constructing and the use and maintenance of indoor and outdoor sports, physical education, recreational and fitness facilities. Prerequisite: ESS 181

ESS 385 PROGRAM DESIGN FOR PA SETTINGS

A focus on the principles of behavior modification and how they apply to program design and implementation in physical activity settings. Comprehensive behavior modification programs within exercise, wellness or sport settings are designed. Prerequisite: ESS 185.

ESS 392 METHODS SECONDARY ACTIVITIES

For students planning to obtain licensure in physical education. A variety of curriculum models (e.g., tactical, sport education, social responsibility) are used to present individual, dual and team sport activities. Lesson and unit plans are developed, implemented and assessed in keeping with Colorado and NASPE standards as they relate to secondary physical education. Prerequisites: 2 of the following: ESS 210, 211, 212, 213; ESS 290, minimum junior standing; Prerequisite or corequisite: ESS 350

ESS 396 MTHDS OF ALTERN PHYS EDUCATION

Units covered may be Nordic skiing, rock climbing, orienteering, camping, mountain biking, and adventure activities. Lesson and unit plans are developed, implemented, and assessed in keeping with national standards as they relate to secondary physical education. Prerequisites: ESS 290, ROE 189, and minimum of junior standing; admission to major or instructor permission.

ESS 405 PRACTICUM

Pre-professional experience in a physical activity setting. Such experiences include observing and participating in the professional activities associated with the particular setting. Students work with an Exercise and Sport Science faculty member to select an approved practicum experience, and are required to develop an approved learning contract. May be repeated once for credit (in a different setting). Prerequisites: ESS 181, ESS 185, junior or senior standing.

ESS 410 ASSSSMNT EXERCISE PRESCRIPTION

Students work with assessment formats, appraisal techniques, and metabolic calculations to gain information needed to construct exercise prescriptions designed to meet individual needs for different segments of the population. Prerequisites: ESS 331and ESS 298 or instructor permission.

ESS 430 TOPICS CLIN EXER PHYSIOLOGY

A study of diseased populations, including, but not limited to, exercise therapy in cardiac and cancer patients. Course content focuses on the etiology and pathophysiology of disease, electrocardiogram and diagnostic stress test interpretation, specialized exercise prescription, and other topics at the discretion of the instructor. Prerequisites: ESS 330 and ESS 331.

ESS 450 RISK MGT IN PA SETTINGS

A focus on risk assessment and management for physical activity professionals. Topics covered include risk assessment, standard of care, negligence, forms to limit liability, constitutional law as relevant for physical activity professionals, development of a risk management plan, and risk reduction strategies. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing.

ESS 490 SOC OF SPORT PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

A focus on the social organization of sport and physical activity and their relationship to the institutional structure, cultural patterns, and dynamics of American society. Students use different sociological approaches/theories to analyze sport and physical activity and to analyze current issues and problems in sport and physical activity settings. Prerequisite: minimum junior standing.

ESS 495 SENIOR SEMINAR EXER SPORT SCI

A capstone course required for all ESS majors addressing issues, ethical considerations, problem-solving and decision-making, leadership and communication in the discipline. Students integrate content from their course of study, write and speak in discipline-specific formats, and complete a comprehensive self-assessment in preparation for graduate school, internship, or entry-level job. Prerequisites: ESS 181, ESS 185, senior standing. Students are encouraged to take this course during their final semester.

ESS 496 FIELD EXPERIENCES

Directed field experiences in teaching, coaching, and laboratory settings. Guidelines for the field experiences are provided and agreed upon at the beginning of the course.

ESS 496 FE:RMWC WORKSHOP WEIGHT CERT

Directed field experiences in teaching, coaching, and laboratory settings. Guidelines for the field experiences are provided and agreed upon at the beginning of the course.

ESS 600 ESS 600 Advanced Statistics

Statistical tools for scientific research, including parametric and non-parametric methods for ANOVA and group comparisons, simple linear and multiple linear regression. Emphasis placed on the use of dedicated statistical software. 

ESS 601 ESS 601 Quantitative Research Methods

Research design and methodology in environmental exercise physiology. 

ESS 601 QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS

Research design and methodology in environmental exercise physiology.

ESS 605 EXER SPRT SCI TEST INSTRM LAB

Techniques of in-lab exercise testing and result interpretation in healthy and/or diseased populations.

ESS 605 ESS 605 Exercise and Sport Science Testing and Instrumentation – Lab

Techniques of in-lab exercise testing and result interpretation in healthy and/or diseased populations.

ESS 606 ESS 606 Exercise and Sport Science Testing and Instrumentation – Field

Techniques of field-based exercise testing and result interpretation in healthy and/or diseased populations.

ESS 630 ESS 630 Clinical Exercise Physiology

Physiological study of acute and chronic responses to exercise in diseased populations.

ESS 640 ENVIRONMENTL EXERCISE PHYSIO I

Principles of exercise physiology in extreme environmental conditions including extreme temperatures, hyper- and hypobarometric pressure, air pollution, sleep deprivation, and zero gravity. Healthy and diseased populations are studied.

ESS 640 ESS 640 Environmental Exercise Physiology I

Principles of exercise physiology in extreme environmental conditions including extreme temperatures, hyper- and hypobarometric pressure, air pollution, sleep deprivation, and zero gravity. Healthy and diseased populations are studied.

ESS 641 ESS 641 Environmental Physiology II

Advanced research and principles of exercise physiology in extreme environmental conditions including extreme temperatures, hyper- and hypobarometric pressure, air pollution, sleep deprivation, and zero gravity. Healthy and diseased populations are studied. Prerequisite: Environmental Physiology I.

ESS 650 ESS 650 HAEP Seminar – Thesis Proposal Development

Current topics and issues in exercise and sport science and environmental exercise physiology. Seminar topics change each semester. Emphasis may be placed on thesis proposal development and submission of the proposal to Western’s Human Research Committee. 

ESS 660 ESS 660 Health Promotion

Development of skills in health promotion program design, implementation and evaluation. Specific emphasis may be placed on healthy and diseased populations in extreme environments. 

ESS 675 ESS 675 Clinical Exercise Programming

Role of exercise/physical activity in the prevention, pathophysiology and treatment of chronic diseases.

ESS 685 ESS 685 Cardiopulmonary Physiology

A foundation course that covers 1) the structure and function of the cardiopulmonary systems; 2) exercise-related physiological changes of the cardiopulmonary system and their applications to exercise training; and 3) pathophysiological changes secondary to cardiopulmonary dysfunction and their effects on function.

ESS 692 ESS 692 Independent Study

Advanced study for students with specialized interest in a particular area of environmental exercise physiology. Prerequisite: advisor permission.

ESS 695 ESS 695 Thesis

Independent research project, supervised by academic advisor.

ESS 698 ESS 698 Practicum/Internship

An opportunity for in-depth work at a site in the area of academic concentration. The experiences must meet standards of the department and the University. Prerequisite: advisor permission.

GEOG 110 WORLD REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY GSS2

A survey of the major regions of the contemporary world-defined according to a combination of biophysical, cartographic, cultural, religious, linguistic, political, and economic criteria. Emphasis is given to understanding regional characteristics and processes, and to relationships between events and processes occurring in different regions. Current events of major importance are incorporated where appropriate.

GEOG 120 INTRO TO HUMAN GEOGRAPHY GSS2

A thematic study of cultural landscapes and the processes by which people create and modify them. Topics of discussion range from ancient to modern, rural to urban, local to international, and include themes as diverse as the origins and spread of agriculture, migration and immigration, urban morphologies and social interactions, ethnicity, development and underdevelopment, and environmental concerns.

GEOG 250 GEOGRPHY OF NORTH AMERICA GSS2

A survey of the major biophysical, cultural, and economic regions of the United States and Canada. Major themes of human geography including demography, migration, land use change, and ecological concerns are addressed in appropriate regional contexts. Prerequisite: GEOG 120 or sophomore standing.

GEOG 340 INTRODUCTION TO GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS

An introduction to the concepts and techniques of Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Topics covered include fundamentals of mapping, data formats, data acquisition, and quantitative analysis of spatial data. The laboratory component emphasizes practical applications of GIS to contemporary problems including but not limited to watershed analysis, land-use planning, environmental assessment, and market analysis. Prerequisites: GEOG 222 or GEOL 105; college-level mathematics requirement with a minimum grade of "C-"; junior standing or instructor permission.

GEOG 460 GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS

Students enhance their understanding of concepts, skills, and techniques learned in an earlier GIS course by applying additional training in advanced vector and raster analysis, utilization of satellite imagery, and geospatial analysis methods to inform analysis of landscape change processes such as wildfire, deforestation, urbanization, reforestation, drought, flooding, climate change, and agricultural intensification. Prerequisite: GEOG 340.

GEOL 101 PHYSICAL GEOLOGY GSC2

An introductory class that emphasizes the environmental aspects of geology. The course covers the basic principles of physical geology, such as minerals, rocks, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, and origin of landscapes by mass wasting, rivers, glaciers, ground water, and nearshore processes. Throughout this course, focus is on the effect of geology on human society through the study of geologic hazards, energy resources, and mineral resources.

GEOL 101 PHYSICAL GEOLOGY GSC2

An introductory class that emphasizes the environmental aspects of geology. The course covers the basic principles of physical geology, such as minerals, rocks, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, and origin of landscapes by mass wasting, rivers, glaciers, ground water, and nearshore processes. Throughout this course, focus is on the effect of geology on human society through the study of geologic hazards, energy resources, and mineral resources.

GEOL 105 PHYSICAL GEOLOGY LAB GSC1

An introduction to identification of minerals and rocks and a discussion of their genesis followed by a study of landscapes formed by mass wasting, rivers, glaciers, ground water, and nearshore processes. Many of these principles are observed on local field trips. Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 101.

GEOL 105 PHYSICAL GEOLOGY LAB

An introduction to identification of minerals and rocks and a discussion of their genesis followed by a study of landscapes formed by mass wasting, rivers, glaciers, ground water, and nearshore processes. Many of these principles are observed on local field trips. Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 101.

GEOL 201 HISTORICAL GEOLOGY

A study of the interpretation of the geologic history, structure, and evolution of the Earth with emphasis on methods and concepts rather than factual information. Colorado geologic history and various principles are observed during three or four field trips. Topics and concepts such as geophysics, continental drift, and plate tectonics are integrated into discussions of Earth history. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 and GEOL 105.

GEOL 201 HISTORICAL GEOLOGY LAB

A study of the interpretation of the geologic history, structure, and evolution of the Earth with emphasis on methods and concepts rather than factual information. Colorado geologic history and various principles are observed during three or four field trips. Topics and concepts such as geophysics, continental drift, and plate tectonics are integrated into discussions of Earth history. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 and GEOL 105.

GEOL 240 INTRODUCTION TO PETROLEUM AND MINING GEOLOGY

A survey of the physical and chemical processes responsible for the distribution of hydrocarbon and mineral resources in the Earth's crust and techniques for hydrocarbon and mineral resource exploration, assessment, and development. Includes field trips to oil and gas and mining operations in Colorado and Utah. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 and GEOL 105.

GEOL 300 GEOLOGY FIELD TRIP

Provides students exposure to varied geologic terranes and settings. The course normally consists of preparatory lectures and the actual field trip, followed by a paper, talk, or examination. Students may earn a maximum of six credits under this course title. Prerequisite: GEOL 201.

GEOL 302 GEOSCIENCE WRITING

An introduction to the proper methods and accepted formats of written, graphical, and oral communication in the geological sciences. These skills are addressed through critical evaluation and discussion of the geological literature, by writing reports, review papers and research proposals, and giving oral presentations. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a grade of "C-" or above and GEOL 201. Corequisite: GEOL 310.

GEOL 305 MINERALOGY LAB

An introduction to the study of minerals. Important topics include the crystallography, crystal chemistry, and optics of important rock and ore forming minerals. Emphasis is placed on the crystal chemistry and stability of major silicate mineral groups. The laboratory emphasizes the field identification of minerals and the application of optics to the identification of minerals in thin section. Prerequisites: GEOL 101, GEOL 105, MATH 141. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHEM 111 and CHEM 112.

GEOL 305 MINERALOGY

An introduction to the study of minerals. Important topics include the crystallography, crystal chemistry, and optics of important rock and ore forming minerals. Emphasis is placed on the crystal chemistry and stability of major silicate mineral groups. The laboratory emphasizes the field identification of minerals and the application of optics to the identification of minerals in thin section. Prerequisites: GEOL 101, GEOL 105, MATH 141. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHEM 111 and CHEM 112.

GEOL 310 STRAT SEDS LAB

A study of the basic principles and origins of sedimentary rock units. Topics studied include sub-division of the geologic column and geologic time, depositional systems, stratigraphic nomenclature and rules, principles of correlation; including a review of modern geophysical, geochemical, and chronostratigraphic methods, biostratigraphy, and event stratigraphy. Laboratory includes measurement of sections, examination of depositional systems in the field, and surface and subsurface stratigraphic techniques, including geophysical-log interpretation and computer mapping. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-," GEOL 201.

