12:15 Introduction and opening remarks
12:30 William Barber and Dr. Roger Drake, Social Skills Interventions for Autistic Children
This paper examines the different methods and techniques used to enhance the social and personal life of Autistic children. Many techniques have been formed such as video modeling, peer response training, art therapy, and other creative modern methods. I will also discuss the use of the role of education and the IEP on how to enhance Autistic children's social lives.
12:50 Traci Click and Dr. Kathleen Kinkema, The Podium and Beyond
Whitewater slalom is a unique sport. This sport involves a moving playing field that is constantly changing. Success in the sport depends not only on an athlete’s physical prowess but also on their ability to make sophisticated decisions in less than ideal circumstances. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a relationship between coaching style and performance among whitewater slalom athletes. Participants included US canoe and kayak team members, development athletes, and coaches. The athletes and coaches were observed and interviewed. From these interviews and observations two types of coaching styles were prevalent, a directive style and an autonomy supportive style. Results revealed that the use of an autonomy supportive coaching style can be extremely effective for Whitewater slalom athletes. Variables that were discovered to affect results were age, gender, competition, paddling experience, and the coaching style that paddler was originally exposed to.
1:10 Emily Donahue and Dr. Robin Bingham, Quantitative genetic analysis of herbivore defensive traits in Asclepias speciosa
We quantified mechanical and chemical herbivore defensive traits in a population of Asclepias speciosa in the Gunnison basin. Using a quantitative genetic approach 62 plants taken from 5 full-sub families were grown in a common garden and analyzed for constitutive levels of latex, water content, specific leaf area, and cardenolides. We found marginally significant differences among families for latex production only and no evidence for significant genetic correlation between any of the traits measured. These results provide a foundation from which future studies on genetic variation in herbivore defensive traits in A. speciosa will be developed.
1:30 Marcella Fremgen and Dr. Robin Bingham, Effects of Shading on Caterpillar Performance
Plants are sessile organisms and therefore must be capable of obtaining resources and avoiding predation without moving. Plants that experience competition for light, an important resource, induce the shade avoidance response. Plants also have a number of methods to repel insect herbivores, including chemical defenses. Light competition and herbivory are antagonistic selective forces and a plant must allocate resources towards one or the other. Light competition is induced by decreasing the red: far red light ratio. This hypothesis predicts that plants growing in sun will be better defended than shade plants. A preliminary test revealed that insects do not grow as quickly on shade plants as on sun plants, indicating better defense in the shade. Though field studies have found similar results, other laboratory studies with a bioassay indicate that shaded plants are poorly defended when compared to sun plants.
1:50 Nikki De Rosia, Sarah Rodriguez and Dr. Heather Thiessen-Reilly, I Sing the Body Eclectic; Tattoos as Social and Artistic Expression
Generally when people are asked why they get tattoos, they respond that they did it for themselves. However, tattoos are also a form of art and art gains meaning from society. So despite seeming intensely personal, tattoos will often reveal more about an individual’s relationship with society than simply being a reflection of individual choice. As a form of artistic expression, tattoos also are a reflection of the vision of the tattoo artist as much as that of the person getting the tattoo. Tattoos are a way of expressing society’s forces on individuals and art is a reflection of these forces. As tattooing has become more accepted as an art form it has also become a more recognizable social expression. All of this culminates in meaning that tattoos are equivalent to art, which is equivalent to social expression.