An in-depth study of the early development of culture-bearing humans. The evolution of Paleolithic lifeways are traced, from early pebble tool cultures, through the peopling of the Old World by Homo erectus, to the coexistence of Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon in Europe, and finally to the advent of specialized hunters during the Upper Paleolithic. The course covers Paleolithic culture history as well as methods. Artifact analysis is included. Prerequisite: ANTH 218 or ANTH 219.