GEOL 310 STRAT SEDS

A study of the basic principles and origins of sedimentary rock units. Topics studied include sub-division of the geologic column and geologic time, depositional systems, stratigraphic nomenclature and rules, principles of correlation; including a review of modern geophysical, geochemical, and chronostratigraphic methods, biostratigraphy, and event stratigraphy. Laboratory includes measurement of sections, examination of depositional systems in the field, and surface and subsurface stratigraphic techniques, including geophysical-log interpretation and computer mapping. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of "C-," GEOL 201.

GEOL 311 IGNEOUS METAMOR PETRLGY W LAB

A study of igneous and metamorphic rocks, including their classification, field relations, tectonic setting, phase petrology, mineralogy, and geochemistry. The laboratory emphasizes both field identification of rocks and the use of petrographic microscopes. Several field trips are included. Prerequisite: GEOL 305. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHEM 113 and CHEM 114

GEOL 320 GEOMORPHOLOGY W LAB

A study of the processes that create the landforms we see at the Earth's surface. In particular, processes associated with modern and ice-age climate are studied including erosion and weathering, soil formation, flooding, glaciation, and mass wasting. The laboratory emphasizes field-observation and data-collection techniques, and the interpretation of aerial photographs. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 and GEOL 105; CHEM 101 or CHEM 111.

GEOL 345 STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY LAB

A study of the deformation of the Earth's crust. The course begins with a study of the forces and movements within the crust which cause folding and faulting of rocks and a description of the resulting structures. These topics are followed by an analysis of the regional tectonic patterns of the Earth's surface and theories for their origin. Prerequisite: GEOL 201 with a minimum grade of "C-" and MATH 141.

GEOL 345 STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY

A study of the deformation of the Earth's crust. The course begins with a study of the forces and movements within the crust which cause folding and faulting of rocks and a description of the resulting structures. These topics are followed by an analysis of the regional tectonic patterns of the Earth's surface and theories for their origin. Prerequisite: GEOL 201 with a minimum grade of "C-" and MATH 141.

GEOL 346 SUBSURFACE GEOLOGY W LAB

An advanced undergraduate course in subsurface structural and stratigraphic methods pertinent to petroleum, groundwater, environmental, and tectonics investigations. The course applies traditional and computer-assisted techniques to subsurface problems. Students gain experience in integrating surface geology with subsurface well and geophysical data. Prerequisite: GEOL 310. Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 345.

GEOL 352 APPLIED GEOPHYSICS W LAB

An advanced undergraduate course in the theoretical and practical application of physics to geology. Lectures cover seismic, gravity, and magnetic theory. Laboratory exercises and lecture problem sets emphasize the interpretation of real-world data, with application to problems in stratigraphy, structure, hydrology, environmental geology, mining, and oil and gas. Students gain proficiency in the use of several advanced analysis and modeling software packages. Prerequisite: GEOL 310. Prerequisites or corequisites: GEOL 345 and PHYS 170.

GEOL 362 ENVIRONMENTAL GEOCHEMISTRY

An advanced geology course covering the low-temperature chemistry of the near-surface geologic environment. Topics include equilibrium thermodynamics, natural-water geochemistry, the carbonate system, mineral weathering, basic organic geochemistry and the evolution of Earth's atmosphere. Students gain quantitative problem solving skills through comprehensive problem sets and the collection and analysis of real-world geochemical data. Prerequisite: Geol 305 with a "C-"or better and Chem 113 and 114.

GEOL 411 RESEARCH VOLCANOLOGY PETROLOGY

An examination of the physical volcanology, petrology, and petrogenesis of volcanic rocks. A strong emphasis is placed on fieldwork and the description of the volcanic rocks of the Gunnison Basin and adjacent regions. The course is topical in nature and emphasizes individual and/or group research projects through study of the geologic literature, the collection of geologic data, and the presentation of results. Prerequisite: GEOL 311.

GEOL 430 HYDROGEOLOGY

A study of the occurrence, movement, and chemical properties of groundwater. Topics include the hydrologic cycle, surface-water hydrology, principles of ground water flow, and water chemistry. Laboratory exercises focus on quantitative analysis and modeling of groundwater data. Prerequisites: GEOL 310, CHEM 111, and MATH 151. Prerequisite or corequisite: PHYS 170 or PHYS 200.

GEOL 450 FIELD GEOLOGY

An emphasis on field observation, proper geologic mapping techniques on both maps and aerial photos and interpretation and synthesis of field data into a report. Different geologic terrains in Colorado or other states are examined. Ideally, this course should be taken during the Summer semester, immediately prior to the senior year. Prerequisites: GEOL 310 and GEOL 345; or instructor permission.

GEOL 455 PETROLEUM GEOLOGY W LAB

A study of the physical and chemical processes responsible for the distribution of hydrocarbons and associated fluids in the Earth's crust and techniques for hydrocarbon exploration and resource assessment. Topics include the principle components of Petroleum Systems Analysis, including: the maturation, expulsion, and migration of hydrocarbons; hydrocarbon reservoirs; hydrocarbon seals; and structural, stratigraphic, and unconventional hydrocarbon traps. Laboratories include geochemical modeling of source rocks, geophysical log analysis and correlation, seismic interpretation, computer mapping, and a regional field trip. Prerequisites: GEOL 310 and GEOL 345.

GEOL 465 RESEARCH IN BASIN ANALYS W LAB

A study of sedimentary processes and environments, including the tectonic origin of sedimentary basins. This includes the most common terrestrial and marine depositional systems and their relationships. A strong emphasis is placed on field relations and research on the sedimentary rocks of Western Colorado and the Colorado Plateau. The course is topical in nature and requires individual and/or group research projects through the study of the geologic literature, the collection of geologic data in the field, and the presentation of results. Prerequisites: GEOL 310 and CHEM 113.

GEOL 495 GEOLOGY SEMINAR

A seminar where advanced undergraduate students can develop critical reading and thinking skill through discussion and presentation of research literature. Topics are chosen from the current research literature. A student may earn a maximum of four credits under this course title. Prerequisite: GEOL 305, GEOL 310, GEOL 320, or GEOL 345.

HIST 101 WORLD HISTORY TO 1500 GHI1

A survey of the cultural, political, religious, artistic, technological and philosophical journeys of human beings, from the prehistoric age, the birth of civilization and emergence of agriculture to the establishment of great empires and the impact of the great religious and philosophical revolutions of the ancient and medieval world.

HIST 101 WORLD HISTORY TO 1500 GHI1

A survey of the cultural, political, religious, artistic, technological and philosophical journeys of human beings, from the prehistoric age, the birth of civilization and emergence of agriculture to the establishment of great empires and the impact of the great religious and philosophical revolutions of the ancient and medieval world.

HIST 102 WORLD HISTORY SINCE 1500 GHI1

A continuation of HIST 101 and a survey of the transformation of human development as a result of modernization. Students consider the rise and fall of empires and shifting regional influences as a result of the emergence of the transatlantic region. Europe's revolutionary transformation and its impact on the world; the rise of global interaction and conflict; the colonial and post-colonial eras and the resulting tensions and achievements of these events are examined within the context of modernity.

HIST 126 US HISTORY TO 1865 GHI1

A survey of American history from its European beginnings to the Civil War, providing description and analysis of the historical development of politics, economics, society, and foreign policy. Attention is given to the people and forces that influenced these developments.

HIST 127 US HISTORY SINCE 1865 GHI1

A survey of American history from the Civil War to modern times, providing description and analysis of the major developments and trends in politics, economics, society, and foreign policy. Attention is given to the people and forces that influenced and shaped the American experience.

HIST 127 US HISTORY SINCE 1865 GHI1

A survey of American history from the Civil War to modern times, providing description and analysis of the major developments and trends in politics, economics, society, and foreign policy. Attention is given to the people and forces that influenced and shaped the American experience.

HIST 250 HIST OF THE MIDDLE EAST GHI1

Students are introduced to some of the major historical events and patterns of the region which are then related to the politics of the modern Middle East (mainly the 20th and 21st centuries). Specific topics include the rise and nature of Islam, the achievements of Medieval Islamic civilization, the significance of the Ottoman Empire, rivalries with the West, the establishment of Israel and the nature of the Modern Middle East crisis.

HIST 254 HISTORY OF AFRICA GHI1

A survey of sub-Saharan African history from earliest times to the present, with particular emphasis on social, cultural, economic, and political responses to imperialist or other outside influences.

HIST 260 HISTORY OF LATIN AMERICA GH1

A survey of the major events, issues and themes of Latin American History from pre-Columbian times through the modern era. Tracing the development of political, cultural, social and economic institutions resulting from the interaction of New and Old World cultures, students reflect upon the diverse responses of peoples in the region to the impact of change. Through the study of the complexities of indigenous cultures, colonialism, nation-building and identity politics, and the impact of modernity and globalization, students learn how larger human processes impact this particular region of the world and how the challenges and achievements of Latin America today are reflected in the region¿s historical experiences.

HIST 315 OLD REGIME FRENCH REVOLUTION

A study of the origins, character, and significance of the French Revolution. This course begins with an examination of the relation of the Old Regime to the failure of absolutism and concludes with a discussion of the general nature of revolution and social change. Prerequisite: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission.

HIST 327 COLORADO HISTORY

A study of the history of Colorado from prehistoric times to the modern era, emphasizing the Native American and Spaniard, mining, cattle, transportation and farming frontiers, and problems of the 20th century involving water, energy, and growth. Prerequisite: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission.

HIST 340 REFRM REORG AMER SOC 1877-1928

American history in the Gilded Age and the eras of agrarian and progressive reform between the end of Reconstruction and the election of Herbert Hoover. Emphasis is placed upon the social, political, economic, and cultural changes that occurred in response to rapid industrialization. Prerequisite: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission.

HIST 343 DEPRESSION AND WORLD WAR II

An exploration of the ramifications that the economic collapse had on America's social, economic, cultural, and political life. The United States' entrance into the World War II is also discussed, with major focus on the changes that took place, both internally and abroad, because of the conflict. Prerequisite: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission.

HIST 360 MEXICO

A broad survey of Mexican history from pre-Columbian times to the present, with particular emphasis on social, cultural, political and economic issues. This course also examines Mexico's relations with Europe during the colonial and early national periods and with the United States during the 19th and 20th centuries. Prerequisite: minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission.

HIST 402 SEMINAR IN HISTORY

A research seminar required for History majors. Focusing on a specified topic within the subject area, participants discuss issues and methods of historical writing and research and apply scholarship skills by writing a research paper or completing an approved appropriate project. History majors should take this course during or after their second semester of the junior year. Students in the Secondary Licensure program must complete a comparative history topic for completion of this course. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing and instructor permission.

HNRS 100 GATEWAY: ROCK AND ROLL SOCIETY

Through the Gateway students are introduced to different ways of knowing thereby laying the foundation for the further development of a liberal arts education. Students enhance their capacity for informed analysis, responsible evaluation and effective argument construction leading to the ability to base actions and decisions upon the former. The students are encouraged to recognize value in varying epistemologies and engage in an active and intellectual exchange of ideas as part of an academic community formed via students' and instructors' co-investigation of various topics and disciplines. The course culminates with student-chosen and directed group presentations. Prerequisites: admission to the Honors Program and participation in the Honors Orientation program.

HNRS 100 THE GATEWAY: STORYTELLING

Through the Gateway students are introduced to different ways of knowing thereby laying the foundation for the further development of a liberal arts education. Students enhance their capacity for informed analysis, responsible evaluation and effective argument construction leading to the ability to base actions and decisions upon the former. The students are encouraged to recognize value in varying epistemologies and engage in an active and intellectual exchange of ideas as part of an academic community formed via students' and instructors' co-investigation of various topics and disciplines. The course culminates with student-chosen and directed group presentations. Prerequisites: admission to the Honors Program and participation in the Honors Orientation program.

HNRS 100 THE GATEWAY

Through the Gateway students are introduced to different ways of knowing thereby laying the foundation for the further development of a liberal arts education. Students enhance their capacity for informed analysis, responsible evaluation and effective argument construction leading to the ability to base actions and decisions upon the former. The students are encouraged to recognize value in varying epistemologies and engage in an active and intellectual exchange of ideas as part of an academic community formed via students' and instructors' co-investigation of various topics and disciplines. The course culminates with student-chosen and directed group presentations. Prerequisites: admission to the Honors Program and participation in the Honors Orientation program.

HNRS 200 HONORS FORUM

An application of the core principles of the Honors Program including active learning, interpretation, integration and collaborative learning. Students engage in active investigation and intellectual exchange of ideas and information surrounding a theme or topic agreed upon by all students in the class. The entire class determines an appropriate vehicle for a public presentation of their work and must demonstrate coherent understanding of the selected issue or topic rather than presenting a collection of separate insights. Prerequisites: HNRS 100, and sophomore standing.

