4/25 Band

Program

Salida High School Band

WSCU Symphony Band

WSCU Symphony Band and Salida High School Band

Program Notes

Students in the Symphony Band have helped produce these program notes– we hope you enjoy their perspectives on the works we will beplaying.

Trevelyan Suite    Malcom Arnold, 1921-2006
Malcom Arnold is chiefly known for his film scores such as Bridge onthe River Kwai. He also composed many more traditional pieces such asThe Trevelyan Suite which was written for the opening of TrevelyanCollege at the University of Durham (UK) on March 12th, 1968. Thewhole piece is viewed by some musicians as an academic work, but thereare some lovely musical elements.

The opening movement of the Trevelyan suite is Palindrome,which means a word or phrase that is the same read backwards orforwards. For example "Racecar" when the letters are reversed is still"Racecar". This movement is written in this style: if played frombottom to top it would be the same as played top to bottom. It openswith an accentuated pattern between the high and low voices, givingway to a lyrical second theme. A short unison passage marks the pointin which it reverses then we play the same passages except reversed tocreate the true palindrome effect. Listen for the woodblock to markthe spot where the music starts going back to the beginning. KevinMcCall, baritone sax.

The second movement is entitled Nocturne, which is a musical stylethat embodies the night. Whereas most night music is pastoral orgloomy (think of the Chopin piano nocturnes), this particular movementis more… spooky. It’s the sort of night music where you’re walkingalone in the pitch darkness with only the thin light of the stars tosee by. The opening theme was written originally for bassoon, but hereis played by bass clarinet. Elizabeth Finegan, bass clarinet.

Apotheosis in music refers to the appearance of a theme in grand orexalted form. In this case it sounds like a fanfare representing aperson of high importance such as a king. I would like to believethat in this movement that king is the tuba player who has a statelydescending line which holds everything together while the otherinstruments pay tribute. Nathaniel Ley, tuba.

Concert Piece for Trumpet and Band    Timothy Broege
Concert Piece for Trumpet and Band was composed and first performed in1975. Following the premiere the work was thought to be lost ormisplaced and was forgotten by even the composer. It was not until1992 that the score and parts were rediscovered in the band library ofOconomowoc Middle School in Wisconsin. It was then performed at the1992 convention of the American School Band Directors Associationunder the direction of Tonya Broyles-Brouillard with guest soloistJack Sutte.

Concert Piece for Trumpet and Band is written in a single movementwith a recurring fanfare theme that appears at important places;beginning, middle and end. The fanfare theme provides the unity thatbrings together the lyrical and secondary themes. After the openingfanfare, the trumpet is given a slow lyrical melody which leads into abrief cadenza. The fanfare figure provides a transition to the secondsection of the piece, a brief scherzo with a western themedmelody. The fanfare appears briefly one last time as the work ends inquickly in a joyous and triumphant mood.

Carmina Burana      Carl Orff
Carmina Burana was composed by Carl Orff (1895 – 1982) in 1935 & 1936,and is based on poems written in the 11th and 12th century by studentsand clergy. These poems describe the fickleness of fortune andwealth, the ephemeral nature of life, the joy of the return of Spring,and the pleasures and perils of drinking, gluttony, gambling andlust. There are 24 movements in the original composition; here we willperform transcriptions of five of them. This arrangement replacesvocal solos with instrumental ones, showcasing the talents of ourmusicians.

Our first selection, Fortune plango vulnera, laments the woundsfortune deals. In the first stanza, Opportunity is described ashaving hair only on the front of her head - she can be seized as sheapproaches, but once she has passed, a person grabs futilely at theback of her head. In the second and third stanzas reference is made tothe Wheel of Fortune, a common motif in the Middle Ages and oftenrepresented in art, where it was conceived as a primitive Ferris wheelaccommodating four - one up, one down, one about to achieveprosperity, one about to be plunged into misery. MJ Dau,clarinet.

Our second selection, In Trutina, marks the moment of decision for ayoung woman – should she remain chaste or submit to sensuality andlust?

Unlike the other movements in Carmina Burana, the Tanz does not haveany Latin lyrics. Tanz in German means dance. Throughout the movement,an eighth note pulse is always constant. However, the movement’s meterchanges from 4/4 to 3/8 which constantly alters where the down beat ofthe eighth notes goes. In order to keep the eight notes going, theband sometimes has to ignore what the conductor is doing. It is betterfor the band to listen to each other than watch the conductor, becausewatching the conductor gets confusing after a while. In the middle ofthe movement, all of the wild dancing stops for a flute and timpanisolo. The flute plays the melody and the timpani keeps the eight notepulse going. After the solo is over, the dancing music returns. Themovement ends with a loud chord and a motivic sixteenth run. I hopeyou enjoy listening to this fun movement of Carmina Burana. StephanieGrote, flute.

In Amor Volat Undiu, an atmosphere of tender love and longingis conveyed through a dialogue among the instruments.

In Taberna gives the rushing, bustling atmosphere of abar. Several conversations seem to be going on all at once. One getsthe sense of tension building during the first section. Then thedrunken trombones walk in and the whole atmosphere changes. The bassclarinet sings a song in praise of drink and eventually all join infor a raucous finale. Ian Weber, clarinet

Linden Lea     Ralph Vaughan Williams
Linden Lea was the first song published by Vaughan Williams (1872 –1958). Vaughan Williams worked tirelessly to discover and preserveEnglish folks music that was rapidly disappearing due to the influenceof recorded music. This song should resonate with Gunnison residents– it tells of forgoing city life for the freedom and natural beauty ofthe countryside.

Toccata for Band      Frank Erickson
Frank Erickson (1923 – 1996) was a prolific composer of band music.The Toccata is deservedly one of his most frequently performedcompositions. Erickson had a gift for writing music that makes themost of a band’s sound. Enjoy!