HNRS 304 INTRO TOTHE GREAT CONVERSATION

An introduction to the ongoing discussion of the timeless and universal ideas that are the foundation of Western Civilization. Students pursue the study of these ideas through guided reading of selections taken from the range of Western intellectual history. Prerequisites: HNRS 100, and junior standing, or instructor permission.

HNRS 305 PLACE AS TEXT: SEATTLE

Provides Honors students with opportunities to integrate experiences of theory and observation with place, time and self through a site-specific active learning experience. Students participate in a series of orientation sessions and complete associated assignments in preparation for a site visit. The class travels to a selected site and explores the concept of“extending text’ and mapping the site from a variety of multi and inter-disciplinary perspectives. Modeled on the National Collegiate Honors Council City as Text program. Students may take this course twice for credit. Prerequisite: junior standing.

HNRS 400 OXFORD TUTORIAL

Honors students come together as autonomous learners in a supportive academic community to investigate a mutually decided upon theme or topic relating to a liberal arts education and constructive citizenship. Students are expected to illustrate a mastery of the goals promoted by the Honors Program and a liberal arts education including the rigorous application of analysis resulting in a coherent and integrated understanding of the selected theme or topic. Provides an opportunity to engage in larger philosophical inquiry and debate. Prerequisite: HNRS 200, HNRS 304 and senior standing or instructor permission.

HWTR 100 RECREATION GUNNISON

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Sustainable Communities

Sustainable Communities: The theme of this section of HWTR 100 is building sustainable and resilient communities—what would it take to inhabit a place in perpetuity? The place we focus on answering this question is the Gunnison Valley, but underlying the answer are concepts that could be applied anywhere on Earth—and must be applied everywhere, if we as a species wish to persist. Our section of HWTR 100 is largely hands-on and outdoors. From an ecological and aesthetic understanding of this place we work towards developing a long-term vision for our place in it, and taking some steps to make it a reality. 

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Visual Arts

This is a Humanities course for individuals interested in the Visual Arts in and around the Gunnison Valley. You will have a chance to appreciate and learn about the local art scene through interactive field based learning experiences. These trips will involve art exhibits, art openings, art galleries and a chance to explore the natural wonders of the outdoors in the Gunnison Valley through an artistic eye. This experiential approach will allow students to begin to build a personal aesthetic of the world around them from a Visual Arts perspective. This course will be supplemented by the Headwaters Lecture Series and field trips exploring the Gunnison Country's learning laboratories. 

HWTR 100 HISTORY OF GUNNISON COUNTRY

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Professional Hospitality Certification

Professional Hospitality Certification: Like headwaters for rivers, careers have starting points – and industry certifications are among those! In an applied field like resort management, industry certifications will not only help to secure entry level jobs, but also improve chances for summer jobs or internships to gain first work experiences. This course uses industry ebooks and exams to grant recognized industry certifications at the end of the eight week course. This course is geared towards students who look at the hospitality industry for a career, but also those who seek employment in the industry while being students. 

HWTR 100 STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS ON CAMPU

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Active Learning

Active learning: This course is designed for those who enjoy learning by doing. In addition to seminar meetings, students enrolled in this course use an academic approach to help guide a hands-on exploration of Western and the greater Gunnison Valley communities. 

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Gunnison Diaries: A Collage

“I want you to close your eyes and think of your first kiss, the first time you left home, your first pet, the first time you arrived in Gunnison and Western, your first day of classes. What do you see? What do these memories smell like, what are their outlines, their texture? Do they make you smile, are they heavy? This course, in addition to welcoming you to Western and helping you on your way to success, will take you on a visual, sensual, literary and physical tour of Gunnison and Western. We will take a journey together through the hallways of your memories, your experiences and your vision of yourself and of 'HERE' and maybe even imagine where this journey might take you next." 

HWTR 100 ADVENTURE IN GUNNISON VALLEY

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HOSPITALITY CERTIFICATION

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Mathematical Recreation

Mathematics can be a fun, exciting, and challenging activity filled with surprising discoveries. Unfortunately, many students never get this type of mathematical experience. This course will explore some fascinating mathematical patterns that are accessible to all students. Some of these patterns will be studied for their beauty, some for entertainment value, and others will demonstrate how mathematical ideas can help develop billion dollar industries. 

HWTR 100 SUSTAIN VALLEY SUSTAIN EARTH

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 History of Gunnison Country

History of the Gunnison Country, 1600-Present: Students study Native Americans, the Spanish, fur traders, ranchers, miners, the Narrow Gauge Railroads, skiing and recreation, and the history of Western State Colorado University. 

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Mountain Muses

The majestic Colorado Rockies have inspired many writers. By exploring Gunnison’s landscape with a writer's eye, this course will help you discover what’s so special about Western’s community and surrounding environment. We’ll explore the best of the Gunnison Valley while enjoying readings from local authors and time immersed in nature to inspire your own place-based reflections and writing. Our course service project will connect you with local elementary students and the Colorado Humanities renowned River of Words program. This seminar also includes the Headwaters Lecture Series and an introduction to student life and the supportive learning culture on campus.

HWTR 100 ALL WRITING IS CREATIVE WRITIN

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 LEADERSHIP ADVENTURE EDUC

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Learning in the Headwaters

Healthy Living in the Headwaters: Welcome to your first of many small classes at Western, in the heart of Colorado's biggest classroom!. Western's campus sits in the heart of the "Headwaters" - the mountainous source of the snows and waters that sustain the environments, economies, and cultures of the American West. This discussion-based seminar, supplemented by our Headwaters Lecture Series and field trips exploring the Gunnison Country's learning laboratories, introduces you to Western's dedicated faculty, diverse disciplines, supportive culture of learning, and active lifestyles. This particular section of HWTR 100 takes a holistic approach to student wellness as we explore what it means to be a successful student at Western in the Gunnison headwaters region. 

HWTR 100 TO THE SKY AND BEYOND

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Optimum Conditions

Optimum Conditions: Here at Western, the sun is bright, the air is thin, the winters are cold, and the mountains are rugged. From star gazing to growing snowflakes, the class investigates aspects of the physical world that are optimized in the unique conditions of this place. 

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Hormone Mimics

This section of Headwaters 100 will focus on the current knowledge about man-made chemicals found in the environment and their impact on ecological systems. It is well known that these chemicals can have terrible effects on wildlife and we will explore how this occurs and discuss some options for combating this growing problem. A good example of one such hormone mimicking chemical is BPA, which is now taken out of our plastic products because of its similarity to the hormone estrogen. However, there are thousands of chemicals like this that are currently being used and can be found at undesirable levels in our environment. Our journey through this course will include reading the book Our Stolen Future, written by a Western graduate. This powerful book is truly written as a scientific detective story and will not only hold your interest, but will make you view chemical hazards in a whole new way and critically think about this major environmental issue and its impact on future generations.     

HWTR 100 BILLIARDS BONANZA

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 LIBERAL ARTS AT THE HEADWATERS

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Exploring the Gunnison Valley

Exploring the Gunnison Valley: This section of HWTR 100 specifically focuses on exploring and learning about some of the special aspects of the Gunnison Valley. As a class, we visit and talk with some of the people and places that make this valley such a great place to learn and live. Our exploration of the Gunnison valley is through several field/activity trips, a service project, and visits to the academic resources available to you at Western.

HWTR 100 WATER AGUA H20

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Getting Into the Arts

Getting Into the Arts: Whether it's on campus or out in the community or both, there's plenty of activity for any first year student at Western who's interested in the arts. Find out about the Valley's community of artists and how you can get involved! 

HWTR 100 HWTR 398 Headwaters Conference

An annual two-day gathering on campus each fall, bringing together writers and scholars, local community leaders and activists, artists, government officials, and other interested citizens from the colleges and communities of the Headwaters Region to consider challenges and opportunities confronting the region. Students attend and participate in the conference and write a paper about the experience in the context of their own lives and future plans. Students attend and participate in the conference, complete applied research projects throughout the month following the conference, and write a paper about the experience in the context of their own lives and future plans. Student may take the course four times for additional credit. Prerequisite: junior standing or instructor permission. 

HWTR 100 ELEVATING LEADERSHIP

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 MOUNTAIN FILM CREATIVE

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Recreation and Gunnison

Our section of the seminar will focus on the recreation opportunities available in the Gunnison Valley, and how these activities help connect us to the natural environment. All of our class sessions will involve recreation, Gunnison history (cultural and natural), and success strategies for your College experience.

HWTR 100 YOUR PLACE IN GUNNISON VALLEY

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Where am I? Why am I here?

Western's campus sits in the heart of the "Headwaters"- the mountainous source of the snow and waters that sustain the environments, economies, and cultures of the American West. Just as life flows from geographic Headwaters, we hope inspiration and success at Western flows from this inaugural course, this "Headwaters" of your college experience. In this course, we examine the complexity of our Headwaters Region from interdisciplinary perspectives. But we also examine the source of a transformative educational experience, and imagine how that can flow into a prosperous intellectual, civic, and personal life. This discussion-based seminar, supplemented by our Headwaters Lecture Series and field trips exploring the Gunnison Country's learning laboratories, introduces you to Western's dedicated faculty, diverse disciplines, supportive culture of learning, and active lifestyle. 

HWTR 100 EXPLORING THE GUNNISON VALLEY

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 MOVING THROUGH THE VALLEY

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Liberal Arts at the Headwaters

The goal of this seminar is to help students engage with the headwaters at our liberal arts college. Engagement with anything requires knowledge and familiarity. This course provides that familiarity for both our Headwaters region and introduces the student to various models of higher education today, focusing on the liberal arts model embraced by Western. Regardless of major, this section is designed to provide you tools for success in higher education. You’ll learn what makes Gunnison special and how to make the most of your time at Western. 

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Game Sound: Music-Early Gaming

This course explores early video game technologies and focuses on how sound and music became integral elements in the interactive gaming technologies produced between the 1970s and 1990s in the United States. The class will discuss implications of interactive technology on music and sound design, how technological mediums affected compositional style and the important developments that occurred during this time period. As a freshman seminar, this course provides an exciting opportunity for students to engage in a burgeoning field in academia and develop research skills in a non-traditional arena.

HWTR 100 FINDING YOUR PERSONAL RHYTHM

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 OPTIMUM CONDITIONS

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 Engage Headwaters Through Science

Engaging the Headwaters Through Science: This course is an opportunity for inquisitive students to discuss all aspects of science that pertain to the headwaters region and beyond. The class is open for discussions on all levels of science. The goal of the course is to highlight the fact that whether we are discussing your sporty new ski coat or skies, your new iPhone or iPad, or simply what you had for breakfast, science is everywhere and it is cool! 

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Space and Time

The theme of this section of Headwaters 100 is examining our place in space and time. Part of creating a future for ourselves is understanding both our past and our present and how we fit into the greater Universe. In this class we’ll explore big questions about the meaning of space and time in an astronomical context, investigate the “spaces and times” (locations and histories) of the Gunnison Valley, and discover the significance of space and time to being a successful college student. 

HWTR 100 GEARING UP FOR GUNNISON

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 PERMACULTURE

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Water, Agua, H20

Water, Agua, H2O: Water may be an elixir of life; definitely here in Gunnison we treasure every drop. This HWTR100 course explores our connections to water while providing a framework for success at Western. 

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Gearing up for Gunnison

Is part of the reason you are attending Western for its surrounding environment? Do you love recreating in the outdoors? Gear up for your transition to your new home at Western and your new home in the Gunnison valley. Get the inside scoop on how to succeed in your classes and learn where and when to play in the recreational paradise that you are now a part of. This class is recommended for the outdoor enthusiast. 

HWTR 100 GUNNI VALLEY AND YOUR HEALTH

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 PROFESSIONAL HOSPITALITY CERT

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Nonprofits and Social Awareness

Nonprofits and Social Awareness: Moving beyond a profit-centered world. This class offers you a chance to learn more about nonprofit organizations and how they thrive in every community. While for-profit companies are essential for the economy, non-profits are necessary for our sense of community. Through a variety of classroom activities, this course teaches you about the various types of nonprofits found in the Gunnison Valley, how they operate, and the careers that await you in the field. 

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Your Place in the Gunnison Valley

In this section of HWTR 100 we will explore “place-making” in the Gunnison Valley—how different groups of people have made a home in this region, and how you as an individual can do the same by becoming connected to the region through a meaningful sense of place and community. In this course, we will examine the image of Headwaters as a starting point for this sense of place and also the beginning of your journey through the college experience. This discussion-based seminar, supplemented by our Headwaters Lecture Series, skills workshops, and field trips exploring the Gunnison Country’s learning laboratories, will introduce you to your fellow students, Western’s faculty, and a variety of activities that bring us together as an active community of people engaged in common academic projects. 

HWTR 100 GUNNISON GOLD

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 PUZZLES PATTERNS PARADOXES

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Psychology of Place

Psychology of Place: In this seminar, we examine the concept of place from a psychological perspective. Using our understanding of the psychology of place, we examine the sources of a transformative educational experience, and imagine how that can flow into a prosperous intellectual, civic, and personal life. 

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Finding Your Personal Rhythm

The course will include outdoor adventure experiences, recreational music making with group drumming and rhythm exercises, the development of a personal plan for a renewed healthy lifestyle, and leadership development for in and out of the classroom (field based). 

HWTR 100 GUNNISON VISUAL ARTS

An introduction to Western's interactive educational experience and the diverse learning environments of the Gunnison Valley. Throught a multidisciplinary study of the Headwaters region, this course provides students with skills for success in college and access to resources in the campus community. A discussion based seminar, course may include regular convocations, community service projects, workshops and field experiences. Academic themes include an introduction to the liberal arts, community sustainability, and the social, natural, and cultural surroundings of the region. Course is required for Freshman.

HWTR 100 HWTR 100 Crested Butte

Crested Butte: This section of First Year Seminar offers you a chance to learn more about the unique social, natural and cultural surroundings of Gunnison’s up-valley sibling, Crested Butte. Through classroom discussions, field trips, and guest speakers, become immersed in the truly special place that exists at the end of our valley. Learn the tricks of living in paradise, including an appreciation of the characters, the food, the activities, and the economics of the mountain lifestyle. 

HWTR 398 HEADWATERS CONFERENCE

An annual two-day gathering on campus each fall, bringing together writers and scholars, local community leaders and activists, artists, government officials, and other interested citizens from the colleges and communities of the Headwaters Region to consider challenges and opportunities confronting the region. Students attend and participate in the conference and write a paper about the experience in the context of their own lives and future plans. Students attend and participate in the conference, complete applied research projects throughout the month following the conference, and write a paper about the experience in the context of their own lives and future plans. Student may take the course four times for additional credit. Prerequisite: junior standing or instructor permission.

MATH 98 BEGINNING ALGEBRA

An introduction to algebra with a review of basic arithmetic. Includes decimals, fraction, percentage, ratio, proportion, signed numbers, algebraic expressions, factoring, exponents and radicals, linear equations, and graphs. Credit does not count toward graduation. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only.

MATH 99 INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA

A review of the arithmetic of fractions and decimals, percentage problems, signed numbers, arithmetic, and topics of basic algebra, including simplifying algebraic expressions, solving and graphing linear equations, basic factoring, working with algebraic fractions, and solving rational and quadratic equations. This course is designed for students who need a review of the basic algebra skills necessary to complete the required mathematics courses MATH 131 or MATH 140. Credit does not count toward graduation. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 16 or above; SAT math score of 400 or above, MATH 098; or Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 60 or above.

MATH 102 COLLEGE ALGEBRA SKILLS

A review of the math skills necessary to succeed in MATH 140, College Algebra. Prerequisites: an assessment equivalent to ACT math score between 17-20; a SAT Math score between 410-500; an Accuplacer Elementary Algebra score between 75-105; or a Compass Algebra score between 26-44; and a high school GPA of 2.75 or higher. Co-requisite MATH 140. Note: this course is intended for those qualified students wanting to complete the Supplemental Academic Instruction (SAI) program in Math.

MATH 105 MATH FOR LIBERAL ARTS GMA1

An investigation into a variety of mathematical concepts with an emphasis on quantitative literacy. Topics may include practical applications such as personal finance and numbers in the media, along with aesthetic applications such as connections between mathematics and art or music. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 19 or above; SAT math score of 460 or above; MATH 099; or Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 85 or above; or corequisite MATH 100.

MATH 140 COLLEGE ALGEBRA GMA1

An integration of the essential algebraic manipulations, solving equations and inequalities, polynomial functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, and techniques of graphing. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 21 or above; SAT math score of 510 or above; MATH 099; or Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 106 or above; or co-requisite MATH 102 (SAI).

MATH 140 SAI COLLEGE ALGEBRA GMA1

An integration of the essential algebraic manipulations, solving equations and inequalities, polynomial functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, and techniques of graphing. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 21 or above; SAT math score of 510 or above; MATH 099; or Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 106 or above; or co-requisite MATH 102 (SAI).

MATH 141 PRECALCULUS

Preparation for calculus by the study of functions of one variable over the real numbers. These are introduced in general and then applied to the usual elementary functions, namely polynomial and rational functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, and trigonometric functions. Inverse functions, polar coordinates and trigonometric identities are included. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 23 or above; SAT math score of 530 or above; MATH 140 with a minimum grade of 'C-'; or Accuplacer College-Level Mathematics test with a score of 65 or above.

MATH 151 CALCULUS I GMA1

A study of differential calculus, including limits, continuous functions, Intermediate Value Theorem, tangents, linear approximation, inverse functions, implicit differentiation, extreme values and the Mean Value Theorem. This course also introduces Integral calculus including anti-derivatives, definite integrals, and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 27 or above; SAT math score of 610 or above; MATH 141 with a minimum grade of "C-"; or Accuplacer university-level mathematics test with a score of 95 or above. GT-MA1

MATH 209 MATH FOR ELEM SCHL TEACHERS I

First of two courses designed for prospective elementary teachers. Emphasizes the real number system, arithmetic operations, and algebra. Explorations focus on representing, analyzing, generalizing, formalizing, and communicating patterns and structures. Content is presented using problem solving and exploration. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 23 or above, SAT math score of 530 or above; MATH 140 with a minimum grade of 'C-'; or Accuplacer College-Level Mathematics test with a score of 65 or above.

MATH 213 PROBABILITY STATISTICS GMA1

An introduction to descriptive statistics, probability concepts, and inferential statistics. The topics for the course include presentation of data, counting principles, probability rules, and discrete and continuous probability distributions. Prerequisite: MATH 141 with a minimum grade of "C-,"' or Accuplacer College-Level Mathematics test score of 85 or above; or instructor permission.

MATH 220 INTRO TO ADVANCED MATHEMATICS

Students develop and use elementary logic and set theory to construct deductive proofs with relations, functions, and some algebraic structures. Topics include indexing, equivalence relation theory, and cardinality. Prerequisite: MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-."

MATH 251 CALCULUS II

Topics include techniques of integration, area computations, improper integrals, infinite series and various convergence tests, power series, Taylor's Formula, polar coordinates, and parametric curves. Prerequisite: MATH 151 with a minimum grade of "C-."

MATH 252 CALCULUS III

Topics include calculus of functions of several variables, differentiation and elementary integration, vectors in the plane and space. Prerequisite: MATH 251 with a minimum grade of "C-."

MATH 260 APPLIED LINEAR ALGEBRA

A course in the techniques and applications of linear algebra. The core topics include solving systems of linear equations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, matrix decomposition, the pseudoinverse and least squares approximations, and the singular value decomposition. The theory is supplemented with extensive applications and computer programming. Prerequisite: MATH 141.

MATH 311 MATH KNWLDGE TEACHG ELEM SCHL

This problem based class uses video and written records of children doing mathematics to enable prospective elementary educators to develop a connected framework of mathematical knowledge, understand mathematical thinking of others, and recognize how specific mathematical tasks contribute to a child's emerging mathematical knowledge. Problems are tied to specific mathematical standards and practices from the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (grades K-6). Prerequisite: MATH 210 with a minimum grade of "C-".

MATH 330 TOPICS IN GEOMETRY

An introduction to modern geometries. Topics include synthetic, analytic, vector, and transformational approaches to geometry. Classification of geometries, axiomatics, and the application of geometry may also be included. Prerequisite: MATH 220 with a minimum grade of "C-."

MATH 360 LINEAR ALGEBRA

A study of systems of linear equations, matrix operations, vector spaces, properties of determinants, eigenvalues, eigenvectors, orthogonality and least-squares. Emphasis is placed on theoretical aspects and general vector space properties with proof. Prerequisite: MATH 260, MATH 220 with a minimum grade of "C-."

MATH 451 ANALYSIS I

An introduction to the theory of calculus. Topics include the usual topology of the reals, sequences, limits, continuity, differentiation, and Riemann integration. Prerequisites: MATH 220 and MATH 252 with minimum grades of "C-."

MATH 471 ABSTRACT ALGEBRA I

An introduction to the theory of groups and rings. The fundamental group properties and concepts including cyclic groups, subgroups, direct products, symmetric groups, cosets, normal subgroups, and the group homomorphism theorems are discussed. Prerequisite: MATH 220 with a minimum grade of 'C-.'

MATH 495 SENIOR SEMINAR

A Capstone Course for the Mathematics Standard Major and for the Secondary Licensure Emphasis. Each student selects an area of interest, researches the selected area, generates a reference list and research paper, and presents the paper to a seminar of faculty and students. Prerequisites: MATH 360 and either MATH 451 or MATH 471.

MGES 600 Orientation and Practicum

Scheduled fourteen days prior to Fall semester start date, this on-campus residency provides an introduction to and fundamentals for the entire program of study, and initiates network development. This intensive course includes a one-day program orientation, practicum instruction in on-site gallery and studio classroom settings, field trips, and workshops with arts professionals. Prerequisite: acceptance into the MGES graduate program.

MGES 601 Gallery Principles I

Professional careers in the contemporary gallery world require a number of practical skills. This course addresses those demands by building upon fundamentals covered in the summer practicum, with in-depth practical explorations of design, installation, preparatorship and the management of the gallery space and contemporary art exhibits. Prerequisite: MGES 600.

MGES 602 Gallery Principles II

Professional careers in gallery administration are increasingly complex and demanding. A key aspect of building and growing successful art galleries or museums is professional relationships. This course principally focuses on professional relationships and relationship building in the contemporary art world: artists, patrons, collectors, diverse artists, audiences, and stake-holders.

Prerequisite: MGES 601.

MGES 612 Business Principles I

Considerable planning, entrepreneurship, and bureaucratic skill are required in the building and development of successful for-profit or non-profit art galleries. This course addresses entrepreneurial approaches and business models, mission relevance, recruitment, governance, development, procurement, staffing, budget and finances, for-profit and not-for-profit business registration, and compliance with multiple policies and laws.

Prerequisite: MGES 600.

MGES 613 Business Principles II

Gallery administrators must be adept in all aspects of management, including marketing and promotion and leading and managing staff and volunteers, to grow successful for-profit and not-for-profit galleries. Students in this class learn how to gain market share through innovations in gallery marketing, and managerial skills enabling them to effectively manage human resources, in the art gallery and museum sector.

Prerequisite: MGES 612. 

MGES 621 Curatorship Principles I

This course examines curatorial scholarship and practices that underpin collections development, research and analysis, and the exhibition process, and relates those to the evolving roles of galleries and museums in contemporary society. Subjects covered in the class include collections development, object-based research, exhibition development and analysis, and curatorial approaches to tangible and intangible heritage.

Prerequisite: MGES 600.

MGES 622 Curatorship Principles II

This course explores the roles and responsibilities of contemporary curators as investigators, negotiators, and mediators in gallery and museum environments. Students engage in dialogue and debate about ethical questions relating to acquisitions, access, ownership, copyright, knowledge systems, exhibition themes, new digital technologies, international collaborations and partnerships, and the integration of new scholarship and ideas with traditional curatorial skills.

Prerequisite: MGES 621.

MGES 631 Curating the Past

Archeological research relies upon sound curatorial practice; curatorship is often the only tangible evidence of cultural heritage for some peoples and most collections are in the public trust. This class explores those responsibilities through engaging with archeological and cultural materials curation: technical information, laws and regulations, case studies, archeological or anthropological exhibition process, integration of theory and practice.

Prerequisite: MGES 600.

MGES 691 Capstone Project (MGES)

An art gallery or art museum proposal, including: research, theoretical application, considerations for location, audience and demographics, thoughtful application of aesthetic and branding/identity considerations, detailed designs for the space and exhibits employing CAD, compliances with applicable laws and regulations, staffing plan, marketing plan, and community building strategies.

Prerequisites: completion of all program coursework (excluding internship).

MGES 691 Special Topics in Art Exhibits

SPECIAL TOPICS IN ART EXHIBITS

MGES 698 Independent Internship (MGES)

Independent internships are arranged by students at their choice of gallery, museum, or arts institution, to develop their professional experience and network. Independent internships may be recorded on student transcripts with a 0-credit S/U grade. Independent internships must meet a minimum of three documented program learning outcomes to be recorded on transcripts.

Prerequisite: approval by the program director.

MGES 699 Program Internship MGES

The MGES program requires three credits of internship residency at one arranged external internship site. Program internship placements are crafted with our partnering institutions to address distinctive career paths and learning experiences. Students may arrange with the program director to undertake their program internship at a gallery, museum, or art institution in their vicinity or elsewhere.

Prerequisites: 15 credits of program coursework and program director approval.


MUS 0 CONCERT CONVOCATION ATTENDANCE

Designed to encourage concert and convocation attendance as a means of learning about music literature and style, performance practice, and topics of interest to musicians. Attending 75% of the posted events in each semester (as either listener or performer) qualifies as a 'Satisfactory' grade. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only.

MUS 100 FUNDAMENTALS OF MUSIC GAH1

An introduction to music literacy and theory. Students acquire basic skills of reading, writing, and performing music and gain an understanding of scales, intervals, chords, and transposition. The course is open to students with little or no musical background.

MUS 100 FUNDAMENTALS OF MUSIC GAH1

An introduction to music literacy and theory. Students acquire basic skills of reading, writing, and performing music and gain an understanding of scales, intervals, chords, and transposition. The course is open to students with little or no musical background.

MUS 101 ORCHESTRA

Open to all who play orchestral instruments and who wish to experience playing orchestral music. The course includes the study and performance of orchestral literature.

MUS 102 VARSITY BAND

Open to all who play band instruments. The course includes the study and performance of symphonic band literature. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time.

MUS 102 SYMPHONY BAND

Open to all who play band instruments. The course includes the study and performance of symphonic band literature. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time.

MUS 104 CONCERT CHOIR

An opportunity for participation in a vocal ensemble. The Western Concert Choir performs choral masterworks from all historical periods of music and also performs major works as part of the Western College-Community Choir. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time.

MUS 121 SAXOPHONE QUARTET

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers, and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time.

MUS 121 STEEL DRUM ENSEMBLE

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers, and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time.

MUS 121 BRASS ENSEMBLE

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers, and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time.

MUS 121 STRING ENSEMBLE

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers, and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time.

MUS 121 CHAMBER ENSEMBLES

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers, and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time.

MUS 121 CHAMBER SINGERS

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers, and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time.

MUS 121 DIXIELAND COMBO

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers, and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time.

MUS 121 FLUTE CHOIR

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers, and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time.

MUS 121 JAZZ BAND

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers, and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time.

MUS 121 JAZZ COMBO

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers, and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time.

MUS 121 PERCUSSION ENSEMBLE

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers, and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time.

MUS 121 PIANO ACCOMPANIMENT

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers, and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time.

MUS 128 THEORY OF MUSIC LABORATORY I

Development of musicianship skills related to MUS 129. Students will study, sight read, and perform (voice and keyboard) rhythms, tonicization patterns in major and minor keys, intervals, scales, and diatonic chords. Students will also learn to take melodic, harmonic, and rhythmic dictation. (Offered fall) Prerequisite: MUS 100 or the equivalent. Corequisite: MUS 129.

MUS 129 THEORY OF MUSIC I

A study of musical analysis, notation, and composition. This course concentrates on fundamentals such as major and minor scales, meter, rhythm, pitch intervals, key signatures, triads and inversions, simple chord building, harmonic progressions, and voice leading. (Offered fall) Prerequisite: MUS 100 or the equivalent. Corequisite: MUS 128.

MUS 130 THEORY OF MUSIC LAB II

Designed to enhance and build on the musical skills and knowledge learned in MUS 128 and MUS 129 and develop those areas of musicianship through performance (voice and keyboard) and dictation. This course builds on knowledge of diatonic triads with the inclusion of inversions, non-chord tones, and diatonic seventh chords. (Offered spring) Prerequisites: MUS 128 and MUS 129 with minimum grades of 'C.' Corequisite: MUS 131.

MUS 131 THEORY OF MUSIC II

A study of musical analysis, notation, and composition. This course builds on knowledge gained in MUS 128 and MUS 129 and introduces non-chord tones; diatonic seventh chords, phrase structure and cadences, tonicization and rudimentary counterpoint. (Offered spring) Prerequisites: MUS 128 and MUS 129 with minimum grades of 'C.' Corequisite: MUS 130.

MUS 135 INTRO TO ALGORITHMIC MUSIC

An introduction to musical representation and creation using computer programming code. This class explores musical concepts using functional language programming techniques. Primary topics include representation of musical structures through abstraction and thematic code-based composition using generative structures. Significant focus is placed on modern compositional styles that can be expressed using algorithmic tools.

MUS 140 INTRODUCTION TO MUSIC GAH1

A study of the elements of musical structure designed to form a basis for intelligent listening. Music is selected to illustrate representative styles of music from different historical periods and world cultures. Required of Music majors and minors during their freshman year.

MUS 173 PIANO CLASS

Beginning piano.

MUS 174 PIANO CLASS

A continuation of MUS 173.

MUS 180 PIANO-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 181 ORGAN-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisite: at least four years of private piano study.

MUS 182 VOICE-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 183 VIOLIN-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 184 VIOLA-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 185 CELLO-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 186 CONTRA BASS-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 187 FLUTE-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 188 OBOE-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 189 CLARINET-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 190 BASSOON-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 191 SAXOPHONE-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 192 TRUMPET-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 193 FRENCH HORN-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 194 TROMBONE-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 195 BARITONE-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 196 TUBA-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 198 PERCUSSION-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction.

MUS 213 WOODWIND METHODS (W LAB)

Designed to cover basic performing skills and teaching techniques for all woodwind instruments. Emphasis is on application in the elementary, middle, and secondary schools. Offered in alternate years (spring 2010).

MUS 214 BRASS METHODS (W LAB)

Designed to cover basic performing skills and teaching techniques for all brass instruments. Emphasis is on application in the elementary, middle, and secondary schools. Offered in alternate years (fall 2009).

MUS 216 PERCUSSION METHODS W LAB

An introduction to the basic percussion instruments with special attention given to standard and contemporary performance techniques and sound production. Emphasis is on application in the elementary, middle, and secondary schools. Offered in alternate years (spring of odd years).

MUS 217 VOICE METHODS (W LAB)

A study of tone production, breathing as applied to singing, attack and release, muscular control, posture, and vocal health. Special exercises adapted to individual needs of pupils and simple English songs are sung in the class. Emphasis is on basic skills and techniques for use with young voices in the elementary, middle, and secondary schools. Offered in alternate years (spring 2014).

MUS 240 PM: AMERICAN ROOTS MUSIC

A study of a specific perspective or repertory of music and its relationship to other aspects of musical culture. Historical, sociological, and multicultural influences and implications, are also considered. The course may be taken two times (with different titles) for credit.

MUS 245 HISTORY OF ROCK AND ROLL

An introductory course emphasizing the history and development of Rock and Roll music. The growth and development of major historical periods of rock music and related styles will be explored through the study of historical, social, political and cultural influence. Music is selected to illustrate representative styles of music from different historical periods of Rock music and culture.

MUS 253 THEORY OF MUSIC LABORATORY III

Designed to enhance and build on the musical skills and knowledge learned in MUS 130 and MUS 131 and develop those areas of musicianship through performance (voice and keyboard) and dictation. Studies incorporate modulation using diatonic chords, modemixture, chromaticism, and secondary dominants. (Offered fall) Prerequisites: MUS 130 and MUS 131 with minimum grades of "C." Corequisite: MUS 254.

MUS 254 THEORY OF MUSIC III

A study of musical analysis, notation, and composition. This course builds on knowledge gained in MUS 130 and MUS 131 and introduces modulation, chromaticism and altered chords, extension of tertian harmony, and binary and ternary forms. (Offered fall) Prerequisites: MUS 130 and MUS 131 with minimum grades of "C." Corequisite: MUS 253.

MUS 255 THEORY OF MUSIC LAB IV

Designed to enhance and build on the musical skills and knowledge learned in MUS 253 and MUS 254 and develop those areas of musicianship through performance (voice and keyboard) and dictation. This course continues the study of chromaticism including enharmonic modulations, extended chords, and harmonic practices of the late nineteenth and twentieth century. (Offered spring) Prerequisites: MUS 253 and MUS 254 with minimum grades of 'C.' Corequisite: MUS 256.

MUS 256 THEORY OF MUSIC IV

A study of musical analysis, notation, and composition. This course builds on knowledge gained in MUS 253 and MUS 254 and introduces extended chords, quartal harmony, expanded tonality and serialism, additional twentieth-century compositional techniques, and counterpoint. (Offered spring) Prerequisites: MUS 253 and MUS 254 with minimum grades of "C." Corequisite: MUS 255.

MUS 290 INTRODUCTION TO IMPROVISATION

An introduction to improvisation for singers and instrumentalists including improvisational experiences in a variety of styles (jazz, classical, and other), integration of music theory with improvisation, and methods of teaching improvisation. Required of majors in the Music Education Emphasis. Offered in alternate years (spring 2010). Prerequisites: MUS 130 and MUS 131 with a minimum grades of "C", or instructor permission.

MUS 301 ORCHESTRA

Open to all who play orchestral instruments and who wish to experience playing orchestral music. The course includes the study and performance of orchestral literature. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 101; instructor permission.

MUS 302 SYMPHONY BAND

Open to all who play band instruments. The course includes the study and performance of marching and symphonic band literature. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 102; instructor permission.

MUS 302 VARSITY BAND

Open to all who play band instruments. The course includes the study and performance of marching and symphonic band literature. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 102; instructor permission.

MUS 304 CONCERT CHOIR

An opportunity for participation in a vocal ensemble. The Western Concert Choir performs choral masterworks from all historical periods of music and also performs major works as part of the Western College-Community Choir. Membership is open to Music majors and non-Music majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 104; instructor permission.

MUS 321 SAXOPHONE QUARTET

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music Majors and non-Music Majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 121; instructor permission.

MUS 321 STEEL DRUM ENSEMBLE

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music Majors and non-Music Majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 121; instructor permission.

MUS 321 BRASS ENSEMBLE

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music Majors and non-Music Majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 121; instructor permission.

MUS 321 STRING ENSEMBLE

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music Majors and non-Music Majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 121; instructor permission.

MUS 321 CHAMBER ENSEMBLES

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music Majors and non-Music Majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 121; instructor permission.

MUS 321 CHAMBER SINGERS

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music Majors and non-Music Majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 121; instructor permission.

MUS 321 DIXIELAND COMBO

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music Majors and non-Music Majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 121; instructor permission.

MUS 321 FLUTE CHOIR

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music Majors and non-Music Majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 121; instructor permission.

MUS 321 JAZZ BAND

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music Majors and non-Music Majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 121; instructor permission.

MUS 321 JAZZ COMBO

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music Majors and non-Music Majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 121; instructor permission.

MUS 321 PERCUSSION ENSEMBLE

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music Majors and non-Music Majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 121; instructor permission.

MUS 321 PIANO ACCOMPANIMENT

Designed to give the student-musician rehearsal and performance experience in the area of ensemble and chamber music. Includes the Brass, Woodwind, Percussion, String, and Jazz Ensembles, as well as Chamber Singers and additional small ensembles. Membership is open to Music Majors and non-Music Majors by audition. Credit is determined by the type of ensemble and amount of rehearsal time. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 121; instructor permission.

MUS 352 HISTORY OF MUSIC

A study of the development of music from Antiquity through the Renaissance and Baroque periods. Emphasis is placed on acquaintance with the music literature of successive periods. Offered in alternate years (fall 2009). Prerequisites: Music major or minor status; MUS 140.

MUS 353 HISTORY OF MUSIC

A study of the development of music from the Classical and Romantic periods to the present. Emphasis is placed on acquaintance with the music literature of successive periods. Offered in alternate years (spring 2010). Prerequisites: Music major or minor status; MUS 140.

MUS 370 METH PHIL TEACH VOCAL K-12

An intensive study of materials and methods for teaching vocal and general music in the elementary and secondary school, plus objectives, organization, administration, curriculum content, guidance for student teachers, and background in contemporary trends in music education for all age levels, K-12. Offered in alternate years (spring 2015). Prerequisites: MUS 120 and 250 with a minimum grade of "C."

MUS 380 PIANO-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 180; instructor permission.

MUS 382 VOICE-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 182; instructor permission.

MUS 383 VIOLIN-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 183; instructor permission.

MUS 384 VIOLA-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 184; instructor permission.

MUS 385 CELLO-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 185; instructor permission.

MUS 386 CONTRA BASS-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 186; instructor permission.

MUS 387 FLUTE-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 187; instructor permission.

MUS 388 OBOE-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 188; instructor permission.

MUS 389 CLARINET-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 189; instructor permission.

MUS 390 BASSOON-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 190; instructor permission.

MUS 391 SAXOPHONE-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 191; instructor permission.

MUS 392 TRUMPET-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 192; instructor permission.

MUS 393 FRENCH HORN-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 193; instructor permission.

MUS 394 TROMBONE-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 194; instructor permission.

MUS 395 BARITONE-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 195; instructor permission.

MUS 396 TUBA-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 196; instructor permission.

MUS 398 PERCUSSION-PRIVATE LESSONS

Private instruction. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing; minimum of one semester of MUS 198; instructor permission.

MUS 400 SENIOR RECITAL SENIOR PROJECT

Students demonstrate competency in an area of performance, research, composition, or music technology. Senior projects may include a research project, composition, music technology project, or non-credit internship. Graded Satisfactory/ Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisite: senior standing and consent of faculty advisor.

MUS 491 SEMINAR IN RESEARCH

Senior students research and write papers in the area of music appropriate to their courses of study. Offered in alternate years (spring 2010).

PHIL 101 INTRO TO PHILOSOPHY GAH

An introduction to the central philosophical questions that have historically spanned and conceptually founded Western civilization. The course surveys key thinkers, philosophical movements, and academic fields of the discipline. Questions regarding the meaning of existence, the freedom of the self, the nature of a just society, and the workings of human knowledge expose students to the pursuits of metaphysics, ontology, epistemology, philosophy of science, moral and political philosophy, and ethics.

PHIL 101 INTRO TO PHILOSOPHY GAH3

An introduction to the central philosophical questions that have historically spanned and conceptually founded Western civilization. The course surveys key thinkers, philosophical movements, and academic fields of the discipline. Questions regarding the meaning of existence, the freedom of the self, the nature of a just society, and the workings of human knowledge expose students to the pursuits of metaphysics, ontology, epistemology, philosophy of science, moral and political philosophy, and ethics.

PHIL 101 INTRO TO PHILOSOPHY (HNRS)GAH3

An introduction to the central philosophical questions that have historically spanned and conceptually founded Western civilization. The course surveys key thinkers, philosophical movements, and academic fields of the discipline. Questions regarding the meaning of existence, the freedom of the self, the nature of a just society, and the workings of human knowledge expose students to the pursuits of metaphysics, ontology, epistemology, philosophy of science, moral and political philosophy, and ethics.

PHIL 101 INTRO TO PHILOSOPHY GAH3

An introduction to the central philosophical questions that have historically spanned and conceptually founded Western civilization. The course surveys key thinkers, philosophical movements, and academic fields of the discipline. Questions regarding the meaning of existence, the freedom of the self, the nature of a just society, and the workings of human knowledge expose students to the pursuits of metaphysics, ontology, epistemology, philosophy of science, moral and political philosophy, and ethics.

PHIL 201 LOGIC AND EPISTEMOLOGY

An introduction to historical and contemporary approaches to epistemology, philosophical methodology, logic, systems of classification, and methods of validation. Emphasis is placed on critical inquiry into the complex relationship among logic, empiricism, and rationalism, while focusing on the real-world implications of the epistemological assumptions of logic itself. Prerequisite: PHIL 101

PHIL 315 EASTERN PHILOSOPHY

An introduction to the central philosophical questions which have conceptually founded Eastern philosophy. This course surveys primary texts, intellectual movements, and cultural traditions that inform and influence Eastern philosophy while investigating the theoretical spaces that exist between philosophical assumptions of the East and West. Prerequisite: PHIL 101

PHIL 325 WOMEN AND GENDER IN PHILOSOPHY

A discussion of the significance of women and gender in the development of philosophy. This course questions how the philosophical canon has appropriated, incorporated, and sometimes erased women's contributions. Drawing upon a variety of discourses in and outside of philosophy itself (including feminist and queer theory), students will assess how the philosophical endeavor changes in light of previously overlooked and currently influential gender studies work. Students will use gender and sexuality as a framework that enriches and interrogates philosophical fields ranging from cultural theory to epistemology. Prerequisite: PHIL 101

PHIL 335 ETHICS

An examination of influential moral philosophers and contrasting theories concerning how one "ought" to live, from ancient Greek and Eastern philosophers to contemporary thinkers. Central questions of the course explore the "good life," critique ideologies that limit ethical options, and imagine how to expand individual choices in cultivating a just society. The course concludes with student applications of ethical theories to current global issues. Prerequisite: PHIL 101.

PHYS 110 SOLAR SYSTEM ASTRONOMY GSC2

An overview of the historical development of astronomy and the basic physical principles that are relevant to it. The overall structure of the solar system is studied and its various components examined. Includes limited observational activities. Prerequisite: completion of the general education essential skills mathematics requirement.

PHYS 110 SOLAR SYSTEM ASTRONOMY GSC2

An overview of the historical development of astronomy and the basic physical principles that are relevant to it. The overall structure of the solar system is studied and its various components examined. Includes limited observational activities. Prerequisite: completion of the general education essential skills mathematics requirement.

PHYS 115 PHYSICS OF MUSIC

A practical introduction to the physics of sound, with emphasis on music. Students investigate the properties of sounds produced by musical instruments. Topics include periodic functions, waves, resonance, overtones, frequency spectra, digital sound production and basic acoustic principles. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 19 or above; SAT math score of 460 or above; MATH 099; or Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 85 or above.

PHYS 120 METEOROLOGY GSC2

A summary of the structure of the Earth's atmosphere, worldwide weather disturbances, weather forecasting, and snow avalanches. This course may not be taken for credit toward the Physics Minor.

PHYS 125 ENERGY THE ENVIRONMENT GSC1

A practical study of energy generation and its environmental impact, including the physics of energy fundamentals, fossil fuel use, alternative energy uses, and energy conservation. Primarily for non-science majors, this course will qualitatively detail basic physical principles behind the use of energy, including mechanics, electricity and magnetism, and thermodynamics. This course is designed to provide the student with a physicist's perspective on energy use and environmental issues. Prerequisite: completion of the general education essential skills mathematics requirement.

PHYS 125 ENERGY THE ENVIRONMENT

A practical study of energy generation and its environmental impact, including the physics of energy fundamentals, fossil fuel use, alternative energy uses, and energy conservation. Primarily for non-science majors, this course will qualitatively detail basic physical principles behind the use of energy, including mechanics, electricity and magnetism, and thermodynamics. This course is designed to provide the student with a physicist's perspective on energy use and environmental issues. Prerequisite: completion of the general education essential skills mathematics requirement.

PHYS 140 INTRODUCTORY PHYSICS GSC1

A semi-quantitative introduction to the fundamental concepts of physical science, particularly the laws of physics as they relate to the structure of matter. Laboratory experiences play an important role in the investigations. This course may not be taken for credit toward the Physics Minor. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 19 or above; SAT math score of 460 or above; MATH 099; Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 85 or above.

PHYS 140 INTRODUCTORY PHYSICS LAB GSC1

A semi-quantitative introduction to the fundamental concepts of physical science, particularly the laws of physics as they relate to the structure of matter. Laboratory experiences play an important role in the investigations. This course may not be taken for credit toward the Physics Minor. Prerequisite: ACT math score of 19 or above; SAT math score of 460 or above; MATH 099; Accuplacer Elementary Algebra test score of 85 or above.

PHYS 170 PRIN OF PHYSICS I LAB GSC1

A quantitative lecture and laboratory introduction to the basic principles of physics. Topics covered include the motions of particles, forces in nature, field concepts, energy, conservation laws, and many-particle systems. A mathematical proficiency at the level of college algebra is recommended. Prerequisites: PHYS 140 or one year of high school physics; and Accuplacer College-Level Mathematics test score of 95 or above, or MATH 141.

PHYS 170 PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS I GSC1

A quantitative lecture and laboratory introduction to the basic principles of physics. Topics covered include the motions of particles, forces in nature, field concepts, energy, conservation laws, and many-particle systems. A mathematical proficiency at the level of college algebra is recommended. Prerequisites: PHYS 140 or one year of high school physics; and Accuplacer College-Level Mathematics test score of 95 or above, or MATH 141.

PHYS 171 PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS II GSC1

A continuation of PHYS 170 dealing with electromagnetism, light, thermodynamics, and the atomic structure of matter. Prerequisite: PHYS 170.

PHYS 171 PRINCIPLES PHYSICS II LAB GSC1

A continuation of PHYS 170 dealing with electromagnetism, light, thermodynamics, and the atomic structure of matter. Prerequisite: PHYS 170.

PHYS 200 GENERAL PHYSICS I GSC1

A quantitative lecture and laboratory introduction to the basic principles of physics, using the concepts of calculus as a tool. Topics covered include the motions of particles, forces in nature, field concepts, energy, conservation laws, many-particle systems, and thermodynamics. A student may not receive credit for both PHYS 170 and 200. Prerequisites: PHYS 140 or one year of high school physics; and completion of MATH 151 preferred but may be taken concurrently.

PHYS 200 GENERAL PHYSICS I LAB GSC1

A quantitative lecture and laboratory introduction to the basic principles of physics, using the concepts of calculus as a tool. Topics covered include the motions of particles, forces in nature, field concepts, energy, conservation laws, many-particle systems, and thermodynamics. A student may not receive credit for both PHYS 170 and 200. Prerequisites: PHYS 140 or one year of high school physics; and completion of MATH 151 preferred but may be taken concurrently.

PHYS 201 GENERAL PHYSICS II GSC1

A continuation of PHYS 200 dealing with electromagnetism, light, and the atomic structure of matter. A student cannot receive credit for both PHYS 171 and 201. Prerequisite: PHYS 200.

PHYS 201 GENERAL PHYSICS II LAB

A continuation of PHYS 200 dealing with electromagnetism, light, and the atomic structure of matter. A student cannot receive credit for both PHYS 171 and 201. Prerequisite: PHYS 200.

PHYS 320 MODERN PHYSICS

An introduction to the special theory of relativity, quantum physics, atomic physics, and sub-atomic physics. Prerequisites: PHYS 171 or PHYS 201; prerequisite or co-requisite: MATH 251.

PHYS 330 MECHANICS

A treatment of basic mathematical methods including vector analysis, coordinate systems and transformations, particle dynamics, energy, and gravitation. Prerequisites: PHYS 171 or PHYS 201; MATH 251.

PHYS 452 QUANTUM THEORY

An introduction to the mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics and its application to various types of natural systems, such as multi-electron atoms, molecules, and solids. Prerequisites: PHYS 171 or PHYS 201; corequisite: MATH 252.

POLS 117 INTRO TO POLITICAL IDEAS GSS1

An introduction to political analysis through a study of important political concepts and theories, as well as their historical development. Students study the ideas and practices of the public and philosophical development of concepts such as citizenship, democracy, equality, justice, liberty, or power.

POLS 117 INTRO TO POLITICAL IDEAS GSS1

An introduction to political analysis through a study of important political concepts and theories, as well as their historical development. Students study the ideas and practices of the public and philosophical development of concepts such as citizenship, democracy, equality, justice, liberty, or power.

POLS 180 INTRO TO AMERICAN POLTCS GSS1

Introduces institutions and processes of American politics, including themes such as constitutionalism, representation, participation, political development, political economy, civil liberties and rights, public policy, and the ideas and values of American democracy.

POLS 180 INTRO TO AMERICAN POLTICS GSS1

Introduces institutions and processes of American politics, including themes such as constitutionalism, representation, participation, political development, political economy, civil liberties and rights, public policy, and the ideas and values of American democracy.

POLS 255 INTRO COMPARATIVE POLTICS GSS1

An introduction to the challenges and problems encountered in the study of comparative politics. Students examine various issues of local and national governance through a comparative lens. By looking at similar political phenomena in several contexts, students explore the question of why some countries have successfully developed their political, economic and social systems while others are lagging behind. Some of the issues examined in the class deal with women's rights, poverty, underdevelopment, the environment, and democracy. Prerequiste: ENG 102 with a grade of C- or above.

POLS 260 INTRO TO WORLD POLITICS GSS1

An introduction to some of the more important concepts and approaches to understanding world politics. Students examine the politics between different countries and seek to answer questions about the promise and peril of the global future. Quest- ions contemplated include: What are the sources of political conflict and how can they be minimized? Under what conditions will nation states cooperate with each other to accomplish common goals? Should tyranny and human rights violations justify humanitarian intervention? Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a grade of C- or above.

POLS 260 INTRO TO WORLD POLITICS

An introduction to some of the more important concepts and approaches to understanding world politics. Students examine the politics between different countries and seek to answer questions about the promise and peril of the global future. Quest- ions contemplated include: What are the sources of political conflict and how can they be minimized? Under what conditions will nation states cooperate with each other to accomplish common goals? Should tyranny and human rights violations justify humanitarian intervention? Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a grade of C- or above.

POLS 300 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW I

A study of the historical development of the United States Constitution and Supreme Court through the most important Supreme Court decisions. The course focuses on the areas of jurisdiction of the courts, development of the common law, the separation of powers, federalism, and the inter-state commerce power. Prerequisite: POLS 180 recommended.

POLS 301 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW II

A continuation of POLS 300. An examination of the constitutional protections of individual liberties as defined by the Supreme Court. Students study the historical development of the Supreme Court's point of view in such areas as freedom of speech, subversion and disloyalty, religious freedom, church-state separation, and equal protection of the law. Prerequisite: POLS 180 recommended.

POLS 309 POL THRY I-ANCIENT EARLY MODER

A survey of the historical development of western political theories from their origins in ancient Greece to the development of early modern political theories such as liberalism and republicanism. Students study thinkers such as Sophocles, Plato, Aristotle, William Shakespeare, Niccolo Machiavelli, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Prerequisite: POLS 117 recommended.

POLS 310 POLI THEORY II- MOD CONTEM

A survey of the historical development of modern and contemporary political theories since the French Revolution. Issues investigated might include the rise of liberal democracy and its critics, the impact of the industrial revolution on modern politics, and how technological change and environmental limitations have affected contemporary political thought. Students study thinkers such as Mary Wollstonecraft, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, Friedrich Nietzsche, Hannah Arendt, and Michel Foucault.POLS 117 recommended

POLS 340 POLITICS OF SOCIAL MOVEMENTS

A study of social movements, past and present, in both domestic and international contexts. Students examine theories on why social movements develop, spread, and decline, while considering the factors that lead to their successes and failures. Through an examination of transnational movements, students consider the roles of social networks and participatory democracy in a globalized world. Prerequisite: ENG 102.

POLS 355 POLITICS OF DEVELOPMENT

A historical and case-specific examination of development and underdevelopment debates waged about, against and by countries in the Global South, examining assumptions about poverty, sustainability, liberal democratic regimes and free-market economy. The class engages students in a critical examination of what our assumptions about development are and how we can work toward broadening and refining them with the end goal of greater equity, political agency, and empowerment for populations within and outside the Global South. Particular focus on political regimes, their role in promoting development, and the scope of their relationship to economic, cultural, and social processes informs class objectives. Specific topics include malnutrition, food security, rights of indigenous populations, international aid and donors, disease, democratization processes, human rights, and the environment. Prerequisites: POLS 255 and/or POLS 260 recommended.

POLS 360 AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY

Not since the Roman Empire has any nation had as much economic, cultural and military power as the United States does today. Yet, as has become all too evident through the problems of terrorism, environmental degradation and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, that power is not enough to solve many global issues. This course examines the way in which U.S. foreign policy is made and the variety of ongoing and emerging foreign policy problems the U.S. faces in the context of their evolution. Prerequisites: POLS 255 and/or POLS 260 recommended.

POLS 380 THE UNITED NATIONS

A study of the United Nations, focusing on the relationship between the UN, the proliferation of human rights regimes and international human development. Students think about the importance of creating international norms, working toward a sustainable world peace, political efficacy, and human rights in the world. A Model UN simulation is part of the course requirements. Prerequisite: ENG 102.

POLS 476 AMERICAN POLITICAL THOUGHT II

A survey of American political thought and practice since the Civil War focusing on how democracy and capitalism have enabled and constrained one another in the course of the development of the American polity. Surveys key thinkers, social movements, and institutional developments such as Reconstruction, Populism, Progressivism, the Labor Movement, the Women's movement, the New Deal, and the Civil Rights Movement. Prerequisite: instructor permission.

POLS 485 STUDIES IN POLITICAL THEORY

Senior seminar in political theory with varying topics. This course meets the Capstone requirement. Prerequisite: senior standing or instructor permission.

PSY 100 GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY GSS3

An introduction to psychology including research methodology, biological bases of behavior, human development, sensation, perception, intelligence, cognition, language, states of consciousness, learning, memory, motivation, emotion, personality, abnormal behavior and stress and health.

PSY 100 GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY GSS3

An introduction to psychology including research methodology, biological bases of behavior, human development, sensation, perception, intelligence, cognition, language, states of consciousness, learning, memory, motivation, emotion, personality, abnormal behavior and stress and health.

PSY 200 STATISTICS AND DATA ANALYSIS

An introduction to statistical procedures often encountered in the analysis of data from behavioral science research. Statistical methods covered include measures of central tendency and variability, correlation, regression, t-tests and analysis of variance. Prerequisites: PSY 100; MATH 131 or MATH 140 with a minimum grade of "C-", or instructor permission.

PSY 210 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY

Introduces psychology majors to the philosophical underpinnings and historical context underlying the development of the discipline. Prerequisite: PSY 100.

PSY 258 INTRODUCTION TO PERSONALITY

An examination of the fundamental theories of personality including the psychoanalytic, trait, behavioral, social-learning, humanist and existential perspectives.

PSY 270 DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY

A critical look at the change and continuity that occurs throughout the life span, emphasizing the interrelationships among physical, cognitive and psychosocial realms of human development. Current research findings are emphasized.

PSY 301 RESEARCH METHODS

An examination of experimental and non-experimental research methods, the design of research studies, measurement issues, research ethics, research reporting and advanced topics in data analysis using computer statistical software. Students design and conduct their own study and present the results following APA approved format. Prerequisite: PSY 200.

PSY 324 FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY

An overview of the different tasks performed by forensic psychologists, including assessment, civil commitment, jury selection, eyewitness testimony, behavioral profiling, provision of clinical services to incarcerated individuals, and custody evaluations. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or instructor permission.

PSY 338 COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY

A theoretical and empirical investigation into the processes and outcomes of thinking. Topics such as memory and forgetting, problem solving and creativity, cognitive dissonance and consistency, defensive repression, language, optimism, and attribution are studied in relation to current scientific research findings. Prerequisites: PSY 100 and minimum sophomore standing or instructor permission.

PSY 345 BIO PSYCHOLOGY W LAB

An investigation of the physiological basis of human behavior. Topics include functional neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and the activity of the nervous system in relation to behaviors such as sexual behavior, drug effects, emotion, and memory. Prerequisite: PSY 200.

PSY 345 BIOPSYCHOLOGY W LAB

An investigation of the physiological basis of human behavior. Topics include functional neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and the activity of the nervous system in relation to behaviors such as sexual behavior, drug effects, emotion, and memory. Prerequisite: PSY 200.

PSY 368 PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

A systematic study of the etiology, symptoms, assessment, and treatment of major forms of psychopathology. An interdisciplinary approach is employed as a basis for understanding mental disorders and mental illness. Prerequisites: PSY 100, PSY 258, or PSY 270.

PSY 369 HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY

An overview of the emerging, multidisciplinary field of health psychology, which synthesizes research from clinical psychology, behavioral medicine and alternative therapies. Psychological aspects of prevention, health promotion and wellness are addressed. Content is both theory and application-based.

PSY 380 EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY

Evolutionary psychology examines mental and psychological traits such as memory, perception, attraction, or aggression, as adaptations or functions of the natural selection process. Topics addressed include the nature and nurture conflict, relationships between the two sexes, group cooperation, crime, and racism. Prerequite: PSY100

PSY 457 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

A discussion of theories and research findings concerning the individual in social situations with an emphasis on their applications to current social issues. Included are such topics as interpersonal attraction, persuasion, altruism, morality, aggression, and intra-group relations.

PSY 460 PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING

An introduction to the general methodology and theory of psychological testing. Students have the opportunity to take, score, administer and interpret several common assessment instruments. Ethics and limitations of testing are emphasized. Prerequisite: PSY 100, PSY 258, or PSY 270.

PSY 475 CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY

An introduction to the profession of clinical/counseling psychology through the presentation and analysis of different theoretical orientations and their respective techniques. Students have in-class opportunities to practice basic skills. Professional ethics in the delivery of mental health services are addressed. Prerequisites: PSY 100, PSY 258, or PSY 270.

PSY 498 CAPSTONE SEMINAR IN PSYCHOLOGY

This capstone course is required for all psychology majors, except those who opt to complete the capstone internship. It is intended to provide the opportunity for the synthesis of the ideas and concepts acquired during undergraduate education in psychology. The seminar includes a discussion of controversial issues and ethical considerations in both experimental and applied areas, the completion of a comprehensive literature review and a consideration of the future of the field. Prerequisites: completion of a minimum of 18 credits in psychology including PSY 210.

ROE 182 INTRO TO REC OUTDOOR EDUCATION

An introduction to the history, philosophy, founders, and principles of recreation and outdoor education, the agencies providing programs, and an investigation of professional employment opportunities in recreation.

ROE 189 PRINCIP OF OUTDOOR RECREATION

An exploration of the characteristics of wilderness and backcountry environments in terms of potential hazards and human capability for adverse impact on resource lands.The course is designed to create an outdoor education foundation and to enhance the knowledge of and appreciation for the natural environment so that safe, responsible and enjoyable outdoor adventures are possible. Leave No Trace Trainer curriculum will be covered and students will be provided the opportunity to earn a certificate. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission.

ROE 230 INTRP OF NATRL CULTL HISTORY

A study of the principles, philosophies, and practices of interpretation, as well as active approaches to describing, relating, displaying, and revealing resources to a variety of audiences, primarily through observation and involvement in a variety of interpretation programs. Prerequisites: BIOL 130, BIOL 150, BIOL 151 or GEOL 101.

ROE 235 FOUNDTN OF TEACHING ENVIR EDUC

A survey of environmental education examples from land management agencies, nature centers, and educational organizations. Students are guided to create their own curriculum employing environmental content. Field trips required.

ROE 240 ALTERNATIVE PROGRAMMING

Course participants gain insight into alternative programming for special populations. Students explore case studies, specialized equipment, and profiles of special populations. Guest speakers and site visits will help students understand the intricacies of alternative programming and requisite career qualifications. Field trips required.

ROE 283 LEADERSHIP AND FACILITATION

A study of recreation and outdoor education leadership, including leading activities, managerial leadership, and the art of facilitation. Emphasis is placed upon appropriate theories and techniques for varying populations.

ROE 293 OTDR PURSUITS EDUC-WATER W LAB

Water-based outdoor leadership, skill development in areas such as rescue techniques, rafting, and kayaking. Field trips required. Summer offering only. Consult with instructor prior to registration week. Prerequisites: ROE 189; ROE 283; and instructor permission.

ROE 295 OTDR PURSUITS EDUC-SNOW W LAB

Snow-based outdoor leadership, skill development in areas such as rescue techniques, mountaineering, back-country skiing, and winter camping. Field trips required. Spring offering only. Consult with instructor prior to registration week. Prerequisites: ROE 189; ROE 283; and instructor permission.

ROE 296 OUTDR PURSUITS EDUC-LAND BASED

Land-based outdoor leadership and skill development in areas such as rescue techniques, mountaineering, rock climbing, backpacking, and caving. Field trips required. Fall and summer offering only. Consult with instructor prior to registration week. Prerequisites: ROE 189; ROE 283; and instructor permission; co-requisite: ROE 320.

ROE 320 LEAVE NO TRACE EDUCATOR

A comprehensive overview of Leave No Trace skills and ethics. Time in the classroom, as well as in a backcountry setting, allows students to gain understanding of LNT history, theory, wilderness ethics and practical application of the seven principles and teaching techniques. Prerequisites: ROE 189; ROE 283; instructor permission; and pre-requisite or co-requisite of ROE 293, ROE 295, or ROE 296.

ROE 333 RECREATION AND SPORT MARKETING

A survey of recreation and sport marketing topics: buyer behavior, segmentation, positioning, demand analysis, information and research, pricing, promotion, channels, 'product' policies, destinations, sponsorship, endorsement, merchandising, and fundraising. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of C- and completion of at least 30 credits; or instructor permission.

ROE 351 INQUIRY INTO SUSTAINABILITY

An investigation of sustainability and the interconnectedness of environment, economics, and society. Students are provided opportunities to examine their thoughts and behaviors as they pertain to sustainability. The course examines theoretical and practical examples of sustainable businesses, communities, and other systems. Teaching, applied projects, field trips, and/or participation in conferences may be required. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of C- and completion of at least 30 credits; or instructor permission.

ROE 364 ENTREP AND COMMERC RECREATION

An analysis of the types of commercial and private enterprises, along with the qualities of the entrepreneur specific to recreation businesses. The student is also exposed to smallbusiness management practices as they relate to commercial recreation. Case study analysis and field investigation methods are emphasized to provide the student the opportunity to learn through active participation. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of C- and completion of at least 30 credits; or instructor permission.

ROE 391 EXPTL EDUC THEORY PEDAGOGY

An introduction to the historical, theoretical, and pedagogical foundations of experiential education. Teaching opportunities in the classroom and/or in the outdoors allow students to hone facilitation styles and effectiveness. Course topics include the experiential learning cycle, reflective learning, feedback, edgework, communication techniques, and multiple intelligences. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of C- and completion of at least 30 credits; or instructor permission.

ROE 398 PROGRAM PLANNING W LAB

Equips students with a variety of program-planning methodologies and skills. Emphasis is placed on the planning, organization, implementation, and evaluation of recreation programs. Theories are applied in an experiential setting. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of C- and completion of at least 30 credits; or instructor permission.

ROE 454 HMN DVLPMT COUNS FOR OTDR ED

An investigation of human development theories enabling students to better understand their own motives in outdoor pursuits and allow them to more effectively program for, manage, and support a variety of client needs. Prerequisite: ROE 182; ROE 189; ROE 283; and one of the following: ROE 293, ROE 295, or ROE 296; and senior standing; or instructor permission.

ROE 466 FACILITIES MANAGEMENT

A study of management, clientele considerations, facilities, outdoor area planning, and operation. Also addressed are personnel, finance, architectural and environmental barriers, plus equipment as related to recreation areas and facilities. Field visits required. Prerequisites: ENG 102 with a minimum grade of C- and completion of at least 30 credits; or instructor permission.

ROE 468 LEADERSHIP AND ADMINISTRATION

A focus on the implementation of recreation and outdoor education programs, including planning, management and leadership, administrative duties, risk management, and specialized populations. Practical projects are employed as a means to provide students authentic experience in the field. Field trip(s) may be required. Prerequisites: senior standing or instructor permission.

ROE 490 RECREATION PHILOSOPHY ETHICS

An exploration of recreation philosophy from Plato to Petzoldt and its implications to professionals in the field. Designed to prepare ROE majors for the ethical challenges and time use dilemmas of the 21st century. Prerequisites: senior standing; corequisite: ROE 491.

ROE 490 RECREATION PHILOSOPHY ETHICS

An exploration of recreation philosophy from Plato to Petzoldt and its implications to professionals in the field. Designed to prepare ROE majors for the ethical challenges and time use dilemmas of the 21st century. Prerequisites: senior standing; corequisite: ROE 491.

ROE 491 REC OUTDR EDUC CAPSTONE

A small group of graduating seniors pursue a practical project necessitating professional levels of problem solving, research, written and oral prowess, critical thinking, and familiarity with core curriculum. Final projects are of high quality, so they can be used by professionals and decision-makers in the field. Prerequisites: senior standing. Corequisite 490.

ROE 491 SENIOR SEMINAR

A small group of graduating seniors pursue a practical project necessitating professional levels of problem solving, research, written and oral prowess, critical thinking, and familiarity with core curriculum. Final projects are of high quality, so they can be used by professionals and decision-makers in the field. Prerequisites: senior standing. Corequisite 490.

ROE 496 FE:FIRE CREW

Provides students with directed field experiences in teaching, coaching, and laboratory settings. Guidelines for the field experiences are provided and agreed upon prior to registering for the course. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisite: instructor permission.

ROE 496 FE:SUSTAINABILITY TA

Provides students with directed field experiences in teaching, coaching, and laboratory settings. Guidelines for the field experiences are provided and agreed upon prior to registering for the course. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisite: instructor permission.

ROE 496 FE:TEACHING ASST

Provides students with directed field experiences in teaching, coaching, and laboratory settings. Guidelines for the field experiences are provided and agreed upon prior to registering for the course. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisite: instructor permission.

ROE 496 FE:VIDEOGRAPHER

Provides students with directed field experiences in teaching, coaching, and laboratory settings. Guidelines for the field experiences are provided and agreed upon prior to registering for the course. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisite: instructor permission.

ROE 496 FIELD EXPERIENCES

Provides students with directed field experiences in teaching, coaching, and laboratory settings. Guidelines for the field experiences are provided and agreed upon prior to registering for the course. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only. Prerequisite: instructor permission.

SCI 110 HABITABLE PLANET (W LAB)

An introduction to earth science and ecology. Topics include earth history, the fossil record, biogeochemical cycles, climate, energy flow, biodiversity, evolution, population growth and regulation. This course is designed for students seeking licensure as elementary teachers (grades K-6).

SCI 111 NATURE OF SCIENCE

An introduction to science as it relates to the individual, society, and the elementary school classroom. The process of science is examined, as well as the connection between science as it is done and science in textbooks. This course is designed for students seeking licensure as elementary teachers (grades K-6). Prerequisite or corequisite: SCI 110.

SCI 120 LIVING PLANET

An introduction to human biology, chemistry and biochemistry. Topics explored include anatomy, physiology, nutrition, cell biology, genetics, inorganic chemistry, biochemistry, development, and the application of biological and biochemical principles to understanding disease. This course is designed for students seeking licensure as elementary teachers (grades K-6).

SCI 202 SCIENTIFIC WRITING

An introduction to the effective oral, written, and graphical communication in the sciences. Students address these skills by exploring current issues in science. Prerequisites: ENG 102 and minimum sophomore standing with a major in anthropology, biology, or chemistry.

SCI 210 DYNAMIC PLANET W LAB

A foundation in physics, earth science, and space science. Topics explored include motion, force, energy, weather, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, and the solar system. This course is designed for students seeking licensure as elementary teachers (grades K-6). Prerequisite: SCI 110 or SCI 120 and completion of the general education essential skills mathematics requirement.

SOC 101 INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY

An introduction to the discipline of sociology with special emphasis on the unique perspective this science utilizes to examine the social world. Sociology is distinguished by its focus on understanding patterns of human behavior and emphasizing the social forces that shape and influence these patterns. Primary course focus is on culture, inequality, race and gender, and social institutions. This course serves as a 'gateway' course for all Sociology majors and minors, and must be passed with a minimum grade of 'C' to be used as a prerequisite. Prerequisite for all 200-, 300-, and 400-level Sociology courses.

SOC 168 SOCIAL PROBLEMS

An introduction to the field of sociology through an analysis of social problems in the United States and in the world. Course focus is on topics such as drugs and alcohol abuse, crime and prisons, health and illness, hunger and poverty, resource depletion and pollution, and the effects of globalization.

SOC 202 SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY

A formal introduction to classical sociological theories relevant to the discipline. Students learn about the history of the discipline, identify major sociological theorists and their theories, learn how these theories can be applied to various historical and contemporary social issues, and discover the relationship between theory, research, ideology and everyday life. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

SOC 211 QUANTITIVE RESEARCH METHODS

An introduction for students of the social sciences to the fundamentals of quantitative research analysis. Students design and administer surveys, code data, and analyze results. Students become familiar with descriptive statistics (frequency distributions, measures of central tendency, and dispersion), inferential statistics (sampling theory, hypothesis testing, normal binomial distributions, confidence intervals, and types of error), as well as techniques for computing correlation. Prerequisites: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C"; MATH 105, MATH 131, or MATH 140.

SOC 225 SELF AND SOCIETY

An examination of how the discipline of sociology approaches "micro-level" phenomenon. Emphasis is on the formation of the self, the socialization process, and the importance of language to social interaction. Beginning with the premise that social reality is a social construction which has been created through our interactions with others, the implications of this premise for the version of reality each of us experiences is explored. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

SOC 259 INTRO TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE

An introduction to the history and contemporary issues of the criminal justice system (law enforcement, courts, and corrections) in the United States. Topics surveyed include the system's history, constitutional limitations, philosophical background, and the system's process. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

SOC 310 QUALITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS

An examination of qualitative approaches to understanding social life. In particular, the course covers selecting a topic suitable for qualitative investigation, participant observation 220 Sociology and in depth interviewing techniques, the ethics and politics associated with doing qualitative research, writing up field notes, formulating topics, reviewing the literature around the topic, the analysis of field notes, and the writing of research reports. Prerequisite: ENG 102 with a grade of "C-" or above; SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

SOC 320 THE FAMILY

An analysis of the family as a social group and institution. Students consider the ways in which the family is influenced by demographic changes and by the changes in other social institutions, such as the economy, education, the state and religion. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

SOC 321 SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION

An analysis of religion as a social institution. Classical and contemporary sociological theories and concepts of religion are analyzed, as is the role of religion as an agent of social control and social change. Contemporary trends are also discussed including the relationship between religion, politics and culture. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

SOC 322 MEDICAL SOCIOLOGY

An examination of the United States Health Care System and comparison of various components of this system with that of others. The allopathic (Western) medical model is also examined. The course emphasizes the mortality and morbidity trends and patterns which exist in the U.S., the problems facing our health care system (high costs, unequal access), and alternative models of health and disease. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

SOC 323 CULTURAL STUDIES

A foundation in the sociology of culture as well as extensive analysis of selected regional, national and/or global (sub) cultures and their environments. Issues covered include the social organization of culture, institutions and narratives, material and non-material culture, and cultural identity and the self. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

SOC 340 SOCIAL MOVEMENTS

An introduction to the study of social movements with two goals in mind. First, is to expose students to the beliefs, practices, and consequences of a number of important historical, and contemporary movements. Second, the course familiarizes students with the theoretical perspectives, conceptual issues, focal questions, and empirical research that animate the study of social movements. This includes such issues as movement emergence, movement participation, mobilization dynamics, movement strategies and tactics, and movement outcomes. Prerequisite: SOC 101 or ENVS 100 with a minimum grade of "C."

SOC 349 LAW ENFORCEMENT

An examination of issues affecting American law enforcement. Students are exposed to the historical underpinnings of the American policing experience, police operations and applications at the local, state, federal, and international levels, law enforcement subculture, police structure and organization, ethics, selection and training, and career opportunities. Prerequisite: SOC 259 with a minimum grade of "C."

SOC 350 DEVIANCE

Students examine various forms of nonconformity-criminal and otherwise. To do so, they study the major theoretical perspectives addressing deviance and its control. Students explore how ordinary rituals, agents of social control, and ideology interact to maintain the existing social order. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

SOC 355 DRUGS AND SOCIETY

An examination of trends and patterns in American drug use, drug classification schemes, the relationship between drugs and crime, and drug education and prevention strategies. The use of hallucinogenic plants in other cultures is also explored. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

SOC 367 CORRECTIONS

An in-depth look at corrections in the United States. Topics include history of corrections,jails, prisons, community corrections, offenders and inmates, women in corrections, juvenile corrections, correctional officers and treatment professionals, an special inmate populations. Prerequisites: SOC 259 with a minimum grade of "C."

SOC 380 SOCIAL INEQUALITIES

An examination of major theories and concepts associated with social inequality as well as the causes and consequence of social inequality. The historical and contemporary aspects of social inequality in the United States are explored. Forms of resistance to social inequality are also considered. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

SOC 498 SENIOR CAPSTONE EXPERIENCE

Provides senior Sociology majors with a culminating activity in their senior year. The seminar integrates theory, research, and analytic skills and requires written and oral presentations on approved topics. Prerequisite: SOC 101 with a minimum grade of "C."

SPAN 101 ELEMENTARY SPANISH I

An introduction to essentials of the Spanish language: comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Reserved for students with less than two years of high school Spanish.

SPAN 102 ELEMENTARY SPANISH II

A continuation of SPAN 101. Prerequisite: SPAN 101 or equivalent.

SPAN 254 INTERMEDIATE SPANISH I

A continuation of SPAN 102. A grammar review and extensive practice in conversation, reading, and writing. Prerequisite: SPAN 102 or equivalent (two years or more of high school Spanish).

SPAN 255 INTERMEDIATE SPANISH II

A continuation of SPAN 254. Further practice and development of speaking, reading, and writing skills. Prerequisite: SPAN 254 or equivalent.

SPAN 270 SPANISH CONVRSTN COMPOSITION

A course to develop oral proficiency and writing skills in Spanish. Focuses on structure and vocabulary, emphasizing both speaking and listening, as well as basic writing skills within the Spanish language. Prerequisite: SPAN 255 or equivalent.

SPAN 341 LATIN AMERICAN CIVILIZATION AND CULTURE

An introduction to the general trends of Latin American civilization, culture and the national character, as expressed in everyday life in the various countries of Latin America. Includes pre-Columbian history to the present. Conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 255 or equivalent.

SPAN 370 ADV SPANISH CONVRSTN COMP

A course designed to give students the opportunity to develop their oral proficiency through discussion and presentations. In addition, consideration is given to composition, using tasks that reflect the type of academic work generally asked of Spanish majors and minors; analysis and classification, argumentation, definition, exposition, comparison and contrast, and cause and effect. Prerequisite: SPAN 270.

SPAN 375 JUDICAL AND MEDICAL INTRPRET I

A study of specialized Spanish vocabulary in two major areas: Medicine and Law. Students are exposed to sight, simultaneous and consecutive interpreting modes. Emphasis is placed on reaching 120 words per minute. Prerequisite: SPAN 255

SPAN 385 INTRO TO HISPANIC LITERATURE

Students read authentic Hispanic literature concentrating on details such as style, point of view, theme, and symbolism rather than simply reading for comprehension. Students read works by authors from Spain and Latin America with emphasis on works from major literary movements and styles. This course is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 270.

SPAN 460 HISP LIT: NARRATIVA

A course to give students the opportunity to read and analyze works by major Hispanic novelists, dramatists, essayists, poets and short story writers. The content of the course varies. This course may be taken for credit more than once. This course is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 385.

SPAN 460 HISPANIC LIT: NARRITIVA

A course to give students the opportunity to read and analyze works by major Hispanic novelists, dramatists, essayists, poets and short story writers. The content of the course varies. This course may be taken for credit more than once. This course is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 385.

SPAN 475 JUD AND MED INTERPRETING II

An advanced study of highly specialized Spanish vocabulary in two major areas: Medicine and Law. Students are presented with various advanced sight, simultaneous and consecutive interpreting opportunities. Emphasis is placed on reaching 140 words per minute.